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Hospital malnutrition is still underestimated among physicians, even in internal medicine settings. This is a cross-sectional study, aiming to estimate the risk, the prevalence and the impact of malnutrition in an Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology Department of a large Italian hospital (Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome). Patients were evaluated within 72 h from admission according to Nutritional Risk Screening-2002 (NRS-2002) and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and...
The prevalence of obesity is growing worldwide. Malnutrition has been identified as a risk factor, leading to higher morbidity rate and prolonged length of hospital. So far there are no high quality data on the impact of malnutrition on length of hospital stay and morbidity regarding bariatric surgery. The aim of the study was to assess association between nutritional status and outcomes bariatric surgeries.
Malnutrition is a common but underestimated condition in the hospital setting. Malnutrition increases in-hospital mortality and complications, and treatment costs. Simple screening tools such as the mini-nutritional assessment and the nutritional risk score allow identifying patients at risk of malnutrition and starting management. Malnutrition management is a multidisciplinary issue including dieticians, physiatrists, nurses, caregivers and doctors. Meal fractioning and oral nutritional supplements (ONS) s...
Malnutrition is frequent in patients with cancer and is associated with a higher rate of morbidity and mortality. However, a significant number of patients at nutritional risk remain undetected due to the lack of a routine screening procedure during diagnosis. Costa del Sol Hospital in Marbella (Málaga), Spain has implemented a protocol for outpatients with cancer aimed at identifying and treating malnutrition at an early stage. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of nutritional risk and ...
Malnutrition is highly prevalent in geriatric patients and is associated with an increased risk of death. In addition, delirium is a common condition of the older hospitalized patients. As brain has a high nutritional requirement, malnutrition may play an important role in cognitive dysfunction including the development of delirium. This study investigated the association between delirium and malnutrition in frail older patients and the effects on adverse outcomes. It was found that 75% of the patients with...
The authors sought to report the prevalence, clinical associations, and prognostic consequences of malnutrition in outpatients with heart failure (HF).
protein-energy malnutrition is a major health concern in home-dwelling older adults, particularly in the context of an ageing population. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among older adults living independently in the community according to geographical region, sampling frame, rurality and sex.
Malnutrition is a persistent health concern throughout the world. Globally, Indigenous peoples experience poorer health outcomes compared to their non-Indigenous neighbours. Despite this, malnutrition among Indigenous populations is poorly understood. This analysis estimated the prevalence, and modeled possible determinants of, moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) for Indigenous Batwa and non-Indigenous Bakiga of Kanungu District in Southwestern Uganda. We then characterize ...
Despite consistent economic growth in the country, malnutrition remains one of the major public health problems in Ethiopia. The prevalence of malnutrition and its associated factors are well studied among under-five children. However, there is a paucity of evidence among older children in developing countries including Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of stunting and thinness and their associated factors among school-age children.
Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) remains a major cause of admission and inpatient mortality worldwide in children aged less than 5 years. In this study, we explored SAM prevalence and outcomes in children admitted in 13 Kenyan hospitals participating in a Clinical Information Network (CIN). We also describe their immediate in-patient management.
More than 1,000 Swedish hospital beds are occupied by patients in forensic psychiatric settings; their average length of hospitalization is 3-7 years. In this context, nursing diagnoses could be extremely useful to make nursing care structured, measurable, and internationally comparable. The study aimed to describe nursing diagnoses in a Swedish forensic psychiatric setting.
enteral nutrition therapy maintains and/or regains the nutritional status of the common patient in hospital settings, where anemia and malnutrition are food related and are very common diseases.
Nutritional assessment and support is essential for wound management. The hyperbaric oxygen clinic is a unique outpatient service where chronically unwell patients present daily for hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) over several weeks, allowing time for effective nutritional intervention. This is the first study to examine the prevalence of those at risk of malnutrition in a cohort of hyperbaric medical patients.
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Recent findings suggest that AF is also associated with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, whether that association can be generalised to in-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) is still unknown.
Malnutrition is a significant problem for hospitalized patients in the United States. Nutrition assessment is an important step in recognizing malnutrition; however, it is not always performed using consistent parameters.
The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of dysmenorrhea among adolescents and its effect on daily life.
The aim of the study is to assess the risk of malnutrition among institutionalized elderly individuals in North Bohemia and compare it to the risk of malnutrition in the capital city of Prague, Czech Republic. In the Czech Republic, very few studies have been conducted with the goal of describing and evaluating the nutritional status of the institutionalized elderly.
Nutritional disorders are frequent in patients with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD) and have negative health impacts. This study aimed to explore the value of the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) definition of malnutrition (and/or its individual components) to predict hospitalizations and mortality at 2 years, and to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in COPD patients referred to pulmonary rehabilitation.
Malnutrition is widespread among older people and related to poor outcome. Reported prevalences vary widely, also because of different diagnostic criteria used. This study aimed to describe prevalences in several populations of older persons in different settings using harmonized definitions.
Antibiotic stewardship programs have traditionally focused on reducing antibiotic use in hospital. However, reducing community antibiotic prescribing could have substantial impacts in both the hospital and community settings. We developed a deterministic model of transmission of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli in the community and hospital. We fit the model to existing national-level antibiotic use and resistance prevalence data from Sweden. Across a range of conditions, a given relative change in antibioti...
The health of asylum seekers is of cardinal importance for the future health of Europe. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to assess malnutrition prevalence among refugee children living in reception areas in northern Greece.
Malnutrition is a complex disorder, defined by an imbalance, excess, or deficiency of nutrient intake. The visible signs of malnutrition are stunted growth and wasting, but malnourished children are also more likely to have delays in neurocognitive development, vaccine failure, and susceptibility to infection. Despite malnutrition being a major global health problem, we do not yet understand the pathogenesis of this complex disorder. Although lack of food is a major contributor to childhood malnutrition, it...
We conducted three single-day point type 2 diabetes prevalence surveys of all inpatient clinical records in November 2013, 2014 and 2016. The prevalence of diabetes was 19.7-25.3%. The majority (63.4-76%) had type 2 diabetes. Twenty-one percent (n = 21) in 2013, 12% (n = 9) in 2014 and 22.6% (n = 21) in 2016 were diagnosed with diabetes during hospital admission; 41.8% (n = 41) in 2013, 46.7% (n = 35) in 2014 and 51.6% (n = 48) in 2016 required insulin. The high prevalence of diabetes among inpatients manda...
The aim of this study was to compare three screening tools for malnutrition in patients with head and neck cancers or central nervous system tumors (CNS) who are undergoing radiochemotherapy. The study evaluated 124 adult cancer patients. The Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) were chosen to assess the risk of malnutrition. The prevalence of patients at nutritional risk was 31% with SGA, 31% with MNA and 23% with NRS-2002 in ...