PubMed Journals Articles About "Police Fatally Shot Tried Fought With Officer" RSS

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Showing "Police fatally shot tried fought with officer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 300

Utilization of X-ray Computed Tomography for the Exclusion of a Specific Caliber and Bullet Type in a Living Shooting Victim.

A bystander claimed to have been shot by a police officer, and CT scans were used to match qualitative and quantitative aspects of the unremoved bullet with police issued 9 mm Luger ammunition. CT scan methodology proved a valid approach for the measurement of bullets based on calculated measurement capability and correlation with "gold standard" physical measurement by vernier caliper. Measurements regarding length and base diameter, as well as length/diameter ratio, were insufficient to unambiguously iden...

Police response to individuals displaying suicidal or self-harming behaviours: An integrative review.

Police are increasingly being called upon to respond to people experiencing suicidal crisis. Such incidents are a challenging aspect of modern policing. This paper reports on an integrative review study that aimed to investigate police responses to individuals displaying suicidal or self-harming behaviours. Six electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed articles published between 2007 and 2017 relating to police responses to individuals in suicidal crisis. The review identified 12 studies that met...

Chivalry and attractiveness bias in police officer forensic judgments in Israel.

The chivalry hypothesis and attractiveness bias were evaluated among 323 police officers and 364 students, serving as a control group. The participants were asked to read a description of a swindle, where the offender was either physically attractive or unattractive. They then had to assign a punishment to the offender and judge the blame ascribed to both offender and victim. The findings showed that the offender's sex, more than his or her external appearance, affects differences in punishment severity. Fe...

The Evolving Role of the Medical Radiation Safety Officer.

The field of medicine has been rapidly changing recently for providers and patients. This article considers how such changes have impacted the roles and responsibilities of the medical facility radiation safety officer. To supplement the personal experiences of the authors, a questionnaire soliciting voluntary feedback was submitted to a group of medical radiation safety officers. Several common themes emerged in the responses received, confirming that the role of the medical radiation safety officer has in...

DECORE-21: Assessment of occupational stress in police. Confirmatory factor analysis of the original model.

There is scarce research on stress in Spanish police officers and on the use of instruments to assess this construct in this professional group. In Spain, the DECORE questionnaire has been one of the most used. Nevertheless, it had not been previously applied to police officers. The aim of this study was to analyze both the construct validity and the reliability of the original model of 44 items. A cross-sectional design and a non-probabilistic quota sampling were used. A total of 223 Spanish police officer...

Experiences of police contact among young adult recreational drug users: A qualitative study.

While young adults who engage in recreational drug use are at increased risk of contact with police, their experiences of police contact have been largely overlooked.

Role of the Chief Nurse Officer in Ensuring Person- and Family-Centered Care.

Person- and family-centered care (PFCC) is a philosophy that has been espoused for decades and yet is rarely embedded in health care organizations. Difficulties dispelling the numerous myths about what PFCC is, as well as daunting challenges to designing and implementing it, have hindered progress. The chief nurse officer is well-positioned to assume organizational leadership in successfully navigating this effort. This article provides 9 specific steps a chief nurse officer should take to create a culture,...

Walking under the influence of the alcohol: A case study of pedestrian crashes in Tennessee.

Alcohol adversely affects human behavior and judgment, and it is one of the contributing factors in traffic crashes. Although a large body of research has investigated driving behavior under the influence of the alcohol, to the best of our knowledge, no study has investigated the crash characteristics of the pedestrians under the influences of the alcohol. Tennessee Police Crash Data from 2011 to 2016 was used in this study to identify crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians who were walking under th...

How to foster the well-being of police officers: The role of the employee performance management system.

This study focuses on employee performance management in policing. We specifically aim to contribute to a better understanding of how the combined effect of performance planning and performance evaluation fosters the well-being of police officers. In the slipstream of public sector reforms many public organizations adopted employee performance management. Although such system is found to increase performance, it might simultaneously elevate job demands, jeopardizing employees' well-being. Based on data gath...

Police contacts, arrests and decreasing self-control and personal responsibility among female adolescents.

Female involvement in the juvenile justice system (JJS) has increased rapidly in recent years. Although deficits in self-control and responsibility are associated with delinquency and higher rates of police contacts and arrests, much of this research has focused on males and/or selected samples of youth who already have a history of JJS involvement. Furthermore, little is known about the extent to which police contacts and arrests may disrupt normative psychosocial maturation.

Creating and sustaining cooperative relationships between supervised injection services and police: A qualitative interview study of international stakeholders.

Supervised injection services (SIS) operate with special exemptions from drug law enforcement. Given the expansion of SIS and the opioid overdose crisis in numerous jurisdictions, now is a critical time to examine factors that contribute to cooperative SIS-police relationships. We sought to learn about SIS-police relationships from international jurisdictions with well-established as well as newer SIS.

Evidence for the effectiveness of police-based pre-booking diversion programs in decriminalizing mental illness: A systematic literature review.

People with mental illnesses are at a significantly greater risk of police arrest than the general population. This pattern of arrests has been associated with a phenomenon referred to as the criminalization of mental illness such that people with mental illnesses are inappropriately diverted to the criminal justice system rather than to treatment. To decrease arrests of people with mental illnesses experiencing a crisis, pre-booking diversion programs have been developed to intervene at the point of police...

Emergency Department Documentation of Alleged Police Use of Excessive Force in Cases Where Formal Complaints Are Ultimately Filed.

Emergency physicians encounter patient concerns of police use of excessive force (UOEF). However, unlike other forms of potential assault, there are no guidelines for documentation of these encounters. Our objective was to examine the adequacy of emergency department documentation of injuries from police encounters where formal complaints of UOEF were later filed with the law enforcement agency.

Bounded authority: Expanding "appropriate" police behavior beyond procedural justice.

This paper expands previous conceptualizations of appropriate police behavior beyond procedural justice. The focus of the current study is on the notion of bounded authority-that is, acting within the limits of one's rightful authority. According to work on legal socialization, U.S. citizens come to acquire three dimensions of values that determine how authorities ought to behave: (a) neutral, consistent, and transparent decision-making; (b) interpersonal treatment that conveys respect, dignity, and concern...

Should police have access to genetic genealogy databases? Capturing the Golden State Killer and other criminals using a controversial new forensic technique.

On April 24, 2018, a suspect in California's notorious Golden State Killer cases was arrested after decades of eluding the police. Using a novel forensic approach, investigators identified the suspect by first identifying his relatives using a free, online genetic database populated by individuals researching their family trees. In the wake of the case, media outlets reported privacy concerns with police access to personal genetic data generated by or shared with genealogy services. Recent data from 1,587 s...

Occupational and Ergonomic Factors Associated With Low Back Pain Among Car-patrol Police Officers: Findings from the Quebec Serve and Protect Low Back Pain Study.

Low back pain (LBP) is frequent and burdensome among police officers, but occupational and ergonomic factors associated with LBP and its chronic symptoms have never been studied among these workers using a biopsychosocial model. This study aimed at exploring such factors associated with acute/subacute LBP and chronic low back pain (CLBP) among car-patrol police officers.

Epidemiological aspects of drowning and non-fatal drowning in the waters of Amsterdam.

We examined who, when, and where people non-fatally drowned of drowned in Amsterdam between January 2011 and December 2015 so that in the future more targeted and effective measures can be taken to prevent drowning. Data on non fatal drownings (N = 515, fire department database) were combined with the forensic medicine data on drowning fatalities (N=88). Who drowns in Amsterdam? The majority of those who drowned were men (82%). A high percentage of the people who drowned were under the influence of alcohol ...

Sub-shot-noise-limited phase estimation via SU(1,1) interferometer with thermal states.

We theoretically study the phase sensitivity of an SU(1,1) interferometer with a thermal state and a squeezed vacuum state as inputs and parity detection as the measurement. We find that the phase sensitivity can beat the shot-noise limit and approaches the Heisenberg limit, with increasing input photon number, in an ideal situation. We also consider the effect of various noises, including photon loss, dark counts, and thermal photon noise. Our results show that the phase sensitivity is below the shot-noise...

What were the medical police?

The article presents new ways of interpreting the concept "medical police," which was used in the West in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Alternative understandings of the medical police in Europe, distinct from those offered by George Rosen and Michel Foucault, the preeminent twentieth-century thinkers on the topic, were derived by studying related treatises written in Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Spain, and Portugal. Records indicate that these treatises were not an exclusively German phe...

Anomalous non-linear shot noise at high voltage bias.

Since the work of Walter Schottky, it is known that the shot-noise power for a completely uncorrelated set of electrons increases linearly with the time averaged current. At zero temperature and in the absence of inelastic scattering the linearity relation between noise power and average current is quite robust, in many cases even for correlated electrons. Through high-bias shot-noise measurements on single Au atom point contacts, we find that the noise power in the high-bias regime shows highly non-linear ...

Does military veteran status and deployment history impact officer involved shootings? A case-control study.

Despite veterans' preference hiring policies by law enforcement agencies, no studies have examined the nature or effects of military service or deployments on health outcomes. This study will examine the effect of military veteran status and deployment history on law enforcement officer (LEO)-involved shootings.

Risk of Police-Involved Death by Race/Ethnicity and Place, United States, 2012-2018.

To estimate the risk of mortality from police homicide by race/ethnicity and place in the United States.

A longitudinal assessment of the road to mental readiness training among municipal police.

Police agencies increasingly implement training programs to protect mental health. The Road to Mental Readiness (R2MR) program was designed by the Canadian military to increase mental health resilience. A version of R2MR was adapted for municipal police by the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC). The current research was designed to assess the R2MR program, as adapted and delivered by the MHCC, in a municipal police sample. Participants were 147 Canadian police agency employees (57% women) who receive...

Comparing learning curves of two established "single-shot" devices for ablation of atrial fibrillation.

We compared the contour of learning curves of two "single-shot" devices used for pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for safety and procedural data.

A case of alleged discharge of a firearm within a vehicle.

A road-rage altercation occurred between two vehicle drivers. The driver of vehicle 1 stopped and allegedly fired two shots from within his vehicle over the heads of the driver and passenger of vehicle 2 when they were out of their vehicle. The driver of vehicle 2, an off-duty police officer, fired his .45 calibre pistol at the driver of vehicle 1. The bullet went through the windshield and lodged in the instrument panel. Eight gunshot residue (GSR) samples were taken from the interior of vehicle 1 and anal...

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