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Polycaprolactone / Tricalcium Phosphate (PCL/TCP) V Titanium Orbital Implant : Randomised Trial PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Polycaprolactone / Tricalcium Phosphate (PCL/TCP) V Titanium Orbital Implant : Randomised Trial articles that have been published worldwide.
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Reconstruction of the orbital rim and floor following tumor excision is traditionally performed with bone grafts, vascularized grafts, or free flaps. The authors describe a case of an osteosarcoma of the maxillary sinus and a second case of an ossifying fibroma of the orbital floor, both of which required reconstruction of the orbital floor and rim. In both of these cases, reconstruction of the orbital floor and rim was performed with a titanium implant whose anterior portion was bent inferiorly to recreate...
In recent years, the use of bone scaffolds as bone tissue substitutes, especially the use of such as hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate, has been very popular. Today, the use of modern engineering techniques and advances in nanotechnology have expanded the use of nanomaterials as bone scaffolds for bone tissue applications.
Porous alloplastic materials such as titanium mesh and porous polyethylene allow for the ingrowth of fibrovascular tissues into the implant; stabilizing the implant and reducing the risk of extrusion and extrusion-related complications (such as hematoma formation). The literature contains 2 specific reports of delayed atraumatic orbital hematomas occurring 8 months and 3 years after orbital floor reconstruction with porous polyethylene implants. In this study, an atraumatic orbital hematoma occurring 16 yea...
Reconstruction of complex cranial defects is challenging and associated with a high complication rate. The development of a patient specific, titanium reinforced, calcium phosphate based (CaP-Ti) implant with bone regenerative properties has previously been described in two case studies with the hypothesis that the implant may improve clinical outcome.
The Authors' main purpose was to simulate the behavior of a titanium mesh implant (TMI) used to reconstruct the orbital floor under the stress of a blunt trauma.
Bone substitutes are frequently used in clinical practice but often exhibit limited osteoinductivity. We hypothesized that unfocused shockwaves enhance the osteoinductivity of bone substitutes and improve osteointegration and angiogenesis. Three different bone substitutes, namely porous tricalcium phosphate, porous hydroxyapatite and porous titanium alloy, were implanted in a critical size (i.e. 6-mm) femoral defect in rats. The femora were treated twice with 1500 shockwaves at 2 and 4 weeks after surgery a...
Titanium mesh implants are used for various purposes in craniotomy. While delayed implant exposure and thinning of the overlying skin are well known complications, the mechanism has never been elucidated. Here, we review our cases and propose a mechanism for titanium mesh implant exposure.
There is growing concern that titanium particles may play a role in peri-implant breakdown. Ultrasonic scalers are routinely used in the debridement of peri-implant lesions. This in vitro study is designed to evaluate if titanium particles are produced when an ultrasonic scaler is used on an implant.
Defect-specific bone regeneration using 3-dimensional (3D) printing of block bone has been developed. Polycaprolactone (PCL) is biocompatible polymer that can be used as 3D scaffold. The aim of this study is to assess the biocompatibility and osteogenic efficacy of 3D printed PCL scaffold and to evaluate the effectiveness of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) addition in PCL scaffold. In this work, four circular defects (diameter: 8 mm) in rabbit calvarium were randomly assigned to (1) negative control (contr...
Oral hygiene and regular maintenance are crucial for preserving good peri-implant health. However, available prophylaxis products and toothpastes, which are optimized for cleaning teeth, tend to contaminate and abrade implant surfaces due to their organic components and silica microparticles, respectively. This study aims to develop an organic-free implant-paste based on two-dimensional nanocrystalline magnesium phosphate gel and hydrated silica nanoparticles (20-30% w/w) for cleaning oral biofilm on titani...
This histomorphometric study compared bone regeneration potential of beta-tricalcium phosphate with fibronectin (β-TCP-Fn) in critical-sized calvarial defects (CSDs) in rats to assess whether fibronectin (Fn) improved new bone formation.
OBJECTIVE Digitally designed titanium plates are commonly used for the reconstruction of craniofacial defects, although implant exposure (referred to as failure) is one of the major complications. Metal hypersensitivities have been suggested as possible causes of implant failure of orthopedic, intravascular, gynecological, and dental devices, yet there has been no consensus on the requirement for allergy screening before cranioplasty. METHODS In this study, the authors prospectively investigated the prevale...
In this work, graphene oxide (GO) reinforcement was used to improve the strength and fracture toughness of the calcium phosphate (CaP) coating applied on the anodized titanium using pulse electrodeposition. Based on the results, the CaP coating consisted of mixed phases of octa-calcium phosphate (OCP), dicalcium phosphate dehydrate (DCPD) and hydroxyapatite (HAp); however, compositing of this coating with GO caused deposition of the pure HAp phase. Moreover, the nanohardness and Young's modulus of the...
β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) bioceramic, which is a prevalent bone graft, is deficient in mechanical strength and mediating the biological functions. In the present study, β-tricalcium phosphate composite bioceramics (TCP/SPNs) were prepared by introducing SrO-PO-NaO based (SPN) sintering additive. With increasing mole ratio of SrO to PO, the SPN tended to crystallize. In the liquid-phase sintering process, β-TCP reacted with SPN, producing new compounds. The difference in characteristic of SPN additi...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate bone healing in calvarial defects using two bone graft substitute materials; biphasic beta-tricalcium phosphate/hydroxyapatite in hydrogel (ß-TCP/HA) versus composite non-demineralized xenogenic dentin with ß-TCP/HA mixture. Full thickness critical-sized defects were created bilaterally in 10 New Zealand male rabbits. Seven defects were left empty, six filled with biphasic tricalcium phosphate putty, and seven were filled with composite non-demineralized xenogenic...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new graft material, biphasic calcium phosphate, composed of 60% hydroxyapatite and 40% β-Tricalcium phosphate and deproteinized bovine bone mineral, which is established as a predictable graft material for maxillary sinus augmentation.
Micro- or nano-topography can both provide antimicrobial properties and improve osseointegration of dental implant titanium surfaces. Laser treatment is one of the best surface microtexturing techniques. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro and in situ biofilm formation on a laser-treated titanium surface, comparing it with two conventional surfaces, machined and grit-blasted.
Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is an autoimmune orbital disorder associated with Graves' disease caused by thyrotropin receptor autoantibodies. Orbital fibroblasts (OFs) and CD40 play a key role in disease pathogenesis. The bioactive lipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has been implicated in promoting adipogenesis, fibrosis, and inflammation in OFs. We investigated the role of CD40 signaling in inducing S1P activity in orbital inflammation.
The aim of this study was to characterize and compare the behavior of human osteoblasts and human gingival fibroblasts in contact with polyetheretherketone (PEEK), zirconia, and titanium implant surface materials.
To investigate the feasibility of undertaking a definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT).
Ultra-thin porous polyethylene has been widely preferred in orbital blow out fracture repair for many years as a safe and stable material. Delayed complications related to the implant in orbital blow out fracture repair are very rare and usually begin as a periorbital inflammation. Infections and tissue reaction to the foreign body are regarded as main causes for implant-related inflammation of which symptoms may vary among the patients and may involve subacute and chronic eyelid swelling, skin redness, pai...
Titanium particles/ions detected in peri-implant tissues have been considered as a potential etiologic factor for crestal bone loss around oral implants. However, the definite impact of titanium wear particles on the health of surrounding structures remains undetermined. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of titanium particles-induced foreign body reaction on peri-implant bone level and the related mechanism by using clodronate liposomes to deplete macrophages.
Bone augmentation is used to supplement bone defects during dental implant treatment. In this technique, the area filled with bone prosthetic material is covered with an artificial space-making device or titanium mesh sheet, which must be manually adapted to the bone defect during the procedure before being fixed in place. Selective laser melting (SLM) method can be used to preadapt the titanium mesh sheet based on preoperative CT data. This method enables shorter surgery times compared with conventional ti...
Poly-DL-lactide polymer implants absorb over a period of 6 to 12 months and have been used with increasing frequency for repair of orbital fractures. The authors describe the case of a 7-year-old boy who presented with orbital inflammation 10 months following repair of a white-eyed blowout fracture with a poly-DL-lactide implant. Rapid improvement in symptoms followed initiation of oral steroids, with excellent long-term result. Clinical presentation and treatment response implicated a foreign body inflamma...
There are disadvantages in Elastic Stable Intramedullary Nailing (ESIN) of forearm-shaft fractures, such as the need of implant removal. Biodegradable Intramedullary Nailing (BIN) is a new technique developed for these fractures. We hypothesized that there is no difference in rotational ROM between the patients treated by BIN vs. ESIN. A randomized, controlled clinical trial included patients, aged 5-15 years, requiring surgery for forearm-shaft fractures. Biodegradable polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) nails...