PubMed Journals Articles About "Physical Inactivity Associated With Excess Risk Dementia" RSS

20:35 EDT 15th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Physical Inactivity Associated with Excess Risk Dementia" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 26,000+

Physical Performance Predictors for Incident Dementia Among Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults.

Evaluating physical performance could facilitate dementia risk assessment. However, findings differ regarding which type of physical performance best predicts dementia.

Effect of physical activity on the cardiometabolic profiles of non-obese and obese subjects: Results from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey.

Physical inactivity is an important but often neglected risk factor for various cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesized that physical inactivity might have deleterious effects on metabolic health in obese and non-obese subjects.

Physical inactivity, television time and chronic diseases in Brazilian adults and older adults.

This study aimed to investigate the association between simultaneity of leisure-time physical inactivity and high television time with the presence of chronic diseases in adults and older adults in Brazil. We analyzed secondary data from Vigitel 2013 database, a cross-sectional national survey. It was included 37 947 adults (18-59 years) and 14 982 older adults (≥60 years) living in Brazilian state capitals. The association was between simultaneity of risk behaviors considering leisure-time physical i...

Urate and risk of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia: A population-based study.

Low serum urate (sU) has been suggested to increase the risk of dementia since a reduction might impair antioxidant capacity. On the other hand, high sU is associated with increased cardiovascular risk which might increase the risk of dementia, especially for vascular dementia.

Co-occurrence of cognitive impairment and physical frailty, and incidence of dementia: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cognitive impairment and frailty are important health determinants, independently associated with increased dementia risk. In this meta-analysis we aimed to quantify the association of the co-occurrence of cognitive impairment no dementia (CIND) and physical frailty with incident dementia.

Skeletal muscle ceramides do not contribute to physical inactivity-induced insulin resistance.

Physical inactivity increases the risk to develop type 2 diabetes, a disease characterized by a state of insulin resistance. By promoting inflammatory state, ceramides are especially recognized to alter insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle. The present study was designed to analyze, in mice, whether muscle ceramides contribute to physical inactivity-induced insulin resistance. For this purpose, we used the wheel lock model to induce a sudden reduction of physical activity, in combination with myriocin tre...

Changes in the physical activity of university students during the first three years of university.

physical inactivity is the fourth most important risk factor for mortality worldwide and university students present this risk factor at a high level.

Association of Accelerometer-Measured Light-Intensity Physical Activity With Brain Volume: The Framingham Heart Study.

Dementia risk may be attenuated by physical activity (PA); however, the specific activity levels optimal for dementia prevention are unclear. Moreover, most older adults are unable to meet the nationally recommended PA guidelines, set at 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous PA per week.

Lifestyle Risk Behaviors Among Stroke Survivors With and Without Diabetes.

History of stroke and diabetes increases risk for cardiometabolic disease, which can be mitigated through lifestyle management. To evaluate lifestyle risk behaviors among stroke survivors, we compared the prevalence of three lifestyle risk behaviors-physical inactivity, consuming one or less fruit and one or less vegetable daily, and overweight/obesity-between stroke survivors with and without diabetes.

Genetic risk of dementia risk mitigated by cognitive reserve: a cohort study.

We investigated if cognitive reserve modifies the risk of dementia attributable to Apolipoprotein-ε4 (APOE-ε4), a well-known genetic risk factor for dementia.

Accelerometer and Survey Data on Patterns of Physical Inactivity in New York City and the United States.

Inactive lifestyles contribute to health problems and premature death and are influenced by the physical environment. The primary objective of this study was to quantify patterns of physical inactivity in New York City and the United States by combining data from surveys and accelerometers.

Quality-Adjusted Life-Years Lost Due to Physical Inactivity in the United States Osteoarthritis Population.

Half of the 14 million persons in the US with knee osteoarthritis (OA) are not physically active, despite evidence that physical activity (PA) is associated with improved health. We estimated both the quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) losses in the US knee OA population due to physical inactivity and the health benefits associated with higher PA levels.

Physical activity and incident dementia in older Japanese adults: The Okayama Study.

To evaluate the association between regular physical activity and the risk of incident dementia in older Japanese adults.

Diabetes Therapies for Dementia.

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a well-established risk factor for the development of dementia. Dementia and T2D share some underlying pathophysiology that has led to interest in the potential to repurpose drugs used in the management of T2D to benefit brain health. This review describes the scientific data available on the use of T2D medications for the risk reduction or management of dementia, in people with and without T2D.

Supraphysiologic-dose anabolic-androgenic steroid use: a risk factor for dementia?

Supraphysiologic-dose anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use is associated with physiologic, cognitive, and brain abnormalities similar to those found in people at risk for developing Alzheimer's Disease and its related dementias (AD/ADRD), which are associated with high brain β-amyloid (Aβ) and hyperphosphorylated tau (tau-P) protein levels. Supraphysiologic-dose AAS induces androgen abnormalities and excess oxidative stress, which have been linked to increased and decreased expression or activity of prot...

Detrimental links between physical inactivity, metabolic risk and N-glycomic biomarkers of aging.

N-linked enzymatic glycosylation modulates the function of proteins and contributes to development of age-related metabolic abnormalities. Whether physical activity (PA) is linked to a specific N-glycan profile and can offset detrimental links between N-glycans and metabolic risk profile has never been explored. The aim of the present study is to assess serum N-glycan profile in older women with different PA levels and metabolic risk status.

Increased risk of epilepsy in patients registered in the Swedish Dementia Registry.

Data on epilepsy in dementia, particularly on its risk factors, is scarce. Confounding comorbidities and the rising incidence of epilepsy in older age have hampered studies in this field. We have examined the occurrence and risk factors for epilepsy in the Swedish dementia registry (SveDem), a large cohort of patients with dementia.

Inactivity and exercise training differentially regulate the abundance of Na, K-ATPase in human skeletal muscle.

Physical inactivity is a global health risk that can be addressed through application of exercise training suitable for an individual's health and age. People's willingness to participate in physical activity is often limited by an initially poor physical capability and early onset of fatigue. One factor associated with muscle fatigue during intense contractions is an inexcitability of skeletal muscle cells, reflecting impaired transmembrane Na/K exchange and membrane depolarisation, which are regulated via...

Trazodone use and risk of dementia: A population-based cohort study.

In vitro and animal studies have suggested that trazodone, a licensed antidepressant, may protect against dementia. However, no studies have been conducted to assess the effect of trazodone on dementia in humans. This electronic health records study assessed the association between trazodone use and the risk of developing dementia in clinical practice.

Disorder of the personality: a possible factor of risk for the dementia.

The fact that more and more people suffer from dementia makes it very important to know the different risk factors to prevent their appearance. The objective of this article is to study personality disorder as a possible risk factor for the onset of an insane process, and to relate personality disorders of Cluster B and dementia.

Antidiabetic medication and risk of dementia in patients with type 2 diabetes. A nested case-control study.

Diabetes is a risk factor for dementia, but whether antidiabetic medication decreases the risk is unclear. We examined the association between antidiabetic medication and dementia.

Risk of dementia in stroke-free patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation: data from a population-based cohort.

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is generally regarded as a risk factor for dementia, though longitudinal studies assessing the association between AF and dementia have shown inconsistent results. This study aimed to determine the effect of AF on the risk of developing dementia using a longitudinal, community-based, and stroke-free elderly cohort.

Prevalence of Mild Behavioral Impairment and Risk of Dementia in a Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic.

Mild behavioral impairment (MBI) has been proposed as risk factor for dementia, and for some, an early manifestation of dementia.

Proton pump inhibitor use does not increase dementia and Alzheimer's disease risk: An updated meta-analysis of published studies involving 642305 patients.

Recent studies have indicated an increased risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) among people who consume proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), but the results of those studies are inconsistent. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the correction risk of dementia and AD among PPI users. The literature search for relevant studies was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBase and ScienceDirect. Pooled hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the relationship between the PPIs ...

Randomized Trial to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk in Women with Recent Preeclampsia.

To reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, we tested an online intervention to improve healthy lifestyle for women with recent preeclampsia. We conducted a randomized controlled 9-month clinical trial, Heart Health 4 Moms (HH4M), among 151 U.S. women with preeclampsia within 5 years. Sample size was planned to detect differences of 0.5 standard deviation units in primary outcomes between study arms. Preeclampsia history was validated by medical records; women with chronic hypertension were excluded. The ...

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