PubMed Journals Articles About "Police Fatally Shot Tried Fought With Officer" RSS

21:18 EDT 22nd March 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Police fatally shot tried fought with officer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 280

Cops and docs: The challenges for ED physicians balancing the police, state laws, and EMTALA.

State laws are awash with discord concerning whether a police officer's request or court order necessarily obligates physicians to perform a body fluid analysis of an arrested, conscious, nonconsenting suspect. Police typically bring arrestees directly to the emergency department (ED), and federal courts have begun to wrestle with the implications of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA), which requires that anyone presenting to the ED be screened for treatment. Some state laws require heal...

Assessing police officers' attitudes and legal knowledge on behaviors that impact HIV transmission among people who inject drugs.

Policing practices such as syringe confiscation and arrest can act as important social-structural drivers of HIV risk among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, police referral to treatment and other services may improve the health of PWID. Little is known about the role of modifiable attitudinal and knowledge factors in shaping officer behavior. Using baseline findings from a police education program (PEP), we assessed relationships between drug policy knowledge and attitudes towards public health inte...

Optimization of the prescription isodose line for Gamma Knife radiosurgery using the shot within shot technique.

This work explores how the choice of prescription isodose line (IDL) affects the dose gradient, target coverage, and treatment time for Gamma Knife radiosurgery when a smaller shot is encompassed within a larger shot at the same stereotactic coordinates (shot within shot technique).

Police and mental health responses to mental health crisis in the Waikato region of New Zealand.

New Zealand police report a high level of involvement with people in mental health crisis, something that has been reported in the international literature in recent decades. Involvement of police represents a coercive pathway to care and is likely to be associated with use of force. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical, legal, and social characteristics of individuals subject to police response in the Waikato region of New Zealand. Data were also collected on characteristics of police resp...

Beyond group engagement: Multiple pathways from encounters with the police to cooperation and compliance in Northern Ireland.

In a sample of young people in Northern Ireland (N = 819), we examine the relationships between the quality of experience with police officers and police legitimacy. We examine potential pathways through which experiences may either support or undermine the legitimacy of the police, and thus cooperation and compliance with them. We find evidence that perceptions of the police as having goals that align with those of wider society, and as being fair in general, mediate relations between the quality of encoun...

Police-community safety and trust.

(1)In 2017 alone, 46 states have enacted over 270 laws affecting policing. (2) At least six states have enacted laws to train the public on their rights and expectations during police interactions. (3) Police are increasingly partnering with health care professionals to more safely respond to mental health and substance use disorders.

Injuries Associated with Police Use of Force.

Use of Force [UOF] by police can result in serious injuries and fatalities. The risk of significant injuries associated with different force modalities is poorly defined. We sought to determine the incidence of police UOF and compare the likelihood of significant injury with different force modalities.

EMS Vs. Police Transport: Should we allow police officers to transport trauma patients?

Effectiveness of a training program for police officers who come into contact with people with mental health problems: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial.

Police officers frequently come into contact with individuals with mental health problems. Specialist training in this area for police officers may improve how they respond to individuals with mental health problems; however, evidence to support this is sparse. This study evaluated the effectiveness of one bespoke mental health training package for frontline police officers relative to routine training.

Unexpected metal in the pelvis.

A 69-year-old woman with right-sided flank pain, probably based on a ureteropelvic junction obstruction, underwent JJ-catheter placement under fluoroscopic guidance. X-ray showed an appendix filled with shot pellets. This phenomenon has been described earlier in Eskimo hunters, who were known to accidently swallow shot pellets lodged in hunted animals. Shot pellet accumulation can result in appendicitis perforata or lead poisoning.

Assessing Differences In Anthropometric And Fitness Characteristics Between Police Academy Cadets And Incumbent Officers.

The physical fitness of police officers must be developed in new cadets and sustained in incumbent officers. The aims of this study were to profile and compare the anthropometric and fitness characteristics of police academy cadets and incumbent officers of varying ages from a single police force. Retrospective data for 84 police academy cadets (♂=66, mean age=27.96±5.73 yrs; ♀=18, mean age=30.50±5.76 yrs) and 80 incumbent police officers (♂=73, mean age=39.43±8.28 yrs; ♀=7, mean age=37.86±3.67 ...

Estimating road traffic injuries in Jinja district, Uganda, using the capture-recapture method.

Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are commonly under-reported in low-and-medium-income countries. This study aimed to estimate the number of RTIs and determine the magnitude of under-reporting by traffic police and hospital registries. A two-source capture-recapture method was applied to RTI data from police and hospital registries. Seven matching variables; sex of the injured, date, place, time, day of crash and road user type were used to get the matched cases. Police independently reported 46 RTIs and the hos...

Resilience mediates the relationship between social support and post-traumatic stress symptoms in police officers.

Police officers in the New Orleans geographic area faced a number of challenges following Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

How Viennese scientists fought the dogma, propaganda and prejudice of the 1930s.

Recruit Fitness as a Predictor of Police Academy Graduation.

Suboptimal recruit fitness may be a risk factor for poor performance, injury, illness, and lost time during police academy training.

Lessons from a study of DNA contaminations from police services and forensic laboratories in Switzerland.

In Switzerland, the DNA profiles of police officers collecting crime scene traces as well as forensic genetic laboratories employees are stored in the staff index of the national DNA database to detect potential contaminations. Our study aimed at making a national inventory of contaminations to better understand their origin and to make recommendations in order to decrease their occurrence. For this purpose, a retrospective questionnaire was sent to both police services and forensic genetic laboratories for...

Experimental Study on Fatigue Behaviour of Shot-Peened Open-Hole Steel Plates.

This paper presents an experimental study on the fatigue behaviour of shot-peened open-hole plates with Q345 steel. The beneficial effects induced by shot peening on the fatigue life improvement are highlighted. The characteristic fatigue crack initiation and propagation modes of open-hole details under fatigue loading are revealed. The surface hardening effect brought by the shot peening is analyzed from the aspects of in-depth micro-hardness and compressive residual stress. The fatigue life results are ev...

Shot-noise-limited Doppler-broadened noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry.

Shot-noise-limited Doppler-broadened (Db) noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry (NICE-OHMS) has been realized by implementation of balanced detection. A characterization of the system based on Allan-Werle plots of the absorption coefficient, retrieved by fitting a model function to data, shows that the system has a white noise equivalent absorption per unit length per square root of bandwidth of 2.3×10  cm Hz, solely 44% above the shot noise limit, and a detection sen...

Pilots using selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors compared to other fatally injured pilots.

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) were a disqualifying medication for U.S. civil pilots before April 5, 2010. After this date, a Federal Aviation Administration policy was created that allowed airmen, on select SSRIs, a pathway to hold a valid medical certificate. The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed look at SSRIs in the U.S. pilot population since the inception of this new policy. We examined the toxicology results from fatally injured airmen in addition to outcomes concerning p...

The effect of range and ammunition type on fracture patterns in porcine postcranial flat bones.

Pig half-carcasses were shot in scapulae, ribs and mandibles with either 0.243 hunting rifle using high velocity expanding ammunition (N = 30) or AK47 using full metal jacketed (FMJ) ammunition (N = 12) from a range of either 5 or 20 m. Fracture patterns related to distance of fire and ammunition type were compared on de-fleshed, macerated, and reconstructed bones. For expanding ammunition, location of fracture on ribs affected the resulting pattern. Scapulae shot from 5 m presented a comminuted patte...

High-Fidelity Single-Shot Singlet-Triplet Readout of Precision-Placed Donors in Silicon.

In this work we perform direct single-shot readout of the singlet-triplet states in exchange coupled electrons confined to precision-placed donor atoms in silicon. Our method takes advantage of the large energy splitting given by the Pauli-spin blockaded (2,0) triplet states, from which we can achieve a single-shot readout fidelity of 98.4±0.2%. We measure the triplet-minus relaxation time to be of the order 3 s at 2.5 T and observe its predicted decrease as a function of magnetic field, reaching 0.5 s ...

Shot noise and electronic properties in the inversion symmetric Weyl semimetal resonant structure.

Using the transfer matrix method, the authors combine the analytical formula with numerical calculation to explore the shot noise and the conductance of massless Weyl fermions in the Weyl semimetal resonant junction. By varying the barrier strength, the structure of the junction, the Fermi energy and the crystallographic angle, the shot noise and the conductance can be tuned efficiently. For a quasiperiodic supperlattice, in complete contrast to the conventional junction case, the effect of the disorder str...

Exposure to Sublethal Ammonia Concentrations Alters the Duration and Intensity of Agonistic Interactions in the Crayfish, Orconectes rusticus.

Crayfish extract information from chemical stimuli during social interactions. Commercial fertilizers increase background ammonia concentrations which may interfere with chemical communication. Background pollution can disrupt perception of chemical stimuli in three ways: masking, sensory impairment, physiological impairment or in combination. We investigated whether exposure to ammonia alters agonistic behavior. Crayfish pairs exposed to 0.9 mg/L ammonia fought for a longer duration, while crayfish expose...

Forensic medical examination of adolescent and adult victims of sexual assault or intimate partner violence who do not complain to the police - An observational study in Seine-Saint-Denis, France.

to identify characteristics of victims of sexual assault or domestic violence who consulted in a Department of Forensic Medicine without a formal complaint to the police.

Approach to percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Comparison of the procedure in a one-shot versus the sequential with metal dilata.

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is an efficient approach for treatment of different types of kidney stones. Various types of access techniques have been described like sequential dilatation and one-shot procedure.

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