PubMed Journals Articles About "Potential Principle Treatment Multiple Forms Cancer" RSS

09:12 EDT 21st March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Potential Principle Treatment Multiple Forms Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Potential Principle Treatment Multiple Forms Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Potential principle treatment multiple forms cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 62,000+

TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) as the potential therapeutic target in hematological malignancies.

Despite numerous attempts to find the treatment strategies that can selectively target the cancer cells, cancer still remains a major public health problem. Conventional cancer treatments such as chemo- and radio-therapies are associated with systemic toxicity and the risk of recurrence. Additionally, acquired or pre-existing resistance is the main problem of most therapies. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), a member of TNF superfamily, has significantly attracted the researchers to use it as a...

Plasma exosomes as novel biomarker for the early diagnosis of gastric cancer.

Exosomes are lipid bilayer vesicles of endocytic origin ranging from 30 to 100 nm in size, and contain various nucleic acid molecules such as DNA, mRNA, miRNA, lncRNA and multiple proteins, which could be transferred into target cells. Recent study indicated that exosomes as information carriers between cells has introduced us to a new previously unknown biological communication system. Increasing evidences show that exosomes play a crucial role in gastric cancer because they are potential to influence norm...

Nanoparticles for Advanced Photodynamic Therapy of Cancer.

The world widespread rise in cancer incidence has caused an increase in the demand for effective and safe materials for treatment. One of the most prevalent forms of treatment for cancer is photodynamic therapy (PDT), which is seen as an alternative to radiotherapy, as well as chemotherapy. In more recent years, researchers are exploring new nanotechnology-based strategies to improve the effectiveness of PDT.

Severe multiple sclerosis reactivation after gonadotropin treatment.

Several reports indicate increased disease activity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) undergoing assisted reproductive techniques (ART), in the form of gonadtopin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists. Other forms of ART treatments, like gonadotropin-treatment, have therefore been considered a safer option for MS-patients. We present a patient who despite being completely clinically and radiologically stable for eight years during disease modifying therapy experienced a nearly fulminant disease course al...

Genetic variants as ovarian cancer first-line treatment hallmarks: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

The potential predictive value of genetic polymorphisms in ovarian cancer first-line treatment is inconsistently reported. We aimed to review ovarian cancer pharmacogenetic studies to update and summarize the available data and to provide directions for further research.

Head and Neck Cancer-The Patient Perspective.

The following chapter details diagnosis, treatment, and aftermath from a head and neck cancer patient's point of view. It illustrates the potential daily challenges of undergoing treatment while coping with the diagnosis of cancer. The toxicities of treatment and recovery from them are described to better inform treating physicians, as well as counsel future patients on the preparation needed for a successful outcome. We acknowledge each patient has a unique story to tell. This is one patient's story.

The impact of response-guided baseline phase extensions on treatment effect estimates.

When developmental disabilities researchers use multiple-baseline designs they are encouraged to delay the start of an intervention until the baseline stabilizes or until preceding cases have responded to intervention. Using ongoing visual analyses to guide the timing of the start of the intervention can help to resolve potential ambiguities in the graphical display; however, these forms of response-guided experimentation have been criticized as a potential source of bias in treatment effect estimation and ...

Setting the stage for universal financial distress screening in routine cancer care.

Financial burden from cancer treatment is increasingly being recognized as a threat to optimal access, quality, and outcomes of cancer care for patients. Although research in the area is moving at a fast pace, multiple questions remain unanswered, such as how to practically integrate the assessment and management of financial burden into routine health care delivery for patients with cancer. Although psychological distress screening for patients undergoing cancer treatment now is commonplace, the authors ra...

Can supportive parenting protect against school delay amongst violence-exposed adolescents in South Africa?

Exposure to multiple forms of violence is common amongst adolescents from socioeconomically disadvantaged communities in South Africa. Adolescents' exposure to violence at home, in school and in their communities can lead to detrimental outcomes in education. In particular, adolescents who are more frequently exposed to multiple forms of violence are at risk of school delay. This paper investigates the potential for supportive parenting to protect against adolescents' school delay in this context. With this...

Taxane-based Combination Therapies for Metastatic Prostate Cancer.

Multiple single-agent therapies improving survival are approved for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), including two chemotherapies, two androgen-signaling axis-targeting agents, an immunotherapeutic vaccine, and a radiopharmaceutical. Combination therapy can target multiple oncogenic pathways simultaneously, while potentially curbing the development of treatment resistance.

Out of the darkness and into the light: New strategies for improving treatments for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

The standard treatment for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA NSCLC) includes surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or some combination of these modalities. Many clinical trials have been conducted in attempts to intensify treatment for LA NSCLC, but with little improvement. A therapeutic plateau had been reached, with no major progress in extending survival for patients with this disease. However, several recent trials of newer targeted therapies and immunotherapies may shed new light on potent...

A Randomized Phase 2 Study of ADXS11-001 Listeria monocytogenes-Listeriolysin O Immunotherapy With or Without Cisplatin in Treatment of Advanced Cervical Cancer.

A global unmet medical need exists for effective treatments for persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer, as patients have a short life expectancy. Recently, immunotherapies have shown promising survival benefits for patients with advanced forms of cancer. Axalimogene filolisbac (ADXS11-001), a Listeria monocytogenes immunotherapy with a broad effect on the immune system, is under investigation for treatment of human papillomavirus-associated cancers including cervical cancer.

Multiple primary non-breast tumors in breast cancer survivors.

The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of second primary non-breast cancer after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment, and its correlation with clinicopathological features.

The role of the ataxia telangiectasia mutated gene in lung cancer: recent advances in research.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of death due to cancer worldwide. It is estimated that approximately 1.2 million new cases of lung cancer are diagnosed each year. Early detection and treatment are crucial for improvements in both prognosis and quality of life of lung cancer patients. The ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene is a cancer-susceptibility gene that encodes a key apical kinase in the DNA damage response pathway. It has recently been shown to play an important role in the development of lung ...

Dermal Hyperneury and Multiple Sclerotic Fibromas in Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2A Syndrome.

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) syndrome is an autosomal dominant, hereditary cancer disorder caused by germline mutations in the RET (formerly MEN2A, MEN2B) proto-oncogene located on chromosomal band 10q11.21. Two distinct clinical forms have been described as the following phenotypes: multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B (MEN 2B) syndromes. The common and necessary nexus that defines these 2 phenotypes is the presence of medullary thyroid carci...

Driver Oncogenes but Not as We Know Them: Targetable Fusion Genes in Breast Cancer.

Two reports in this issue ofoutline how the genomic composition of tumors, including the presence of intragenic gene fusions, could inform the selection of treatment approaches in aggressive forms of the disease..

The potential for increased tumor control probability in non-small cell lung cancer with a hypofractionated integrated boost to the gross tumor volume.

Treatment outcomes in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to date have been poor, with normal tissue toxicity often limiting the dose that can be delivered to the tumor. Treatment intensification in NSCLC via targeted dose escalation with modern delivery techniques may offer the potential for a significant increase in tumor control probability (TCP) without a clinically significant increase in organ-at-risk (OAR) toxicity. In this planning study, 20 patients were re-planned with a volumetric...

Metformin inhibits the development, and promotes the resensitization, of treatment-resistant breast cancer.

Multiple drug resistant (MDR) malignancy remains a predictable and often terminal event in cancer therapy, and affects individuals with many cancer types, regardless of the stage at which they were originally diagnosed or the interval from last treatment. Protein biomarkers of MDR are not globally used for clinical decision-making, but include the overexpression of drug-efflux pumps (ABC transporter family) such as MDR-1 and BCRP, as well as HIF1α, a stress responsive transcription factor found elevated wi...

Breast Cancer Treatment and Survival Among Department of Defense Beneficiaries: An Analysis by Benefit Type and Care Source.

Use of treatment for breast cancer is dependent on the patient's cancer characteristics and willingness to undergo treatment and provider treatment recommendations. Receipt of breast cancer treatment varies by insurance status and type. It is not clear whether different benefit types and care sources differ in breast cancer.

Patient-reported outcomes in relapsing forms of MS: Real-world, global treatment experience with teriflunomide from the Teri-PRO study.

Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) provide clinicians with further understanding of the impact of treatment on patients' daily lives. In addition, real-world studies, which employ broader inclusion criteria than randomized trials, may help to inform prescribing decisions when selecting a disease-modifying therapy (DMT) to treat relapsing forms of MS (RMS). We sought to use PROs to determine patient treatment satisfaction and other treatment outcomes, and report safety and tolerability associated with teriflun...

Anti-MUC1 aptamer: A potential opportunity for cancer treatment.

Mucin 1 (MUC1) is a protein usually found on the apical surface of most normal secretory epithelial cells. However, in most adenocarcinomas, MUC1 is overexpressed, so that it not only appears over the entire cell surface, but is also shed as MUC1 fragments into the blood stream. These phenomena pinpoint MUC1 as a potential target for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer; consequently, interest has increased in MUC1 as a molecular target for overcoming cancer therapy challenges. MUC1 currently ranks second ...

The Application of Embelin for Cancer Prevention and Therapy.

Embelin is a naturally-occurring benzoquinone compound that has been shown to possess many biological properties relevant to human cancer prevention and treatment, and increasing evidence indicates that embelin may modulate various characteristic hallmarks of tumor cells. This review summarizes the information related to the various oncogenic pathways that mediate embelin-induced cell death in multiple cancer cells. The mechanisms of the action of embelin are numerous, and most of them induce apoptotic cell...

Selenium and Cancer Stem Cells.

Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient that functions as "redox gatekeeper" and homeostasis factor of normal and cancer cells. Epidemiology and experimental studies, in the last years suggested that both inorganic and organic forms of Se may have favorable health effects. In this regard, a protective action of Se on cellular systems that may help preventing cancer cell differentiation has been demonstrated, while the hypothesis that Se compounds may cure cancer and its metastatic diffusion appears spec...

Immunobiology of the IL-15/IL-15Rα complex as an antitumor and antiviral agent.

Interleukin (IL)-15 is essential for natural killer (NK), NKT and memory (m) CD8(+) T cell development and function, and is currently under investigation as an immunotherapeutic agent for the treatment of cancer. Recently, the creation of IL-15 superagonist by complexing IL-15 and its high affinity receptor alpha (IL-15 Rα) in solution, inspired by the natural trans-presentation of IL-15, advances the potential of IL-15-based tumor immunotherapy. IL-15 superagonist shows promising advantages over monomeric...

Selenium and Breast Cancer Risk: Focus on Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms.

Selenium (Se) is a micronutrient with promising breast cancer prevention and treatment potential. There is extensive preclinical evidence of Se mammary carcinogenesis inhibition. Evidence from epidemiological studies is, however, unclear and intervention studies are rare. Here, we examine Se chemoprotection, chemoprevention, and chemotherapy effects in breast cancer, focusing on associated cellular and molecular mechanisms. Se exerts its protective actions through multiple mechanisms that involve antioxidan...

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