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PubMed Journals Articles About "Ontario, Canada" RSS

18:39 EDT 23rd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Ontario, Canada PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Ontario, Canada articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Ontario, Canada" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Ontario, Canada news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Ontario, Canada Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Ontario, Canada for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Ontario, Canada Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Ontario, Canada Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Ontario Canada" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 765

Industry and geographic patterns of use and emission of carcinogens in Ontario, Canada, 2011-2015.

The goal of this study was to leverage data from two environmental regulatory initiatives, Ontario's Toxics Reduction Act (TRA) and Canada's National Pollutant Release Inventory (NPRI), to assess their ability to monitor trends in the use and emission of carcinogens by industry sector in Ontario.


Synergism between Female Gender and High Levels of Daily Stress Associated with Migraine Headaches in Ontario, Canada.

Migraines affect women more than men and originate from interactions of genetic and environmental factors. This study assessed the prevalence of migraines in Ontario, Canada and the effect of gender and stress on migraines.

Trends in the prevalence and incidence of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis in Ontario, Canada: A population-based study.

To estimate the prevalence and incidence of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) over time in Ontario, Canada.


Maternal opioid use disorder and neonatal abstinence syndrome in northwest Ontario: a 7-year retrospective analysis.

Opioid use in pregnancy is increasing globally. In northwest Ontario, rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) are alarmingly high. We sought to document the increasing rates of opioid exposure during pregnancy and associated cases of NAS over a 7-year period in northwest Ontario.

PREVALENCE, DISTRIBUTION, AND RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MACRACANTHORHYNCHUS INGENS INFECTIONS IN RACCOONS FROM ONTARIO, CANADA.

Macracanthorhynchus ingens is an acanthocephalan parasite commonly found in raccoons (Procyon lotor) in the United States. Little is known, however, about the prevalence and distribution of M. ingens in raccoons in Canada. Our objective was to investigate the prevalence, distribution and risk factors associated with M. ingens infection in raccoons in southern Ontario, Canada. Raccoon carcasses submitted to the Ontario/Nunavut region of the Canadian Wildlife Health Cooperative (CWHC) for post-mortem from Jun...

Epidemiology and Geographic Distribution of Blastomycosis, Histoplasmosis, and Coccidioidomycosis, Ontario, Canada, 1990-2015.

Endemic mycoses represent a growing public health challenge in North America. We describe the epidemiology of 1,392 microbiology laboratory-confirmed cases of blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and coccidioidomycosis in Ontario during 1990-2015. Blastomycosis was the most common infection (1,092 cases; incidence of 0.41 cases/100,000 population), followed by histoplasmosis (211 cases) and coccidioidomycosis (89 cases). Incidence of blastomycosis increased from 1995 to 2001 and has remained elevated, especially ...

Limitations of administrative data to identify measles cases in Ontario, Canada: a cautionary tale.

To explore the utility of laboratory data and determine the validity of healthcare administrative data for describing the frequency of measles in Ontario.

The health care utilization of people in prison and after prison release: A population-based cohort study in Ontario, Canada.

Many people experience imprisonment each year, and this population bears a disproportionate burden of morbidity and mortality. States have an obligation to provide equitable health care in prison and to attend to care on release. Our objective was to describe health care utilization in prison and post-release for persons released from provincial prison in Ontario, Canada in 2010, and to compare health care utilization with the general population.

White Chick Syndrome Associated with Chicken Astrovirus in Ontario, Canada.

Sixty-four cases of white chick syndrome (WCS) in broiler breeders producing affected progeny were reported from seven hatcheries in Ontario, Canada, between 2009 and 2016, with 43 of those originating from two hatcheries owned by a single company. WCS cases were identified by the presence of typical chicks in the hatchery that were generally weak with pale to white down, enlarged abdomens, and occasionally brown wiry fluff on the dorsum of the neck. Affected embryos and chicks had characteristic gross and ...

Characteristics and Outcomes of Young Children Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza or Respiratory Syncytial Virus in Ontario, Canada, 2009-2014.

Respiratory illnesses are a major contributor to pediatric hospitalizations, with influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causing substantial morbidity and cost each season. We compared the characteristics and outcomes of children 0-59 months of age who were hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza or RSV between 2009 and 2014 in Ontario, Canada.

Investigation of a community cluster of cutaneous Mycobacterium marinum infection, an emerging zoonotic pathogen in aquaculture industry, Haliburton, Kawartha, Pine Ridge District Health Unit, Ontario, Canada, July-August 2015.

In July 2015, a cluster of five suspect cases of clinically diagnosed Mycobacterium marinum (M. marinum) skin infections were reported to the Haliburton, Kawartha, Pine Ridge District Health Unit (HKPRDHU), Ontario, Canada, with two additional cases subsequently identified through case finding. All seven cases presented with cutaneous lesions located on the finger, hand and/or elbow regions typical of M. marinum infection. Specimens were collected by skin biopsy for two of the seven cases; both cases tested...

Impact of health care reform on enrolment of immigrants in primary care in Ontario, Canada.

In 2003, Ontario introduced a patient enrolment system as part of health care reforms, aimed at enhancing primary health care services, but it is unclear whether immigrants have benefited from this health care reform. Therefore, we studied whether this reform changed the extent of immigrants' enrolment in primary care services in Ontario between 2003 and 2012.

The quantity of food waste in the garbage stream of southern Ontario, Canada households.

There is little consensus on the amount of worldwide food waste generation because many current estimates are indirect and link back to the same limited primary datasets, with much of the data originating from fieldwork undertaken in the 1970s and 1980s. Direct measurement of waste streams, through waste composition studies, can be used to develop accurate estimates of food waste disposal. In Ontario, Canada, municipalities that undertake household waste composition studies all use a common direct measureme...

Ontario's Healthy Babies Healthy Children Screen tool: identifying postpartum families in need of home visiting services in Ottawa, Canada.

Across Ontario, the Healthy Babies Healthy Children (HBHC) postpartum screening tool is routinely used to identify families with potential risk of negative development outcomes for children.

The Integration of Ontario Birth Centers into Existing Maternal-Newborn Services: Health Care Provider Experiences.

In 2014, 2 freestanding, midwifery-led birth centers opened in Ontario, Canada. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively investigate the integration of the birth centers into the local, preexisting intrapartum systems from the perspective of health care providers and managerial staff.

Neonicotinoid detection in wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) in Ontario, Canada.

The use of neonicotinoid insecticides in agriculture is now recognized for the health risks it poses to non-target wildlife, with associated honey bee mortality especially concerning. Research directed toward the presence and effects of these pesticides on terrestrial vertebrates that consume neonicotinoid-coated seeds, such as wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris), is lacking. This study used liquid chromatography attached to a tandem mass spectrometer to assess the liver from 40 wild turkeys for n...

Tritium in fish from remote lakes in northwestern Ontario, Canada.

Tritium is most commonly generated as a by-product of nuclear reactors. As such, environmental concentrations are typically only reported near regions of interest, and background concentrations in areas unaffected by anthropogenic disturbance are not well characterized. To provide information on background levels of tritium in the natural environment, tissue-free water tritium (TFWT) and organically-bound tritium (OBT) were measured in the flesh of 106 fish collected within three lakes located at the IISD-E...

Survey for Bacteria and Antimicrobial Resistance in Wild Turkeys ( Meleagris gallopavo) in Ontario, Canada.

Since being successfully reintroduced into Ontario, Canada, wild turkey ( Meleagris gallopavo) populations have undergone robust growth and range expansion. This, along with increases in land use changes from human population growth and subsequent developments in agriculture and livestock production, has heightened opportunities for interactions between wild turkeys, domestic poultry, and humans. As conspecifics, wild and domestic turkeys are susceptible to infection and disease from many of the same pathog...

Neonicotinoid pesticides in drinking water in agricultural regions of southern Ontario, Canada.

Because of the persistence and solubility of neonicotinoid insecticides (NNIs), there is concern that these compounds may contaminate sources of drinking water. The objective of this project was to evaluate the distribution of NNIs in raw and treated drinking water from selected municipalities that draw their water from the lower Great Lakes in areas of southern Ontario, Canada where there is high intensity agriculture. Sites were monitored using Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Samplers (POCIS) and by co...

Clinical manifestations of reported Lyme disease cases in Ontario, Canada: 2005-2014.

Lyme disease (LD) is the most common vector-borne disease in Ontario, Canada. We describe the epidemiology and clinical manifestations of LD in Ontario and examine trends in the incidence of non-disseminated and disseminated LD. LD surveillance data from the integrated Public Health Information System (iPHIS) from 2005-2014 were mapped to symptoms according to syndrome groups (erythema migrans (EM), flu-like, cardiac, neurologic or arthritic) and disease stages (early localized, early disseminated or late d...

High Prevalence of Mycoplasma and Eimeria Species in Free-Ranging Eastern Wild Turkeys ( Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) in Ontario, Canada.

Following extirpation from Ontario, Canada, in the early 1900s, Eastern Wild Turkeys (EWTs; Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) were successfully reintroduced to the province in 1984. Despite the subsequent establishment of robust populations and biannual hunting seasons, data on the circulation of potential pathogens in these birds are lacking. Similarly, the interface between EWTs and poultry is poorly understood and includes possible bidirectional pathogen transmission via direct or indirect contact. Mycopla...

A retrospective on reconciliation by design.

It is well-established that Indigenous peoples continue to experience a lower level of health than non-Indigenous peoples in Canada. For many health leaders, finding practical strategies to close the gap in health disparities remains elusive. In this retrospective study, we will illustrate our own experience of transformational change using design and systems thinking tools toward a primary outcome of multi-stakeholder alignment. Using this approach enabled three Indigenous Provincial/Territorial Organizati...

A quasi-experimental study of a mandatory calorie-labelling policy in restaurants: Impact on use of nutrition information among youth and young adults in Canada.

In 2017, Ontario became the first Canadian province to require calorie amounts on menus/menu boards of chain restaurants. The province of British Columbia (BC) implemented a voluntary nutrition information initiative in which calorie and sodium information were available upon request. A quasi-experimental design was used to examine the use of nutrition information in Ontario (mandatory calorie labelling), compared to BC (voluntary policy) and three other provinces with no formal menu labelling policy ('cont...

Epidemiology of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis in Ontario, Canada.

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a well-characterized disorder of the hip seen in adolescent patients. It is characterized by deformity secondary to failure through the proximal femoral growth plate, which results in posterior-inferior displacement of the epiphysis on the proximal femoral metaphysis. Long-term sequelae of SCFE may include osteonecrosis, residual deformity, leg length discrepancy, degenerative joint disease, and chronic pain. The long-term consequences of SCFE may be the source of...

Evaluating Virulence-Associated Genes and Antimicrobial Resistance of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli Isolates from Broiler and Broiler Breeder Chickens in Ontario, Canada.

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is the causative agent of colibacillosis in poultry, an economically important disease worldwide. In Ontario, Canada, early and late systemic bacterial infections due to APEC were the most commonly reported diseases in broiler chickens. In 2016, Ontario poultry veterinarians submitted samples from 331 cases of broiler and broiler breeder chickens with a high suspicion of colibacillosis to the Animal Health Laboratory (Guelph, Ontario, Canada) for bacterial culture. E...


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