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Showing "Olanzapine Treatment Patients With Anorexia Nervosa" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 52,000+

A Danish register-based study on involuntary treatment in anorexia nervosa.

Involuntary treatment is controversial and widely debated, but remains a significant component of treatment for severe anorexia nervosa. Given how little is known about this topic, we describe the frequency of various involuntary measures in a national cohort of all patients diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. In a subsample of patients, we explored predictors of the first involuntary measure recorded.

Bipolar disorders and anorexia nervosa: A clinical study.

Anorexia nervosa is often accompanied by comorbid mood disorders, in particular depression, but individual or family history of bipolar disorders has not frequently been explored in anorexia nervosa. The objectives of the present study were: (1) to assess the frequency of bipolar disorders in patients with anorexia nervosa hospitalized in adolescence and in their parents, (2) to determine whether the patients with a personal or family history of bipolar disorders present particular characteristics in the wa...

Effectiveness of body image directed interventions in patients with anorexia nervosa: A systematic review.

Body image (BI) disturbances are one of the core symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN). They have been shown to be associated with depression and anxiety at all treatment stages and are a reliable predictor of relapse. Considering the importance for the course of AN, direct targeting of BI disturbances is still underemphasized in the treatment of patients with AN.

Contemporary psychotherapeutic interventions in patients with anorexia nervosa - a review.

Due to its ego-syntonic nature, anorexia nervosa (AN) is considered one of the most difficult mental disorders to treat. Patients are often reluctant to accept treatment, while a large group of those who receive therapy have a poor prognosis. Unfortunately, despite suffering from physical and psychosocial impairment, patients with AN are often reluctant to receive any intervention whatsoever. Recent years have seen the development of many new treatment methods for eating disorders in general, and AN in part...

Mobile Self-Help Interventions as Augmentation Therapy for Patients with Anorexia Nervosa.

It has been suggested that patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) who are resistant to first-line treatment would benefit from second-level interventions targeting specific features, an adaptive form of intervention. Guided self-help programs administered via mobile technology have the dual focus of instigating behavior change and managing anxiety associated with eating disorders in the moment and in users' naturalistic environments.

Pilot study: Gut microbiome and intestinal barrier in anorexia nervosa.

Recent research has shown changes of the intestinal flora in anorexia nervosa (AN) patients. Alpha diversity (AD) represents the number of different bacterial species in the gut. Reduced AD and a leaky gut (zonulin) lead to inflammation and changes in nutrient absorption.

DSM-5 severity specifiers for anorexia nervosa and treatment outcomes in adult females.

The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment outcomes across the BMI (body mass index)-based DSM-5 severity specifiers in a sample of adult females with anorexia nervosa (AN) treated with enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT-E).

A pilot randomized controlled trial of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation for the treatment of anxiety in adolescents with anorexia nervosa.

To evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation for treatment of trait anxiety among adolescent females with restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN).

Resurgence of Eating Disorders with Olanzapine.

Olanzapine is commonly utilized in palliative care for the treatment of nausea, and a known side effect of olanzapine is increased appetite. Olanzapine is also known to cause re-emergence of eating disorders (EDs) in patients utilizing olanzapine for its antipsychotic effects. It is unclear to what extent this may also occur in patients with serious/life-limiting illness.

Intensive treatment program (ITP): A case series service evaluation of the effectiveness of day patient treatment for adolescents with a restrictive eating disorder.

Family Therapy for Anorexia Nervosa (FT-AN) is the first line treatment for adolescents with anorexia nervosa in the UK. However, research suggests between 10 and 40% of young people have a poor outcome. For those for whom FT-AN alone is not effective there is a clear need to develop additional treatments. This paper describes the effectiveness of an additional treatment for adolescents who had not responded to FT-AN, the Intensive Day Treatment Program (ITP) embedded within a comprehensive outpatient servi...

Modern approaches to the treatment of anorexia nervosa. "The third wave" of cognitive behavioral therapy.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is being considered one of the most difficult mental disorders to treat. The ego-syntonic nature of this mental disorder makes patients particularly reluctant to engage in or consent to treatment with relatively high drop-out rate. For all these reasons the treatment often takes a very long time, and the illness progresses to the chronic form, increasing the suffering of patients. Researchers have been discussing for many years how to provide these patients with measurable aid. Recent ...

Gender differences in eating disorder psychopathology across DSM-5 severity categories of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

This study examined whether patterns of eating-disorder (ED) psychopathology differed by gender across DSM-5 severity specifiers in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN).

A feasibility study of a 2-week self-compassionate letter-writing intervention for nontreatment seeking individuals with typical and atypical anorexia nervosa.

Most individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) do not seek treatment and shame is a common barrier. This study sought to determine whether a brief intervention designed to foster self-compassion would reduce shame and increase treatment motivation among nontreatment seeking individuals with AN.

Chronotropic incompetence to exercise in anorexia nervosa patients during the body-weight recovery phase as an index of insufficient treatment.

Resting bradycardia is an important symptom for early diagnosis of anorexia nervosa (AN) during weight loss, and it improves with body-weight recovery. However, chronotropic incompetence (CI) in exercise is observed in some patients with AN despite amelioration of resting bradycardia in the recovery phase. We examined the relationship between CI in exercise and other parameters in patients with AN during the recovery phase. Ninety-two girls with AN (aged 13-20 years, median 15 years) performed cardiopulmo...

Aberrations in the female reproductive organs and a role of telocytes in a rat model of anorexia nervosa.

Anorexia nervosa is a widely prevalent eating disorder that o en leads to life-threatening complications. Since it mostly concerns females, many authors have focused on studying the reproductive system in anorexic women. Recently discovered telocytes may give a new insight into the pathophysiology of gynecological complications in these patients.

Cost-based anorexia: A novel framework to model anorexia nervosa.

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder that is thought to emerge through biological predisposition(s) within sociocultural context(s). Practical and ethical concerns limit study of the etiology of this disorder in humans, and in particular the biological aspects. Laboratory animal models have a pivotal role in advancing our understanding of the neurobiological, physiological and behavioral aspects of this disorder, and developing new treatment strategies. One shortcoming of animal models, including act...

Seasonal variation of BMI at admission in German adolescents with anorexia nervosa.

Recent preliminary studies indicated a seasonal association of BMI at admission to inpatient treatment for anorexia nervosa (AN), indicating lower BMI in the cold season for restrictive AN. An impaired thermoregulation was proposed as the causal factor, based on findings in animal models of AN. However, findings regarding seasonality of BMI and physical activity levels in the general population indicate lower BMI and higher physical activity in summer than in winter. Therefore, we aimed to thoroughly replic...

Letters to anorexia. Narrative tools for working with anorectic patientsin a Dialogical Self context.

Deepening understanding of the experience of patients with anorexia nervosa in the light of a narrative-constructivist approach and Dialogic Self Theory. Exploring the phenomenon of internal dialogues, which occur in patients'minds as an interchange between two competing (healthy and disordered) aspects of their Selves. Describing diagnostic and applicative possibilities of narrative stimuli in the form of "Letters to anorexia".

Development of a population pharmacokinetic model of olanzapine for Chinese health volunteers and patients with schizophrenia.

Olanzapine is an atypical antipsychotic drug commonly used for the treatment of schizophrenia. However, there are still many complications associated with the use of olanzapine, and researchers continually strive to improve the handling of data from regular therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). The objective of this study is to optimise the individualised treatment of olanzapine by establishing a population pharmacokinetics (PopPK) model in Chinese patients with schizophrenia.

ARFID: food restriction without fear of weight gain.

Avoidant/restrictive food avoidance disorder, or ARFID, is characterized by restrictive eating or avoidance of food in the absence of the cognitive restraint and weight phobia typically seen in anorexia nervosa. It is often based on a general disinterest in eating, selective eating due to sensory preferences, and/or fear of adverse consequences such as choking, although the diagnostic criteria allow for a number of other clinical presentations. Patients with ARFID tend to be younger, more often male, and ha...

Enteral Nutrition via Nasogastric Tube for Refeeding Patients With Anorexia Nervosa: A Systematic Review.

Weight restoration is an important first step in treating patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), because it is essential for medical stabilization and reversal of long-term complications. Tube feeding may help facilitate weight restoration, but its role in treatment remains unclear. This study aimed to review the literature describing the efficacy, safety, tolerance, and long-term effects of nasogastric (NG) refeeding for patients with AN. Four electronic databases were systematically searched through May 201...

Eating Pathology Among Patients With Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa: The Role of Narcissism and Self-Esteem.

We sought to deepen our understanding of the relationship between pathological narcissism and eating disorders (ED) by examining specific facets that composed grandiose and vulnerable narcissism while taking into account self-esteem, a well-known and consistent risk factor for ED. Twenty-seven women diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) and 23 women diagnosed with bulimia nervosa (BN) completed standardized measures of pathological narcissism, self-esteem, and dysfunctional eating attitudes and behaviors. Di...

The use of enteral nutrition in the treatment of eating disorders: a systematic review.

Enteral nutrition (EN) is frequently used in the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN), and less commonly, bulimia nervosa (BN); yet, no standardized guidelines for treatment exist at this time. The aim of this review is to investigate the efficacy of EN in the treatment of eating disorders and make recommendations for clinical practice and future research.

Management of adult patients with anorexia nervosa: a literature review.

Anorexia is a frequent pathology; not only does it cause major changes in patients' quality of life, but also the mortality rate is high. This mortality mainly affects young people. However, care remains controversial. The aim of this literature review is, therefore, to review current guidelines.

Time trends in healthcare-detected incidence of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in the Norwegian National Patient Register (2010-2016).

Few studies have investigated temporal trends in the incidence of eating disorders (EDs). This study investigated time trends in the age- and sex-specific incidence of healthcare-detected anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) from 2010 to 2016.

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