PubMed Journals Articles About "Patients' And Radiographers' Experiences And Views Of Comfort Management In Radiotherapy" RSS

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Showing "Patients Radiographers Experiences Views Comfort Management Radiotherapy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 42,000+

Experiences and views of older people on their participation in a nurse-led health promotion intervention: "Community Health Consultation Offices for Seniors".

The growing number of community-dwelling older adults and the increased risks of adverse health events that accompany ageing, call for health promotion interventions. Nurses often lead these interventions. The views and experiences of older adults participating in these interventions have rarely been studied. To understand the views of targeted older adults, qualitative studies are essential. The aim of this study was to investigate the views and experiences of older adults on their participation in a nurse...

Effectiveness of a comprehensive oral management protocol for the prevention of severe oral mucositis in patients receiving radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy for oral cancer: a multicentre, phase II, randomized controlled trial.

The aim of this phase II, multicentre, randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of a comprehensive oral management protocol for the prevention of severe oral mucositis in patients with oral cancer receiving radiotherapy alone or chemoradiotherapy. In total, 124 patients with oral cancer were enrolled from five institutions. Of these, 37 patients undergoing radiotherapy were randomly divided into an intervention group (n=18) and a control group (n=19). The remaining 87 patients, who were...

Applying radiation protection and safety in radiotherapy.

Radiotherapy is one of the primary treatment options in cancer management. Modern radiotherapy includes complex processes requiring many different kinds of expertise. Among them, knowledge and skills are needed in clinical oncology, radiobiology, radiotherapy planning and simulation, dose measurement and calculation, radiation safety and medical physics. Radiation oncologists should assume the full and final responsibility for treatment, follow-up and supportive care of the patient. For all these activities...

A lifestyle management programme focused on exercise, diet and physiotherapy support for patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis and a body mass index over 35: A qualitative study.

The Lifestyle Management Programme (LMP) is an exercise and weight management programme with physiotherapy support for people with hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA) and a body mass index (BMI) over 35. This qualitative study explored views and experiences of the LMP among patients and professionals, and offers insight for future programmes. Five referring clinicians and six delivering professionals participated in focus groups. Three referring GPs and nine patients who attended the LMP took part in semi-struc...

Cross-cultural adaptation of the General Comfort Questionnaire to Brazilian patients with myocardial infarction.

Describe the first stages of the cross-cultural adaptation process of the General Comfort Questionnaire for myocardial infarction patients in intensive care units.

Multi-institutional Analysis of Prostate-Specific Antigen Kinetics Following Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT).

Understanding prostate-specific antigen (PSA) kinetics after radiotherapy plays a large role in the management of prostate cancer (PCa) patients. This is particularly true regarding establishing expectations regarding PSA nadir (nPSA) and PSA bounces, which can be disconcerting. As increasingly more patients are being treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for low- and intermediate-risk PCa, it is imperative to understand the PSA response to SBRT.

Cancer and Coronary Artery Disease: Common Associations, Diagnosis and Management Challenges.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) and cancer often occur in the same patients via common biological pathways and shared risk factors. A variety of chemotherapeutic agents and radiotherapy can influence the development and progression of CAD. The diagnosis of ischaemic heart disease may be challenging in certain cases such as premature CAD secondary to radiotherapy. The management of CAD in cancer patients in the stable, acute and chronic settings can often be complicated by issues related to ongoing or previous...

Mental health professionals' views and experiences of antipsychotic reduction and discontinuation.

The widely established treatment for psychosis is long-term antipsychotic medication. However, many people stop taking this treatment, and request other options. There are also growing concerns about adverse effects, but currently no professional guidelines to support reducing or stopping these drugs. The views and experiences of individual mental health professionals around reducing and stopping antipsychotics are therefore crucial in treatment decisions.

Experiences of people with Parkinson's disease and their views on physical activity interventions: a qualitative systematic review.

The objective of the review was to synthesize the best available qualitative evidence on the experiences and preferences of people with Parkinson's disease for physical activity, their perceived motivators and barriers to engagement, as well as their views on support mechanisms and behavior change interventions designed to sustain participation.

People with enteral tubes and their carers views of living with a tube and managing associated problems: a qualitative interview study.

Nutrition by enteral tube is a complex therapy requiring significant management to ensure safe, timely delivery of nutrients and avoidance of complications. In the home setting people with enteral tubes and their carers are required to self-manage the therapy, including the need to cope with problems that arise. Whilst previous studies have conveyed experiences of people with enteral tubes, few have described views on enteral tube problems.

Grover’s Disease Treated With Total Skin Electron Beam Radiotherapy

Persistent Grover's disease can cause significant symptoms of pruritus thereby decreasing quality of life. Many patients undergo successful conservative management of their disease; however, a subset of patients is recalcitrant despite multiple lines of therapy. Accordingly, we present, to our knowledge, the first reported case of recalcitrant Grover's disease treated successfully with radiotherapy. J Drugs Dermatol. 2019;18(4):392-393.

Impact of radiotherapy on immunological parameters, levels of inflammatory factors, and clinical prognosis in patients with esophageal cancer.

The aim of this study was to observe dynamic changes in immunological parameters and levels of inflammatory factors from pre-radiotherapy to post-radiotherapy in patients with esophageal cancer, and to evaluate the related clinical prognosis. In all, 110 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent radiotherapy were enrolled. Before radiotherapy, post-radiotherapy, and 3 months after radiotherapy, the percentages of T lymphocyte subsets and natural killer (NK) cells in peripheral blood were detected using ...

Radiotherapy in the control of bleeding from primary and secondary lung tumours.

This literature review clarifies the role of radiotherapy in the management of low-volume haemoptysis. Embase and Medline were interrogated, and PRISMA guidelines were then used to select relevant articles. Seventy-eight articles were considered relevant and manually reviewed. The evidence suggests that external beam radiotherapy is more effective than endobronchial brachytherapy at controlling low-volume haemoptysis. There is no evidence to recommend a combination of the two techniques. Different doses and...

Patients' views on a new treatment for Bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder combining physical exercise and dietary therapy (the PED-t). A qualitative study.

A new group based treatment for patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED), combining guided Physical Exercise and Dietary therapy (PED-t), has shown the capacity to alleviate BN and BED symptoms. The PED-t is run by therapists with a professional background in sport sciences and nutrition, which in many clinical settings is an uncommon group of professionals. The symptom reduction effects using the PED-t need validation from patients who have been given this kind of treatment, as ne...

Evaluating the Role of Adjuvant Radiotherapy in Management of Sacral and Vertebral Chordoma: Results from a National Database.

Chordomas are slow-growing but locally invasive tumors. Standard of care consists of surgical resection and radiotherapy when complete resection is not possible. Current literature has reached equivocal results with regards to the effect of adding radiotherapy on patient survival. Herein, we investigated the effect of adjuvant radiotherapy on patient survival.

Family Caregiver Perspectives on End-of-Life Dreams and Visions during Bereavement: A Mixed Methods Approach.

End-of-life dreams and visions (ELDVs) are prevalent experiences that provide comfort and meaning to dying individuals. Limited research has examined the impact of ELDVs on the bereaved. This study aimed to explore differences in self-reported grief for people whose loved ones shared ELDVs and those who did not, and to describe the role of ELDVs in the grieving process. Mixed-methods cross-sectional survey. A total of 228 bereaved family caregivers (FCGs) of patients who died while under the care of a co...

Experiences with the daily use of medications among chronic hepatitis C patients.

Subjective experiences with medication use are individual experiences that can impact health outcomes by contributing to problems related to such use.

Hypovolemic shock after pelvic radiotherapy. A rare combination leading to a devastating complication.

Radiotherapy currently plays a key role in pelvic malignancies' management. Excellent outcomes have been reported on its association with chemotherapy for the treatment of the anal carcinoma. Despite that, the combined use of chemo- and radiotherapy and the high doses administered seem to be strongly associated with early and late onset side effects.

Longitudinal MRI findings in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma after intraoperative radiotherapy.

Postradiation treatment effects (pseudoprogression/radionecrosis) may bias MRI-based tumor response evaluation. To understand these changes specifically after high doses of radiotherapy, we analyzed MRIs of patients enrolled in the INTRAGO study (NCT02104882), a phase I/II dose-escalation trial of intraoperative radiotherapy (20-40 Gy) in glioblastoma.

The role of radiotherapy in patients with resected ampullary carcinoma: findings based on SEER database.

The role of adjuvant radiotherapy for resected ampullary carcinoma (AC) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of adjuvant radiotherapy on survival in patients who underwent resection for AC.

Hypofractionated versus conventional fractionated postmastectomy radiotherapy for patients with high-risk breast cancer: a randomised, non-inferiority, open-label, phase 3 trial.

To our knowledge, no randomised study has compared postmastectomy hypofractionated radiotherapy with conventional fractionated radiotherapy in patients with breast cancer. This study aimed to determine whether a 3-week schedule of postmastectomy hypofractionated radiotherapy is as efficacious and safe as a 5-week schedule of conventional fractionated radiotherapy.

Radiotherapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Results in Comparable Survival to Radiofrequency Ablation: a Propensity Score Analysis.

Potentially curative treatments for early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have each drawbacks and contraindications. Recently, radiotherapy can achieve good outcomes. We compared the outcomes of radiotherapy and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for early-stage HCC. Consecutive patients with ≤3 early-stage HCC lesions and tumor diameters ≤3 cm treated with RFA or radiotherapy were reviewed. RFA was the first choice for HCC unsuitable for surgery. Otherwise, stereotactic body radiotherapy in 5 fractions...

Radiotherapy for localized sebaceous carcinoma of the eyelid: a retrospective analysis of 83 patients.

The current study retrospectively analyzed the results of radiotherapy for clinically localized sebaceous carcinoma of the eyelid.We reviewed records of 83 patients with histologically confirmed sebaceous carcinoma who were treated radiotherapeutically between 1983 and 2015. Sixty-five patients (78%) were initially treated with radiotherapy of curative intent, while the remaining 18 patients underwent postoperative radiotherapy due to tumor recurrence or positive surgical margins. Thirty-seven patients belo...

Living with advanced cancer: Rich Pictures as a means for health care providers to explore the experiences of advanced cancer patients.

To provide holistic care to patients with advanced cancer, health care professionals need to gain insight in patients' experiences across the different domains of health. However, describing such complex experiences verbally may be difficult for patients. The use of a visual tool, such as Rich Pictures (RPs) could be helpful. We explore the use of RPs to gain insight in the experiences of patients with advanced cancer.

Management of high-risk medulloblastoma.

Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumors in children. Current management combine surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Current treatment of medulloblastoma is based on a clinical risk-stratification system that takes into account age, extent of resection and metastatic status. High risk medulloblastoma patients are defined by the presence of metastatic disease and/or an incomplete resection with a residual amount of tumour > 1.5 cm. This review describes the evolution in the management o...

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