PubMed Journals Articles About "Pacific Compounds." RSS

19:08 EST 9th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Pacific Compounds. PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Pacific Compounds. articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Pacific Compounds" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 777

A systematic review of historical and contemporary evidence of trachoma endemicity in the Pacific Islands.

Trachoma is endemic in several Pacific Island countries. The aims of this study were to (a) identify future trachoma mapping needs in the Pacific and (b) to examine whether any temporal trends in trachoma prevalence could be ascertained from the historical literature on trachoma in the Pacific Islands.

Neodymium isotope evidence for glacial-interglacial variability of deepwater transit time in the Pacific Ocean.

There is evidence for greater carbon storage in the glacial deep Pacific, but it is uncertain whether it was caused by changes in ventilation, circulation, and biological productivity. The spatial ε evolution in the deep Pacific provides information on the deepwater transit time. Seven new foraminiferal ε records are presented to systematically constrain glacial to interglacial changes in deep Pacific overturning and two different ε evolution regimes occur spatially in the Pacific with reduced meridional...

Early onset dementia in New Zealand Pacific boxers: a case series.

To describe the biopsychosocial characteristics of a series of Pacific men living in South Auckland with a history of boxing presenting with early onset dementia. We discuss the history of boxing in Pacific people and the possibility of increased risk of early onset dementia in New Zealand Pacific men compared to their European counterparts.

Colonizing the wild west: low diversity of complete mitochondrial genomes in western North Pacific killer whales suggests a founder effect.

In the North Pacific, fish-eating R-type 'resident' and mammal-eating T-type 'transient' killer whales do not interbreed and differ in ecology and behavior. Full-length mitochondrial genomes (about 16.4 kbp) were sequenced and assembled for 12 R-type and 14 T-type killer whale samples from different areas of the western North Pacific. All R-type individuals had the same haplotype, previously described for R-type killer whales from both eastern and western North Pacific. However, haplotype diversity of R-typ...

CORR® International-Asia-Pacific: Aging in the Asia-Pacific-The Elephant in the Room.

Patterns of early primary school-based literacy interventions among Pacific children from a nationwide health screening programme of 4 year olds.

Literacy success is critical to unlocking a child's potential and enhancing their future wellbeing. Thus, the early identification and redressing of literacy needs is vital. Pacific children have, on average, the lowest literacy achievement levels in New Zealand. However, this population is very diverse. This study sought to determine whether the current national health screening programme of pre-school children could be used as an early detection tool of Pacific children with the greatest literacy needs. T...

Fibropapillomatosis in a Green Sea Turtle ( Chelonia mydas) from the Southeastern Pacific.

Fibropapillomatosis is a neoplastic disease that afflicts sea turtles. Although it is disseminated worldwide, cases of the disease have not been reported in the southeastern Pacific region. We describe a case of fibropapillomatosis in a green sea turtle ( Chelonia mydas) during its rehabilitation at the Machalilla National Park Rehabilitation Center, Ecuador. Viral presence was confirmed by PCR, targeting fragments of the chelonid alphaherpesvirus 5 (ChHV5) unique long (UL) genes, UL27, UL28, and UL30. The ...

Clinical Features of Scleritis Across the Asia-Pacific Region.

To examine the spectrum of scleritis in four tertiary institutions across the Asia-Pacific.

Sub-optimal or reduction in temperature and salinity decrease antioxidant activity and cellularity in the hemolymph of the Pacific abalone (Haliotis discus hannai).

This study investigated the oxidative stress and hemocyte responses of Pacific abalone exposed to various water temperatures (4, 6, 8, and 10 °C) and salinities (26, 30, and 34 psu) for 7 days, to identify their tolerance ranges of temperature and salinity. The survival rate of Pacific abalone ranged from 98.7 to 100% at 8 °C and 10 °C, but dropped to 25-55% at 4 °C at all levels of salinity. The levels of superoxide dismutase and glutathione in the hemolymph were significantly higher at 4 °C...

A systematic review of human and animal leptospirosis in the Pacific Islands reveals pathogen and reservoir diversity.

The Pacific Islands have environmental conditions highly favourable for transmission of leptospirosis, a neglected zoonosis with highest incidence in the tropics, and Oceania in particular. Recent reports confirm the emergence and outbreaks of leptospirosis in the Pacific Islands, but the epidemiology and drivers of transmission of human and animal leptospirosis are poorly documented, especially in the more isolated and less developed islands.

Zika virus outbreak in the Pacific: Vector competence of regional vectors.

In 2013, Zika virus (ZIKV) emerged in French Polynesia and spread through the Pacific region between 2013 and 2017. Several potential Aedes mosquitoes may have contributed to the ZIKV transmission including Aedes aegypti, the main arbovirus vector in the region, and Aedes polynesiensis, vector of lymphatic filariasis and secondary vector of dengue virus. The aim of this study was to analyze the ability of these two Pacific vectors to transmit ZIKV at a regional scale, through the evaluation and comparison o...

Molecular characterization and expression analysis of the interleukin 1b gene in Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus).

Interleukin 1b (IL-1b) is a member of the cytokine family that serves as major mediators for early pro-inflammatory responses. During artificial breeding of Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus), outbreaks of NNV in the early development stages could lead to high mortality. Recent research reported that IL-1b participated in the host-virus interaction against NNV infection, however, no IL-1b gene has been identified from Pacific cod so far. In this study, we described the identification and characterization of ...

Practice Patterns for Chronic Respiratory Diseases in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study.

Allergic rhinitis (AR), asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and rhinosinusitis are common and little studied in the Asia-Pacific region.

Asia Pacific Stroke Conference 2018. Abstracts of the Annual Conference of the Asia Pacific Stroke Organization (APSO). Jakarta, Indonesia, September 6-9, 2018.

Antiinflammation constituents from Curcuma zedoaroides.

Curcuma zedoaroides, a Zingiberaceae species, has been used for snake bite antidote and wound care in Thailand. Seven compounds were isolated from the bioactive chloroform extract consisted of one new guaiane sesquiterpene lactone, 5-epiphaeocaulisin A (4) and one new diarylheptanoid, 1,2,3,5-tetrahydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-7-(4-hydroxyphenyl) heptane (7), together with five known guaiane-type sesquiterpene lactones including gweicurculactone (1), zedoalactone B (2), phaeocaulisin C (3), zedoalac...

Seasonal Response of North Western Pacific Marine Ecosystems to Deposition of Atmospheric Inorganic Nitrogen Compounds from East Asia.

The contribution of the atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen compounds produced in East Asia to the marine ecosystems of the North Western Pacific Ocean (NWPO) was investigated in this study using a 3-D lower trophic-marine ecosystem model (NEMURO) combined with an atmospheric regional chemical transport model (WRF-CMAQ). The monthly mean values for the wet and dry deposition of nitrogen compounds, including gases (HNO and NH) and aerosol particles (NO and NH), were determined using the WRF-CMAQ for...

Trends in suicide methods by age group.

This study investigates the trends in suicide methods by age group in Turkey.

Increase in anthropogenic mercury in marginal sea sediments of the Northwest Pacific Ocean.

Over the past century, the addition of anthropogenic mercury (Hg) to vast areas of North Pacific marginal seas adjacent to the northeast Asian continent has tripled. Analysis of sediment cores showed that the rate of Hg addition (Hg flux) was greatest in the East China and Yellow Seas (9.1 μg m yr) in the vicinity of China (the source continent), but was small in the Bering and western Arctic Ocean (Chukchi Sea) (0.9 μg m yr; the regions furthest from China). Our results show that Hg has reach...

Consensus on best practice standards for Fracture Liaison Service in the Asia-Pacific region.

The Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) Consensus Meeting endorsed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF), Asian Federation of Osteoporosis Societies (AFOS), and Asia Pacific Osteoporosis Foundation (APOF) was hosted by the Taiwanese Osteoporosis Association on October 14, 2017. International and domestic experts reviewed the 13 Best Practice Framework (BPF) standards and concluded that all standards were generally applicable in the Asia-Pacific region and needed only minor modifications to fit the h...

Design of a comparative effectiveness randomized controlled trial testing a faith-based Diabetes Prevention Program (WORD DPP) vs. a Pacific culturally adapted Diabetes Prevention Program (PILI DPP) for Marshallese in the United States.

Pacific Islander populations, including Marshallese, face a disproportionately high burden of health disparities relative to the general population.

Enantiomeric Pairs of Meroterpenoids with Diverse Heterocyclic Systems from Rhododendron nyingchiense.

Eight enantiomeric pairs of new meromonoterpenoids (1a/1b-8a/8b) and four known compounds (9-12) were isolated from Rhododendron nyingchiense. Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods, quantum chemical calculations, and X-ray crystallography. The enantiomeric pairs were acquired from scalemic mixtures by chiral-phase HPLC and showed diverse heterocyclic frameworks. Compounds 1a/1b possess a rare 6/7/5/5 heterocyclic system, and 2a/2b incorporate a new 6/6/3/5 heterocyclic system featuring ...

Characterization of a Western Pacific Zika Virus Strain in Australian Aedes aegypti.

Zika virus (ZIKV) is a globally emerging arbovirus responsible for widespread epidemics in the western Pacific, the Americas, and Asia. The virus predominately circulates in urban transmission cycles between Aedes aegypti and humans. Australia is considered at risk to outbreaks of ZIKV due to the presence of A. aegypti populations in northern areas of the state of Queensland. Furthermore, close proximity to epidemic regions has led to almost 50% of imported cases reported since 2012 originating in the Pacif...

Pathogen invasion and non-epizootic dynamics in Pacific newts in California over the last century.

Emerging infectious disease is a growing threat to global biodiversity. The infectious disease chytridiomycosis, caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has led to the decline and extinction of hundreds of amphibian species. Severe Bd-caused epizootics have been documented in North, Central and South America-with many of the research focused on anurans. California, where Bd-related epizootics and amphibian declines have been reported, has some of the highest diversity of salamander...

North Pacific freshwater events linked to changes in glacial ocean circulation.

There is compelling evidence that episodic deposition of large volumes of freshwater into the oceans strongly influenced global ocean circulation and climate variability during glacial periods. In the North Atlantic region, episodes of massive freshwater discharge to the North Atlantic Ocean were related to distinct cold periods known as Heinrich Stadials. By contrast, the freshwater history of the North Pacific region remains unclear, giving rise to persistent debates about the existence and possible magni...

Flavans and diphenylpropanes with PTP1B inhibition from Broussonetia kazinoki.

Three new (1a/1b and 2b) and five known flavans (2a, 6a/6b, 7, and 8), one new flavan glycoside (3), and two new (4 and 5) and six known 1,3-diphenylpropanes (9-14) were isolated from the twigs of Broussonetia kazinoki. Compounds 1, 2, and 6 are scalemic mixtures, and were resolved by chiral HPLC to provide 1a/1b, 2a/2b, and 6a/6b. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods, including NMR, MS, and ECD analyses. Compounds 1, 2, 5, 8, 9, 11, and 12 showed in vitro inh...

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