PubMed Journals Articles About "Potential Principle Treatment Multiple Forms Cancer" RSS

23:16 EST 18th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Potential Principle Treatment Multiple Forms Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Potential Principle Treatment Multiple Forms Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Potential principle treatment multiple forms cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 64,000+

MiR-136 triggers apoptosis in human gastric cancer cells by targeting AEG-1 and BCL2.

Gastric cancer is the second most prevalent cancer across the globe and accounts for about 10% of new cancer cases. It is one among the leading causes of cancer-related deaths around the world. Recently, microRNAs have been identified as important therapeutic targets for the treatment of several cancers owing to their potential to target multiple genes and hinder several biological processes such as proliferation and apoptosis. In the current study, we investigated the potential of miR-136 as therapeutic ta...

MicroRNA-1179 inhibits the proliferation, migration and invasion of human pancreatic cancer cells by targeting E2F5.

Pancreatic cancer is one of deadly cancers and is responsible for significant mortality and morbidity across the globe. The unavailability of the efficient chemotheruptic drugs and the potent thereuprtic targets forms a bottleneck in the treatment of pancreatic cancer. In this study we explored the potential of MicroRNA-1179 as the therapeutic target for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. The results of this study indicated that the expression of miR-1179 was significantly downregulated in the pancreatic c...

Optimizing Cancer Treatment Using Game Theory: A Review.

While systemic therapy for disseminated cancer is often initially successful, malignant cells, using diverse adaptive strategies encoded in the human genome, almost invariably evolve resistance, leading to treatment failure. Thus, the Darwinian dynamics of resistance are formidable barriers to all forms of systemic cancer treatment but rarely integrated into clinical trial design or included within precision oncology initiatives.

Association between treatment of superficial bladder cancer and 10-year mortality in older adults with multiple chronic conditions.

Multiple chronic conditions (MCC) are common among older patients with cancer; however, the exclusion of these patients from clinical trials has resulted in scarce knowledge concerning outcomes, resulting in variations in treatment. Superficial bladder cancer (SBC) disproportionately affects older adults, yet to the authors' knowledge few studies to date have examined whether treatment improves long-term survival. In the current study, the authors evaluated the association between treatment of SBC and 10-ye...

Adoptive cellular therapies: the current landscape.

For many cancer types, the immune system plays an essential role in their development and growth. Based on these rather novel insights, immunotherapeutic strategies have been developed. In the past decade, immune checkpoint blockade has demonstrated a major breakthrough in cancer treatment and has currently been approved for the treatment of multiple tumor types. Adoptive cell therapy (ACT) with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) or gene-modified T cells expressing novel T cell receptors (TCR) or chimeric...

EGFR gene copy number decreases during anti-EGFR antibody therapy in colorectal cancer.

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene copy number (GCN) increase is associated with a favourable anti-EGFR antibody treatment response in RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer. However, there are limited comparative data regarding the EGFR GCN in primary colorectal cancer tumours and corresponding metastases or the effect of anti-EGFR antibody treatment on EGFR GCN in recurrent disease. Additionally, little is known about the potential EGFR GCN changes during anti-EGFR therapy in comparison to o...

Deciphering cellular biological processes to clinical application: a new perspective for Tα1 treatment targeting multiple diseases.

Thymosin alpha 1 (Tα1) is a well-recognized immune response modulator in a wide range of disorders, particularly infections and cancer. The bioinformatic analysis of public databases allows drug repositioning, predicting a new potential area of clinical intervention. We aimed to decipher the cellular network induced by Tα1 treatment to confirm present use and identify new potential clinical applications.

Neural regulation of drug resistance in cancer treatment.

The treatment of cancer has made great progress. However, drug resistance remains problematic. Multiple physiologic processes of tumor development can be dominated by central and sympathetic nervous systems. The interactions between the nervous system, immune system, and tumor occur consistently and dynamically. Recent evidence suggests that nerves and neural signals are intimately involved in the development of resistance to cancer therapies. In this review, we will provide an overview of the recent progre...

Lactate dehydrogenase A: A key player in carcinogenesis and potential target in cancer therapy.

Elevated glycolysis remains a universal and primary character of cancer metabolism, which deeply depends on dysregulated metabolic enzymes. Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) facilitates glycolytic process by converting pyruvate to lactate. Numerous researches demonstrate LDHA has an aberrantly high expression in multiple cancers, which is associated with malignant progression. In this review, we summarized LDHA function in cancer research. First, we gave an introduction of structure, location, and basic functi...

Peginterferon beta-1a for the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis: A case series.

Interferon beta therapies have been effective in the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis for over 2 decades. These therapies have varying routes and schedules of administration but broadly similar clinical and radiologic efficacy. The most commonly reported adverse effects are flu-like symptoms and injection site reactions. The most recent addition to the class is peginterferon beta-1a, which is administered subcutaneously every 2 weeks. Although clinically stable patients with multiple scler...

Biliary Tract Cancer: State of the Art and potential role of DNA Damage Repair.

Biliary tract cancers (BTCs), including cholangiocarcinoma, gallbladder cancer and ampullary cancers, are poor-prognosis malignancies. Most patients are diagnosed with advanced disease, when treatment is limited to palliative chemotherapy. First line chemotherapy is usually administered in the form of cisplatin and gemcitabine. Benefit from second line chemotherapy is still to be confirmed. Even though new systemic treatment targets have been recognised, especially in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocar...

Low Dose Radiation, Inflammation, Cancer and Chemoprevention.

Recently, new studies have brought to light the potential risks of low dose radiation (LDR) in cancer. In this review, we discuss in detail the detrimental effects of LDR in some model organisms and animal models, as well as potential risks to human beings from some routine medical screening procedures. Furthermore, cellular mechanisms by which LDR exerts its negative effects endoplasmic reticulum stress, epigenetic changes and microRNAs are also reviewed. A few studies are discussed that have reported some...

Clinical and molecular aspects of breast cancer: Targets and therapies.

Breast Cancer is a complex disease characterized by the occurrence of multiple molecular alterations. Currently, some molecular markers are in use for breast cancer diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive purposes. Thus, genetic signatures are available for improving the decision-making. The biomarkers are also essential as therapeutic approaches, but many questions remain due to the lack of efficacy on breast cancer treatment, mainly for triple-negative breast cancer subtype. Since the genetic profile of br...

Altered Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Function: A Potential Underlying Biological Pathway for Multiple Concurrent Symptoms in Patients with Advanced Lung Cancer.

Patients with advanced cancer commonly experience multiple symptoms that present as groups or clusters. The present study aimed to examine whether hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction underlies the concurrent multiple symptoms in patients with advanced cancer.

Challenges and perspectives in the treatment of diabetes associated breast cancer.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic disease worldwide and affects all cross-sections of the society including children, women, youth and adults. Scientific evidence has linked diabetes to higher incidence, accelerated progression and increased aggressiveness of different cancers. Among the different forms of cancer, research has reinforced a link between diabetes and the risk of breast cancer. Some studies have specifically linked diabetes to the highly aggressive, triple negative bre...

The potential to treat lung cancer via inhalation of repurposed drugs.

Lung cancer is a highly invasive and prevalent disease with ineffective first-line treatment and remains the leading cause of cancer death in men and women. Despite the improvements in diagnosis and therapy, the prognosis and outcome of lung cancer patients is still poor. This could be associated with the lack of effective first-line oncology drugs, formation of resistant tumors and non-optimal administration route. Therefore, the repurposing of existing drugs currently used for different indications and th...

An orthotopic non-small cell lung cancer model for image-guided small animal radiotherapy platforms.

Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer worldwide. To increase treatment potential for lung cancer, preclinical models that allow testing and follow up of clinically relevant treatment modalities are essential. Therefore, we developed a single-nodule-based orthotopic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumor model which can be monitored using multimodal non-invasive imaging to select the optimal image-guided radiation treatment plan.

Revisiting the role of dihydroorotate dehydrogenase as a therapeutic target for cancer.

Identified as a hallmark of cancer, metabolic reprogramming allows cancer cells to rapidly proliferate, resist chemotherapies, invade, metastasize, and survive a nutrient-deprived microenvironment. Rapidly growing cells depend on sufficient concentrations of nucleotides to sustain proliferation. One enzyme essential for the de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidine-based nucleotides is dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH), a known therapeutic target for multiple diseases. Brequinar, leflunomide, and teriflunomide,...

Ocrelizumab: its efficacy and safety in multiple sclerosis.

Ocrelizumab is a humanised monoclonal antibody that targets the CD20 antigen on B cells. It has recently been approved by the US (Food and Drug Administration) and European health agencies (European Medicines Agency) for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and is the first drug marketed for both relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) and primary progressive MS (PPMS). The clinical trials conducted for both the relapsing forms (OPERA I/II) and the progressive forms of the disease (ORATORIO) have demonstrated its...

Pancreatic Cancer Gene Therapy Delivered by Nanoparticles.

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal forms of cancer and has proven to be difficult to treat through conventional methods, including surgery and chemotherapy. Gene therapy serves as a potential novel treatment to interfere with genes that make this cancer so aggressive, but free nucleic acids have low cell uptake due to their negative charge and are unstable in circulation. Nanoparticles can serve as an effective carrier for a wide variety of gene therapies for pancreatic cancer as they can improve t...

Results of an early access treatment protocol of daratumumab in United States patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.

Daratumumab is a human CD38-directed monoclonal antibody indicated for the treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (MM).

Variation in prostate cancer treatment and spending among Medicare shared savings program accountable care organizations.

Accountable care organizations (ACOs) have been shown to reduce prostate cancer treatment among men unlikely to benefit because of competing risks (ie, potential overtreatment). This study assessed whether the level of engagement in ACOs by urologists affected rates of treatment, overtreatment, and spending.

Disparities in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer among people with disabilities.

Potential disparities in the diagnosis, treatment, and survival of lung cancer patients with and without disabilities were rarely investigated.

Multiple Myeloma - Current Standards in Surgical Treatment.

Multiple myeloma is a haematological blood cancer in elderly patients, in which neoplastic cell populations cause osteolytic destruction in the bone skeleton. More than 50% of all patients sustain pathological fractures during the course of their disease. Of all malignant lesions of the spine, multiple myeloma is the most frequent spinal tumour and accounts for approximately 15% of all cases. 8 - 10% of the patients develop neurological deficits. In addition to systemic antineoplastic therapy, surgical ...

Cannabis-related cognitive impairment: a prospective evaluation of possible influences on patients with cancer during chemotherapy treatment as a pilot study.

In patients with cancer, the use of medical cannabis has increased significantly during the recent years. There is evidence that cannabis consumption may affect cognitive performance; however, this potential effect has not been investigated prospectively in patients with cancer to date. We aimed to evaluate the effect of cannabis consumption on cognitive abilities as well as on symptom relief in patients with cancer during chemotherapy treatment.

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