PubMed Journals Articles About "Pesticides Cause Bumblebees Lose Their Buzz Study Finds" RSS

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Showing "Pesticides Cause Bumblebees Lose Their Buzz Study Finds" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 60,000+

Health buzz at school: Evaluations of a statewide teen health campaign.

Drawing upon data from the first two years of a statewide school-based buzz-centered health communication campaign that encouraged high school students to adopt healthy behavior, this article finds that the buzz marketing component increased campaign awareness among students in participating schools compared to those in the comparison schools, but there was no significant difference between their health attitudes. Furthermore, attitude toward the campaign mediated the effect of buzz exposure on health attit...

Nectar foragers contribute to the pollination of buzz-pollinated plant species.

Pollination performance may depend on the type of floral resource (pollen or nectar) foraged by visitors. In buzz-pollinated plant species, the poricidal anthers release pollen during active pollen collection that induces flower vibrations. These buzz-pollinated species generally do not produce nectar. Nevertheless, several Ericaceae are buzz-pollinated and produce nectar. We estimated the relative effectiveness of visitors according to the type of resource collected, nectar or pollen (buzzing).

Beyond buzz-pollination - departures from an adaptive plateau lead to new pollination syndromes.

Pollination syndromes describe recurring adaptation to selection imposed by distinct pollinators. We tested for pollination syndromes in Merianieae (Melastomataceae), which contain bee- (buzz-), hummingbird-, flowerpiercer-, passerine-, bat- and rodent-pollinated species. Further, we explored trait changes correlated with the repeated shifts away from buzz-pollination, which represents an 'adaptive plateau' in Melastomataceae. We used random forest analyses to identify key traits associated with the differe...

Tandem repeats contribute to coding sequence variation in bumblebees (Hymenoptera: Apidae).

Tandem repeats (TRs) are highly dynamic regions of the genome. Mutations at these loci represent a significant source of genetic variation and can facilitate rapid adaptation. Bumblebees are important pollinating insects occupying a wide range of habitats. However, to date, molecular mechanisms underlying the potential adaptation of bumblebees to diverse habitats are largely unknown. In the present study, we investigate how TRs contribute to genetic variation in bumblebees, thus potentially facilitating ada...

Desire to lose weight, dietary intake and psychological correlates among middle-aged and older women. The CoLaus study.

Body dissatisfaction has been regularly associated with negative consequences on health of young women, but less is known regarding middle-aged or older women. However, body dissatisfaction in women has been seen for long as a "normative discontent" (i.e. widespread and chronic dissatisfaction) because of its high prevalence among all age categories. The goal of this study was to explore the relationships between the desire to lose weight, energy intake and psychological health in community-dwelling women i...

Hazardous effects of chemical pesticides on human health-Cancer and other associated disorders.

Poisoning from pesticides is a global public health problem and accounts for nearly 300,000 deaths worldwide every year. Exposure to pesticides is inevitable; there are different modes through which humans get exposed to pesticides. The mode of exposure is an important factor as it also signifies the concentration of pesticides exposure. Pesticides are used extensively in agricultural and domestic settings. These chemicals are believed to cause many disorders in humans and wildlife. Research from past few d...

Occupational exposure to pesticides and thyroid function in Brazilian soybean farmers.

Agriculture production has been supported especially by the use of pesticides for crop protection and pest control. Although the agricultural production has been increased by pesticides use, these substances also reach non-target organisms and may become a risk to the health of farmers. Several epidemiological studies in human have investigated the association between exposure to pesticides and altered serum levels of thyroid hormones, reporting both positive and negative results. Overall, the impact of pes...

Occurrence and distribution of pesticides in precipitation as revealed by targeted screening through GC-MS/MS.

Facing the tough challenge of precise measurement of ever-increasing numbers of organic contaminants in the environment, there is an urgent need for more reliable and cost-effective methodologies. In this study, we developed and validated a screening method for analysis of over 450 pesticides in precipitation using gas chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. Solid phase extraction (SPE) was applied to extract target analytes from precipitation. Usi...

Pesticides and Child's Health in France.

The use of pesticides is predominant in agriculture, inducing environmental contamination, and has been extended to the domestic sphere. In France, > 500 pesticides were authorized for use in 2009; given their various toxicological properties, there are legitimate concerns about the possible consequences for child health. This review summarizes the recent French studies of good quality dealing with pesticides and child health.

Bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) sonar slacks off before touching a non-alimentary target.

Odontocetes modulate the rhythm of their echolocation clicks to draw information about their environment. When they approach preys to capture, they speed up their emissions to increase the sampling rate of "distant touch" and improve information update. This global acceleration turns into a "terminal buzz" also described in bats, which is a click train with drastic increase in rate, just as reaching the prey. This study documents and analyses under human care bottlenose dolphins' echolocation activity, when...

GC-MS/MS determination and ecological risk assessment of pesticides in aquatic system: A case study in Hooghly River basin in West Bengal, India.

A liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) for water and modified QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) method for sediment combined with gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) detection in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode was standardized for determination of 31 pesticides. Performance characteristics for the selected pesticides were acceptable according to European Commission's (EC) guidelines for method validation (recovery 70-120%, RSD

Buzz Kill.

Detection of Pesticide Residues in Selected Bee Products of Honeybees (Apis melllifera L.) Colonies in a Preliminary Study from Seychelles Archipelago.

Pesticide residues in honey and pollen from Seychelles against a target of 108 pesticides using LC-MS/MS were analyzed. Fifteen pesticides were detected, at trace levels (

Deciphering the toxic effects of iprodione, a fungicide and malathion, an insecticide on thiol protease inhibitor isolated from yellow Indian mustard seeds.

Pesticides are being used globally to improve agricultural production. They are applied specifically to combat with pathogens that are a major threat for reduced optimum yield of crops. This study was carried out to see the effect of commercially used pesticides on a specific plant protein viz. phytocystatin isolated from yellow mustard seeds (YMP). Phytocystatin is a thiol proteinase inhibitor, which regulates endogenous and exogenous cysteine proteinases and plays a vital physiological role in plants. Dif...

Patients receiving complementary medicine are more likely to die, study finds.

Mesoporous activated carbon from starch for superior rapid pesticides removal.

Pesticides contamination of water has caused considerable concern due to the potential hazard to human health. For the first time, mesoporous activated carbon from starch (ACS) was applied to remove pesticides from water. ACS could remove 11 pesticides rapidly (shake five times). The adsorption rates of ACS (>80%) for the 11 pesticides were higher than those of other adsorbents, including commercial activated carbon (AC), graphitised carbon black (GCB), C18, and primary secondary amine adsorbent (PSA). The ...

Levels of organochlorine pesticides in Amazon turtle (Podocnemis unifilis) in the Xingu River, Brazil.

Due to the toxicity and high environmental persistence of organochlorine pesticides in aquatic organisms, turtles have been studied as environment biomonitors. These animals are important sources of protein for the riverside and indigenous peoples of the Brazilian amazon. In the present study, organochlorine pesticide contamination was investigated in Podocnemis unifilis. Liver, muscle and fatty tissue samples were removed from 50 specimens collected from five sampling points located in the Xingu River basi...

Assessment of the impact of three pesticides on microbial dynamics and functions in a lab-to-field experimental approach.

The toxicity of pesticides on soil microorganisms is as an emerging area of concern. Novel and well-standardized tools could be now used to provide a robust assessment of the ecotoxicity of pesticides on soil microorganisms. We followed a tiered lab-to-field approach to assess the toxicity of three pesticides, widely used at EU level, (chlorpyrifos (CHL), isoproturon (IPU) and tebuconazole (TBZ)) on (i) the abundance of 11 microbial taxa and 8 functional microbial groups via q-PCR and (ii) the activity of e...

Study finds that cash is effective, but e-cigarettes are not in helping smokers quit.

Lesions of ventrolateral striatum eliminate lose-shift but not win-stay behaviour in rats.

Animals tend to repeat actions that are associated with reward delivery, whereas they tend to shift responses to alternate choices following reward omission. These so-called win-stay and lose-shift responses are employed by a wide range of animals in a variety of decision-making scenarios, and depend on dissociated regions of the striatum. Specifically, lose-shift responding is impaired by extensive excitotoxic lesions of the lateral striatum. Here we used focal lesions to assess whether dorsal and ventral ...

Isolated hypospadias: The impact of prenatal exposure to pesticides, as determined by meconium analysis.

Although endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs, including pesticides) are thought to increase the risk of hypospadias, no compounds have been formally identified in this context. Human studies may now be possible via the assessment of meconium as a marker of chronic prenatal exposure. The objective of the present study was to determine whether or not prenatal exposure to pesticides (as detected in meconium) constitutes a risk factor for isolated hypospadias. In a case-control study performed between 2011 and...

Phagocytosis and ROS production as biomarkers in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) leukocytes by exposure to organophosphorus pesticides.

Organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) are broad-spectrum insecticides. One of the commonly used OPs is diazinon (DZN). The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunotoxic effect of DZN on phagocytic parameters of blood leukocytes using the teleost fish Oreochromis niloticus as a study model. For this purpose, fish were exposed in vivo to 0.97, 1.95 and 3.97 mg/L of DZN for 6 and 24 h. Our results indicated that phagocytic active cells decreased in fish exposed in vivo to 0.97 and 1.95 mg/L of DZN for 6 ...

Study Finds Increased Venous Thromboembolism Risk in Transfeminine Patients.

Preliminary Assessment of Legacy and Current-Use Pesticides in Franciscana Dolphins from Argentina.

The change towards intensive agriculture has led to an increase in the use of pesticides. In addition, legacy pesticides, such as organochlorines are still present in the environment. Ten Franciscana dolphins were accidentally killed by netting in a coastal area of Argentina in Buenos Aires province. From these animals, organochlorine, organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticides were analyzed in liver, bubbler and melon tissues. The concentrations of Σendosulfan ranged from not detectable values (nd) to 3539...

Entinostat finds a path: A new study elucidates effects of the histone deacetylase inhibitor on the immune system.

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