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PubMed Journals Articles About "Pharmaceuticals Policy Insider Trading Raises Questions Double Standards" RSS

20:04 EDT 21st September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Pharmaceuticals policy insider trading raises questions double standards" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,300+

PERSPECTIVES: Mental Health Policy in India: Seven Sets of Questions and Some Answers.

This paper frames the state of mental health policy in India in terms of seven sets of questions, and seeks to provide at least partial answers to these questions, based on a meta-analysis of existing research. The context of the analysis is the arguably poor state of mental health care in India, as well as an unprecedented level of policy attention to the issue.


Understanding market functionality and trading success.

We examine individual-level trading data from several markets in the PredictIt exchange to determine what strategies correlate with financial success. PredictIt provides many markets with futures contracts linked to political issues, ranging from ongoing policy outcomes to political elections. High fees along with restrictions blocking automatic trading and constraining a one-to-one match between people and accounts, combine to severely limit the upside to investment returns over the fixed costs: this ensur...

Politics in the classroom.

Nursing and midwifery is, in the UK, regulated by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC). Regulatory duties include establishing standards for education, and from January 2019, new educational programmes will be approved against standards detailed in the document Future nurse: Standards of proficiency for registered nurses (NMC, 2019-hereafter "the standards"). This publication lists "the knowledge and skills that registered nurses must demonstrate when caring for people" (NMC, 2019, p.3), and from Septemb...


Would Stronger Seat Belt Laws Reduce Motor Vehicle Crash Deaths?: A Semi-Bayesian Analysis.

For policy questions where substantial empirical background information exists, conventional frequentist policy analysis is hard to justify. Bayesian analysis quantitatively incorporates prior knowledge, but is not often used in applied policy analysis.

How will the Chinese Certified Emission Reduction scheme save cost for the national carbon trading system?

As an important supplementary mechanism to the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), the Chinese Certified Emission Reduction (CCER) scheme is of profound significance for achieving low-cost emission reduction and renewable energy goal. However, limited literature discusses the role of the CCER scheme. To explore to what extent will the CCER scheme save cost for China's carbon trading system, this paper establishes a two-level decision sub-game led by the national government and compares the cost-saving effect be...

HPV-FRAME: A consensus statement and quality framework for modelled evaluations of HPV-related cancer control.

Intense research activity in HPV modelling over this decade has necessitated additional guidelines to those for general modelling. A specific framework is required to address different policy questions and unique complexities of HPV modelling. HPV-FRAME is an initiative to develop a consensus statement and quality-based framework for epidemiologic and economic HPV models. Its development involved an established process. Reporting standards have been structured according to seven domains reflecting distinct ...

Selection of the optimal trading model for stock investment in different industries.

In general, the stock prices of the same industry have a similar trend, but those of different industries do not. When investing in stocks of different industries, one should select the optimal model from lots of trading models for each industry because any model may not be suitable for capturing the stock trends of all industries. However, the study has not been carried out at present. In this paper, firstly we select 424 S&P 500 index component stocks (SPICS) and 185 CSI 300 index component stocks (CSICS)...

Cap-and-trade and emissions clustering: A spatial-temporal analysis of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme.

One of the most popular policy mechanisms for greenhouse gas emissions regulation is cap-and-trade which is a market-based approach that has come to dominate partially because of its flexibility. With flexibility, however, comes the potential for the clustering of greenhouse gas emissions. To understand whether emissions trading leads to localized clustering of emissions changes, we perform a systematic, spatio-economic assessment of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). We analyze the spati...

Influence of out-of-network payment standards on insurer-provider bargaining: California's experience.

To examine the early effects of California's recent policy addressing surprise medical billing (AB-72) on the dynamics among physician, hospital, and insurer stakeholders and to identify the influences of the policy's novel out-of-network (OON) payment standard on provider-payer bargaining. This study can inform current policy formation, given that current federal proposals include a payment standard like that in AB-72.

Mytilidae as model organisms in the marine ecotoxicology of pharmaceuticals - A review.

Growing production and consumption of pharmaceuticals is a global problem. Due to insufficient data on the concentration and distribution of pharmaceuticals in the marine environment, there are no appropriate legal regulations concerning their emission. In order to understand all aspects of the fate of pharmaceuticals in the marine environment and their effect on marine biota, it is necessary to find the most appropriate model organism for this purpose. This paper presents an overview of the ecotoxicologica...

Occurrence and ranking of pharmaceuticals in the major rivers of China.

Residual pharmaceuticals have received widespread attention worldwide due to their continuous release and potential hazard to the environment. As a result of rapid development and a large population, China has become a country with high production and consumption of pharmaceuticals. This may be the main reason for the high detection frequencies and concentrations of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment in China. Rivers represent an important water resource and play an important role in the sustainable...

Efficient access to deuterated and tritiated nucleobase pharmaceuticals and oligonucleotides using hydrogen isotope exchange.

A general approach for the nucleobase derivatives hydrogen isotope exchange is described. Catalyzed by ruthenium nanoparticles, using mild reaction conditions and involving D2 or T2 as isotopic sources, this reaction possesses a wide substrate scope and a high solvent tolerability. This novel method facilitates the convenient access to essential diagnostic tools in drug discovery and development: tritiated pharmaceuticals with high specific activities and deuterated oligonucleotides suitable to be used as i...

Pharmacy, pharmaceuticals and public policy: Solving the puzzle.

Increasing pressure on healthcare demand and delivery has resulted in the development of new roles and services for pharmacists. As current models of pharmacy practice continue to be evaluated, pharmacists must be involved in identifying new areas that may require research. In order to do so, the current vision of the future of pharmacy practice is discussed in this commentary. Issues such as adequate funding, professional competency and building strong interprofessional relationships are still identified a...

Smoking-related violence in a mental health setting following the implementation of a comprehensive smoke-free policy: A content analysis of incident reports.

Smoke-free policies in mental health settings are important to protect health but are often impeded by staff concerns that physical violence may increase. We aimed to address the literature gap about the frequency, nature, and management of physical violence in relation to smoking. We compared the antecedents and containment of smoking-related incidents of physical violence over a two-year period, (12 months when an indoor-only smoke-free policy was in place, followed by 12 months after a new comprehensiv...

Occurrence and distribution of pharmaceuticals in raw, finished, and drinking water from seven large river basins in China.

The occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the drinking water is a growing concern in China. In this study, we determined the concentration and distribution of 59 selected pharmaceuticals in raw, finished, and tap water samples from 79 drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) in 15 cities, encompassing seven large river basins in China, using solid-phase extraction pretreatment and ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis. Forty-seven pharmaceuticals were detected in raw water...

Approximate Policy-Based Accelerated Deep Reinforcement Learning.

In recent years, the deep reinforcement learning (DRL) algorithms have been developed rapidly and have achieved excellent performance in many challenging tasks. However, due to the complexity of network structure and a large amount of network parameters, the training of deep network is time-consuming, and consequently, the learning efficiency of DRL is limited. In this paper, aiming to speed up the learning process of DRL agent, we propose a novel approximate policy-based accelerated (APA) algorithm from th...

The implications of health policy for nursing.

Nursing needs policy, it provides the context to nurses' practice, roles, and knowledge and frames patients' day-to-day lives. This article defines what is meant by policy and what influences its development. With the use of health policy examples, the implications for nursing are explained and ideas on how policy is implemented in practice set out. As health is a devolved issue policy comparisons are made between the four regions of the UK. Finally, the implications of current policy change on nursing role...

Why is There Discordance between the Reimbursement of High-Cost 'Life-Extending' Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices? The Funding of Ventricular Assist Devices in Australia.

New health technologies often yield health benefits, but often at a high cost. In Australia, the processes for public reimbursement of high-cost pharmaceuticals and medical devices are different, potentially resulting in inequity in support for new therapies. We explore how reimbursement is different for medical devices compared with pharmaceuticals, including whether higher cost-effectiveness thresholds are accepted for pharmaceuticals. A literature review identified the challenges of economic evaluations ...

Parallel imports, price controls, and innovation.

The impact of parallel trade on innovation in R&D-intensive industries, such as pharmaceuticals, is a hotly debated question in antitrust and IP policy. The well-known argument that parallel trade dampens innovation by undermining firms' ability to price discriminate has been challenged by recent literature. The argument is that with endogenous price controls, parallel trade increases innovation by reducing governments' incentives to set particularly low price caps. In this paper, we show that this result c...

Frequently asked questions about dabbing concentrates in online cannabis community discussion forums.

"Dabbing" involves vaporizing a "dab" of cannabis concentrate on a heated "nail," passing the vapour through a water-pipe rig or portable pen device, and inhaling the vapour. While some cannabis industry media claims that this process is cleaner, safer, and more effective for getting high, medical and public health sources raise concerns about residual solvents and pesticides, unexpectedly intense effects, and rapid increases in tolerance. The aim of this study is to characterize the content of questions ab...

U.S. Emergency Department Visits Resulting From Nonmedical Use of Pharmaceuticals, 2016.

National data on morbidity from nonmedical use of pharmaceuticals are limited. This study used nationally representative, public health surveillance data to characterize U.S. emergency department visits for acute harms from nonmedical use of pharmaceuticals and to guide prevention efforts.

The ongoing evolution of capitation funding for primary care: the December 2018 PHO capitation funding changes for Community Services Card holders.

To 1) consider the possible impact on equity of the recent policy to support people on low incomes to access primary care using the Community Services Card (CSC), and 2) identify questions that will need to be answered in order for the policy and funding changes to be evaluated.

Classification of position management strategies at the order-book level and their influences on future market-price formation.

Financial prices fluctuate as a results of the market impact of the flow of transactions between traders. Reciprocally, several studies of market microstructure have shown how decisions of individual traders or banks, implemented in their trading strategies, are affected by historical market information. However, little is known about the detailed processes of how such trading strategies at the micro level recursively affect future market information at the macro level. Using a special fined-grained dataset...

Poultry trading behaviours in Vietnamese live bird markets as risk factors for avian influenza infection in chickens.

Vietnamese poultry are host to co-circulating subtypes of avian influenza viruses, including H5N1 and H9N2, which pose a great risk to poultry productivity and to human health. AIVs circulate throughout the poultry trade network in Vietnam, with live bird markets being an integral component to this network. Traders at LBMs exhibit a variety of trading practices, which may influence the transmission of AIVs. We identified trading practices that impacted on AIV prevalence in chickens marketed in northern Viet...

On what is read, shared, and felt: parent-child conversation about stories.

Picture book reading is a forum for early language development and for the development of relationships, as reading a story evokes connections between the narrative, the reader, and the child, and invites shared understanding of the story as it intersects with the child's experience. The study by Teufl and colleagues poses interesting questions about the nature and influence of parent-child discourse around picture books and how it changes developmentally. It also raises provocative questions about how we a...


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