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PubMed Journals Articles About "Plazi Receive Million From Arcadia Fund Open Biodiversity" RSS

10:03 EST 17th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Plazi Receive Million From Arcadia Fund Open Biodiversity PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Plazi Receive Million From Arcadia Fund Open Biodiversity articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Plazi receive million from Arcadia Fund open biodiversity" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,500+

Commonwealth Fund Tracks U.S. Health Care Trends.

Four million lose health coverage and many low-income adults now lack insurance.


Biodiversity thresholds in invertebrate communities: The responses of dung beetle subgroups to forest loss.

Extinction thresholds have been predicted to be critical values of habitat loss in which an abrupt reduction in populations occurs through the interaction between reduced habitat and increased isolation in the landscape. In communities, extinction thresholds are referred to as 'biodiversity thresholds'. The biodiversity threshold values documented so far occur between 30% and 50% of habitat cover in landscapes. However, the assessment of biodiversity thresholds has mainly focused on vertebrate and plant com...

Global Routine Vaccination Coverage - 2017.

Endorsed by the World Health Assembly in 2012, the Global Vaccine Action Plan 2011-2020 (GVAP) (1) calls on all countries to reach ≥90% national coverage with all vaccines in the country's national immunization schedule by 2020. This report updates previous reports (2,3) and presents global, regional, and national vaccination coverage estimates and trends as of 2017. It also describes the number of infants surviving to age 1 year (surviving infants) who did not receive the third dose of diphtheria and tet...


Unlocking biodiversity and conservation studies in high diversity environments using environmental DNA (eDNA): a test with Guianese freshwater fishes.

Determining the species compositions of local assemblages is a prerequisite to understanding how anthropogenic disturbances affect biodiversity. However, biodiversity measurements often remain incomplete due to the limited efficiency of sampling methods. This is particularly true in freshwater tropical environments that host rich fish assemblages, for which assessments are uncertain and often rely on destructive methods. Developing an efficient and non-destructive method to assess biodiversity in tropical f...

A lowered probability of pregnancy in females in the USA aged 25-29 who received a human papillomavirus vaccine injection.

Birth rates in the United States have recently fallen. Birth rates per 1000 females aged 25-29 fell from 118 in 2007 to 105 in 2015. One factor may involve the vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV). Shortly after the vaccine was licensed, several reports of recipients experiencing primary ovarian failure emerged. This study analyzed information gathered in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which represented 8 million 25-to-29-year-old women residing in the United States between ...

Do non-native species contribute to biodiversity?

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) emphasises the role of biodiversity in delivering benefits essential for all people and, as a result, seeks to safeguard all life-forms. The indices that are used to measure progress towards international conservation and sustainability goals, however, focus solely on the 'native' component of biodiversity. A subset of non-native species can cause undesirable economic, social, or biological effects. But non-native species also contribute to regional biodiversity ...

Vaccination Innovation: New Technologies Are Leading the Way to Vaccines That Work Better, Hurt Less.

Children in developing countries often don't receive their full set of basic vaccines, which leaves them at risk for diseases that can cause serious illness and even death. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), data from 2016 show that approximately 19.5 million infants globally were not fully vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, and some 1.5 million children die from vaccine-preventable illnesses each year [1]. And when it comes to seasonal influenza vaccines, they can be diff...

Appropriate application of information from biodiversity databases is critical when investigating species distributions and diversity: a comment on Dallas et al. ().

Using data from biodiversity informatics resources, Dallas et al. (Ecol. Lett., 20, 2017, 1526-1533) suggested limited relationships between climate and local abundance among several taxonomic groups. Investigation of a subset of these data suggests that their results may be misleading due to inappropriate application of the biodiversity data.

Assembling the Community-Scale Discoverable Human Proteome.

The increasing throughput and sharing of proteomics mass spectrometry data have now yielded over one-third of a million public mass spectrometry runs. However, these discoveries are not continuously aggregated in an open and error-controlled manner, which limits their utility. To facilitate the reusability of these data, we built the MassIVE Knowledge Base (MassIVE-KB), a community-wide, continuously updating knowledge base that aggregates proteomics mass spectrometry discoveries into an open reusable forma...

Understanding influences on the uptake of pulmonary rehabilitation in the East of England: an Inclusive Design/mixed-methods study protocol.

1.2 million people in the UK have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that causes breathlessness, difficulty with daily activities, infections and hospitalisation. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), a programme of supervised exercise and education, is recommended for patients with COPD. However, only 1 in 10 of those who need it receive PR. Also, the UK National COPD Audit Programme concluded that the COPD treatment might not be accessible to people with disabilities. This paper applies an Inclusive ...

Spatial and topical imbalances in biodiversity research.

The rapid erosion of biodiversity is among the biggest challenges human society is facing. Concurrently, major efforts are in place to quantify changes in biodiversity, to understand the consequences for ecosystem functioning and human wellbeing, and to develop sustainable management strategies. Based on comprehensive bibliometric analyses covering 134,321 publications, we report systematic spatial biases in biodiversity-related research. Research is dominated by wealthy countries, while major research defi...

Funding Academic and Clinical Nurse Strategies Through Joint Fund-raising Initiatives and Grateful Patient Engagement.

The Manatt report recommends a multipronged revenue portfolio to support academic health center (AHC) nursing: tuition, clinical practice, and external support. Most AHC nursing enterprises rely only on the first two-student tuition and patient billing. Philanthropy is not generally viewed as a viable revenue stream, especially for clinical nursing operations, but it should be. While health care's operating margins are shrinking, philanthropy continues to rise. In 2016, joint hospital and medical school fun...

The effects of the Nepal community forestry program on biodiversity conservation and carbon storage.

Approximately 15.5% of global forest is controlled by ~1 billion local people and the area under community control is increasing. However, there is limited empirical evidence as to whether community control is effective in providing critical global ecosystem services, such as biodiversity conservation and carbon storage. We assess the effectiveness of one example of community-controlled forest, Nepal's Community Forestry Program (CFP), at providing biodiversity conservation and carbon storage. Using data fr...

The potential contribution of the natural products from Brazilian biodiversity to bioeconomy.

The development of our society has been based on the use of biodiversity, especially for medicines and nutrition. Brazil is the nation with the largest biodiversity in the world accounting for more than 15% of all living species. The devastation of biodiversity in Brazil is critical and may not only cause the loss of species and genes that encode enzymes involved in the complex metabolism of organisms, but also the loss of a rich chemical diversity, which is a potential source for bioeconomy based on natura...

Accounting for no net loss: A critical assessment of biodiversity offsetting metrics and methods.

Biodiversity offset strategies are based on the explicit calculation of both losses and gains necessary to establish ecological equivalence between impact and offset areas. Given the importance of quantifying biodiversity values, various accounting methods and metrics are continuously being developed and tested for this purpose. Considering the wide array of alternatives, selecting an appropriate one for a specific project can be not only challenging, but also crucial; accounting methods can strongly influe...

7T ultra-high field body MR imaging with an 8-channel transmit / 32-channel receive radiofrequency coil array.

In this work a combined body coil array with 8 transmit/receive (Tx/Rx) meander elements and with 24 receive-only (Rx) loops (8Tx/32Rx) was developed and evaluated in comparison to an 8-channel transmit/receive body array (8Tx/Rx) based on meander elements serving as the reference standard.

Glaciation-based isolation contributed to speciation in a Palearctic alpine biodiversity hotspot: evidence from endemic species.

Organisms are unevenly distributed on earth and the evolutionary drivers of that have puzzled ecologists and evolutionary biologists for over a century. Even though many studies have focused on the mechanisms of unevenly distributed fauna and flora, there remains much to learn about the evolutionary drivers behind biodiversity hotspots. In the Tibetan Plateau and Hengduan Mountains, a biodiversity hotspot in the Palearctic realm, alpine uplift cannot be the driver for recent speciation (< two million years ...

Administration of intravenous antibiotics in patients with open fractures is dependent on emergency room triaging.

Recent literature has demonstrated that emergent administration of antibiotics is perhaps more critical than even emergent debridement. Most recent studies recommend patients receive antibiotics no later than 1 hour after injury to prevent infection. The objective of this study is to evaluate the time to antibiotic administration after patients with open fractures arrive to a trauma center depending on triaging team.

European Reference Networks for rare diseases.

Approximately one million patients in the Netherlands and 27-36 million patients in Europe have one of the 5,000-8,000 known rare diseases. These patients often do not receive the care they need or with a substantial delay from diagnosis to treatment. As of March 2017, 24 European Reference Networks (ERNs) were launched with the aim to improve the care for these patients through cross-border healthcare, where in principle the knowledge travels and not the patient. It is expected that through the ERNs, Europ...

UK newspaper reporting of the NHS cancer drugs fund, 2010 to 2015: a retrospective media analysis.

Objective We wished to explore how UK national newspapers had covered the creation and operation of the Cancer Drugs Fund from 2010 to 2015. This was introduced to provide cancer patients in England with access to drugs not appraised or approved by the National Institute for health and Care Excellence. Design We sought stories in nine newspapers from the Factiva database, and copied their salient details to a spreadsheet. They were categorised by whether they were supportive or critical of the Cancer Drugs ...

How is biodiversity changing in response to ecological restoration in terrestrial ecosystems? A meta-analysis in China.

Biodiversity is an important ecosystem characteristic, and is vital for maintaining ecosystem health and stability. However, biodiversity was often ignored in previous Chinese restoration planning and design due to its complex roles and the unclear mechanisms in providing human well-being. In order to evaluate the response of biodiversity to ecological restoration in terrestrial ecosystems, we assembled biodiversity in different metrics and different organisms and generated a large dataset comprised 2099 ob...

"Hurdles on the path to 90-90-90 and beyond": Qualitative analysis of barriers to engagement in HIV care among individuals in rural East Africa in the context of test-and-treat.

Despite substantial progress, gaps in the HIV care cascade remain large: globally, while about 36.7 million people were living with HIV in 2015, 11.9 million of these individuals did not know their HIV status, 12.7 million were in need of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 13.0 million were not virally suppressed. We sought to deepen understanding of the barriers to care engagement at three critical steps of the care cascade proposed to make greatest impact for attaining the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets aimed at s...

The Clean India Mission: Public and Animal Health benefits.

The Clean India Mission is a national campaign that aims for complete elimination of open defecation from the country. In India, 564 million people do not have access to toilets and defecate in the open environment. The 'Millennium development goals' have given increased weightage to elimination of open defecation for improving health, nutrition and productivity of developing country populations. The Indian economy bears an estimated annual total loss (in terms of health, education, access time and tourism)...

No net loss for people and biodiversity.

Governments, businesses, and lenders worldwide are adopting an objective of no net loss (NNL) of biodiversity that is often partly achieved through biodiversity offsetting within a hierarchy of mitigation actions. Offsets aim to balance residual losses of biodiversity caused by development in one location with commensurate gains at another. Although ecological challenges to achieve NNL are debated, the associated gains and losses for local stakeholders have received less attention. International best practi...

Pyrimethamine inhibits rabies virus replication in vitro.

Rabies virus transmits from animals to humans and causes encephalitis. Every year more than 15 million people receive a post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) treatment that is highly effective in the prevention of rabies disease. However, when clinical symptoms appear, for example in people who did not receive PEP, rabies is almost invariably fatal. Due to the limited access to PEP in some target populations, mostly in Asia and in Africa, rabies causes at least 59,000 deaths a year. PEP is not effective after the...


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