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Placenta Perinatal Brain Injury Gateway Individualized Therapeutics Precision PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Placenta Perinatal Brain Injury Gateway Individualized Therapeutics Precision articles that have been published worldwide.
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Wu and colleagues analyzed the placental pathology from a subset of the neonates in the NEATO trial who had reports available and correlated the placental pathology findings with outcomes. This study highlights the importance of placental pathology, and its potential to bring precision medicine to critically-ill neonates. Placental pathology will likely aid stratification of neonates for clinical trials and accelerate progress for neurorepair.
The placenta plays a critical role in mammalian reproduction. Although it is a transient organ, its function is indispensable to communication between the mother and fetus, and supply of nutrients and oxygen to the growing fetus. During pregnancy, the placenta is vulnerable to various intrinsic and extrinsic conditions which can result in increased risk of fetal neurodevelopmental disorders as well as fetal death. The placenta controls the neuroendocrine secretion in the brain as a means of adaptive process...
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tenoten for children (a novel liquid pediatric formulation) in the treatment of perinatal brain injury (PBI) outcomes.
Precision medicine is an emerging framework to maximize therapeutic benefit by modifying the treatment for individual patients based on their variations in demographic, genomic, and environmental factors. In particular, "Pharmacogenomics" and "Therapeutic Drug Monitoring" are key elements of individualized drug treatment, staging Clinical Pharmacology at the forefront of precision medicine.
Cerebral organoids (COs) have been used for studying brain development, neural disorders, and species-specific drug pharmacology and toxicology, but the potential of COs transplantation therapy for brain injury remains to be answered.
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI)-related brain injury is an important cause of morbidity and long-standing disability in newborns. The only currently approved therapeutic strategy available to reduce brain injury in the newborn is hypothermia. Therapeutic hypothermia can only be used to treat HI encephalopathy in full-term infants and survivors remain at high risk for a wide spectrum of neurodevelopmental abnormalities as a result of residual brain injury. Therefore, there is an urgent need for adjunctive th...
Perinatal hypoxia is still one of the greatest threats to the newborn child, even in developed countries. However, there is a lack of works which summarize up-to-date information about that huge topic. Our review covers a broader spectrum of recent results from studies on mechanisms leading to hypoxia-induced injury. It also resumes possible primary causes and observed behavioral outcomes of perinatal hypoxia. In this review, we recognize two types of hypoxia, according to the localization of its primary ca...
Brain Injury Awareness Month, observed each March, was established 3 decades ago to educate the public about the incidence of brain injury and the needs of persons with brain injuries and their families (1). Caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or penetrating head injury, a traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to short- or long-term changes affecting thinking, sensation, language, or emotion.
The next phase of clinical trials in neonatal encephalopathy (NE) focuses on hypothermia adjuvant therapies targeting alternative recovery mechanisms during the process of hypoxic brain injury. Identifying infants eligible for neuroprotective therapies begins with the clinical detection of brain injury and classification of severity. Combining a variety of biomarkers (serum, clinical exam, EEG, movement patterns) with innovative clinical trial design and analyses will help target infants with the most appro...
Perinatal brain injury (PBI) to the developing white matter results in hypomyelination of axons and can cause long-term motor and cognitive deficits e.g. cerebral palsy. There are currently no approved therapies aimed at repairing the white matter following insult, underscoring the need to investigate the mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of PBI. Microglia have been strongly implicated, but their function and heterogeneity in this context remain poorly understood, posing a barrier to the development of...
The early detection of perinatal brain damage in preterm and term newborns (i.e. intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia and perinatal asphyxia) still constitute an unsolved issue. To date, despite technological improvement in standard perinatal monitoring procedures, decreasing the incidence of perinatal mortality, the perinatal morbidity pattern has a flat trend. Against this background, the measurement of brain constituents could be particularly useful in the early detection of cases at...
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death in the developed world. Despite advances at the bedside, pharmacological interventions have yet to be successful likely because of the need for a better understanding of disease mechanisms as potential targets for intervention. Recent evidence implicates a family of enzymes, namely transglutaminases, in the pathological mechanisms of TBI.
Thyroid hormone (TH) is essential for normal brain development. TH insufficiency during early stages of development may increase the risk for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, in which malfunction of brain monoaminergic systems is likely involved. However, little is known about the effects of perinatal hypothyroidism on behaviors and brain monoaminergic systems in offspring mice. The present study examined in mice (1) whether perinatal hypothyroidism causes hyperactive behavioral phenotypes, (2) how...
Hypoglycemia is a significant risk factor for perinatal brain injury and adverse outcomes, particularly in infants requiring resuscitation following hypoxic ischemic (HI) insult. We aimed to study blood glucose (BG) levels in physiologically stressed infants in the presence or absence of epinephrine (Epi) administration at resuscitation in the first 24 hours after birth.
Concerns have been raised regarding e-cigarette use as a potential stepping-stone to marijuana use. Based on Kandel's gateway hypothesis, this study investigated if e-cigarette use could lead to marijuana use by testing two hypotheses with a longitudinal national U.S. adult sample, including (1) primary hypothesis: e-cigarette use is a gateway to marijuana use; and (2) falsification hypothesis: marijuana use is not a gateway to e-cigarette use.
Perinatal depression is the most common complication of pregnancy and affects the mother, fetus, and infant. Recent preclinical studies and a limited number of clinical studies have suggested an influence of the gut microbiome on the onset and course of mental health disorders. In this review, we examine the current state of knowledge regarding genetics, epigenetics, heritability, and neuro-immuno-endocrine systems biology in perinatal mood disorders, with a particular focus on the interaction between these...
The goal of treatment for depressive disorders is complete remission of depressive symptoms with full recovery of social function and prevention of recurrence. However, a large proportion of patients do not experience symptomatic remission after the initial treatment, with even lower rates of remission in the longer treatment term. The main objective of individualized treatment applied in psychiatry is to improve precision in disease diagnosis, prognosis, treatment choices, and treatment response. Diverse a...
Little is known about brain temperature of neonates during MRI. Brain temperature can be estimated non-invasively with proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (H-MRS), but the most accurate H-MRS method has not yet been determined. The primary aim was to estimate brain temperature using H-MRS in infants with neonatal encephalopathy following perinatal asphyxia (NE). The secondary aim was to compare brain temperature during MRI with rectal temperatures before and after MRI.
Altered hemodynamics associated with twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) can be manifested in the fetal and neonatal heart. This study evaluated the association between cardiac manifestations immediately after birth and brain injury in preterm infants with TTTS. Medical records of preterm infants who were born at
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain that occurs as a result of a direct impact, and affected persons are usually in a long-term coma. The evidence of the safety and effectiveness of acupuncture to treat coma is still not convincing.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Approximately 20-25% of TBI subjects develop Acute Lung Injury (ALI), but the pathomechanisms of TBI-induced ALI remain poorly defined. Currently, mechanical ventilation is the only therapeutic intervention for TBI-induced lung injury. Our recent studies have shown that the inflammasome plays an important role in the systemic inflammatory response leading to lung injury-post TBI. Here, we outline the role of the extracellular vesicl...
Brain Injury Awareness Month, recognized each March, provides an important opportunity to bring attention to the prevention of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to promote strategies to improve the quality of life for persons living with TBI and their families.
Among people who have suffered a traumatic brain injury, increased intracranial pressure continues to be a major cause of early death; it is estimated that about 11 people per 100 with traumatic brain injury die. Indomethacin (also known as indometacin) is a powerful cerebral vasoconstrictor that can reduce intracranial pressure and, ultimately, restore cerebral perfusion and oxygenation. Thus, indomethacin may improve the recovery of a person with traumatic brain injury.
The WHO and Center for Disease Control have identified that current estimates of brain injury incidence miss individuals who do not seek medical attention for their injury.