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Positive Phase Data Novo Diabetes Drug PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Positive Phase Data Novo Diabetes Drug articles that have been published worldwide.
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Glioblastoma is the most common primary malignant brain tumor in adults, but effective therapies are lacking. With the scarcity of positive phase III trials, which are increasing in cost, we examined the ability of positive phase II trials to predict statistically significant improvement in clinical outcomes of phase III trials.
Teneligliptin, an antihyperglycemic agent belonging to the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor class, is usually prescribed at a dose of 20 mg/day. In Japan, the dose can be increased to 40 mg/day if needed. We examined the treatment response when the teneligliptin dose was increased from 20 to 40 mg in a post hoc pooled analysis of data from two 52-week, open-label, phase III clinical trials of teneligliptin 20-40 mg/day as monotherapy or combination treatment in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes.
More than 31,000 attendeesfrom around the world gathered in Barcelona, Spain for the 2017 European Society of Cardiology conference. In presentinga post-hoc analysis of the Liraglutide and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Type 2 Diabetes(LEADER)(1) trial, Dr Neil Poulter (Imperial College London, UK) showedthat results are still positive, indicating cardioprotection, after adjusting for baseline history of stroke or myocardial infarction (MI), which had no mediating effect on the significant association between N...
Despite U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of over 40 new treatment options for type 2 diabetes since 2005, the latest data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey show that the proportion of patients achieving glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)
Aspartate transcarbamoylase catalyses the second step of de-novo pyrimidine biosynthesis. As malarial parasites lack pyrimidine salvage machinery and rely on de-novo production for growth and proliferation, this pathway is a target for drug discovery. Previously, an apo crystal structure of aspartate transcarbamoylase from Plasmodium falciparum (PfATC) in its T-state has been reported. Here we present crystal structures of PfATC in the liganded R-state as well as in complex with the novel inhibitor, 2,3-nap...
Generative artificial intelligence models present a fresh approach to chemogenomics and de novo drug design, as they provide researchers with the ability to narrow down their search of the chemical space and focus on regions of interest. We present a method for molecular de novo design that utilizes generative recurrent neural networks (RNN) containing long short-term memory (LSTM) cells. This computational model captured the syntax of molecular representation in terms of SMILES strings with close to perfec...
While bariatric surgery leads to significant prevention and improvement of type 2 diabetes, patients may rarely develop diabetes after bariatric surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and the characteristic of new-onset diabetes after bariatric surgery over a 17-year period at our institution.
Spousal clustering of diabetes merits attention. Whether old-age vulnerability or a shared family environment determines the concordance of diabetes is also uncertain. This study investigated the spousal concordance of diabetes and compared the risk of diabetes concordance between couples and noncouples by using nationally representative data.
Studies comparing drug coated balloons (DCB) with new generation drug-eluting stents (nDES) for the treatment of de novo coronary artery lesions are lacking.
In Australia, almost half of HIV-positive people are now aged over 50 and are predominately gay and bisexual men (GBM). Compared to the general HIV-negative population, GBM engage more in behaviours that may increase the risk of age-related comorbidities, including smoking, high alcohol consumption and recreational drug use. The objective of APPLES was to compare comorbidities and risk factors in HIV-positive older GBM with an appropriate control group of HIV-negative GBM. We undertook a prospectively recru...
Serial femtosecond crystallography at X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) offers unprecedented possibilities for macromolecular structure determination of systems prone to radiation damage. However, de novo structure determination, i.e., without prior structural knowledge, is complicated by the inherent inaccuracy of serial femtosecond crystallography data. By its very nature, serial femtosecond crystallography data collection entails shot-to-shot fluctuations in X-ray wavelength and intensity as well as var...
The failure rate for phase III trials in oncology is high; quantitative predictive approaches are needed. We developed a model-based meta-analysis (MBMA) framework to predict progression-free survival (PFS) from overall response rates (ORR) in relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM), using data from seven phase III trials. A Bayesian analysis was used to predict the probability of technical success (PTS) for achieving desired phase III PFS targets based on phase II ORR data. The model demonstrated a str...
Substance use among HIV-positive persons exacerbates health problems. This study sought to estimate the prevalence of alcohol and drug-use diagnoses and examined hypothesized predictors associated with alcohol and drug-use diagnoses among HIV-positive patients in New York City (NYC).
Trauma exposure is linked to heavy drinking and drug use among college students. Extant research reveals positive associations between negative affect lability and both trauma exposure and alcohol use. This study aimed to extend past research by using daily diary methods to test whether (a) individuals with (versus without) trauma exposure experience greater negative and positive affect lability, (b) negative and positive affect lability are associated with heavy drinking and drug use, and (c) negative and ...
and Aims Injecting illicit drugs in public settings has been linked to a higher risk of a range of drug-related harms, including overdose and HIV infection. However, the factors associated with public injecting among HIV-positive individuals have not been previously explored. We investigated the links between public drug injecting, drug-related harm, and HIV treatment measures among a cohort of HIV-positive persons who inject drugs (PWID) in a Canadian setting.
The output of BOLD fMRI consists of a pair of magnitude and phase components. While the magnitude data has been widely accepted for brain function analysis, we can also make use of the phase data (unwrapped) since this is a good representation of the internal magnetic field. In this work, we discuss the use of fMRI phase data for brain function analysis.
Many patients with diabetes have poorly controlled blood sugar levels and remain at risk for serious diabetes complications, despite access to effective diabetes treatments and services. Using the transactional model of stress and coping framework, the study investigated the contributions of affect (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule) and coping (maladaptive and adaptive coping from the Brief Cope) on diabetes self-management behaviors, namely diet and exercise. One hundred seventy-eight rural adults wit...
Diabetes is a silent killer. The main cause of this disease is the presence of excessive amounts of metabolites such as glucose. There were about 387 million diabetic people all over the world in 2014. The financial burden of this disease has been calculated to be about $13,700 per year. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), these figures will more than double by the year 2030. This cost will be reduced dramatically if someone can predict diabetes statistically on the basis of some covariates. A...
During dissolution of amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs), various phase transformation can occur, which will ultimately impact the degree of supersaturation. This study employed dissolution and diffusion measurements to compare the performance of various ASD formulations based on the maximum amount of free drug in solution that was able to permeate through a cellulose based membrane. Telaprevir (TPV) was used as the model drug compound, and ASDs were prepared with different drug loadings and using four diff...
Trelagliptin is a novel, long-acting dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Japan. The safety and efficacy of trelagliptin has been evaluated in three published clinical trials to date: one phase 2 and two phase 3 studies. As trelagliptin only requires dosing once per week, this new agent has the potential to improve compliance and subsequently, glycaemic control, in patients with T2DM. Areas covered: This article reviews the available safet...
Weekly glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist albiglutide as monotherapy improves glycemic parameters in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
This phase 3, randomized, double-blind 24-week study with extension to 1 year assessed efficacy and safety of albiglutide compared with placebo in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) inadequately controlled by diet and exercise with or without a single oral antidiabetic drug.
Despite the frequent association of obesity with type 2 diabetes (T2D), the effect of the former on the cost of drug treatment of the latest has not been specifically addressed. We studied the association of overweight/obesity on the cost of drug treatment of hyperglycemia, hypertension and dyslipidemia in a population with T2D.
The myeloperoxidase (MPO)-positivity of blasts in bone marrow smears is an important marker for not only the diagnosis, but also the prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). To investigate the relationship between genetic alterations and MPO-positivity, we performed targeted sequencing for 51 genes and 10 chimeric gene transcripts in 164 newly diagnosed de novo AML patients; 107 and 57 patients were classified as AML with >50% MPO-positive blasts (MPO-high group) and ≤50% MPO-positive blasts, (MPO-low g...
Positive psychological characteristics such as optimism, positive affect, gratitude, and related constructs may play an important role in health. In patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), positive psychological constructs have been associated with superior medical outcomes, including better glucose control and lower mortality rates. The beneficial effects of positive psychological states in T2D are most likely mediated through health behaviors such as increased physical activity and adherence to a healthier d...
Postprandial suppression of lipolysis in adipose tissue and stimulation of de novo lipogenesis (DNL) in the liver by insulin are essential for the metabolic homeostasis in the mammalian organism. The mechanism of coregulation of lipolysis and DNL is not clear.