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Panobinostat And Epirubicin In Treating Patients With Metastatic Malignant Solid Tumors PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Panobinostat And Epirubicin In Treating Patients With Metastatic Malignant Solid Tumors articles that have been published worldwide.
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Human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells expressing the secreted form of the tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (hAT-MSC.sTRAIL) have demonstrated therapeutic activity against various tumors in preclinical studies. However, the limited expression of TRAIL death receptors remains a challenge. We evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of panobinostat in enhancing the sensitivity of hAT-MSC.sTRAIL-mediated apoptosis in malignant glioma. Panobinostat effectively inhibited all maligna...
Immunotherapy focuses on selectively enhancing the host's immune response against malignant disease. It has been investigated as an important treatment modality against malignant disease for many years, but until recently its use was mostly limited to a few cancers. The advent of new immunemodulating agents in the recent past has changed the landscape for management of many solid tumors. Currently, immunotherapy offers a valuable, and in many cases, a more effective alternate to the conventional cytotoxic t...
Lung cancer is the most common fatal malignancy worldwide. Approximately 75% of NSCLC patients are diagnosed at an advanced or a metastatic stage. Since 2007, NSCLC patients with malignant pleural effusion are staged as M1 disease. During the last decades, chemotherapeutic agents failed to offer significant improvement of survival in patients with metastatic disease. The current review aims to summarize the actual situation of the recently developed therapies in patients with lung cancer and malignant pleur...
Extended follow-up and the feasibility of Panobinostat maintenance for patients with Relapsed Multiple Myeloma treated with Bortezomib, Thalidomide, Dexamethasone plus Panobinostat (MUK six open label, multi-centre phase I/II Clinical Trial).
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are now commonly used to treat patients with metastatic malignant melanoma. While concerns have been raised that the inflammatory response induced by ICIs may limit the ability of F-FDG PET/CT to assess tumor response, systematic analyses on the use of F-FDG PET/CT in this setting are mostly lacking. Thus, we set out to evaluate the association between tumor response on F-FDG PET/CT and prognosis in patients with metastatic malignant melanoma treated with ipilimumab. We ...
Along with the expansion of therapeutic options for metastatic melanoma, the development of useful biomarkers is urgently required to predict and monitor treatment response. Serum 5-S-cysteinyldopa (5-S-CD) has been identified as a diagnostic marker of malignant melanoma, but its utility as a biomarker for emerging therapeutic agents remains unknown. We assessed serum 5-S-CD in 12 metastatic melanoma patients (median age, 76 years; six men and six women) who had been treated with nivolumab (Nivo) at Shinsh...
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic aspiration of necrotic brain tissue for treating malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMI) in patients older than 60 years of age.
Local progression-free survival (LPFS = stable or improved motor function/resolution of paraplegia during RT without in-field recurrence following RT) is important when treating metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). An instrument to estimate LPFS was created to identify patients appropriately treated with short-course RT instead of longer-course RT plus/minus decompressive surgery.
The use of immunohistochemical (IHC) methods employing a monoclonal antibody BRAF V600E which detects the main BRAF mutation in metastatic malignant melanoma is assessed in 71 malignant melanoma patients and compared to DNA probe screening, in a blind trial.
Hepatocellular malignant neoplasm, not otherwise specified (HCN-NOS) is a provisional entity describing a subset of rare malignant pediatric liver tumors with overlapping features of hepatoblastoma and hepatocellular carcinoma. We present a case illustration of metastatic HCN-NOS successfully treated with a backbone of hepatoblastoma chemotherapy, pulmonary metastastectomy, and liver transplantation, along with a literature review of the clinical outcomes of HCN.
Larotrectinib (VITRAKVI) is an orally administered, small molecule, highly-selective, tropomyosin receptor kinase (TRK) inhibitor that was developed by Loxo Oncology in collaboration with Bayer AG as a treatment for adult and paediatric patients whose cancers harbour neurotrophic receptor tyrosine kinase (NTRK) gene fusions. In November 2018 larotrectinib received its first global approval in the USA for the treatment of adult and paediatric patients with solid tumours that have a NTRK gene fusion without a...
This study aimed to evaluate predictive value of 14 pro-angiogenic miRNAs for cardiotoxicity induced by epirubicin/cyclophosphamide follow by docetaxel (EC-D) in breast cancer (BC) patients.
In treating human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer, the efficacy of capecitabine combined with HER2-directed agents such as trastuzumab and lapatinib is supported by some evidence. The combination of T-DM1 and S-1, another oral 5-FU, may be a safe alternative treatment for metastatic breast cancer.
Elemene is widely used to treat malignant pleural effusion in China. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of elemene in treating malignant pleural effusion.
Combination of free-breathing radial 3D fat-suppressed T1-weighted gradient-echo sequence with diffusion weighted images: Potential for differentiating malignant from benign peripheral solid pulmonary masses.
High resolution CT is the most commonly used radiological method for differentiating benign from malignant peripheral solid pulmonary masses, however, some of them are not easily diagnosed by morphology alone. Furthermore, due to the radiation dose, it is unsuitable for patients with disorders requiring repeated examinations over prolonged periods. The aims of this study were to evaluate whether a combination of diffusion-weighted images (DWI) and free-breathing radial 3D fat-suppressed T1-weighted gradient...
The present study aimed to investigate correlations between uridine glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 (UGT2B7) -161 single nucleotide polymorphism C to T (C>T) and the occurrence of cardiotoxicity in Chinese breast cancer (BC) patients undergoing epirubicin/cyclophosphamide-docetaxel (EC-D) adjuvant chemotherapy.
To determine whether texture analysis features on pretreatment contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) images can predict overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic malignant melanoma (MM) treated with an anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody, pembrolizumab.
Proteasome (PIs) and hystone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) have previously shown synergistic activity in the treatment of relapesed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) patients. In this phase 1 study, we combined carfilzomib, a second generation PI, with panobinostat, a HDACi, to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the combination (CarPan) and assess safety and efficacy among RRMM patients. Thirty-two patients (median of 4 prior lines of therapy) were enrolled. The MTD was carfilzomib 36 mg/m (...
Objectives To present our experience of the Detour extra-anatomic stent (EAS) (Porges-Coloplast, Denmark) to bypass ureteric obstruction. Use of the EAS is indicated in patients with complex ureteric strictures or malignant disease, where long-term nephrostomy drainage is undesirable. Methods Between December 2001 and October 2017, 20 Detour EAS were implanted into 13 patients. The primary indication was ureteric obstruction or injury secondary to metastatic malignancy, or from treatment for malignancy. Fiv...
Panobinostat, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, induces histone acetylation and acts against cancer but attenuates its anticancer activity by activating the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a cellular energy sensor that reportedly inhibits the mTOR pathway. The antidiabetic drug metformin is also a potent AMPK activator and we investigated whether it augmented panobinostat's antineoplastic activity in bladder cancer cells (UMUC3, J82, T24 and MBT-2). Metfor...
Malignant melanomas are rare aggressive tumours originating from the pigment-producing melanocytes. In our study, a review of the literature and a retrospective analysis of patients undergoing surgery at our clinic due to anorectal malignant melanoma were performed. The information of 6 patients undergoing surgery in our clinic due to anorectal malignant melanoma between January 2010 and January 2018 was retrieved retrospectively. The patients were assessed regarding demographic data, physical examination a...
The benefits of prophylactic central neck dissection (pCND) for treating patients with clinical node-negative (cN0) papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) remain controversial. Lymph node metastases have been strongly associated with local recurrence and low survival, especially in PTC patients with 5 or more or ≥2 mm metastatic lymph nodes. The following study investigates the incidence and risk factors of more than 5 or ≥2 mm metastatic lymph nodes in the central compartment.A total of 611 patients wit...
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of lymphoma. The standard therapy for DLBCL is R-CHOP. The current 5-year overall survival (OS) is 60-70% using standard frontline therapy. However, the use of doxorubicin and its cardiotoxicity is a major clinical problem and pre-exiting cardiac disease may prevent the use of doxorubicin. Age greater than 65 years is a significant risk factor for anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity and therefore the use of R-CHOP is often withheld from elderly ...
With the advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS), targeted sequencing is now contributing to decision making for which chemotherapeutics to administer to cancer patients, especially in refractory and metastatic cancer. Given that most patients with refractory cancer develop resistance to chemotherapy and have few treatment options, we performed NGS test to evaluate the efficacy and clinical feasibility of NGS-based targeted anticancer therapy. We used a gene panel for capturing target regions covering 83...
Various treatment options exist for patients with metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs). Surgical resection with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) typically reserved for patients with limited disease. Definitive data are lacking to support either the resection of primary PNET in the metastatic setting or for surgical debulking of metastatic lesions.