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08:29 EDT 21st October 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Obesity Depression Entwined Scientists Know" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,300+

Examining the association between depression and obesity during a weight management programme.

The prevalence of depression in those with obesity is reported to be as high as double that in individuals of normal weight. There is potentially a bi-directional relationship between obesity and depression. Some research has suggested that depression results in weight gain and obesity, and other studies have suggested that those with obesity are more likely to develop depression at a later stage. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of depression symptoms with weight change over a 12-mo...

Exploring the association between childhood and adolescent obesity and depression: a meta-analysis.

This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between childhood and adolescent obesity and depression. We systematically searched PubMed, PsycInfo, EMBASE and Science Direct for studies that compared prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms in normal weight and obese children and adolescents. Observational studies were included if they reported body mass index and assessed depression by validated instruments or diagnostic interviews. Quality assessment was performed using the Newcastle-Ottawa...

The association between pre-pregnancy obesity and screening results of depression for all trimesters of pregnancy, postpartum and 1 year after birth: a cohort study.

To determine the relationship between pre-pregnancy obesity and screening results of gestational and post-delivery depression in women referred to the health centers of Tabriz, Iran.

Does obesity along with major depression or anxiety lead to higher use of health care and costs? A 6-year follow-up study.

Evidence lacks on whether obesity along with major depression (MD)/anxiety leads to higher health care use (HCU) and health care-related costs (HCC) compared with either condition alone. The objective of the study was to examine the longitudinal associations of obesity, MD/anxiety, and their combination with HCU and HCC.

Effects of obesity on depression: a role for inflammation and the gut microbiota.

Depression is a mental disorder associated with environmental, genetic and psychological factors. Recent studies indicate that chronic neuro-inflammation may affect brain physiology and alter mood and behavior. Consumption of a high-fat diet leads to obesity and chronic systemic inflammation. The gut microbiota mediates many effects of a high-fat diet on human physiology and may also influence the mood and behavior of the host. We review here recent studies suggesting the existence of a link between obesity...

Novel 5-HT3 receptor antagonist QCM-4 attenuates depressive-like phenotype associated with obesity in high-fat-diet-fed mice.

Depression associated with obesity remains an interesting area to study the biological mechanisms and novel therapeutic intervention.

U-shaped relationship between depression and body mass index in the Korean adults.

Although a number of studies have examined the relationship between depression and obesity, it is still insufficient to establish the specific pattern of relationship between depression and body mass index (BMI) categories. Thus, this study was aimed to investigate the relationship between depression and BMI categories.

Overweight and Obesity Associated with Higher Depression Prevalence in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

This study aims to review and synthesize scientific evidence to assess the association between excess body weight and depression among adults.

Recommendations for obesity prevention among adolescents from disadvantaged backgrounds: a concept mapping study among scientific and professional experts.

The present study aimed to enrich the scientific evidence on obesity prevention programmes for adolescents from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds with practice-based experiences from both scientific and professional experts in the field of youth obesity prevention. We used the participatory method of concept mapping. Two concept mapping sessions were conducted: one with programme coordinators of national/regional obesity prevention programmes across Europe (n = 8) and one with scientists partic...

Health-Related Quality of Life, Anxiety, and Depression in Bariatric Surgery Candidates Compared to Patients from a Psychosomatic Inpatient Hospital.

Past research indicated high psychiatric comorbidity and poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients seeking surgical treatment for obesity. This study investigated if preoperative bariatric surgery patients perceive equally poor HRQOL and increased levels of anxiety and depression as mentally ill patients.

Comment: obesity as a disease - some implications for the World Obesity Federation's advocacy and public health activities.

Junior scientists: Senior scientists as allies for equity.

Modeling trait depression amplifies the effect of childbearing on postpartum depression.

The literature on the relative risk for depression in the postpartum period has largely focused on state (or episodic) depression, and has not addressed trait depression (a woman's general tendency to experience depressed mood). The present study evaluates the association between childbirth and depression in the postpartum period, taking into account the role of stable differences in women's vulnerability for depression across a 10-year span.

Description of Nurse Scientists in a Large Health Care System.

Replicating a research study that described the work of nurse scientists in children's hospitals, the purpose of the study was to describe the role, activities, and outcomes of nurse scientists employed in a national health care organization. The characteristics of nurses filling the nurse scientist role in clinical settings and outcomes associated with the role have not been extensively described. The setting of this study is ideal since the organization includes facilities of various sizes located in rura...

Genetic Association of Major Depression With Atypical Features and Obesity-Related Immunometabolic Dysregulations.

The association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and obesity may stem from shared immunometabolic mechanisms particularly evident in MDD with atypical features, characterized by increased appetite and/or weight (A/W) during an active episode.

The Socioeconomic Burden of Obesity.

To evaluate the socioeconomic impact of obesity by estimating the direct and indirect costs associated with obesity in Denmark, based on individual level data.

Association of Depression and Treated Depression With Epilepsy and Seizure Outcomes: A Multicohort Analysis.

A bidirectional relationship exists between epilepsy and depression. However, any putative biological gradient between depression severity and the risk of epilepsy, and the degree to which depression mediates the influence of independent risk factors for epilepsy, has yet to be examined.

Obesity, sleep complaints and depression are the cardiovascular risk factors primarily predicted by poor working conditions in the GAZEL cohort.

The mechanisms by which the work environment might influence cardiovascular risk are still a matter of debate. In particular, the involvement of the main behavioral and clinical risk factors and their relationships with working conditions are not always clear despite an abundant literature. Most studies have investigated the impact of a limited number of characteristics of the work environment on the occurrence of one or a few risk factors. In contrast, this study uses a global approach in which 30 objectiv...

Predicting Polygenic Obesity Using Genetic Information.

Except in rare cases, obesity tends to be a consequence of both an unhealthy lifestyle and a genetic susceptibility to gain weight. With more than 200 common genetic variants identified, there is a growing interest in developing personalized preventive and treatment strategies to predict an individual's obesity risk. We review the literature on the prediction of obesity and show that models based on the established genetic variants have poorer predictive ability than traditional predictors, such as family h...

Obesity in International Migrant Populations.

This review examines the risk of obesity in migrant groups-specifically migrants from countries with lower prevalence of obesity to countries with higher prevalence of obesity. We examine obesity prevalence within migrant groups compared with native populations and the evidence on factors that might shape obesity risk in these migrant groups.

The "Jolly Fat" Effect in Middle-Aged Korean Women.

It has been hypothesized that depression and obesity are bi-directionally associated, and when overweight people appear to show a lower risk of depression, this supports the "Jolly Fat" hypothesis. The aim of this study was to examine the "Jolly Fat" hypothesis in middle-aged women in Korea, by different perceived stress levels.

Physical activity in depressed and non-depressed patients with obesity.

Obesity and depression have both been shown to be associated with reduced physical activity (PA). However, most studies have not applied objective measures to determine PA in patients. Moreover, to our knowledge, no studies are available comparing depressed and non-depressed patients with regard to PA.

Ceramides and depression: A systematic review.

Major depressive disorder is a significant contributor to global disability and mortality. The mechanisms of depression are vast and not fully understood, and as a result current treatment of depression is suboptimal. Aberrant sphingolipid metabolism has been observed in some cases of depression, specifically alterations in ceramide concentrations. The role of ceramides and other sphingolipids in depression is a novel concept. This review summarizes and evaluates the current state of evidence for a role of ...

Improving Self-Regulation for Obesity Prevention in Head Start: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

To determine the effect of an intervention to improve emotional and behavioral self-regulation in combination with an obesity-prevention program on the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related behaviors in preschoolers.

Obese Adolescents Show Reduced Cognitive Processing Speed Compared with Healthy Weight Peers.

Childhood obesity and obesity-associated diabetes and metabolic syndrome (MetS) continue to rise. Obesity has been linked to structural and functional brain abnormalities, particularly in the frontal lobe.

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