PubMed Journals Articles About "Preoperatively Walking's Effect Of Postoperative Bowel Functions In Patient With Gynecologic Cancer." RSS

14:43 EST 21st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Preoperatively Walking Effect Postoperative Bowel Functions Patient With" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 39,000+

Effect of Caffeine Intake on Postoperative Ileus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Postoperative ileus prolongs both hospital stay and patients' morbidity, having at the same time a great impact on health care costs. Coffee, a worldwide popular, cheap beverage might have an important effect on the motility of the postoperative bowel.

Meta-Analysis: The Influence of Preoperative Infliximab Use on Postoperative Complications of Crohn's Disease.

Infliximab (IFX) is a breakthrough treatment for refractory Crohn's disease (CD) whose effect on postoperative complications of CD remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis examining the effect of IFX on postoperative complications of CD.

The Prolonged Analgesic Efficacy of an Ultrasound-Guided Single-Shot Adductor Canal Block in Patients Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty.

In this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study, the authors compared the analgesic efficacy of the single-shot adductor canal block (SS-ACB) vs the continuous adductor canal block (C-ACB) with intermittent boluses during the 72-hour postoperative period. Seventy-five patients randomly received the following: a single shot of 20 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine preoperatively followed by intermittent saline boluses at 12 hours and 24 hours postoperatively (SS-ACB group); 20 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine preoperati...

Barriers and enablers to walking in individuals with intermittent claudication: A systematic review to conceptualize a relevant and patient-centered program.

Walking limitation in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and intermittent claudication (IC) contributes to poorer disease outcomes. Identifying and examining barriers to walking may be an important step in developing a comprehensive patient-centered self-management intervention to promote walking in this population.

The effect of walking path configuration on gait in adults with Alzheimer's dementia.

Walking is a cognition intensive activity and impaired walking is associated with an increased fall risk in people with Alzheimer's dementia (AD). Walking in a curved path configuration increases complexity of the task, reflects real-life environments and situations when falls occur. The effect of walking path task complexity has not been evaluated in people with AD.

Evaluation of Healthcare Use and Clinical Outcomes of Alvimopan in Patients Undergoing Bowel Resection A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis.

Postoperative ileus is a significant complication after bowel resection surgeries. Alvimopan is the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved therapy for accelerating the return of bowel function after large- and small-bowel resection.

Management of postoperative ileus after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy.

To compare different postoperative management methods on the recovery of bowel function after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP).This is a prospective study of 716 patients who underwent RALP at Severance Hospital in Seoul, South Korea, between March 2017 and February 2018. Instructions for the different postoperative management methods (mobilization, abdominal massage, hot pack therapy, and gum chewing) were presented to patients, who subsequently reported when these activities were performed...

Unilateral Exoskeleton Imposes Significantly Different Hemispherical Effect in Parietooccipital Region, but Not in Other Regions.

In modern society, increasing people suffering from locomotor disabilities need an assistive exoskeleton to help them improve or restore ambulation. When walking is assisted by an exoskeleton, brain activities are altered as the closed-loop between brain and lower limbs is affected by the exoskeleton. Intuitively, a unilateral exoskeleton imposes differential effect on brain hemispheres (i.e., hemispherical effect) according to contralateral control mechanism. However, it is unclear whether hemispherical ef...

Perioperative Management and Implementation of Enhanced Recovery Programs in Gynecologic Surgery for Benign Indications.

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs are a multimodal approach to optimize the surgical experience. Intraoperative and postoperative pain management is essential because the stress of surgery results in significant neurohormonal and metabolic shifts that can influence patient analgesia. Enhanced recovery after surgery programs address the physiologic and psychological factors that contribute to pain outcomes and overall satisfaction scores. A multimodal approach to recovery throughout the periope...

Incidence and Risk Factors of Early Post-Operative Small Bowel Obstruction in Patients Undergoing Hysterectomy for Benign Indications.

Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a major cause of postoperative mortality and morbidity following abdominal and pelvic surgery with 225,000 to 345,000 annual admissions. SBO may be classified based on onset from day of surgery. Early SBO occurs within the first 30 days following surgery, while late SBO, occurs after the initial 30-day postoperative window; the majority of either type of bowel obstruction is believed to be secondary to intra-abdominal adhesions. Early SBO warrants special attention due to th...

Gait Analysis Parameters and Walking Activity Pre- and Postoperatively in Children With Cerebral Palsy.

This study examined the relationship between the Gait Deviation Index (GDI) and walking activity preoperatively and postoperatively.

A Theory-based Educational Pamphlet With Low-residue Diet Improves Colonoscopy Attendance and Bowel Preparation Quality.

Patients who "no-show" for colonoscopy or present with poor bowel preparation waste endoscopic resources and do not receive adequate examinations for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. Using the Health Belief Model, we modified an existing patient education pamphlet and evaluated its effect on nonattendance rates and bowel preparation quality.

Corrigendum to Postoperative Outcomes in Vedolizumab-Treated Patients Undergoing Major Abdominal Operations for Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Retrospective Multicenter Cohort Study.

Enhanced Recovery Following Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Procedures with Bowel Surgery: A Systematic Review.

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is an evidence-based approach to perioperative care of the surgical patient. A mounting body of literature in gynecologic surgery has demonstrated that ERAS improves postoperative outcomes, shortens hospital length of stay and reduces cost without increasing complications or readmissions. Most of the existing literature has concentrated on open surgery, questioning if patients undergoing minimally invasive surgery (MIS) also derive benefit. Our aim was to systematicall...

Effectiveness of coffee for postoperative ileus in patients following abdominal surgery: a systematic review protocol.

The purpose of this systematic review is to critically appraise, synthesize and present the best available evidence concerning the effects of coffee on postoperative ileus following abdominal surgery. The review will consider the effect of coffee and decaffeinated coffee on recovering gastrointestinal function, time to first bowel movement, time to first flatus, time to tolerance of solid food, postoperative complications and length of hospital stay.

High Patient Activation Is Associated With Remission in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

High levels of patient activation (having the knowledge, skills, and confidence to effectively manage one's care), have been associated with improved outcomes in many chronic conditions. There have been few studies of the effects of activation in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We performed a large, prospective Internet-based study to assess the relationship between patient activation level and clinical remission in patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis.

Follow-up postoperative calls to reduce common postoperative complaints among urogynecology patients.

The purpose of our study was to identify the most common reasons why postoperative urogynecology patients called their surgeon within the first 6 weeks of surgery. We hypothesize that implementing a follow-up postoperative call (FPC) policy would decrease the number of patient-initiated calls within this postoperative period.

Novel Compound Heterozygote Mutation in IL10RA in a Patient With Very Early-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD) is often associated with monogenetic disorders. IL-10RA deficiency is one of the major causal mutations in VEO-IBD. Here, we aimed to identify the causal mutation associated with severe IBD in a 1-year-old patient, validate the pathogenicity of the mutation, and characterize the mutant protein.

Estimation of intraocular lens position from full crystalline lens geometry: towards a new generation of intraocular lens power calculation formulas.

In a cataract surgery, the opacified crystalline lens is replaced by an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). To optimize the visual quality after surgery, the intraocular lens to be implanted must be selected preoperatively for every individual patient. Different generations of formulas have been proposed for selecting the intraocular lens dioptric power as a function of its estimated postoperative position. However, very few formulas include crystalline lens information, in most cases only one-dimensional. T...

The effect of photobiomodulation on total amount of substance P in gingival crevicular fluid: placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial.

To investigate the effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) and placebo on total amount of substance P in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) pre- and postoperatively. Twenty-six patients having tooth with symptomatic apical periodontitis were enrolled in this study. GCF was collected preoperatively. The patients were assigned into two groups (n = 13), as follows: placebo and PBM. Sampling was repeated 7 days after root canal treatment. Two independent samples T test was used for analyzing of the differences bet...

Postoperative Steroid Taper Is Associated With Pelvic Sepsis After Ileal Pouch-anal Anastomosis.

We hypothesized that postoperative oral steroid taper after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for inflammatory bowel disease would not be associated with pelvic septic complications.

Patients With Valgus Alignment and Patients With Varus Alignment Are Not Mere Opposites of Each Other Prior to Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Although it is common practice to assess alignment prior to total knee arthroplasty, preoperative knee alignment and its effect on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) postoperatively has not been well studied. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine if there are differences in PROs between patients with valgus deformities and patients with varus deformities. Further, this study assessed the baseline differences between these 2 groups preoperatively. Patients were placed into either the valgus ...

Backward walking and its application in geriatric patients.

The review summarizes existing information on coaching and potential treatment-and-prophylactic effect of backward walking in elderly. It provides information on the success of the backward walking to restore a stable body position and gait in persons with hemiplegia after stroke, suffering from Parkinson's disease and diabetic foot syndrome. It is noted that the tests with backward walking can be used for diagnostic purposes - to assess the severity of impaired coordination and motor skills and to predict ...

Early clinical evaluation of total hip arthroplasty by three-dimensional gait analysis and muscle strength testing.

As improvement of gait is an important reason for patients to undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA) and they generally tend to evaluate its success based on postoperative walking ability, objective functional evaluation of postoperative gait is important. However, the patient's normal gait before osteoarthritis is unknown and the changes that will occur postoperatively are unclear. We investigated the change in gait and hip joint muscle strength after THA by using a portable gait rhythmograph (PGR) and muscl...

Effects of an Intervention to Improve Life-Space Mobility and Self-Efficacy in Patients following Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Life-space mobility describes the spatial areas through which an individual moves, and the frequency and need for assistance. Although patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) have shown restricted life-space mobility, total knee arthroplasty (TKA) does not improve it beyond preoperative levels. Life-space mobility after TKA was influenced by self-efficacy for walking tasks; thus, an intervention to improve self-efficacy for walking tasks may contribute to better life-space mobility. We provided a walking eve...

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