PubMed Journals Articles About "Orthognathic Speech Pathology: Phonetic Contrasts Of Patients With Dental Discrepancies Pre- And Post-Treatment Analyses" RSS

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Orthognathic Speech Pathology: Phonetic Contrasts Of Patients With Dental Discrepancies Pre- And Post-Treatment Analyses PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Orthognathic Speech Pathology: Phonetic Contrasts Of Patients With Dental Discrepancies Pre- And Post-Treatment Analyses articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Orthognathic Speech Pathology Phonetic Contrasts Patients With Dental" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 38,000+

Comparison of motor-phonetic versus phonetic-phonological speech therapy approaches in patients with a cleft (lip and) palate: a study in Uganda.

At present, there is growing interest in combined phonetic-phonological approaches to treat active speech errors in children with a cleft (lip and) palate (CP ± L). Unfortunately, evidence for these type of speech interventions in this population is lacking. Therefore, the present study investigated the effectiveness of speech intervention in Ugandan patients with CP ± L. Moreover, a comparison was made between a motor-phonetic and a phonetic-phonological speech intervention.

Phonetic Transcription for Speech-Language Pathology in the 21st Century.

The past few decades have seen rapid changes in speech-language pathology in terms of technology, information on speech production and perception, and increasing levels of multilingualism in communities. This tutorial provides an overview of phonetic transcription for the modern world, both for work with clients, and for research and training. The authors draw on their backgrounds in phonetics, phonology and speech-language pathology, and their crosslinguistic project in the phonological acquisition of chil...

Infants use phonetic detail in speech perception and word learning when detail is easy to perceive.

Infants successfully discriminate speech sound contrasts that belong to their native language's phonemic inventory in auditory-only paradigms, but they encounter difficulties in distinguishing the same contrasts in the context of word learning. These difficulties are usually attributed to the fact that infants' attention to the phonetic detail in novel words is attenuated when they must allocate additional cognitive resources demanded by word-learning tasks. The current study investigated 15-month-old infan...

Assessing Quality of Life After Orthognathic Surgery in Disabled Patients.

Orthognathic surgery is a common procedure in facial deformities treatment but requires a high level of compliance from the patient. Performing this treatment for mentally disabled patients is a subject of discussion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) after orthognathic surgery in disabled patients.

Brain-behavior relationships in incidental learning of non-native phonetic categories.

Research has implicated the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) in mapping acoustic-phonetic input to sound category representations, both in native speech perception and non-native phonetic category learning. At issue is whether this sensitivity reflects access to phonetic category information per se or to explicit category labels, the latter often being required by experimental procedures. The current study employed an incidental learning paradigm designed to increase sensitivity to a difficult non-native ...

Understanding orthodontic treatment seems to be the characteristic most valued by orthodontists who refer patients to orthognathic surgeons.

Time and information in perceptual adaptation to speech.

Perceptual adaptation to a talker enables listeners to efficiently resolve the many-to-many mapping between variable speech acoustics and abstract linguistic representations. However, models of speech perception have not delved into the variety or the quantity of information necessary for successful adaptation, nor how adaptation unfolds over time. In three experiments using speeded classification of spoken words, we explored how the quantity (duration), quality (phonetic detail), and temporal continuity of...

Acoustic-phonetic and auditory mechanisms of adaptation in the perception of sibilant fricatives.

Listeners are highly proficient at adapting to contextual variation when perceiving speech. In the present study, we examined the effects of brief speech and nonspeech contexts on the perception of sibilant fricatives. We explored three theoretically motivated accounts of contextual adaptation, based on phonetic cue calibration, phonetic covariation, and auditory contrast. Under the cue calibration account, listeners adapt by estimating a talker-specific average for each phonetic cue or dimension; under the...

The Effect of Tongue-Jaw Coupling on Phonetic Distinctiveness of Vowels in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

Purpose The aim of this study was to determine the relation of tongue-jaw coupling to phonetic distinctiveness of vowels in persons at different stages (i.e., early, middle, late) of bulbar motor involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and healthy controls. Method The pattern of spatial tongue-jaw coupling was derived from 11 individuals with ALS and 11 healthy controls using the parallel factor analysis. Two articulatory components, which correspond to tongue displacement independent of the jaw ...

Speech Perception Skills of Children With Speech Sound Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Purpose The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate whether preschool- and early school-age children with speech sound disorders (SSDs) have difficulties with speech perception. Method Systematic searching of 8 electronic databases identified 73 eligible studies across 71 articles examining the speech perception skills of children with SSDs. The findings and methodological characteristics of each study were reviewed, and the reporting of methodological informati...

Evaluation of a speech pathology service delivery model for patients at low dysphagia risk during radiotherapy for HNC.

There are no evidence-based guidelines informing which patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) require regular speech pathology (SP) support during radiation treatment (RT). Hence, some services use a "one-size-fits-all" model, potentially over-servicing those patients at low risk for dysphagia. This study evaluated the clinical safety and efficiency of an interdisciplinary service model for patients identified prospectively as "low risk" for dysphagia during RT.

Digital Occlusion Setup Is Quantitatively Comparable With the Conventional Dental Model Approach: Characteristics and Guidelines for Orthognathic Surgery in Patients With Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate.

The evolving 3-dimensional computer-based technology revolutionized the field of orthognathic surgery (OGS). Digital occlusion setup for OGS may provide advantages in the planning comparing with the conventional approach based on the manual setup using dental casts, but we are not aware of any study focusing on digital occlusion setup for cleft OGS. The purposes of this study were to compare the conventional and digital occlusion setup approaches and to propose a protocol for digital occlusion setup in unil...

Do Patients With Neurogenic Speech Sound Impairments Benefit From Auditory Priming With a Regular Metrical Pattern?

Purpose Earlier investigations based on word and sentence repetition tasks had revealed that the most prevalent metrical pattern in German (the trochee)-unlike the iambic pattern-facilitates articulation in patients with apraxia of speech (AOS; e.g., Aichert, Späth, & Ziegler, 2016), confirming that segmental and prosodic aspects of speech production interact. In this study, we investigated if articulation in apraxic speakers also benefits from auditory priming by speech with a regular rhythm. Furthermore,...

Transcribing and Transforming: Towards Inclusive, Multilingual Child Speech Training for South African Speech-Language Therapy Students.

Phonetic transcription may encourage engagement with language diversity in multilingual settings. We describe how transcription can be used to help South African speech-language therapy (SLT) students engage with the many languages spoken in their country. Objectives were to describe (a) the local context, (b) transcription in the curriculum, and (c) participant observations from staff facilitating the Child Speech course.

Development of Phonetic Contrasts in Cantonese Tone Acquisition.

Purpose Previous studies showed both early and late acquisition of Cantonese tones based on transcription data using different criteria, but very little acoustic data were reported. Our study examined Cantonese tone acquisition using both transcription and acoustic data, illustrating the early and protracted aspects of Cantonese tone acquisition. Method One hundred fifty-nine Cantonese-speaking children aged between 2;1 and 6;0 (years;months) and 10 reference speakers participated in a tone production exper...

Percent Consonant Correct as an Outcome Measure for Cleft Speech in an Intervention Study.

Percent consonant correct (PCC) was originally described by Shriberg and Kwiatkowski [J Speech Hear Disord. 1982 Aug;47(3):256-70] as a severity metric for phonological speech disorders, and has been adapted and used in many studies on speech sound disorders. It is well-recognized that cleft speech is complex, consisting of several interacting parameters assessed simultaneously, with error sounds not in the listener's own language. In speech outcome studies, narrow phonetic transcription and the reporting o...

Perception of Sibilants by Preschool Children With Overt and Covert Sound Contrasts.

Purpose This study explores the role of overt and covert contrasts in speech perception by children with speech sound disorder (SSD). Method Three groups of preschool-aged children (typically developing speech and language [TD], SSD with /s/~/ʃ/ contrast [SSD-contrast], and SSD with /s/~/ʃ/ collapse [SSD-collapse]) completed an identification task targeting /s/~/ʃ/ minimal pairs. The stimuli were produced by 3 sets of talkers: children with TD, children with SSD, and the participant himself/herself. We c...

Development of an educational mobile application for patients submitted to orthognathic surgery.

to develop, evaluate and correlate the acceptability of an educational mobile application to patients submitted to orthognathic surgery.

Speech evaluation during maxillary mini dental implant overdenture treatment: a prospective study.

Large proportions of patients are edentulous and wear removable dentures leading to reduced functional comfort and less oral health related quality of life. Satisfaction with the oral situation after implantation depends on the outcome in eating comfort, speech comfort and esthetics. Modification in form and location of the teeth may affect speech. The aim of this study is to determine speech, oromyofunctional behavior, satisfaction with the treatment and the impact on quality of life of the horse-shoe over...

Data-driven spatial filtering for improved measurement of cortical tracking of multiple representations of speech.

Objective - Measurement of the cortical tracking of continuous speech from electroencephalography (EEG) recordings using a forward model is an important tool in auditory neuroscience. Usually the stimulus is represented by its temporal envelope. Recently, the phonetic representation of speech was successfully introduced in English. We aim to show that the EEG prediction from phoneme-related speech features is possible in Dutch. The method requires a manual channel selection based on visual inspection or pri...

Re-Evaluating Evidence for Best Practice in Paediatric Speech-Language Pathology.

Systematic reviews of treatment trials for children with speech and language difficulties often exemplify the limited clinical usefulness of the evidence base, reflecting recent literature in evidence-based medicine. Other studies report that clinicians often fail to seek information about best practice, across the health professions. Consequently, clinical researchers, including those in speech-language pathology, have sought alternative methodologies for determining best practice.

Dental treatment of post-myocardial infarction patients: A review of the literature.

Patients who have suffered a heart attack often require dental treatment. Inflammation of the oral cavity not only reduces the quality of life but also negatively affects the course of ischemic heart disease. Dental treatment in patients with a history of myocardial infarction seems complicated, since these patients require special consideration with regard to the timing and form of dental treatment, as well as the precautions required. Patients at risk of cardiac complications that are greater than the ben...

Pathology awareness in patients and patient's relatives applying to a pathology laboratory.

To investigate pathology awareness in patients applying to a pathology laboratory. Method: This cross-sectional study included 150 patients and patients' relatives. A questionnaire, prepared by the researchers according to the literature, was administered at the Pathology Laboratory, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey on May 2018.

A Psycholinguistic Framework for Diagnosis and Treatment Planning of Developmental Speech Disorders.

Differential diagnosis and treatment planning of developmental speech disorders (DSD) remains a major challenge in paediatric speech-language pathology. Different classification systems exist, in which subtypes are differentiated based on their theoretical cause and in which the definitions generally refer to speech production processes. Accordingly, various intervention methods have been developed aiming at different parts of the speech production process. Diagnostic classification in these systems, howeve...

Oral and dental health status in patients with eating disorders in Madrid, Spain.

The aim of the present study was to describe and compare the oral and dental health status of two groups, one diagnosed with eating disorders (EDs), and another group without this pathology, assessing the following oral manifestations: dental alterations, periodontal disorders, soft tissue disorders, non-stimulated salivary flow, and oral pH.

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