PubMed Journals Articles About "Preoperatively Walking's Effect Of Postoperative Bowel Functions In Patient With Gynecologic Cancer." RSS

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Showing "Preoperatively Walking Effect Postoperative Bowel Functions Patient With" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 39,000+

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis: Vedolizumab and Postoperative Complications in Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Several studies have reported the surgical outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients exposed to vedolizumab (VDZ) preoperatively, with conflicting results. This meta-analysis aims to evaluate the risk of postoperative complications in IBD patients preoperatively exposed to VDZ in comparison with patients exposed to anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) treatment or no biologic therapy.

Meta-Analysis: The Influence of Preoperative Infliximab Use on Postoperative Complications of Crohn's Disease.

Infliximab (IFX) is a breakthrough treatment for refractory Crohn's disease (CD) whose effect on postoperative complications of CD remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis examining the effect of IFX on postoperative complications of CD.

The Prolonged Analgesic Efficacy of an Ultrasound-Guided Single-Shot Adductor Canal Block in Patients Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty.

In this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled study, the authors compared the analgesic efficacy of the single-shot adductor canal block (SS-ACB) vs the continuous adductor canal block (C-ACB) with intermittent boluses during the 72-hour postoperative period. Seventy-five patients randomly received the following: a single shot of 20 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine preoperatively followed by intermittent saline boluses at 12 hours and 24 hours postoperatively (SS-ACB group); 20 mL of 0.5% ropivacaine preoperati...

Barriers and enablers to walking in individuals with intermittent claudication: A systematic review to conceptualize a relevant and patient-centered program.

Walking limitation in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and intermittent claudication (IC) contributes to poorer disease outcomes. Identifying and examining barriers to walking may be an important step in developing a comprehensive patient-centered self-management intervention to promote walking in this population.

The effect of walking path configuration on gait in adults with Alzheimer's dementia.

Walking is a cognition intensive activity and impaired walking is associated with an increased fall risk in people with Alzheimer's dementia (AD). Walking in a curved path configuration increases complexity of the task, reflects real-life environments and situations when falls occur. The effect of walking path task complexity has not been evaluated in people with AD.

Management of postoperative ileus after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy.

To compare different postoperative management methods on the recovery of bowel function after robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP).This is a prospective study of 716 patients who underwent RALP at Severance Hospital in Seoul, South Korea, between March 2017 and February 2018. Instructions for the different postoperative management methods (mobilization, abdominal massage, hot pack therapy, and gum chewing) were presented to patients, who subsequently reported when these activities were performed...

Evaluation of Healthcare Use and Clinical Outcomes of Alvimopan in Patients Undergoing Bowel Resection A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis.

Postoperative ileus is a significant complication after bowel resection surgeries. Alvimopan is the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved therapy for accelerating the return of bowel function after large- and small-bowel resection.

Unilateral Exoskeleton Imposes Significantly Different Hemispherical Effect in Parietooccipital Region, but Not in Other Regions.

In modern society, increasing people suffering from locomotor disabilities need an assistive exoskeleton to help them improve or restore ambulation. When walking is assisted by an exoskeleton, brain activities are altered as the closed-loop between brain and lower limbs is affected by the exoskeleton. Intuitively, a unilateral exoskeleton imposes differential effect on brain hemispheres (i.e., hemispherical effect) according to contralateral control mechanism. However, it is unclear whether hemispherical ef...

Perioperative Management and Implementation of Enhanced Recovery Programs in Gynecologic Surgery for Benign Indications.

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs are a multimodal approach to optimize the surgical experience. Intraoperative and postoperative pain management is essential because the stress of surgery results in significant neurohormonal and metabolic shifts that can influence patient analgesia. Enhanced recovery after surgery programs address the physiologic and psychological factors that contribute to pain outcomes and overall satisfaction scores. A multimodal approach to recovery throughout the periope...

Gait Analysis Parameters and Walking Activity Pre- and Postoperatively in Children With Cerebral Palsy.

This study examined the relationship between the Gait Deviation Index (GDI) and walking activity preoperatively and postoperatively.

Colonic ischemia mimicking obstruction due to sigmoid colon cancer: A case report.

Colonic ischemia is challenging to diagnose preoperatively. We present a patient with colonic ischemia, initially considered to have colonic obstruction. We review the history, physical findings, imaging, operative documents and postoperative diagnosis of this patient with an atypical presentation of colonic ischemia.

Enhanced Recovery Following Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Procedures with Bowel Surgery: A Systematic Review.

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) is an evidence-based approach to perioperative care of the surgical patient. A mounting body of literature in gynecologic surgery has demonstrated that ERAS improves postoperative outcomes, shortens hospital length of stay and reduces cost without increasing complications or readmissions. Most of the existing literature has concentrated on open surgery, questioning if patients undergoing minimally invasive surgery (MIS) also derive benefit. Our aim was to systematicall...

Corrigendum to Postoperative Outcomes in Vedolizumab-Treated Patients Undergoing Major Abdominal Operations for Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Retrospective Multicenter Cohort Study.

Effect of downhill walking on next-day muscle damage and glucose metabolism in healthy young subjects.

This study aimed to investigate the effect of downhill walking on muscle damage and glucose metabolism in healthy subjects. All ten healthy young men and women (age, 24.0 ± 1.4 years) performed rest, uphill walking, and downhill walking trials. In the exercise trials, uphill (+ 5%) or downhill (- 5%) treadmill walking was performed at 6 km/h for 30 min. On the next day, muscle soreness was significantly higher in the downhill trial than in the uphill trial (P 

Follow-up postoperative calls to reduce common postoperative complaints among urogynecology patients.

The purpose of our study was to identify the most common reasons why postoperative urogynecology patients called their surgeon within the first 6 weeks of surgery. We hypothesize that implementing a follow-up postoperative call (FPC) policy would decrease the number of patient-initiated calls within this postoperative period.

Estimation of intraocular lens position from full crystalline lens geometry: towards a new generation of intraocular lens power calculation formulas.

In a cataract surgery, the opacified crystalline lens is replaced by an artificial intraocular lens (IOL). To optimize the visual quality after surgery, the intraocular lens to be implanted must be selected preoperatively for every individual patient. Different generations of formulas have been proposed for selecting the intraocular lens dioptric power as a function of its estimated postoperative position. However, very few formulas include crystalline lens information, in most cases only one-dimensional. T...

The effect of photobiomodulation on total amount of substance P in gingival crevicular fluid: placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial.

To investigate the effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) and placebo on total amount of substance P in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) pre- and postoperatively. Twenty-six patients having tooth with symptomatic apical periodontitis were enrolled in this study. GCF was collected preoperatively. The patients were assigned into two groups (n = 13), as follows: placebo and PBM. Sampling was repeated 7 days after root canal treatment. Two independent samples T test was used for analyzing of the differences bet...

Patients With Valgus Alignment and Patients With Varus Alignment Are Not Mere Opposites of Each Other Prior to Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Although it is common practice to assess alignment prior to total knee arthroplasty, preoperative knee alignment and its effect on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) postoperatively has not been well studied. The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine if there are differences in PROs between patients with valgus deformities and patients with varus deformities. Further, this study assessed the baseline differences between these 2 groups preoperatively. Patients were placed into either the valgus ...

Clinical Benefit of Capsule Endoscopy in Crohn's Disease: Impact on Patient Management and Prevalence of Proximal Small Bowel Involvement.

Ileocolonoscopy and computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) enterography (CTE/MRE) are utilized to evaluate patients with small bowel (SB) Crohn's disease (CD). The purpose of our study was to estimate the impact of capsule endoscopy (CE) on patient management after clinical assessment, ileocolonoscopy, and CTE/MRE.

Early clinical evaluation of total hip arthroplasty by three-dimensional gait analysis and muscle strength testing.

As improvement of gait is an important reason for patients to undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA) and they generally tend to evaluate its success based on postoperative walking ability, objective functional evaluation of postoperative gait is important. However, the patient's normal gait before osteoarthritis is unknown and the changes that will occur postoperatively are unclear. We investigated the change in gait and hip joint muscle strength after THA by using a portable gait rhythmograph (PGR) and muscl...

Early Massive Pulmonary Embolism After Total Hip Arthroplasty in a Patient With Behcet Disease: A Case Report.

Venous complications in Behcet disease (BD) affect nearly 40% of patients. We describe a woman with BD who presented with a massive bilateral pulmonary embolism 30 hours after total hip arthroplasty. The patient underwent surgical thrombectomy and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Methotrexate was withheld 15 days before surgery and restarted on postoperative day 2. Immunosuppressive therapy, such as methotrexate, appears to be the most effective prophylactic treatment for venous thrombosis ...

Lower limb angular velocity during walking at various speeds.

Although it is well established that lower limb joint angles adapt to walking at various speeds, limited research has examined the modifications in joint angular velocity. There is currently no normative dataset for joint angular velocity during walking, which would be useful to allow comparisons for patient cohorts. Additionally, understanding normal joint angular velocity may assist clinical assessment and treatment procedures to incorporate methods that replicate the movement speed of the lower limb join...

Effects of an Intervention to Improve Life-Space Mobility and Self-Efficacy in Patients following Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Life-space mobility describes the spatial areas through which an individual moves, and the frequency and need for assistance. Although patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) have shown restricted life-space mobility, total knee arthroplasty (TKA) does not improve it beyond preoperative levels. Life-space mobility after TKA was influenced by self-efficacy for walking tasks; thus, an intervention to improve self-efficacy for walking tasks may contribute to better life-space mobility. We provided a walking eve...

Anesthesia Experience for Tonsillectomy in a Patient With Hypofibrinogenemia: A Case Report.

A 26-year-old male patient with hypofibrinogenemia was scheduled to undergo tonsillectomy. Hypofibrinogenemia, defined as low plasma fibrinogen (Fbg) concentration, is a type of congenital Fbg deficiency and is a rare coagulopathy. Perioperative replenishment of Fbg is performed during minor surgeries, aimed at maintaining plasma Fbg concentrations of 50 mg/dL. In this case, failure to replenish Fbg during the postoperative period may have caused the postoperative hemorrhage. Considering the half-life of Fb...

Can we better protect patients with inflammatory bowel disease against infections - patient attitude and personal immunization knowledge.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) predisposes patients to a severe course of infections yet adherence to vaccination guidelines is low. Little is known about IBD patient attitude towards immunizations. We aimed to investigate patient attitude towards vaccinations and its influence on personal immunization coverage.

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