PubMed Journals Articles About "Pacific Compounds." RSS

12:13 EDT 18th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Pacific Compounds. PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Pacific Compounds. articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Pacific Compounds" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 791

Early onset dementia in New Zealand Pacific boxers: a case series.

To describe the biopsychosocial characteristics of a series of Pacific men living in South Auckland with a history of boxing presenting with early onset dementia. We discuss the history of boxing in Pacific people and the possibility of increased risk of early onset dementia in New Zealand Pacific men compared to their European counterparts.

Colonizing the wild west: low diversity of complete mitochondrial genomes in western North Pacific killer whales suggests a founder effect.

In the North Pacific, fish-eating R-type 'resident' and mammal-eating T-type 'transient' killer whales do not interbreed and differ in ecology and behavior. Full-length mitochondrial genomes (about 16.4 kbp) were sequenced and assembled for 12 R-type and 14 T-type killer whale samples from different areas of the western North Pacific. All R-type individuals had the same haplotype, previously described for R-type killer whales from both eastern and western North Pacific. However, haplotype diversity of R-typ...

CORR® International-Asia-Pacific: Aging in the Asia-Pacific-The Elephant in the Room.

Patterns of early primary school-based literacy interventions among Pacific children from a nationwide health screening programme of 4 year olds.

Literacy success is critical to unlocking a child's potential and enhancing their future wellbeing. Thus, the early identification and redressing of literacy needs is vital. Pacific children have, on average, the lowest literacy achievement levels in New Zealand. However, this population is very diverse. This study sought to determine whether the current national health screening programme of pre-school children could be used as an early detection tool of Pacific children with the greatest literacy needs. T...

Fibropapillomatosis in a Green Sea Turtle ( Chelonia mydas) from the Southeastern Pacific.

Fibropapillomatosis is a neoplastic disease that afflicts sea turtles. Although it is disseminated worldwide, cases of the disease have not been reported in the southeastern Pacific region. We describe a case of fibropapillomatosis in a green sea turtle ( Chelonia mydas) during its rehabilitation at the Machalilla National Park Rehabilitation Center, Ecuador. Viral presence was confirmed by PCR, targeting fragments of the chelonid alphaherpesvirus 5 (ChHV5) unique long (UL) genes, UL27, UL28, and UL30. The ...

Clinical Features of Scleritis Across the Asia-Pacific Region.

To examine the spectrum of scleritis in four tertiary institutions across the Asia-Pacific.

A systematic review of human and animal leptospirosis in the Pacific Islands reveals pathogen and reservoir diversity.

The Pacific Islands have environmental conditions highly favourable for transmission of leptospirosis, a neglected zoonosis with highest incidence in the tropics, and Oceania in particular. Recent reports confirm the emergence and outbreaks of leptospirosis in the Pacific Islands, but the epidemiology and drivers of transmission of human and animal leptospirosis are poorly documented, especially in the more isolated and less developed islands.

Zika virus outbreak in the Pacific: Vector competence of regional vectors.

In 2013, Zika virus (ZIKV) emerged in French Polynesia and spread through the Pacific region between 2013 and 2017. Several potential Aedes mosquitoes may have contributed to the ZIKV transmission including Aedes aegypti, the main arbovirus vector in the region, and Aedes polynesiensis, vector of lymphatic filariasis and secondary vector of dengue virus. The aim of this study was to analyze the ability of these two Pacific vectors to transmit ZIKV at a regional scale, through the evaluation and comparison o...

Molecular characterization and expression analysis of the interleukin 1b gene in Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus).

Interleukin 1b (IL-1b) is a member of the cytokine family that serves as major mediators for early pro-inflammatory responses. During artificial breeding of Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus), outbreaks of NNV in the early development stages could lead to high mortality. Recent research reported that IL-1b participated in the host-virus interaction against NNV infection, however, no IL-1b gene has been identified from Pacific cod so far. In this study, we described the identification and characterization of ...

Practice Patterns for Chronic Respiratory Diseases in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study.

Allergic rhinitis (AR), asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and rhinosinusitis are common and little studied in the Asia-Pacific region.

A new yeti crab phylogeny: Vent origins with indications of regional extinction in the East Pacific.

The recent discovery of two new species of kiwaid squat lobsters on hydrothermal vents in the Pacific Ocean and in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean has prompted a re-analysis of Kiwaid biogeographical history. Using a larger alignment with more fossil calibrated nodes than previously, we consider the precise relationship between Kiwaidae, Chirostylidae and Eumunididae within Chirostyloidea (Decapoda: Anomura) to be still unresolved at present. Additionally, the placement of both new species within a...

Asia Pacific Stroke Conference 2018. Abstracts of the Annual Conference of the Asia Pacific Stroke Organization (APSO). Jakarta, Indonesia, September 6-9, 2018.

Trends in suicide methods by age group.

This study investigates the trends in suicide methods by age group in Turkey.

Seasonal Response of North Western Pacific Marine Ecosystems to Deposition of Atmospheric Inorganic Nitrogen Compounds from East Asia.

The contribution of the atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen compounds produced in East Asia to the marine ecosystems of the North Western Pacific Ocean (NWPO) was investigated in this study using a 3-D lower trophic-marine ecosystem model (NEMURO) combined with an atmospheric regional chemical transport model (WRF-CMAQ). The monthly mean values for the wet and dry deposition of nitrogen compounds, including gases (HNO and NH) and aerosol particles (NO and NH), were determined using the WRF-CMAQ for...

Antiinflammation constituents from Curcuma zedoaroides.

Curcuma zedoaroides, a Zingiberaceae species, has been used for snake bite antidote and wound care in Thailand. Seven compounds were isolated from the bioactive chloroform extract consisted of one new guaiane sesquiterpene lactone, 5-epiphaeocaulisin A (4) and one new diarylheptanoid, 1,2,3,5-tetrahydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-7-(4-hydroxyphenyl) heptane (7), together with five known guaiane-type sesquiterpene lactones including gweicurculactone (1), zedoalactone B (2), phaeocaulisin C (3), zedoalac...

Consensus on best practice standards for Fracture Liaison Service in the Asia-Pacific region.

The Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) Consensus Meeting endorsed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), Asian Federation of Osteoporosis Societies (AFOS), and Asia Pacific Osteoporosis Foundation (APOF) was hosted by the Taiwanese Osteoporosis Association on October 14, 2017. International and domestic experts reviewed the 13 Best Practice Framework (BPF) standards and concluded that all standards were generally applicable in the Asia-Pacific region and needed only minor modifications to fit the h...

Radiocaesium derived from the TEPCO Fukushima accident in the North Pacific Ocean: Surface transport processes until 2017.

We report temporal variations ofCs activity concentrations in surface waters of six regions of the western and central North Pacific Ocean during 2011-2017 using a combination of 1264 previously published data and 42 new data. In the western and central North Pacific Ocean at latitudes of 30-42°N and longitudes of 140°E to 160°W, eastward transport of radiocaesium was clearly apparent.Cs activity concentrations in surface water decreased rapidly to ∼2-3 Bq min 2015/2016, still a bit higher thanCs activ...

Design of a comparative effectiveness randomized controlled trial testing a faith-based Diabetes Prevention Program (WORD DPP) vs. a Pacific culturally adapted Diabetes Prevention Program (PILI DPP) for Marshallese in the United States.

Pacific Islander populations, including Marshallese, face a disproportionately high burden of health disparities relative to the general population.

A new family of sesterterpenoids isolated around the Pacific Rim.

Covering: 2009 up to the end of 2017There has been a recent eruption in the number of known marine sesterterpenoids which have been isolated from Pacific Rim marine organisms. These compounds have novel and unusual structures that exhibit incredibly potent and varied bioactivities. This review details the isolation, biological testing and prospects for this exciting new family with discussion of their potential biogenetic origins.

Enantiomeric Pairs of Meroterpenoids with Diverse Heterocyclic Systems from Rhododendron nyingchiense.

Eight enantiomeric pairs of new meromonoterpenoids (1a/1b-8a/8b) and four known compounds (9-12) were isolated from Rhododendron nyingchiense. Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods, quantum chemical calculations, and X-ray crystallography. The enantiomeric pairs were acquired from scalemic mixtures by chiral-phase HPLC and showed diverse heterocyclic frameworks. Compounds 1a/1b possess a rare 6/7/5/5 heterocyclic system, and 2a/2b incorporate a new 6/6/3/5 heterocyclic system featuring ...

Characterization of a Western Pacific Zika Virus Strain in Australian Aedes aegypti.

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a globally emerging arbovirus responsible for widespread epidemics in the western Pacific, the Americas, and Asia. The virus predominately circulates in urban transmission cycles between Aedes aegypti and humans. Australia is considered at risk to outbreaks of ZIKV due to the presence of A. aegypti populations in northern areas of the state of Queensland. Furthermore, close proximity to epidemic regions has led to almost 50% of imported cases reported since 2012 originating in the Pacif...

Pathogen invasion and non-epizootic dynamics in Pacific newts in California over the last century.

Emerging infectious disease is a growing threat to global biodiversity. The infectious disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has led to the decline and extinction of hundreds of amphibian species. Severe Bd-caused epizootics have been documented in North, Central and South America-with many of the research focused on anurans. California, where Bd-related epizootics and amphibian declines have been reported, has some of the highest diversity of salamander...

North Pacific freshwater events linked to changes in glacial ocean circulation.

There is compelling evidence that episodic deposition of large volumes of freshwater into the oceans strongly influenced global ocean circulation and climate variability during glacial periods. In the North Atlantic region, episodes of massive freshwater discharge to the North Atlantic Ocean were related to distinct cold periods known as Heinrich Stadials. By contrast, the freshwater history of the North Pacific region remains unclear, giving rise to persistent debates about the existence and possible magni...

Genetic structure and dispersal patterns in Limnoria nagatai (Limnoriidae, Isopoda) dwelling in non-buoyant kelps, Eisenia bicyclis and E. arborea, in Japan.

The marine isopod genus Limnoria contains algae-eating species. Previous phylogeographic studies have suggested that Limnoria species feeding on buoyant kelp underwent low genetic differentiation on a large spatial scale because rafting on floating host kelps promotes high levels of gene flow. In this paper, we survey the genetic structure of Limnoria nagatai, which bores into the non-buoyant kelps Eisenia bicyclis and E. arborea. We analyze the mitochondrial DNA (cytochrome oxidase subunit I [COI] gene) an...

Descriptions of Acanthocephalus parallelcementglandatus (Echinorhynchidae) and Neoechinorhynchus (N.) pennahia (Neoechinorhynchidae) (Acanthocephala) from amphibians and fish in Central and Pacific coast of Vietnam, with notes on N. (N.) longnucleatus.

Three species of acanthocephalans are described from fishes caught in the Pacific coast off eastern Vietnam and from amphibians in the midlands in 2016: (1) Acanthocephalus parallelcementglandatus Amin, Heckmann, Ha, 2014 (Echinorhynchidae), described from 1 male specimen is now fully described from males and females collected from 2 species of amphibians, the similar frog Hylarana attigua Inger, Orlov, Darevsky and the odorous frog Odorrana sp. Fei, Ye, Huang (Ranidae) in Huong Thuy, Hue City and Chu Yang ...

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