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Paclitaxel In Treating Patients With Recurrent Or Progressive Advanced Ovarian Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Paclitaxel In Treating Patients With Recurrent Or Progressive Advanced Ovarian Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.
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The aim of this study was to reveal the efficacy of weekly administration of paclitaxel and carboplatin for advanced ovarian cancer patients with poor performance status (PS).
Phase III trials have shown improved survival in ovarian cancer patients when the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy bevacizumab is added to first-line chemotherapy. However, further evidence is needed regarding bevacizumab when used with dose-dense paclitaxel/carboplatin chemotherapy in advanced ovarian cancer patients. This single-arm trial enrolled 184 advanced-stage (III-IV) epithelial ovarian cancer patients following primary debulking. Enrollees were treated with dose-dense paclita...
To determine the rate of optimal cytoreduction in patients with advanced ovarian cancer who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy with dose-dense carboplatin and paclitaxel followed by interval debulking surgery (IDS).
In this brief report, we present our experience with 3-weekly paclitaxel-carboplatin chemotherapy for patients with vulvar cancer. Two patients with locally advanced disease had an impressive response allowing standard vulvar cancer surgery. One patient with metastatic disease had local stable disease though it was progressive in the lymph nodes. The available literature is sparse and retrospective. Based on promising results, however, a prospective multicenter study is mandatory in order to obtain full dat...
Although the first-line chemotherapy has a high rate of complete responses in ovarian cancer patients, the vast majority of the patients present with recurrent disease and become refractory to conventional chemotherapy. Peritoneal dissemination and malignant ascites are the hallmarks of recurrent or advanced ovarian cancer and severely reduce quality of life. The development of therapeutic measures to treat such patients is eagerly anticipated. Macrophage infiltration is observed in various types of cancer ...
We have previously shown that raised p-S6K levels correlate with resistance to chemotherapy in ovarian cancer. We hypothesised that inhibiting p-S6K signalling with the dual m-TORC1/2 inhibitor in patients receiving weekly paclitaxel could improve outcomes in such patients.
Recently, Poly-ADP-Ribose Polymerase (PARP) inhibitors are one of the most intensively studied group of antiblastic agents for the management of recurrent ovarian cancer. Among this family, Olaparib was the first to be approved by European Medicines Agency as maintenance therapy post-response to platinum-based chemotherapy for recurrent ovarian cancer in women with deleterious BRCA1/2 mutation. Following that, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Olaparib monotherapy as fourth or later line of tr...
Response to Combination Chemotherapy With Paclitaxel/Ifosfamide/Platinum Versus Paclitaxel/Platinum for Patients With Metastatic, Recurrent, or Persistent Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix: A Retrospective Analysis.
Paclitaxel/ifosfamide/cisplatin triplet has shown a higher response rate than paclitaxel/cisplatin doublet, but the toxicity profile hindered the use of the triplet regimen. In this study, we adjusted the dosage of the triplet regimen and introduced carboplatin in cisplatin-intolerable patients. We tested the efficacy and toxicity of the modified triplet regimen in patients with recurrent or persistent cervical cancer.
Bevacizumab combined with platinum-taxane chemotherapy as first-line treatment for advanced ovarian cancer: a prospective observational study of safety and efficacy in Japanese patients (JGOG3022 trial).
This was the first large-scale prospective observational Japanese study evaluating the safety and efficacy of bevacizumab combined with paclitaxel and carboplatin for newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer.
The goals of treating recurrent platinum-resistant ovarian cancer are palliative, aimed at reducing symptoms and improving progression free survival. A prospective trial was conducted to determine the prevalence and severity of symptoms, and associated care needs.
nab-Paclitaxel has demonstrated efficacy in adults with solid tumours and preclinical activity in paediatric solid tumour models. Results from phase I of a phase I/II study in paediatric patients with recurrent/refractory solid tumours treated with nab-paclitaxel are reported.
This phase I study was aimed at determining the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (RD) for oral S-1 plus paclitaxel combination therapy in elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Chemotherapy-naïve patients (age, >70 years) with stage III/IV NSCLC were treated with paclitaxel intravenously at four dose levels (DLs), 60, 70, 80, and 90 mg/m, on day 1 and 8, and with S-1 (80 mg/m) orally on days 1-14 every 3 weeks. MTD was defined as the dose at which two of the initial ...
Purpose Uterine serous carcinoma is a rare, aggressive variant of endometrial cancer. Trastuzumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)/neu, a receptor overexpressed in 30% of uterine serous carcinoma. This multicenter, randomized phase II trial compared carboplatin-paclitaxel with and without trastuzumab in patients with advanced or recurrent uterine serous carcinoma who overexpress HER2/neu. Methods Eligible patients had primary stage III or IV or ...
Paclitaxel-based chemoradiotherapy was proven to be efficacious in treating patients with advanced esophageal cancer. However, the toxicity and the development of resistance limited its anticancer efficiency. The present study was to evaluate the antitumor effects of lapatinib, a dual tyrosine inhibitor of both epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), combined with paclitaxel on the esophageal squamous cancer.
The indication for surgery is controversial in patients with advanced ovarian cancer and fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-avid mediastinal lymph nodes. Herein we report our experience in thoracoscopic resection of FDG-avid mediastinal lymph nodes associated with advanced ovarian cancer in six patients. No perioperative or long-term mortality was noted. FDG-avid mediastinal lymph nodes in advanced ovarian carcinoma may merit thoracoscopic resection with histological confirmation for more precise staging.
The carboplatin/paclitaxel doublet remains the chemotherapy backbone for the initial treatment of ovarian cancer. This two-drug regimen, with carboplatin dosed using the Calvert formula, yielded convincing noninferior outcomes when compared with the prior, more toxic, regimen of cisplatin/paclitaxel. Carboplatin's dose-limiting toxicity is thrombocytopenia; however, when this drug is properly dosed and combined with paclitaxel, the doublet's cycle 1 dose in chemotherapy-naive women is generally safe. Carbop...
The histoculture drug response assay (HDRA) has been correlated clinically to a number of cancer types (please see Chaps. 7 - 11 of the present volume). The present chapter reviews the clinical trials of the HDRA for ovarian cancer. A prospective clinical trial of the HDRA for advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (AEOC) was performed at Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. The clinical trial compared the efficacy of first-line therapy paclitaxel and carboplatinum in the HDRA and the clinical response for the pa...
Recurrent ovarian hemorrhage resulting in ovarian infarction may lead to a life-threatening intraperitoneal hemorrhage in women with bleeding disorders such as aplastic anemia (AA). Moreover, it is seen as ovarian tumors in the diagnosis. The authors report a clinical case with the aim of sharing our experiences and exploring the ways to diagnose, treat, and avoid ovarian hemorrhage.
To compare outcomes of advanced ovarian cancer patients who had minimally invasive surgery (MIS) with outcomes of advanced ovarian cancer patients who had laparotomy for interval cytoreduction after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT).
The treatment of newly diagnosed or recurrent ovarian cancer has changed significantly in recent years, with an increased number of treatment options available. Surgery and combination treatment with carboplatin and paclitaxel are the standard of care for patients with newly diagnosed disease, although the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy is increasing. Clinical strategies have also evolved along with the understanding that ovarian cancer is not one disease but rather comprises several with different histolo...
Transketolase-like 1 (TKTL1) plays an important role in the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) branch. The main obstacle of ovarian cancer treatment is chemotherapeutic resistance. We investigated whether inhibiting TKTL1 in OC3/TAX300 cells could re-sensitize paclitaxel-resistant cells to paclitaxel and proposed a mechanism of action. Western blotting revealed that TKTL1 expression levels in OC3/Tax300 cells were significantly higher than those in OC3 cells. Inhibition of TKTL1 significantly decreased the...
Ovarian cancer is a most common lethal gynecological malignant tumor, with a gradual increasing incidence throughout the world. The mainstay treatment is cytoreductive surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy. However, a high percentage of patients recur, thus needing multiple treatments with a frequently poor prognosis. Apatinib is a novel and highly selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2. Previous studies have suggested that apatinib is safe and effecti...
Significant Association Between Low Baseline Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio and Improved Progression-free Survival of Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer Treated With Eribulin But Not With Nab-Paclitaxel.
Although eribulin and nab-paclitaxel are chemotherapy agents widely used for locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC), their predictive factors remain unknown. Because the absolute neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a significant prognostic factor for early-stage breast cancer, we investigated its usefulness in terms of the eribulin or nab-paclitaxel treatment efficacy for MBC.
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) proteins are used by cells in several DNA repair processes. PARP inhibition can result in preferential death of cancer cells when another mechanism for repairing DNA is defective. Two PARP inhibitors, olaparib and rucaparib, have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of recurrent, BRCA-associated ovarian cancer. More recently, these two and a third PARP inhibitor, niraparib, were approved by the FDA as maintenance therapy following pl...
Utilization of an Alternative Docetaxel-based Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Regimen in Patients With Ovarian, Fallopian Tube or Primary Peritoneal Carcinoma: A Continued Need for Ovarian Cancer Patients.
The objective of this study was to report the tolerability and toxicity of a regimen consisting of intravenous (IV) docetaxel and intraperitoneal (IP) cisplatin and paclitaxel with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support.