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PubMed Journals Articles About "Preterm Infants More Likely Undervaccinated" RSS

10:47 EDT 21st October 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Preterm Infants More Likely Undervaccinated" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,800+

Postnatal growth in preterm infants during the first year of life: A population-based cohort study in China.

In preterm infants (i.e. the gestational age less than 37 weeks), postnatal growth remains a concern. This study used multicenter longitudinal data from China's Under 5 Child Nutrition and Health Surveillance System to investigate the postnatal growth in the weight and length of preterm infants. Gender-stratified differences in weight and length were assessed between preterm and term infants. 1221 preterm infants and 1221 matched term infants were included. The rates of growth in weight and length in preter...


Vaccination timeliness and associated factors among preterm infants at a tertiary hospital in Uganda.

Preterm infants are at increased risk of infections including vaccine preventable diseases. Therefore, timely vaccination is crucial to ensure adequate disease protection. Information on whether preterm infants are vaccinated according to chronological age as recommended is limited in low-income countries.

Congenital hypothyroidism in preterm infants: a 3- to 8-year longitudinal study in southern Thailand.

Background Preterm infants are at high risk of developing congenital hypothyroidism (CH) due to the immaturity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis, loss of iodine supply from the mother and preterm health problems. Objectives To study the incidence and etiologies of CH in preterm infants who were born or admitted in our institute during 2010-2015. Methods The medical records of preterm infants diagnosed with CH as defined by the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level at the time of the first o...


Lipid emulsions for parenterally fed preterm infants.

Conventionally used soybean oil-based lipid emulsion (S-LE) have high polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content and phytosterols that may contribute to adverse effects in preterm infants. The newer lipid emulsions (LE) from different lipid sources are currently available for use in preterm infants.

Changes in Auditory Brainstem Response in very preterm and late preterm infants.

Aim of this study was to compare the absolute and interpeak latencies of Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR) in very preterm and late preterm infants at 1 month and 3 months of corrected age.

Severe Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Preterm Infants and Later Onset of Asthma.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of viral lower respiratory tract infections in infants. Preterm infants are at increased risk for hospitalization with RSV (RSV-H), but there are few data on the relationship between RSV-H and asthma in preterm infants, or any data stratified by gestational age, and most studies have short follow-up periods. We sought to evaluate the relationship between serious RSV illness and onset of asthma up to 5 years of age in a cohort of preterm children and to ...

Neurodevelopmental outcome of late-preterm infants: A pragmatic review

The number of late-preterm births (34^{0/7} to 36^{6/7} weeks of gestation at birth) has steadily increased over recent years. Recent reports suggest that late-preterm infants are at an increased risk of developing neurodevelopmental abnormalities, compared with full-term infants.

More than words: methodological potentials of graphical-elicitation with parents of preterm infants.

Word-based tools, such as interviews, can only partially provide access to the lived experience of parents of preterm infants. This study explores the lived experience of parents of preterm infants between 3 and 6 months after discharge by means of visual method (i.e., graphical elicitation).

Peripheral blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in preterm infants with intraventricular hemorrhage.

Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) remains a major complication of prematurity, affecting 20-25% of premature infants of very low birth weight. Preterm infants with IVH are at risk for developing significant complications, including posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus and seizures. Multiple studies have reported an association between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in peripheral blood and outcomes after acute intracranial hemorrhage in adults. However, the prognostic value of the NLR in preterm infants, ...

Nutrient-enriched formula versus standard formula for preterm infants.

Preterm infants may accumulate nutrient deficits leading to extrauterine growth restriction. Feeding preterm infants with nutrient-enriched rather than standard formula might increase nutrient accretion and growth rates and might improve neurodevelopmental outcomes.

Dilated hypertrophy: a distinct pattern of cardiac remodeling in preterm infants.

Young adults born preterm have remodeled hearts, i.e., altered cardiac shape and size with impaired cardiac function. At present, the natural history and pattern of prematurity related cardiac remodeling are not clearly established. The aim of this study was to compare the left ventricle (LV) geometry and function of preterm infants at 36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA) with gestation matched newborn infants.

Early caloric deprivation in preterm infants affects Bayley-III scales performance at 18-24 months of corrected age.

Adequate nutrition is essential for optimal neurodevelopment to preterm infants. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of caloric deprivation on Bayley-III scales performance at 18-24 months of corrected age, in a cohort of preterm infants.

Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter for Preterm Infants: A Pilot Study.

In preterm infants, early diagnosis and management of a raised intracranial pressure (ICP) may be important to improve neurodevelopmental outcomes. While invasive ICP monitoring is not recommended, ultrasonography of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) could provide a noninvasive alternative to evaluate ICP. The objective of this pilot study was to document ranges of ONSD in preterm infants.

Cardiorespiratory Physiology following Minimally Invasive Surfactant Therapy in Preterm Infants.

Surfactant replacement therapy through the endotracheal tube has been shown to improve lung compliance and reduce pulmonary pressures. Minimally invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) combines the benefits of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and surfactant for spontaneously breathing preterm infants. We aimed to characterize the haemodynamic changes accompanying the first dose of MIST in preterm infants.

Nipple shield use in preterm infants: Prevalence, motives for use and association with exclusive breastfeeding-Results from a national cohort study.

Prevalence and motives for nipple shield use are not well studied in preterm infants and recommendations of nipple shield use in preterm infants are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of nipple shield use, explore the motives for nipple shield use and elucidate the association with exclusive breastfeeding in preterm infants.

Vitamin D status among preterm infants with cholestasis and metabolic bone disease.

Metabolic bone disease of prematurity (MBD) is a common problem among preterm infants. Our previous study identified cholestasis as an important risk factor for the development of MBD. We conducted this study to determine the vitamin D status in preterm infants with MBD and cholestasis.

Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effects of Morning versus Evening Primary Vaccination on Episodes of Hypoxemia and Bradycardia in Very Preterm Infants.

Hypoxemia and bradycardia occur frequently in preterm infants, but are incompletely understood. They are more prevalent during infections and following immunization. Data on adults suggested an increased immune response if subjects slept following vaccination, suggesting an interaction between circadian rhythm and the immune system. Whether this holds true for preterm infants with their less well-established circadian rhythm is unclear.

Diagnosis of Bilirubin Encephalopathy in Preterm Infants with Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy.

Very preterm infants are susceptible to bilirubin neurotoxicity, the signs of which are unclear during early infancy. We investigated children born preterm and later diagnosed with bilirubin encephalopathy (BE) to gain insights into accurate early diagnosis.

Brain maturation in the first 3 months of life, measured by electroencephalogram: A comparison between preterm and term-born infants.

Preterm infants are at risk for altered brain maturation resulting in neurodevelopmental impairments. Topographical analysis of high-density electroencephalogram during sleep matches underlying brain maturation. Using such an EEG mapping approach could identify preterm infants at risk early in life.

Massage intervention for preterm infants by their mothers: A randomized controlled trial.

Studies of the impact of infant massage intervention on the growth of preterm infants have been conducted in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and have demonstrated positive effects; however, few data exist regarding the effects of massage interventions by mothers on the growth of infants in the NICU. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the effects of a 2-week massage intervention conducted by mothers on their preterm infants.

Blood pressure extremes and severe IVH in preterm infants.

The optimal upper and lower limits of blood pressure in preterm infants are not known. Exceeding these thresholds may contribute to intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH).

Behavioural and cognitive outcomes following an early stress-reduction intervention for very preterm and extremely preterm infants.

The landmark findings of the Mother-Infant Transaction Program (MITP) showing improved neurodevelopment of preterm infants following parent-sensitivity training delivered in the neonatal intensive care unit have not been consistently replicated. This study evaluated an MITP-type intervention in terms of neurobehavioural development to preschool age.

The role of the family in early intervention of preterm infants with abnormal general movements.

To determine the effect of family-based intervention on motor function in preterm infants.

Psychomotor development in late preterms at two years of age: a comparison with full-term newborn infants using two different instruments.

Late preterm infants currently constitute 70% of preterm infant births. They present greater comorbidity, including neurodevelopment disorders, which may not manifest until the school age.

Immediate skin-to-skin contact is feasible for very preterm infants but thermal control remains a challenge.

Current care of very preterm infants in an incubator implies separation of the mother-infant dyad. The aim of this study was to determine whether skin-to-skin contact (SSC) between parent and very preterm infant from birth and during the first postnatal hour is feasible.


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