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PubMed Journals Articles About "Physical Exercise Reduce Liver Improve Blood Sugar Control" RSS

23:17 EDT 21st July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Physical Exercise Reduce Liver Improve Blood Sugar Control PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Physical Exercise Reduce Liver Improve Blood Sugar Control articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Physical exercise reduce liver improve blood sugar control" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 45,000+

Intradialytic virtual reality exercise: Increasing physical activity through technology.

Intradialytic exercise can improve physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in hemodialysis (HD) patients, but is not implemented in routine clinical practice. Virtual reality (VR) exercise has resulted in benefits in non-dialysis contexts, but implementation in HD patients has been limited. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of VR, present the results of a 12-week intradialytic VR exercise intervention, and compare VR to conventional exercise. The secondary aim was to rev...


Exercise prescription and tailored physical activity intervention in onco-hematology inpatients, a personalised bedside approach to improve clinical best-practice.

Therapy of hematological malignancies lasts for long periods implicating various complications. The chemotherapy induces fatigue and forces bed rest. These features strongly contribute to a general impairment of the physical efficiency. Oppositely, an increase of physical exercise can prevent or reduce this weakening. Few trials examined the efficacy of an exercise in onco-hematological inpatients, during their hospitalization. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the feasibility of an inter-hospital in...

Health benefits of a physical exercise program for inpatients with mental health; a pilot study.

The positive effect of exercise on human health and the relationship between physical activity, health, and wellbeing are well studied and extensively documented in the literature. However, considerably less attention is devoted to the impact of exercise on mental health and wellbeing for people experiencing a mental illness, in general, and in particular for inpatients in the mental health care system. Here, we determine the clinical feasibility and effects of short-term (up to three months) vs long-term (...


Unsaturated fatty acids from flaxseed oil and exercise modulate GPR120 but not GPR40 in the liver of obese mice: a new anti-inflammatory approach.

GPR120 and GPR40 were recently reported as omega-3 (ω3) receptors with anti-inflammatory properties. Physical exercise could increase the expression of these receptors in the liver, improving hepatic metabolism in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Our aim was to investigate GPR120/40 in the liver of lean and obese mice after acute or chronic physical exercise, with or without the supplementation of ω3 rich flaxseed oil (FS), as well as assess the impact of exercise and FS on insulin signaling and inflammation....

Influence of the physical exercise on decrease in the gastric emptying e alter in the appetite and food behavior in rats dexamethasone-treatment.

The chronic use of Dexamethasone (Dex) induced hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. On the other hand, physical exercise attenuates the symptoms induced by Dex in many physiological systems. However, the effect of the exercise on the changes in gastric motility induced by dexamethasone remains unknown. We hypothesized that low-intensity aerobic exercise modulates the metabolic effects induced by Dex-treatment by modifying the gastrointestinal function and feeding behavior in rats. Male rats were distribute...

The effects of slow loaded breathing training on exercise blood pressure in isolated systolic hypertension.

Slow loaded breathing training has been shown to reduce resting blood pressure (BP) in isolated systolic hypertension (ISH), but it is not known whether this also reduces their exaggerated BP responses to exercise.

Effects of a moderate-intensity aerobic exercise programme on the cognitive function and quality of life of community-dwelling elderly people with mild cognitive impairment: A randomised controlled trial.

Individuals with mild cognitive impairment have a heightened risk of developing dementia. Physical exercise, especially moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, is a promising lifestyle intervention to improve the cognitive function of this patient group. However, the mechanisms underlying the exercise-cognition relationship are not fully understood. Whether the cognitive benefits of physical exercise can improve the overall well-being of this group remains unknown. This study aims to address these research gap...

Inducing incentive sensitization of exercise reinforcement among adults who do not regularly exercise-A randomized controlled trial.

Increasing exercise reinforcement, or decreasing sedentary reinforcement, may reduce sedentary activity and promote habitual exercise. Repeated exposures to a reinforcer may increase its reinforcing value (i.e., incentive sensitization). It is not yet known whether incentive sensitization occurs for exercise or factors associated with incentive sensitization for exercise reinforcement. The purpose was to determine whether exercise exposures increase exercise reinforcement relative to a sedentary alternative...

Physical exercise training effect and mediation through cardiorespiratory fitness on dual-task performances differ in younger-old and older-old adults.

It has often been reported that dual-task performance declines with age. Physical exercise can help improve cognition, but these improvements could depend on cognitive functions and age groups. Moreover, the mechanisms supporting this enhancement are not fully elucidated. This study investigated the impacts of physical exercise on single and dual-task performance in younger-old (

Comparison of high, medium and low mobilization forces for reducing pain and improving physical function in patients with hip osteoarthritis: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial.

Long-axis distraction mobilization (LADM) of the hip has been shown to reduce pain and improve physical function in hip osteoarthritis (OA). The optimal intensity of mobilization force necessary to reduce pain and improve physical function is unknown.

Effects of Structured Exercise Training in Children and Adolescents With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

To examine safety and efficacy of exercise training (ET) for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) to improve physical fitness, pain, functional capability, and quality of life.

Childhood Fructoholism and Fructoholic Liver Disease.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an emerging entity, becoming the most prevalent pediatric chronic liver disease. Its broad spectrum of histological findings, comorbidities, and complications, including cirrhosis and liver failure, can occur in childhood, emphasizing the severity of pediatric NAFLD. Current lifestyle and diet modifications have been linked to the increasing prevalence of NAFLD, including the rise of fructose consumption, a monosaccharide present in foods that contain added sugar,...

The absorptive effects of orobuccal non-liposomal nano-sized glutathione on blood glutathione parameters in healthy individuals: A pilot study.

Glutathione is an endogenous antioxidant found in oxidized (GSSG) and reduced (GSH) forms. Glutathione depletion is indicative of oxidative stress and occurs in various pathological conditions and following extreme exercise activity. Raising blood glutathione concentration has potential to attenuate and prevent chronic disease and also to improve recovery from exercise. There are a number of challenges to achieving this through traditional dietary supplements, and thus there is a need to develop optimized d...

Exercise-Induced Hyperemia is Associated with Knee Extensor Fatigability in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes.

The aim of this study was to compare fatigability, contractile function, and blood flow to the knee extensor muscles after dynamic exercise in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and controls. The hypotheses were that patients with T2DM would demonstrate greater fatigability than controls, and greater fatigability would be associated with lower exercise-induced increase in blood flow and greater impairments in contractile function. Fifteen patients with T2DM (8 men; 62.4±9.0 years; 30.4±7.7 kg·...

Extracellular Vesicles: Delivery Vehicles of Myokines.

Movement and regular physical activity are two important factors that help the human body prevent, reduce and treat different chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart diseases, hypertension, sarcopenia, cachexia and cancer. During exercise, several tissues release molecules into the blood stream, and are able to mediate beneficial effects throughout the whole body. In particular, contracting skeletal muscle cells have the capacity to communicate with other organs through the release of humor...

Benefits of dietary supplements on the physical fitness of German Shepherd dogs during a drug detection training course.

A high standard of physical fitness is an essential characteristic of drug detection dogs because it affects not only their ability to sustain high activity levels but also their attention and olfaction efficiency. Nutritional supplements could improve physical fitness by modulating energy metabolism, oxidative processes, and perceived fatigue. The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological and biochemical changes induced by submaximal exercise on drug detection dogs (German Shepherd breed) and ...

Aerobic exercise increases hippocampal subfield volumes in younger adults and prevents volume decline in the elderly.

Exercise improves both physical and mental health and increases neurogenesis in the dendate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus. The aim of this study was to examine whether exercising, as compared to no change in regular physical activity, would impact on hippocampal volume, and in particular the core hippocampal structures, DG and cornu ammonis (CA) subfields, and whether any changes would be moderated by age. Thirty nine previously sedentary healthy participants were randomized to either a standardized progres...

Myonectin Is an Exercise-Induced Myokine That Protects the Heart From Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury.

Physical exercise provides benefits for various organ systems, and some of systemic effects of exercise are mediated through modulation of muscle-derived secreted factors, also known as myokines. Myonectin/C1q (complement component 1q)/TNF (tumor necrosis factor)-related protein 15/erythroferrone is a myokine that is upregulated in skeletal muscle and blood by exercise.

Activity Tracker to Prescribe Various Exercise Intensities in Breast Cancer Survivors.

To prescribe different physical activity (PA) intensities using activity trackers to increase PA, reduce sedentary time and improve health outcomes among breast cancer survivors. The maintenance effect of the interventions on study outcomes was also assessed.

Short-term supplement of virgin coconut oil improves endothelial-dependent dilation but not exercise-mediated hyperemia in young adults.

Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is high in antioxidants, which reduce reactive oxygen species-induced conversion of vascular endothelial-derived nitric oxide (NO) to toxic peroxynitrite. As such, flow-mediated dilation (FMD, a surrogate marker of NO bioavailability) and exercise-mediated hyperemia may be enhanced following VCO treatment. Animal research supports these findings, but direct assessments of FMD after short-term VCO use in humans are unknown. We tested the hypotheses that a 4-week VCO supplement (30 ...

Environmental interventions to reduce the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and their effects on health.

Frequent consumption of excess amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) is a risk factor for obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and dental caries. Environmental interventions, i.e. interventions that alter the physical or social environment in which individuals make beverage choices, have been advocated as a means to reduce the consumption of SSB.

Potential Cellular and Biochemical Mechanisms of Exercise and Physical Activity on the Ageing Process.

Exercise in young adults has been consistently shown to improve various aspects of physiological and psychological health but we are now realising the potential benefits of exercise with advancing age. Specifically, exercise improves cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and metabolic health through reductions in oxidative stress, chronic low-grade inflammation and modulating cellular processes within a variety of tissues. In this this chapter we will discuss the effects of acute and chronic exercise on these pr...

Aerobic exercise regulates synaptic transmission and reactive oxygen species production in the paraventricular nucleus of spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Aerobic exercise lowers blood pressure in patients with hypertension, but the underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood. The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) plays a key role in the control of sympathetic outflow and cardiovascular tone. We examined whether chronic aerobic exercise altered synaptic transmission and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the PVN. In the present study, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were subjected to exercise training for 8 weeks, five times ...

A pilot study of combined endurance and resistance exercise rehabilitation for verbal memory and functional connectivity improvement in epilepsy.

Memory impairment is common in persons with epilepsy (PWE), and exercise may be a strategy for its improvement. In this pilot study, we hypothesized that exercise rehabilitation would improve physical fitness and verbal memory and induce changes in brain networks involved in memory processes. We examined the effects of combined endurance and resistance exercise rehabilitation on memory and resting state functional connectivity (rsFC). Participants were randomized to exercise (PWE-E) or control (PWE-noE). Th...

Exercise Interventions for Improving Objective Physical Function in End-Stage Kidney Disease Patients on Dialysis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Patients with end stage kidney disease on dialysis have increased mortality and reduced physical activity contributing to impaired physical function. While exercise programmes have demonstrated a positive effect on physiological outcomes such as cardiovascular function and strength, there is a reduced focus on physical function. The aim of this review was to determine whether exercise programmes improve objective measures of physical function indicative of activities of daily living for end stage kidney dis...


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