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PubMed Journals Articles About "Pelzman Picks Patients Flaky About Price Shopping" RSS

10:27 EST 19th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Pelzman Picks Patients Flaky About Price Shopping PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Pelzman Picks Patients Flaky About Price Shopping articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Pelzman Picks Patients Flaky About Price Shopping" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

Pricing of tobacco products during, and after, the introduction of standardized packaging: an observational study of retail price data from independent and convenience (small) retailers in the United Kingdom.

Tobacco companies claimed that standardized packaging, phased in/introduced May 2016-May 2017, would reduce prices and increase consumption. We: (1) describe changes in price-per-cigarette and price-per-gram during, and after, the introduction of standardized packaging; (2) describe price changes by cigarette price segment; and (3) analyse price changes by stage of implementation.


Traditional attributes moo-ve over for some consumer segments: Relative ranking of fluid milk attributes.

Due to the decrease in fluid milk consumption as a beverage in the United States, the importance for dairy industry stakeholders to understand attribute preferences for consumer segments has increased. This paper uses a representative sample of U.S. residents to determine shopping behavior and a Best-Worst experimental design to examine consumer preferences for select milk attributes. The Random Parameters Logit model revealed the largest preference shares were for price (19.1%), fat content (17.6%), and hu...

An event study analysis of price adjustment of refined oil and air quality in China.

Since marketization of the refined oil price, the Chinese government has used refined oil price adjustments to control air pollution. Using an event study analysis, we examine whether these price adjustments have impacted air quality. We test the abnormal returns of 12 price adjustments between 2014 and 2015 in 51 major cities of China. The results show that the impact on air quality of refined oil price decreases is larger than the impact of oil price increases. Although results indicate air quality has de...


Market Power: Price Variation Among Commercial Insurers For Hospital Services.

Much research has focused on differences in hospital prices paid by private (commercial) versus public (Medicare and Medicaid) health insurers. Far less is known about price differences across commercial payers-health maintenance organizations (HMOs) or preferred provider organizations (PPOs) versus other payers, such as casualty (automobile), workers' compensation, and travel insurers. We found that other insurers had far less negotiating power with hospitals than commercial HMO/PPO insurers did. In the pe...

The neural bases of price estimation: Effects of size and precision of the estimate.

People are often confronted with the need of estimating the market price of goods. An important question is how people estimate prices, given the variability of products and prices available. Using event-related fMRI, we investigated how numerical processing modulates the neural bases of retail price estimation by focusing on two numerical dimensions: the size and precision of the estimates. Participants were presented with several product labels and made market price estimates for those products. Measures ...

Price competition in pharmaceuticals - Evidence from 1303 Swedish markets.

We study the short- and long-term price effects of the number of competing firms, using panel-data on 1303 distinct pharmaceutical markets for 78 months within a reference-price system. We use actual transaction prices in an institutional setting with little scope for non-price competition and where simultaneity problems can be addressed effectively. In the long term, the price of generics is found to decrease by 81% when the number of firms selling generics with the same strength, form and similar package ...

Difference between recommended retail price and sales price for tobacco products in independent and convenience (small) retailers before and after the introduction of standardised tobacco packaging in the UK.

Recommended retail price (RRP) is a marketing strategy used by tobacco companies to maintain competitiveness, communicate product positioning and drive sales. We explored small retailer adherence to RRP before and after the introduction of the Standardised Packaging of Tobacco Products Regulations in the UK (fully implemented on 20 May 2017) which mandated standardised packaging of cigarettes and rolling tobacco, set minimum pack/pouch sizes and prohibited price-marking.

Identity processes and clusters in individuals with and without pathological buying.

The present study investigated the association between pathological buying (PB) and identity processes and clusters. Forty-one patients with PB and 41 gender/age-matched controls (73% females) filled out the Dimensions of Identity Development Scale (DIDS), the Pathological Buying Screener, and self-report questionnaires to assess comorbid psychopathology, such as depressive symptoms, pathological internet shopping, and hoarding (excluding acquisition). Patients with PB reported significantly higher scores o...

Comparison of performance-based assessment and real world skill in people with serious mental illness: Ecological validity of the Test of Grocery Shopping Skills.

Valid functional measures are essential for clinical and research efforts that address recovery and community functioning in people with serious mental illness. Although there is a great deal of interest in functional assessment, there is limited research supporting how well current evaluation methods provide a true assessment of real world functioning or naturalistic behavior. To address this gap in the literature, the present study examined the performance of individuals with serious mental illness (i.e.,...

What are the main factors affecting carbon price in Emission Trading Scheme? A case study in China.

Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) has the potential to influence energy consumption, environmental quality and economy directly and ETS price is the key of ETS market. On December 27, 2017, China's carbon trading market was officially launched, which may be the largest platform of ETS in the world. Therefore, this paper seeks to assess the influencing factors of emission trading price (industry coverage, the annual decline factor, and free allowance rate) and analyzes the impact mechanism in detail by applying ...

Food healthiness versus tastiness: Contrasting their impact on more and less successful healthy shoppers within a virtual food shopping task.

A virtual shopping task was employed to illuminate why women who intend to shop healthily are differentially successful in doing so. Female undergraduates (N = 68) performed a modified approach and avoidance task that employed food items differing in healthiness and tastiness, and yielded relative speed to select and reject food items in a stylised supermarket. Participants categorised a food item either in terms of healthiness or tastiness, then pulled (selected) or pushed (rejected) the item using a j...

Generic Drug Price Hikes And Out-Of-Pocket Spending For Medicare Beneficiaries.

Recent increases in prices of longtime generic drugs have focused attention on competition in generic markets. We used Medicare Part D data for the period 2006-15 to examine sudden large price increases in generic drugs in the context of their base prices, duration, and accompanying changes in patients' out-of-pocket spending. The fraction of drugs that at least doubled in price increased from 1.00 percent of generic products in 2007 to 4.39 percent in 2013. Almost all were initially low- or medium-price ...

The Opaque Fight Against Price Transparency.

For those who doubt the importance of transparency in price and quality to free the market, you just have to look behind the public curtain and observe the fierceness with which the opponents of transparency are trying to keep consumers in the dark.

Pharmaceutical Reference Pricing: Does It Have a Future in the U.S.?

Reference pricing is an emerging health insurance benefit design aimed at reducing health costs. In this model, an insurer establishes a maximum payment that it will contribute toward covering the price of a product or service in situations where there is wide price variation for therapeutically similar drugs, diagnostics, or procedures. Experiences to date indicate that reference pricing can influence patients and physicians to switch to less costly options within each therapeutic class, reducing overall d...

Recent Developments at DG Competition: 2017/2018.

The Directorate General for Competition at the European Commission enforces competition law in the areas of antitrust, merger control, and state aids. This year's article provides first a general presentation of the role of the Chief Competition Economist's team and surveys some of the main achievements of the Directorate General for Competition over 2017/2018. The article then reviews: the Google Search (Shopping) case, the role of price discrimination in state aid cases; and the use of counterfactuals in ...

Research on the forward-looking behavior judgment of heating oil price evolution based on complex networks.

Analyzing and predicting the trend of price fluctuation has been receiving more and more attention, as price risk has become the focus of risk control research in heating oil futures market. A novel time series prediction model combined with the complex network method is put forward in the paper. First of all, this paper counts the cumulative time interval of different nodes in the network, and fits its growth trend with the Fourier model. Then a novel price fluctuation prediction model is established based...

The impact of functional and social value on the price of goods.

According to hedonic pricing theory (HPT) market forces operate on individual characteristics of a good, and the price of a product is the aggregate of the price across those characteristics. The relationship between price and characteristics remains poorly understood because characteristic qualities are hard to quantify, people have varying levels of information about characteristics, and people have heterogeneous preferences over characteristics. By analyzing data from a large, market-driven virtual world...

Extreme Price Variation for Generic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Medications.

To characterize geographic variability of generic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) medications in order to improve drug price transparency and improve patient access to affordable medication sources. This is of interest because BPH is one of the most common chronic diseases in men and contributes to individual healthcare cost. Medical therapy is the main treatment modality for BPH, burdening patients with lifelong medication expenses which may impact adherence and subsequent outcomes. With an aging popula...

Household demand persistence for child micronutrient supplementation.

Addressing early-life micronutrient deficiencies can improve short- and long-term outcomes. In most contexts, private supply chains will be key to effective and efficient preventative supplementation. With established vendors, we conducted a 60-week market trial for a food-based micronutrient supplement in rural Burkina Faso with randomized price and non-price treatments. Repeat purchases - critical for effective supplementation - are extremely price sensitive. Loyalty cards boost demand more than price dis...

Estimating Drug Costs: How do Manufacturer Net Prices Compare with Other Common US Price References?

Drug costs are frequently estimated in economic analyses using wholesale acquisition cost (WAC), but what is the best approach to develop these estimates? Pharmaceutical manufacturers recently released transparency reports disclosing net price increases after accounting for rebates and other discounts.

Relationships among functional capacity, cognition, and naturalistic skill performance in people with serious mental illness.

There has been increasing interest in understanding real-world outcomes for individuals with serious mental illnesses (SMI). This study examined domain-specific skill knowledge, functional capacity, and neurocognition as predictors of naturalistic grocery shopping skill performance in forty-eight individuals with SMI. Participants completed measures of skill knowledge and general functional capacity (UCSD Performance-Based Skill Assessment - brief) as well as measures of neurocognition and symptoms. The Tes...

Retail clinics: Put healthcare on the shopping list.

Generic Drugs in the United States: Policies to Address Pricing and Competition.

The cost of prescription drugs in the U.S. continues to be a source of concern for patients, caregivers, and policymakers. Drug prices typically decline rapidly once generic drugs receive U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval and enter the market, but the past decade has witnessed rising costs and shortages of generic drugs. We describe the strategies employed by brand-name manufacturers to undermine generic competition and the reasons underlying the price increases of off-patent drugs, some of w...

Effects of cigarette prices on intention to quit, quit attempts, and successful cessation among African American smokers.

This study examined the effects of cigarette price on intention to quit, quit attempts, and successful cessation among African American smokers in the U.S. and explored whether price effects differed by income level and menthol use status. Price effects were further compared to White counterparts.

Considering milk price volatility for investment decisions on the farm level after European milk quota abolition.

After the abolition of the milk quota in the European Union, milk price volatility is expected to increase because of the liberalized market conditions. At the same time, investment appraisal methods have not been updated to capture the increased uncertainty. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to assess the effect of changing price volatility due to quota abolition on investment decisions at the dairy farm level. To contribute to the objective and to approximate milk price volatility after the Europe...


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