PubMed Journals Articles About "Pregnancy Intervention Revolving Around Goal-focused Education (GIRAFE)" RSS

01:46 EDT 19th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Pregnancy Intervention Revolving Around Goal focused Education GIRAFE" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

Exploring Efficacy of a Serious Game (Tobbstop) for Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Tobacco use during pregnancy entails a serious risk to the mother and harmful effects on the development of the child. Europe has the highest tobacco smoking prevalence (19.3%) compared with the 6.8% global mean. Between 20% to 30% of pregnant women used tobacco during pregnancy worldwide. These data emphasize the urgent need for community education and implementation of prevention strategies focused on the risks associated with tobacco use during pregnancy.

Smoking and quitting smoking during pregnancy: A qualitative exploration of the socio-cultural context for the development of a couple-based smoking cessation intervention in Romania.

Smoking during pregnancy has negative effects on the mother and the unborn infant. Barriers to and facilitators of smoking cessation during pregnancy are context-dependent and multifaceted. This qualitative research explored pregnant women's experiences with smoking and cessation in Romania, and informed the development of a couple-focused smoking cessation intervention.

Understanding further education as a context for public health intervention: qualitative findings from a study process evaluation.

Over 1.2 million 16-18 year-olds are enrolled in further education (FE-advanced secondary education) in England. Life course transitions provide opportunities to change, establish or reinforce health behaviours. FE presents an opportunity for public health improvement, yet few interventions target this setting. Using a smoking prevention intervention, we explore how young people were viewed in FE and how this affected intervention acceptability.

Variation in Hospital Door to Intervention Time for Ruptured AAAs and its Impact on Outcomes.

A ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) is a life threatening condition which carries a high mortality rate. Recent guidelines have recommended a goal "door-to-intervention" time of ≤90 minutes despite a paucity of evidence to support this goal. The aim of this study was to analyze recent trends in door-to-intervention time for rAAAs and determine the effect of the 90 minute door-to-intervention benchmark on postoperative complications.

Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy: A Systematic Review of Its Effectiveness over the past 19 Years.

A meta-analysis is the review of several qualifying studies where the findings of each study is analyzed and is then pooled as to determine if an intervention is effective or not. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate if the intervention of Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFCT), also referred to as Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT), continues to be an effective intervention, since its last meta-analysis in 1999, and to determine whether the improvements noted in EFCT continue to be effective, o...

Evaluation of peer support education mode for type 2 diabetes control in rural residents.

To evaluate the intervention effects of peer support education mode for type 2 diabetes control in rural residents. A random cluster sampling method has been used, including 300 rural residents aged above 18 years old from three villages (184 in control group, 116 in intervention group), in order to proceed the physical check-up and health education programs. Unchanged rate, transfer rate of patients, rate of impaired glucose tolerance, turn normal rate and other biochemical indicators of patients and peop...

Predicting one-year outcome in first episode psychosis using machine learning.

Early illness course correlates with long-term outcome in psychosis. Accurate prediction could allow more focused intervention. Earlier intervention corresponds to significantly better symptomatic and functional outcomes. Our study objective is to use routinely collected baseline demographic and clinical characteristics to predict employment, education or training (EET) status, and symptom remission in patients with first episode psychosis (FEP) at one-year.

Evidence-based nursing education for undergraduate students: A preliminary experimental study.

With increasing needs for evidence-based practice, the well-designed EBP education is necessary to enhance the critical thinking and decision-making skills of nursing undergraduates. This study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an evidence-based practice education program with blended learning on undergraduate nursing students. In this preliminary experimental study, 45 senior nursing undergraduates were recruited from a university in Seoul, Korea. Self-selection was used to create two groups: an interven...

Feasibility and Acceptability of e-Screening and Brief Intervention and Tailored Text Messaging for Marijuana Use in Pregnancy.

There are at present no evidence-based interventions for marijuana use during pregnancy, despite it being by far the most commonly used illicit drug during pregnancy. Lack of treatment-seeking, combined with implementation challenges, has limited the extent to which at-risk women receive interventions of any kind. This study sought to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of two high-reach technology-based interventions: electronic screening and brief intervention (e-SBI) and tailored text messaging, d...

Attitudes toward substance misusing pregnant women following a specialist education programme: An exploratory case study.

To explore the attitudes and opinions of student midwives toward drug use before educational intervention. To measure the attitudes of student midwives toward substance using pregnant women before and after educational intervention. To explore the role of the education on attitude change toward pregnant drug users following educational intervention.

A culturally and linguistically salient pilot intervention to promote colorectal cancer screening among Latinos receiving care in a Federally Qualified Health Center.

Despite established benefits, colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is underutilized among Latinos/Hispanics. We conducted a pilot 2-arm randomized controlled trial evaluating efficacy of two intervention conditions on CRC screening uptake among Latinos receiving care in community clinics. Participants (N = 76) were aged 50-75, most were foreign-born, preferred to receive their health information in Spanish, and not up-to-date with CRC screening. Participants were randomized to either a culturally linguisticall...

The impact of a theory-based web-intervention on the intention to use prescription drugs for non-medical purposes among college students: a randomized controlled trial.

The non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) among college students is escalating at an alarming rate. A limited number of studies have utilized a theoretical framework to influence this behavior. To utilize the reasoned-action approach theory to design and evaluate a web-based intervention to influence students' attitudes, perceived norms (PNs), perceived behavioral control (PBC) and intentions toward NMUPD. Using a two-group post-test only controlled trial, students were randomized to view either a g...

Funding for Abstinence-Only Education and Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention: Does State Ideology Affect Outcomes?

To examine the relationship between adolescent pregnancy-prevention and sexuality and abstinence-only education funding and adolescent birthrates over time. Also, to determine whether state ideology plays a moderating role on adolescent reproductive health, that is, whether the funding has its intended effect at reducing the number of adolescent births in conservative but not in liberal states.

Tobacco Use During Pregnancy.

Smoking during pregnancy is the most common preventable cause of infant morbidity and mortality. Cessation by the third trimester has consistently been associated with improved birth outcomes; however, the majority of women who obtain cessation during pregnancy, relapse in the first year postpartum. The majority of women who smoke during pregnancy developed their addiction to tobacco in early life, thus the need to intervene in the familial transmission of nicotine dependence is clear. This review discusses...


Teenage pregnancy has been a target for prevention in many countries. Teen motherhood may adversely influence social determinants of health, including education attainment, employment and reliance on welfare support. We compared socioeconomic factors and geographical influencers affecting teenage pregnancy and birth outcomes across Georgia and Australia. Georgia has a teenage pregnancy rate three times higher than Australia. However, there are similar proportions of contraceptive use between Georgian and Au...

A couples-focused intervention for smoking cessation during pregnancy: The study protocol of the Quit Together pilot randomized controlled trial.

Tobacco smoking remains the leading global cause of preventable disease and death. Preconception and pregnancy smoking are high in Central and Eastern Europe. Quit Together is a partnership between a US university and a Romanian university, obstetrics and gynecology clinics in Romania, and other community partners in Romania. The objective of the Quit Together pilot study is to adapt, enhance and test the implementation feasibility and initial efficacy of an evidence-based pregnancy and postnatal couple int...

Prenatal Alcohol Screening During Pregnancy by Midwives and Nurses.

Alcohol use during pregnancy can have a variety of harmful consequences on the fetus. Lifelong effects include growth restriction, characteristic facial anomalies, and neurobehavioral dysfunction. This range of effects is known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). There is no amount, pattern, or timing of alcohol use during pregnancy proven safe for a developing embryo or fetus. Therefore, it is important to screen patients for alcohol use, inform them about alcohol's potential effects during pregnan...

The impact of a health education intervention on health behaviors and mental health among Chinese college students.

This study aimed to assess the impact of a health education intervention on health behaviors, self-efficacy, and well-being among college students.

Ultra-processed Food Consumption by Pregnant Women: The Effect of an Educational Intervention with Health Professionals.

Objectives Nutrition during pregnancy is related with many maternal and child outcomes. To investigate the consumption of ultra-processed foods is one of the newest methods to evaluate food consumption, but these studies in pregnant women are rare. Methods We conducted a non-randomized controlled educational intervention on healthy eating and physical activity during pregnancy in primary health care units of Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil. The sample comprised two groups of pregnant women with low obstetric r...

Effect of preconception low dose aspirin on pregnancy and live birth according to socioeconomic status: A secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial.

Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and infertility. Low-dose aspirin (LDA) was shown to improve livebirth rates in certain subsets of women, and therefore, may impact pregnancy rates differentially by SES status. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine whether daily preconception-initiated LDA affects rates of pregnancy, livebirth, and pregnancy loss differently across strata of socioeconomic status (SES). This is a secondary analysis of The Effects o...

Performance based situation awareness observations in a simulated clinical scenario pre and post an educational intervention.

This study compared final year nursing students' error rate and use of strategies to maintain SA when undertaking specific nursing care in a simulated clinical environment pre and 10 weeks post a planned SA education intervention. Students were observed using a Performance Based Situation Awareness Observation Schedule (PBSAOS) undertaking two tasks in a simulated clinical environment pre and post the SA education. For task 1, post educational intervention, there was no significant increase in the error rat...

The iCook 4-H Study: An Intervention and Dissemination Test of a Youth/Adult Out-of-School Program.

To describe outcomes from intervention and dissemination of iCook 4-H.

Health education: A Rogerian concept analysis.

The concept of health education has traditionally focused on enabling people to change unhealthy behaviours and lifestyles. Although, at the theoretical level, there exist definitions of the concept, it remains complex and ambiguous. Furthermore, nurses often confuse the concept with other related terms, such as health information or health promotion. The aim here is to report a concept analysis of health education and elucidate a current definition.

Implementation of a clinical reasoning curriculum for clerkship-level medical students: a pseudo-randomized and controlled study.

Background The National Academies of Sciences report Improving Diagnosis in Healthcare highlighted the need for better training in medical decision-making, but most medical schools lack formal education in clinical reasoning. Methods We conducted a pseudo-randomized and controlled study to evaluate the impact of a clinical reasoning curriculum in an internal medicine clerkship. Students in the intervention group completed six interactive online modules focused on reasoning concepts and a skills-based worksh...

Factors associated with pregnancy and motherhood among Mexican women aged 15-24.

Adolescent pregnancy is associated with poor health and socioeconomic factors. The adolescent pregnancy rate in Mexico is the highest among the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. We aimed to explore the factors associated with pregnancies and births in adolescent and young adult women. Using the 2015 Mexican National Survey of Boys, Girls, and Women (ENIM), we examined two dichotomous outcomes: "ever pregnant" and "being a mother" in women from 15 to 19 years and from 2...

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