PubMed Journals Articles About "Observational Prospective Study Of Opiate-free Anesthesia For Anterior Total Hip Replacement" RSS

16:08 EST 18th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Observational Prospective Study Opiate free Anesthesia Anterior Total" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 73,000+

Impact of hypotension on cerebral perfusion during general anesthesia induction: a prospective observational study in adults.

During anesthesia, decreases in mean arterial pressure (MAP) are common but the impact on possible cerebral hypoperfusion remains a matter of debate. We evaluated cerebral perfusion in patients with or without cardiovascular comorbidities (Hi-risk vs Lo-risk) during induction of general anesthesia and during hypotensive episodes.

A comparative study between the outcomes of visual internal urethrotomy for short segment anterior urethral strictures done under spinal anesthesia and local anesthesia.

This study is a randomized controlled study comparing the effectiveness and outcomes of direct visual inter urethrotomy (DVIU) for short segment anterior urethral strictures performed under local anesthesia versus spinal anesthesia.

Prospective Evaluation of the Posterior Tissue Envelope and Anterior Capsule After Anterior Total Hip Arthroplasty.

Femoral exposure for direct anterior approach (DAA) total hip arthroplasty (THA) invariably requires posterior soft tissue releases. Released posterior structures cannot be repaired. The purpose of this study is to describe the frequency and anatomic consequences of DAA THA posterior soft tissue releases and to compare the appearance of the anterior capsule between a group of patients who had capsulotomy and repair versus capsulectomy.

Incidence and risk factors of vocal cord injuries after intubation of double-lumen endobronchial tubes under UEScopes: A prospective observational cohort study.

Application of an Infant Spinal Anesthesia Protocol in Infants Presenting for Inguinal Herniorrhaphy Improves Operating Room and Post Anesthesia Recovery Unit Utilization.

Spinal anesthesia is a safe and beneficial alternative to general anesthesia in infants (1, 2). We would like to share a prospective observational study of infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy under spinal anesthesia at the Massachusetts General Hospital for Children (MGHfC), an institution where spinal anesthesia was not previously commonly utilized in infants. We instituted an infant spinal anesthesia protocol (iSAP) and aimed to evaluate the effects of utilization of this protocol on operating room ...

The effect of type of anesthesia on quality of postoperative recovery after orthopedic forearm surgery.

Although quality of postoperative recovery may be affected by factors, there are few investigations whether the type of anesthesia also affects it. In this single-blinded, prospective, observational study, we compared the quality of postoperative recovery in patients undergoing orthopedic forearm surgery under general or regional anesthesia (brachial plexus block).

A Retrospective Observational Study of the Neuroendocrine Stress Response in Patients Undergoing Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery for Removal of Pituitary Adenomas: Total Intravenous Versus Balanced Anesthesia.

Anesthetic technique affects the neuroendocrine stress response to surgery. In this retrospective study, we compared the neuroendocrine stress response in patients undergoing endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary adenoma surgery (ETSPAS) with total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with propofol-remifentanil or balanced anesthesia (BAL) with sevoflurane-remifentanil.

Preoperative Predictors of Better Long-Term Functional Ability and Decreased Pain Following LSS Surgery: A Prospective Observational Study with a 10-year Follow-Up Period.

A prospective observational 10-year follow-up study OBJECTIVE.: This study aimed to examine preoperative predictors for better surgical outcomes in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) 10 years after surgery.

A feasibility study of jaw thrust as an indicator assessing adequate depth of anesthesia for insertion of supraglottic airway device in morbidly obese patients.

Jaw thrust has been proven as a useful test determining adequate depth of anesthesia for successful insertion of supraglottic airway device (SAD) in normal adults and children receiving intra-venous or inhalational anesthesia induction. This prospective observational study aimed to determine the feasibility and validity of this test when using as an indicator assessing adequate depth of anesthesia for successful insertion of SAD in spontaneously breathing morbidly obese patients receiving sevoflurane inhala...

Intravenous antibiotic use and exacerbation events in an adult cystic fibrosis centre: A prospective observational study.

In CF, people with higher FEV are less aggressively treated with intravenous (IV) antibiotics, with resultant negative impact on their health outcomes. This could be entirely clinician-driven, but patient choice may also influence IV use. In this prospective observational study, we explored IV recommendations by clinicians and IV acceptance by adults with CF to understand how clinical presentations consistent with exacerbations resulted in IV use.

Prospective cohort study examining the use of regional anesthesia for early pain management after combat-related extremity injury.

No studies have examined the long-term benefits of regional anesthesia (RA) for pain management after combat-related injury. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to examine the relationship between RA administration and patient-reported pain-related outcomes among Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) service members sustaining a combat-related extremity injury.

Exploring non-pharmacological management among anesthesia providers to reduce preoperative distress in children.

Preparation for surgery with the induction of general anesthesia is one of the most stressful events that a child can experience. It produces several threats to the child, including physical harm, parent separation, and fear of the unknown. Anesthesia providers utilize non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions to decrease this preoperatively. However, little is known about the non-pharmacological interventions utilized by anesthesia providers in practice. The purpose of this study was to explore...

Anterior acetabular retractors and the femoral neurovascular bundle in anterior total hip arthroplasty: a cadaveric study.

The direct anterior approach for primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) has become increasingly popular in recent years. Nerve compression or traction with a retractor is a common cause of nerve injury in this approach. The purpose of this cadaveric study was to evaluate the anatomic relationship of the femoral neurovascular bundle to the anterior acetabular retractor during direct anterior approach THA.

General anesthesia might be associated with early periprosthetic joint infection: an observational study of 3,909 arthroplasties.

Background and purpose - Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains a devastating complication following total knee or total hip arthroplasty (TKA/THA). Nowadays, many studies focus on preventive strategies regarding PJI; however, the potential role of anesthesia in the development of PJI remains unclear. Patients and methods - All consecutive patients undergoing elective primary unilateral TKA or THA from January 2014 through December 2017 were included. Exclusion criteria included femoral fractures as t...

Impact of Local Infiltration Analgesia on the Quality of Recovery After Anterior Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Randomized, Triple-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Local infiltration analgesia (LIA) is commonly used in anterior total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgery; however, evidence for its efficacy is lacking. We hypothesized that LIA with 0.2% ropivacaine when compared with injection of placebo (0.9% saline) would improve patient quality of recovery on postoperative day (POD) 1, as measured by the Quality of Recovery-15 (QoR-15) score.

Electroencephalographic Findings and Clinical Behavior During Induction of Anesthesia With Sevoflurane in Human Infants: A Prospective Observational Study.

Seizures and interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) have been described during sevoflurane. We prospectively estimated their incidence in 54 otherwise neurologically healthy infants by obtaining the full-head video electroencephalogram (EEG). No infants had clinical seizures, but 1 had an electrographic seizure; 3 others had focal IEDs (7.4%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.1%-17.9%). We detected no differences in demographic or clinical characteristics between normal and abnormal EEG groups. Diffuse slo...

Rapid Recovery After Total Joint Arthroplasty Using General Anesthesia.

Multiple papers have purported the superiority of spinal anesthesia used in total joint arthroplasty (TJA). However, there is a paucity of data available for modern general anesthesia (GA) regimens used at high-volume joint replacement centers.

The effects of isobaric and hyperbaric bupivacaine on maternal hemodynamic changes post spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery: A prospective cohort study.

Spinal anesthesia is a form of regional anesthesia frequently used in various lower abdominal, orthopedic, obstetric operations such as a cesarean delivery. The most common local anesthetic used for spinal anesthesia in obstetric and non-obstetric surgery is bupivacaine which can be utilized as an isobaric or hyperbaric solution, producing differences in maternal hemodynamic changes. Against this backdrop, the study aims to compare the effects of isobaric and hyperbaric bupivacaine on maternal hemodynamic a...

Less Severe Preoperative Synovitis is Associated With Higher Self-reported Pain Intensity 12 Months After Total Knee Arthroplasty-An Exploratory Prospective Observational Study.

Synovitis is one of the possible pain generators in osteoarthritis (OA) and is associated with upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines, which can lead to worsening of the postoperative pain. This exploratory study aimed to investigate the association between perioperative synovitis and self-reported pain 12 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with OA.

The perioperative management of direct oral anticoagulants, a single center observational study.

Comparison of the selected parameters of the anterior segment of the eye between femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery, microincision cataract surgery, and conventional phacoemulsification: A case-control study.

The purpose of our study was to compare the selected parameters of the anterior segment of the eye in patients after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) with the results of microincision cataract surgery (MICS) and conventional phacoemulsification surgery (CPS). This single-center prospective randomized comparative observational study included 87 patients. Patients were randomly selected into group A (FLACS), group B (MICS) and group C (control group). All the surgeries were performed by the...

Duration of preoperative clear fluid fasting and peripheral intravenous catheterization in children: a single-center observational cohort study of 9,693 patients.

Children routinely undergo inhalational induction of general anesthesia. Intravenous line placement typically occurs after induction of anesthesia and can be challenging, particularly in infants and young children.

Is Opioid-Free General Anesthesia More Superior for Postoperative Pain Versus Opioid General Anesthesia in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy?

Opioid-free anesthesia (OFA) is a new anesthesiological technique, where the giving of opioids (fentanyl) is avoided in the intra- and post-operative period. This leads to reduction in the opioid-related side effects and lower pain scores in the postoperative period.

Acute stressors and clinical characteristics differentiate death by suicide, accident, or natural causes among illicit and prescription opiate users.

Opiate misuse has reached epidemic levels. Prevention efforts depend on distinguishing opiate users from abusers. The current study compared opioid users who died by natural cases, accidents, and suicide using psychological autopsy methods. Groups were compared on substance use characteristics, treatment history, experiences of negative life events, and circumstances at the time of death.

Comparing Predictors of Complications After Anterior Cervical Diskectomy and Fusion, Total Disk Arthroplasty, and Combined Anterior Cervical Diskectomy and Fusion-Total Disk Arthroplasty With a Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up.

Outcomes after anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF) and cervical total disk arthroplasty (TDA) are satisfactory, but related morbidity and revision surgery rates are notable. This study sought to determine complication variations among ACDF, TDA, and combined ACDF-TDA as well as predictors of postoperative complications.

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