PubMed Journals Articles About "Pregnancy Shifts Daily Schedule Forward" RSS

10:37 EDT 17th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Pregnancy shifts daily schedule forward" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,700+

Development and implementation of a quality improvement toolkit, iron deficiency in pregnancy with maternal iron optimization (IRON MOM): A before-and-after study.

Iron deficiency (ID) in pregnancy is a common problem that can compromise both maternal and fetal health. Although daily iron supplementation is a simple and effective means of treating ID in pregnancy, ID and ID anemia (IDA) often go unrecognized and untreated due to lack of knowledge of their implications and competing clinical priorities.

Examining effects of unit price on preference for reduced nicotine content cigarettes and smoking rate.

Cigarette preference increases as a function of greater nicotine content, but manipulating cost can shift preference. The aims of the present study are to model whether (1) the behavioral-economic metric unit price (cost/reinforcer magnitude) accounts for preference shifts and (2) whether preference shifts toward reduced nicotine content are associated with smoking reductions. In a multisite study between 2015 and 2016, 169 daily smokers from vulnerable populations completed two concurrent-choice conditions...

Lower daily carbohydrate consumption than recommended by the Institute of Medicine is common among women with type 2 diabetes in early pregnancy in Denmark.

To secure adequate carbohydrate supply in pregnancy, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommends a minimum amount of carbohydrates of 175 g daily. Currently a low carbohydrate diet is a popular health trend in the general population and this might also be common among overweight and obese pregnant women with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Thus, we explored carbohydrate consumption among pregnant women with T2D including women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) for comparison.

Contribution of Ultra-processed Food to the Daily Food Intake of HIV-positive and HIV-Negative Women during Pregnancy.

 To assess the daily dietary intake and energy contribution of ultra-processed foods among women who are positive and negative for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during pregnancy.

Clinical Characteristics of Pregnant Women on the Use of Daily Low-dose Aspirin in Different Hypertensive Pregnancy Disorders: A Retrospective Comparative Study.

Hypertensive disorders represent major causes of maternal and fetal complications. It includes a range of conditions, most notably preeclampsia. Aspirin is a well-accepted therapy for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events. The indications for the use of aspirin during pregnancy are, however, the subject of much concern. This study aimed to assess the clinical characteristics from the benefits of daily low-dose aspirin administration alongside antihypertensive in pregnant women with d...

Night work during pregnancy and preterm birth-A large register-based cohort study.

Melatonin stimulates the production of progesterone, which is essential for the maintenance of pregnancy. Since melatonin in blood is reduced due to work under illuminated conditions during night work, it has been hypothesized that night work may increase the risk of preterm birth. Previous meta-analyses have not revealed increased risk of preterm birth in women working night shifts during pregnancy. Still, these studies might have been limited by inaccurate self-reports of timing, intensity and duration of...

Calprotectin in pregnancy and pregnancy-associated diseases: a systematic review and prospective cohort study.

Calprotectin, a marker of acute and chronic inflammation, may play a role in pregnancy-associated disorders. We aimed to summarize available clinical data on calprotectin in pregnancy and to establish normal values of calprotectin during the course of pregnancy.

Efficacy and safety results from a phase 1b/2, multicenter, open-label study of oprozomib and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma.

Oprozomib is an oral proteasome inhibitor with activity in multiple myeloma (MM). Our phase 1b/2 study examined the safety and efficacy of oprozomib with dexamethasone in patients with relapsed and refractory MM. Oprozomib was administered with a 5/14 or 2/7 schedule with dexamethasone. Phase 1b primary objectives were to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of oprozomib; phase 2 primary objectives were to determine overall response rate (ORR) and safety/tolerabilit...

Handling has an anxiolytic effect that is not affected by the inhibition of the protein kinase C pathway in adult prenatal undernourished male rat offspring.

Environmental enrichment (EE) after birth has been reported as an intervention improving the anxiety-like behavior and cognitive deficit due to maternal restraint, foot-shock, or social stress during pregnancy. However, it remains unclear whether EE after birth could benefit the early prenatal undernourished offspring. In this study, we examined the effect of daily handling as a simple EE intervention on the aberrant behavior of prenatally undernourished rats. The male rat offspring exhibited anxiety-like b...

Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Aged 18 Years or Younger - United States, 2019.

At its October 2018 meeting, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)* voted to recommend approval of the Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Aged 18 Years or Younger, United States, 2019. The 2019 child and adolescent immunization schedule summarizes ACIP recommendations, including several changes from the 2018 immunization schedule, on the cover page, three tables, and notes found on the CDC immunization schedule website (

A Randomized Trial of Progesterone in Women with Bleeding in Early Pregnancy.

Bleeding in early pregnancy is strongly associated with pregnancy loss. Progesterone is essential for the maintenance of pregnancy. Several small trials have suggested that progesterone therapy may improve pregnancy outcomes in women who have bleeding in early pregnancy.

Heterotopic pregnancy - how easily you can go wrong in diagnosing? A case study.

Heterotopic pregnancy is a rare, but potentially life-threatening pathology. The diagnosis of heterotopic pregnancy is still one of the biggest challenges in modern gynecology. The incidence of those pregnancies in natural conception is about 1:30000. We present an unusual case of a heterotopic pregnancy which was misdiagnosed in the first trimester as a dichorionic twin pregnancy. At 13 weeks of gestation, the patient presented with an acute abdomen, she was diagnosed with a heterotopic pregnancy, and the...

Effects of d-amphetamine and MK-801 on impulsive choice: modulation by schedule of reinforcement and delay length.

Procedural modifications can modulate drug effects in delay discounting, such as signaling the delay to reinforcement and altering the order in which delays are presented. Although the schedule of reinforcement can alter the rate at which animals discount a reinforcer, research has not determined if animals trained on different schedules of reinforcement are differentially affected by pharmacological manipulations. Similarly, research has not determined if using different delays to reinforcement can modulat...

Skin pathologies in pregnancy.

Progesterone is a hormone responsible for pregnancy maintenance and the amount of progesterone increases in a woman's body during pregnancy, as well as the level of female sex hormones, estrogens are also upregulated. Due to these changes the cutaneous sensitivity to external stimuli (meteorological factors, bacteria, etc.) increases. In general, all skin changes during pregnancy can be divided into three groups: physiological changes (hormone-associated), nonspecific or dermatoses that existed before p...

Associations between ambient air pollution and pregnancy rate in women who underwent in vitro fertilization in Shenyang, China.

To assess the associations between air pollution and the pregnancy rate of IVF, we performed a retrospective cohort study on 1455 women who underwent the first fresh IVF cycle at a fertility center from January 2014 to April 2018 and lived in Shenyang during treatment. Binary logistic regression models were used to evaluate the effect of an interquartile range increase in each pollutant on the intrauterine pregnancy rate. Both average chronic and daily acute exposure to air pollution were considered. Increa...

Pregnancy hypertension and its associations with pre-pregnancy depression, anxiety, antidepressants, and anxiolytics.

Few studies have examined pre-pregnancy depression/anxiety and antidepressant/anxiolytic medication use in relation to hypertension disorders of pregnancy, i.e. chronic hypertension (CH), pre-eclampsia (PE), and gestational hypertension (GH).

Immunogenicity of a combined schedule of trivalent oral and inactivated polio vaccines in South African infants.

: South Africa transitioned from using live-attenuated trivalent oral polio vaccine (tOPV), to a combination of tOPV and inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) in April 2009. We evaluated the immunogenicity of the South African combined tOPV-IPV schedule versus the tOPV-only schedule in South African infants. : Serum samples of HIV-unexposed infants were analysed retrospectively from two cohorts; infants enrolled from April 2005 through June 2006 and infants enrolled from December 2009 to April 2010. The primary v...

Ursodeoxycholic acid in pregnancy ?

The case of a 34-year-old woman with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) before, during and after pregnancy is described. The use of ursodeoxycholic acid during and after pregnancy is discussed. UDCA has not been approved by the drug regulatory authorities as a pregnancy-safe drug; therefore, reluctance of clinicians to prescribe UDCA during pregnancy is comprehendible. This Grand Round aims to provide a detailed analysis of the current evidence, safety data and clinical experience with ursodeoxycholic acid (...

Spontaneous reduction of an incarcerated gravid uterus after myomectomy in the second trimester: A case report.

During a normal pregnancy, in the 1st trimester uterus lies in pelvis and enlarges in size as the pregnancy advances. By 14 weeks of gestation, the gravid uterus transforms from a pelvis to an abdominal organ and a retroverted uterus will correct as the fundus rises out of the pelvis and falls forward to its normal anatomical position. If the uterus remains in the pelvic cavity after 14 weeks of gestation, it is referred to as an incarcerated uterus.

Peripheral maternal haemodynamics across pregnancy in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.

Evaluating maternal haemodynamics across pregnancy in uncomplicated pregnancies and those complicated by hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP).

Is ELABELA a reliable biomarker for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy?

We aimed to examine the ELABELA levels at different stages of pregnancy among normotensive controls and women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP).

Application of Quantum Annealing to Nurse Scheduling Problem.

Quantum annealing is a promising heuristic method to solve combinatorial optimization problems, and efforts to quantify performance on real-world problems provide insights into how this approach may be best used in practice. We investigate the empirical performance of quantum annealing to solve the Nurse Scheduling Problem (NSP) with hard constraints using the D-Wave 2000Q quantum annealing device. NSP seeks the optimal assignment for a set of nurses to shifts under an accompanying set of constraints on sch...

Physical discomfort in early pregnancy and postpartum depressive symptoms.

Pregnancy examinations conducted in general practice focus mainly on identifying high-risk pregnancies and pregnancy complications. The pregnancy health record has a biomedical focus, and consequently the woman's mental well-being may receive less attention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent to which early pregnancy-related symptoms should be considered as indicators of an increased risk of postpartum depression.

Forward Feeding in Graduate Medical Education: Results of a National Survey.

"Forward feeding" is defined as the sharing of information regarding learner behaviors and performance outside of formal institutional committee structures. The purpose of this study was to establish baseline opinions and policies of forward feeding in family medicine residency programs.

Estimated impact of revising the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine schedule from 2+1 to 1+1 in England and Wales: A modelling study.

In October 2017, the United Kingdom Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI) recommended removal of one primary dose of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) from the existing 2+1 schedule (2, 4, 12 months). We conducted a mathematical modelling study to investigate the potential impact of a 1+1 (3, 12 month) schedule on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Our results and those from a 1+1 immunogenicity study formed the key ev...

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