PubMed Journals Articles About "Piloting Diet And Exercise Interventions In Older Hispanics With Diabetes" RSS

19:28 EST 26th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Piloting Diet Exercise Interventions Older Hispanics With Diabetes" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

Readiness for weight change and its association with diet knowledge and skills, diet decision making and diet and exercise barriers in patients with type 2 diabetes.

this study aimed to investigate stages of weight change in type 2 diabetics and its associations with diet knowledge and skills, diet decision making, diet and exercise barriers.

A winning combination: Collaborating with stakeholders throughout the process of planning and implementing a type 2 diabetes prevention programme in the community.

Translation of efficacious health interventions into the community are often not applied in practice. The gap between research and practice is concerning for community members who can benefit from early access to effective health interventions. Knowledge translation activities and strong community partnerships are demonstrated methods to close the gap, yet there is a need to ensure research findings are implemented into communities in a way that yields quality programming and sustainability through planning...

An Interactive Home-Based Cognitive-Motor Step Training Program to Reduce Fall Risk in Older Adults: Qualitative Descriptive Study of Older Adults' Experiences and Requirements.

Falls are a major contributor to the burden of disease in older adults. Home-based exercise programs are effective in reducing the rate and risk of falls in older adults. However, adherence to home-based exercise programs is low, limiting the efficacy of interventions. The implementation of technology-based exercise programs for older adults to use at home may increase exercise adherence and, thus, the effectiveness of fall prevention interventions. More information about older adults' experiences when usin...

Obesity in older adults: Effect of degree of weight loss on cardiovascular markers and medications.

Obesity worsens the age-related tendency towards cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Older adults are vulnerable to medication adverse effects. Intentional weight loss in older adults with obesity has been shown to improve cardiovascular and glycaemic markers. The effect of rapid weight loss induced by very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) on these markers has not been evaluated in this group. In this 12-week study, participants were randomized to one of healthy eating, hypocaloric diet or VLCD, all combined with...

A Systematic Review of Interventions for Hope/Hopelessness in Older Adults.

: Hope/hopelessness is an important determinant of health and death, and is a modifiable risk factor for older adults. The present review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions on hope among older populations.: PsychINFO and PubMed were systematically searched. Publications reporting on interventions delivered to older adults that included quantitative data on hope/hopelessness were systematically reviewed.: Thirty-six studies were included, most with hope/hopelessness as a secondary outcome. ...

Effects of Exercise Training on Handgrip Strength in Older Adults: A Meta-Analytical Review.

Handgrip strength measurements are feasible with older adults and a reliable indicator for vitality, physical function, and several risk factors in the ageing process. Interventions with exercise training induce a variety of strength, balance, and endurance improvements. The pooled transfer effects of exercise training on handgrip strength has not been investigated to date. Thus, the objective of this meta-analytical review is to examine the effects of different exercise training on handgrip strength in hea...

Health literacy and exercise-focused interventions on clinical measurements in Chinese diabetes patients: A cluster randomized controlled trial.

The diabetes patients in China have low health literacy and low levels of physical activities which may result in the poor glycemic control and other clinical outcomes. This study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of health literacy and exercise-focused interventions on clinical outcomes among Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).

Dietary and Exercise Interventions for Pediatric Oncology Patients: The Way Forward.

This review focuses on diet and exercise interventions that have been conducted in pediatric cancer and pediatric stem cell transplant patients. It examines the different reasons for conducting lifestyle interventions with attention to the different outcome measurements and feasibility of these measures with an argument toward a need for standardization to move the field forward.

Exercise and Low Back Pain in the Older Adult: Current Recommendations.

Low back pain (LBP) is a condition that is commonly experienced in people regardless of age and is prevalent in the older adult (individuals >65 yrs). Unfortunately, LBP research frequently excludes the older adult population due to age related co-morbidities. Clinical decision-making for this patient population is thus affected. As such, exercise prescription must be extrapolated from the available literature focused on chronic LBP, older adults without LBP, and younger adults with LBP. The aim of this pap...

Physical Activity Frequency Among Older Adults With Diabetes or Prediabetes: Associations With Sociodemographics, Comorbidity, and Medical Advice.

To examine the differences in physical activity (PA) between older adults with and without diabetes/prediabetes and the correlates of PA frequency and associations between medical advice on PA and/or diet/weight loss and increasing PA among those with diabetes/prediabetes. Multinomial and binary logistic regression models using 2016-2017 National Health Interview Survey data (N = 4,860 aged 65+ years with diabetes/prediabetes). About 44.2% of those with diabetes/prediabetes, compared with 48.1% of a matched...

Drop-out ratio between moderate to high-intensity physical exercise treatment by patients with, or at risk of, type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Physical exercise represents the cornerstone in the treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, it is not clear how different physical exercise intensities might affect the drop-out ratio. The aim of this review is to examine the extent to which exercise interventions impact dropout risk in patients with, or at risk of, T2DM.

A Pilot Study of the Effects of Chair Yoga and Chair-Based Exercise on Biopsychosocial Outcomes in Older Adults With Lower Extremity Osteoarthritis.

This pilot study examined whether chair yoga and chair-based exercise are effective in managing biopsychosocial outcomes for older adults with lower extremity osteoarthritis. Both interventions improved physical function and mobility over time, although no significant differences between the 2 interventions were identified.

Prevention of gestational diabetes mellitus in overweight or obese pregnant women: A network meta-analysis.

Several interventions have been implemented to prevent the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in obese pregnant women, including physical exercise programs, and administration of metformin, vitamin D and probiotics. The aim of this network meta-analysis was to compare the efficiency of these interventions and identify the optimal.

Diet Quality Is Associated With Mortality in Adults Aged 80 Years and Older: A Prospective Study.

Diet quality has been associated with health outcomes and quality of life. However, the association between diet quality and mortality in older people, those aged 80 years and older, is understudied. Therefore, we conducted a prospective study to examine whether better diet quality, assessed by a validated dietary screening tool (DST), was associated with lower mortality in those aged 80 years and older.

Review of Prediabetes and Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy.

Obesity and diabetes increase hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) risk, thus preventive interventions are heavily studied. How pregestational prediabetes and related interventions impact HDP risk is less characterized. Therefore, we searched and reviewed the literature to assess the impact on HDP risk of prediabetes and varied interventions. We identified 297 citations related to pregnancy, prediabetes, and early pregnancy interventions. We also reviewed the references and citations of included articl...

Assessing the impact of physical exercise on cognitive function in older medical patients during acute hospitalization: Secondary analysis of a randomized trial.

Acute illness requiring hospitalization frequently is a sentinel event leading to long-term disability in older people. Prolonged bed rest increases the risk of developing cognitive impairment and dementia in acutely hospitalized older adults. Exercise protocols applied during acute hospitalization can prevent functional decline in older patients, but exercise benefits on specific cognitive domains have not been previously investigated. We aimed to assess the effects of a multicomponent exercise interventio...


The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the US has declined. The decreasing trend is observed in non-Hispanic Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics. However, close analysis of the trends demonstrates that the decline among Hispanics is less than other races/ethnicities. We investigate the burden of CRC in Hispanics living near the U.S.-Mexico border, a subpopulation of Hispanics composed primarily of individuals of Mexican origin.

Symptom Experience of Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes and Diabetes-Related Distress.

An older, more diverse population and longer life spans are major contributors to the anticipated tripling of Type 2 diabetes prevalence by 2050. Diabetes-related distress affects up to 40% of people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes and may be a greater risk for older adults due to greater prevalence of comorbidities.

Clinical guidelines for type 1 diabetes mellitus with an emphasis on older adults: an Executive Summary.

We present a summary of a guideline produced by an international group of experts for managing type 1 diabetes in adults with an emphasis on the special needs of older people with this condition. The rationale for delivering high-quality diabetes care for adults with type 1 diabetes, why it is important to include older people in our considerations, and the key underpinning principles of the guideline are included. The structure of the recommendations given is described and consists of 'general' recommendat...

Physical activity and skeletal health in adults.

The purpose of this Review is to examine the associations between physical activity and skeletal health, with an emphasis on observational studies with fracture outcomes and randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of physical activity interventions in adults older than 40 years. In general, increased physical activity-primarily leisure time activity or moderate or vigorous physical activity-is associated with a 1-40% lower risk of hip and all fractures. The primary limitation of these studies relates to health ...

Proinflammatory Diet Increases Circulating Inflammatory Biomarkers and Falls Risk in Community-Dwelling Older Men.

The relations between diet, chronic inflammation, and musculoskeletal health are unclear, especially among older men.

Healthy Life Trajectories Initiative: Summary of the evidence base for pregnancy-related interventions to prevent overweight and obesity in children.

This overview of systematic reviews (SRs) aimed to identify dietary and lifestyle interventions in pregnant women that reduce the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and/or risk factors thereof, in their children. Following identification of eligible SRs, a matrix of all included studies identified overlap between SRs. The most recent, comprehensive, high-quality SRs were selected for further dissagregation. We developed a Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE)-based effe...

Custom-Made Daily Routine Increases the Number of Steps Taken by Frail Older Adults.

This study examined whether the number of steps taken by frail older adults increased after two types of interventions (custom-made daily routine [CDR] vs. exercise) were conducted over 12 weeks. The participants were 36 frail older adults aged 84.5 ± 6.0 years who attended a day-care center. They were assigned to one of three groups: CDR (n = 13), home-based exercise (HE, n = 10), or control (CON, n = 13). A wrist-worn accelerometer was used to measure their step count in 24 hr for 6 days. The CDR group d...

Exploring the Experience of Exercise in Older Adults With Chronic Back Pain.

Physical inactivity and chronic back pain are prevalent among older adults; however, there are individuals who persist in exercising despite daily pain. This research explored the meaning of exercise in the lives of older adults with chronic back pain. Hermeneutic phenomenology, valuing everyday experiences and highlighting meaning, was employed. Individual in-depth interviews with 10 adults aged 65 years and older gathered rich descriptions of their experiences. Data collection and analyses were iterative ...

The Potential of Optometrists' Referrals of Older Patients to Community-Based Exercise Programs: Findings From a Mixed-Methods Study.

Exercise is important for older adults in order to prevent falls and live safer, healthier lives. Visual impairment is a risk factor for falling. Older adults tend to visit optometrists frequently; however, assessing patients' physical exercise levels is not a routine practice for optometrists. The purpose of this study was to examine the potential for optometrists' referrals to exercise programs. This study used a mixed-method, cross-sectional design. In focus groups, optometry patients (N = 42) discussed ...

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