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Panobinostat And Epirubicin In Treating Patients With Metastatic Malignant Solid Tumors PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Panobinostat And Epirubicin In Treating Patients With Metastatic Malignant Solid Tumors articles that have been published worldwide.
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Panobinostat was recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration and European Commission in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone for patients with multiple myeloma who have received ≥ 2 regimens, including bortezomib and an immunomodulatory drug. The PANEX (panobinostat expansion) treatment protocol provided access to panobinostat and gathered additional safety data before commercial availability.
Human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells expressing the secreted form of the tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (hAT-MSC.sTRAIL) have demonstrated therapeutic activity against various tumors in preclinical studies. However, the limited expression of TRAIL death receptors remains a challenge. We evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of panobinostat in enhancing the sensitivity of hAT-MSC.sTRAIL-mediated apoptosis in malignant glioma. Panobinostat effectively inhibited all maligna...
Extended follow-up and the feasibility of Panobinostat maintenance for patients with Relapsed Multiple Myeloma treated with Bortezomib, Thalidomide, Dexamethasone plus Panobinostat (MUK six open label, multi-centre phase I/II Clinical Trial).
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are now commonly used to treat patients with metastatic malignant melanoma. While concerns have been raised that the inflammatory response induced by ICIs may limit the ability of F-FDG PET/CT to assess tumor response, systematic analyses on the use of F-FDG PET/CT in this setting are mostly lacking. Thus, we set out to evaluate the association between tumor response on F-FDG PET/CT and prognosis in patients with metastatic malignant melanoma treated with ipilimumab. We ...
The incidences of metastatic brain tumors from malignant melanomas have increased and survival has been prolonged by novel molecular targeted agents and immunotherapy. However, malignant melanomas are uncommon in Asian populations.
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most malignant subtype of breast cancer in which the cell surface lacks usual targets for drug to exhibit its effects. Epirubicin (Epi) is widely used for TNBC, but a substantial number of patients develop Epi resistance that is usually associated with poor prognosis. Transforming growth factor (TGF-β) is a multifunctional cytokine. In recent study, it appears that TGF-β influences the cancer stem cell population, thus, the drug resistance of cancer may also be ...
Along with the expansion of therapeutic options for metastatic melanoma, the development of useful biomarkers is urgently required to predict and monitor treatment response. Serum 5-S-cysteinyldopa (5-S-CD) has been identified as a diagnostic marker of malignant melanoma, but its utility as a biomarker for emerging therapeutic agents remains unknown. We assessed serum 5-S-CD in 12 metastatic melanoma patients (median age, 76 years; six men and six women) who had been treated with nivolumab (Nivo) at Shinsh...
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of stereotactic aspiration of necrotic brain tissue for treating malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (MMI) in patients older than 60 years of age.
Elemene is widely used to treat malignant pleural effusion in China. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of elemene in treating malignant pleural effusion.
Primary malignant brain tumours (PMBT) constitute less than 2% of all malignancies and carry a dismal prognosis. Treatment options at relapse are limited. First-in-human solid tumour studies have historically excluded patients with PMBT due to the poor prognosis, concomitant drug interactions and concerns regarding toxicities.
Cancer-testis antigens, effective markers of tissue malignant transformation, are characterized by heterogonous transcription depending on the pathological features of breast cancer. We performed screening of transcription profile of cancer-testis antigens specific for breast tumor tissues in female patients with and without regional metastasis. The relative expression of 16 genes (MAGEA1, MAGEA2, MAGEA3, MAGEA4, MAGEB1, MAGEB2, GAGE1, GAGE3, GAGE4, MAGEC1, BAGE, XAGE3, NY-ESO1, SSX2, SYCP1, and PRAME1) was...
Malignant melanomas are rare aggressive tumours originating from the pigment-producing melanocytes. In our study, a review of the literature and a retrospective analysis of patients undergoing surgery at our clinic due to anorectal malignant melanoma were performed. The information of 6 patients undergoing surgery in our clinic due to anorectal malignant melanoma between January 2010 and January 2018 was retrieved retrospectively. The patients were assessed regarding demographic data, physical examination a...
- Pleural pathology has been dominated by discussions relating to the diagnosis, prognosis, etiology, and management of malignant mesothelioma. However, there exists a diverse group of other neoplasms that involve the pleura; the most common by far is metastatic carcinoma, usually of pulmonary origin. Other metastatic tumors of varied histogenesis do occur but are less common. Primary pleural neoplasms other than diffuse malignant mesothelioma are either uncommon or rare and have received less attention.
It is well established that fibrotic remodeling of the tumor microenvironment favors tumorigenesis, but whether fibrosis underlies malignant progression in other ways is unclear. Here, we report that adaptive myofibroblastic reprogramming of osteosarcoma stem cells (OSCs) results in a critical advantage when establishing lung macro-metastases and spheroid growth but does not affect the growth of primary lesions or monolayer cultures. FGFR2 signaling in OSCs initiates fibrosis, whereas the resultant fibrone...
Histone Deacetylases (HDACs) are an important family of 18 isozymes, which are being pursued as drug targets for many types of disorders. HDAC2 and HDAC8 are two of the isozymes, which have been identified as drug targets for the design of anti-cancer, neurodegenerative, immunological, and anti-parasitic agents. Design of potent HDAC2 and HDAC8 inhibitors will be useful for the therapeutic advances in many disorders. This work was undertaken to develop potent HDAC2 and HDAC8 inhibitors. A docking study was ...
Thoracentesis with cytological examination of pleural fluid is the initial test of choice for evaluation of pleural effusions in patients with suspected malignant pleural effusion (MPE). There is limited data on the sensitivity of thoracentesis stratified by tumor type. A better understanding of stratified sensitivities is of clinical interest, and may guide early and appropriate referral for pleural biopsy.
Tc-ethylenedicysteine-glucosamine (Tc-EC-G) was developed as a potential alternative to F-FDG for cancer imaging. A Phase 2 study was conducted to compare F-FDG PET/CT and Tc-EC-G SPECT/CT in the detection and staging of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study was aimed to demonstrate that Tc-EC-G SPECT/CT was not inferior to F-FDG PET/CT in patients with confirmed NSCLC. Seventeen patients with biopsy proven NSCLC were imaged with Tc-EC-G and F-FDG to detect and stage their cancers. I...
Various treatment options exist for patients with metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs). Surgical resection with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) typically reserved for patients with limited disease. Definitive data are lacking to support either the resection of primary PNET in the metastatic setting or for surgical debulking of metastatic lesions.
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for 2-3% of all malignant tumours. Metastatic RCC (mRCC) is commonly treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). Effective TKIs administration can be achieved only by accurate prediction of therapeutical response. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse papers concerning predictive potential of microRNA (miRNA).
Evaluate response and predict prognosis of patients with newly diagnosed metastatic breast cancer treated with first line systemic therapy using European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) criteria and PET Response Criteria in solid Tumours (PERCIST).
Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of lymph nodes (LNs) is routinely used for staging canine malignant solid tumors, but studies evaluating its efficacy are limited.
Studies have reported that Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 antisense 1 (ZEB1-AS1) is overexpressed in many malignant tumors. However, the sample size in those studies was limited, so the clinicopathological and prognostic value of ZEB1-AS1 in solid tumors remains undetermined, Accordingly, the aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the relationship between the expression of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 and clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in patients with solid tumors.
Clostridium difficile, an anaerobic gram-positive, spore-forming bacillus, has become the most common cause of nosocomial infectious diarrhea, and is associated with increased mortality in all populations. Patients who have received solid organ transplants (SOT) are at increased risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and CDI recurrence (rCDI). This may be related to chronic immunosuppression, frequent antibiotic exposure, and increased or prolonged hospitalizations. Increased morbidity and mortality ...
Gall bladder polyps larger than 10 mm hold an increased risk of malignancy. In this case report, a metastasis from a superficial spreading malignant melanoma level IV presented as a large gall bladder polyp in a 52-year-old woman. The melanoma had been surgically resected eight years earlier. The most frequent distant metastatic sites of malignant melanoma are soft tissue, lung, liver, skin and brain, but metastasis to the gallbladder is rare. It is important to refer patients with large gall bladder polyps...
Immune checkpoint inhibitor (anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD-1) therapy alone versus immune checkpoint inhibitor (anti-CTLA-4, anti-PD-1) therapy in combination with anti-RANKL denosumuab in malignant melanoma: a retrospective analysis at a tertiary care center.
Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody against RANK ligand with a role in the prevention of skeletal-related events and is also known to possess antitumor properties. In this retrospective review, we aim to evaluate the synergist effect of a combination therapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors and denosumab in malignant melanoma patients. Patients of 18 years of age or older with a diagnosis of malignant melanoma who have received immune checkpoint inhibitors and denosumab between June 2015 and May 2017 were d...