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OXYGEN PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest OXYGEN articles that have been published worldwide.
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Oxygen therapy for the management of breathlessness remains controversial and little information is available regarding the practice of using oxygen at end of life. Oxygen use in end-of-life care is increasingly being questioned, while the use of oxygen for routine "comfort care" at end of life continues.
Oxygen plays a central role in wound healing. Recent technological advances have miniaturised oxygen delivery systems, with novel topical oxygen therapy allowing patients to receive oxygen therapy 24 hours a day while remaining completely mobile. Here we aim to examine the efficacy and safety of continuous topical oxygen diffusion in a 'real-world' setting.
It has recently been proposed that subsurface oxygen is crucial for the adsorption and subsequent electroreduction of CO2 on copper. Using density functional theory, we have studied the stability and diffusion of subsurface oxygen in single crystals of copper exposing (111) and (100) facets. Oxygen is at least 1.5 eV more stable on the surface than beneath it for both crystal orientations; interstitial sites are too small to accommodate oxygen. The rate of atomic oxygen diffusion from one layer below a Cu(1...
While normal oxygen saturation is commonly thought to be a marker of normal oxygenation, cutaneous saturation does not account for the sufficiency of oxygen within each cell or that of the system overall. Rather, cutaneous oximetry simply defines the saturation of haemoglobin (Hb) with oxygen in a pulsatile vessel. Assessment of sufficiency is best determined by measurement of the amount of oxygen left over following aerobic respiration. This left over oxygen is 'stored' on Hb in the venous compartment and ...
To observe arterial oxygen in relation to fraction of inspired oxygen (FO) during mechanical ventilation (MV).
Reductions in arterial oxygen content (CaO) elicit increases in cerebral blood flow (CBF) that are adequate to maintain convective delivery of oxygen to the brain in healthy humans (i.e. cerebral oxygen delivery, CDO). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Supplemental oxygen has been commonly used in the cases of acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, recent evidence suggests that high-concentration oxygen supplementation and hyperbaric oxygen in ACS patients are associated with adverse cardiovascular effects.
Peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) is used as surrogate for arterial blood oxygen saturation. We studied the degree of discrepancy between SpO2 and arterial oxygen (SaO2) and identified parameters that may explain this difference.
The electronic structure of oxygen-deficient Hf<sub>0.5</sub>Zr<sub>0.5</sub>O<sub>2</sub> in the non-centrosymmetric orthorhombic (ferroelectric) phase was investigated by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and first-principle density functional theory calculations. It was established that a peak in photoelectron spectra observed at an energy above the valence band top of ferroelectric Hf<sub>0.5</sub>Zr<sub>0.5</sub>O<sub>2</sub&g...
Although phosphatic materials are chemically complex and are prone to exchange oxygen isotopes with their environments, the phosphate (PO ) component of these materials is robust and retains its original oxygen isotopic composition. As a result, there are currently several methods for the isolation of phosphate oxygen through the precipitation of silver phosphate (Ag PO ). However, some of these techniques produce Ag PO of questionable purity, while nearly all are lengthy and/or require relatively large sam...
Intraoperative oxygen management is poorly understood. It was hypothesized that potentially preventable hyperoxemia and substantial oxygen exposure would be common during general anesthesia.
Surgical fires require an oxygen-enriched environment, a flammable substrate, and an ignition source. We hypothesized ambient oxygen concentration is proportional to the latency time to combustion and the incidence of surgical fires that are detected. We examined latency time and number of events, utilizing the VanCleave et al model of intraoral fire ignition under 60, 80, and 100% oxygen concentration and flow rates of 4 and 10 L/min. Results demonstrated that ambient oxygen concentration and flow rate cor...
Recent studies suggest the administration of 100% oxygen to hyperoxic levels following return-of-spontaneous-circulation (ROSC) post-cardiac arrest may be harmful. However, the feasibility and safety of oxygen titration in the prehospital setting is unknown. We conducted a multi-centre, phase-2 study testing whether prehospital titration of oxygen results in an equivalent number of patients arriving at hospital with oxygen saturations SpO2 ≥ 94%.
Oxygen heterocycles are the second most common type of heterocycles that appear as structural components of US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pharmaceuticals. Analysis of our database of drugs approved through 2017, reveals 311 distinct pharmaceuticals containing at least one oxygen heterocycle. Most prevalent among these are pyranoses, with furanoses, macrolactones, morpholines, and dioxolanes rounding out the top five. The main body of this perspective is organized according to ring-size, com...
Supplementation with L-citrulline (Cit) has been shown to improve muscle oxygenation and oxygen uptake (VO2) kinetics during moderate-to-high intensity cycling in young men. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis whether Cit would improve VO2 kinetics during walking in older and young adults. In a randomized, double-blind study, 26 (15 women, 11 men) adults between the ages of 20-35y (n = 15) and 64-86y (n = 11) completed 7 day periods of taking placebo and L-citrulline (6 g/day) in a crossover ma...
In this work, a fundamental understanding of oxygen delignification distracted by dissolved lignin was investigated. In the new biorefinery model of shortening kraft pulping integrated with extended oxygen delignification process, increasing content of residual lignin in the original pulp could result in enhanced delignification efficiency, higher pulp viscosity and less carbonyl groups. However, the invalid oxygen consumption by dissolved lignin could be increased with the increase of process temperature a...
Recently, superconductivity was induced by expanding interlayer distance between Bi square nets in anti-ThCrSi-type YOBi through incorporation of excess oxygen with increased nominal amount of oxygen. However, such oxygen incorporation was applicable to only YOBi among ROBi ( R = rare earth metal), probably due to a larger amount of oxygen incorporation for YOBi. In this study, the interlayer distance in ErOBi was increased by cosintering with CaO, which served as an oxidant, indicating that excess oxygen ...
The quantum yields for singlet oxygen production by diluted solutions of an Argentine crude oil and its SARA (saturates, aromatics, resins and asphaltenes) fractions were obtained by direct detection of the characteristic phosphorescence following monochromatic excitation at 355 nm. The most efficient sensitizers of singlet oxygen in organic media are crude oil, maltenes and aromatics fractions (values of singlet oxygen quantum yield are around 0.7), and resins (values around 0.1) are the poorest. Also, the...
Manganese oxide nanopyramids (MONPMs) with enriched oxygen vacancies (OVs) are vertically grown on nitrogen doped carbon (NC) microlaminate arrays with narrow spacing, yielding a high performance for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR).
The aim of the study was to test whether or not the arteriovenous oxygen concentration difference (avDO) kinetics at the pulmonary (avDOpulm) and muscle (avDOmusc) levels is significantly different during dynamic exercise.
Graphene oxide decorated with oxygen functional groups is a promising candidate as an active layer in resistive switching devices due to its controllable physical-chemical properties, high flexibility, and transparency. However, the origin of conductive channels and their growth dynamics remain a major challenge. We use in situ transmission electron microscopy techniques to demonstrate that nanoscale graphene oxide sheets bonded with oxygen dynamically change their physical and chemical structures upon an a...
Although supplemental oxygen (SO) is routinely administered to laboring gravidas, benefits and harms are not well studied.
Oxygen therapy is a treatment commonly used for adult patients in clinical and community settings. It is therefore important that nurses and other members of the healthcare team caring for patients requiring oxygen therapy have knowledge of the relevant physiology and pathophysiology, along with the safe and effective use of oxygen devices, patient monitoring and oxygen prescribing. This two-part article aims to explore and discuss these aspects in relation to current evidence and best practice recommendati...
Hyperbaric oxygen has been used as an adjunctive measure in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis. The aim of this systematic literature review was to analyze the outcome and the complications of hyperbaric oxygen for chronic osteomyelitis. Forty-five of 96 studies reporting the use of hyper-baric oxygen for 460 patients with chronic osteomyelitis met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed qualitatively. All patients previously received antibiotics and surgical debridement. Mixed bacterial flora was dete...