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PubMed Journals Articles About "Prism Vision Group" RSS

06:44 EDT 17th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Prism Vision Group PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Prism Vision Group articles that have been published worldwide.

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We have published hundreds of Prism Vision Group news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Prism Vision Group Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Prism Vision Group for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Prism Vision Group Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Prism Vision Group Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Prism Vision Group" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 12,000+

Deficient vergence prism adaptation in subjects with decompensated heterophoria.

Vergence prism adaptability was evaluated in subjects with high symptomatic and asymptomatic heterophoria and compared to individuals with a heterophoria within normal range (the control group). A computer haploscope was used to measure phoria values and changes in the eye position after introducing 6 prism diopters base out in front of the right eye. Phoria values were measured with a nonius paradigm every minute for a period of 10 minutes during adaptation. The results showed that subjects with symptomati...


The Repeatability of Values Measured Using the Spot Vision Screener in Healthy Children and Children with Refractive Errors.

To determine the repeatability of refractive values measured using the Spot vision screener in healthy children and children with refractive errors. This cross-sectional study included 170 eyes of 85 healthy children (normal group), and 50 eyes of 25 children wearing spectacles for refractive errors (spectacles group). The spherical equivalent value, cylindrical value, and inter-ocular differences in the spherical equivalent values were analyzed. The repeatability of the refractive values measured using th...

A Common Approach to Low Vision: Examination and Rehabilitation of the Patient with Low Vision

Due to the increasing age of the global population, rates of visual disability are increasing. Visual rehabilitation is an effective method for increasing quality of life among individuals with low vision or blindness due to unpreventable or untreatable causes. The goal of low vision rehabilitation is to produce people who are independent, have an economically viable profession or skill, and are able to enjoy their lives. The stages of modern low vision rehabilitation include the intake interview, assessmen...


Association between prism adaptation and auditory cues on spatial navigation in individuals with unilateral neglect.

Unilateral neglect is common among right-hemispheric stroke individuals and also concerns the auditory modality. Prism adaptation can improve auditory extinction during a dichotic listening task, but its effect during an ecological task has not been studied.

A prospective randomized comparison of airway seal using the novel vision-guided insertion of LMA-Supreme® and LMA-Protector®.

The laryngeal mask airways supreme (LMA-Supreme™) and protector (LMA-Protector™) are generally placed blindly, often resulting in a less than optimal position and vision-guided placement has been recommended. This prospective, randomized controlled study compared the efficacy of airway seal by measuring the oropharyngeal leak pressure in 100 surgical patients who underwent a variety of non-thoracic surgery under general anaesthesia, suitable with a supraglottic airway device. Patients were allocated to ...

Vision Impairment and Subjective Cognitive Decline-Related Functional Limitations - United States, 2015-2017.

Vision impairment affects approximately 3.22 million persons in the United States and is associated with social isolation, disability, and decreased quality of life (1). Cognitive decline is more common in adults with vision impairment (2,3). Subjective cognitive decline (SCD), which is the self-reported experience of worsening or more frequent confusion or memory loss within the past 12 months, affects 11.2% of adults aged ≥45 years in the United States (4). One consequence of SCD is the occurrence of fu...

Nine-sector three-stage Fresnel lens concentrator.

In this paper, we design a three-stage Fresnel lens concentrator with a low f number. The proposed concentrator consists of a primary optical element (POE) and a second optical element (SOE). The nine-sector three-stage Fresnel lens is composed of three types of triangular prisms: the refractive triangular prism, single total internal reflection triangular prism, and double total internal reflection triangular prism. In order to increase the uniformity and acceptance angle of the POE coupled to the SOE, the...

The effect of prism adaptation on state estimates of eye position in the orbit.

Prism adaptation (PA) after-effects are assessed using tests that measure changes in sensorimotor systems. After-effects on pointing without feedback to a visual target (open loop pointing - OLP) are traditionally described as being larger than those measured by straight ahead pointing (SAP) with eyes closed, and the difference between them is attributed to a shift in visual localisation. However, neither differences between OLP and SAP, nor shifts in perceptual judgement of visual straight ahead (VSA), are...

Findings from an opt-in eye examination service in English special schools. Is vision screening effective for this population?

Our objective was to present the findings of an opt-in, school-based eye care service for children attending 11 special schools in England and use these findings to determine whether a vision screening programme would be appropriate for this population. Data from eye examinations provided to 949 pupils (mean age 10.7 years) was analysed to determine the prevalence and aetiology of visual deficiencies and reported eye care history. For 46.2% (n = 438) of pupils, a visual deficiency was recorded. 12.5% of all...

Visuomotor adaptation in the absence of input from early visual cortex.

Prism adaptation is a time-honored tool for studying how the motor system adapts to sensory perturbations. Past research on the neural substrates of prism adaptation has implicated the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) and the cerebellum, under the assumption that these structures gain their visual input from the dominant retinogeniculate pathway to V1. Here we question whether this pathway is even required for visuomotor adaptation to occur. To investigate this, we examined prism adaptation in 'MC', someone ...

tRNS Boosts Perceptual Learning in Peripheral Vision.

Visual crowding, the difficulty of recognizing elements when surrounded by similar items, is a widely studied perceptual phenomenon and a trademark characteristic of peripheral vision. Perceptual Learning (PL) has been shown to reduce crowding, although a large number of sessions is required to observe significant improvements. Recently, transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) has been successfully used to boost PL in low-level foveal tasks (e.g., contrast detection, orientation) in both healthy and cl...

The Effect of Vertically Yoked Prisms on Binocular Vision and Accommodation.

Vertically yoked prisms have been used in treatment of binocular vision dysfunction despite minimal supporting evidence. In people with normal binocular vision, the impact on phorias has been assessed but not the impact on accommodation, accommodation vergence interactions, or the horopter. We found that vertically yoked prisms have minor effects during short-term wear in young adults.

Vision-related Quality of Life with Low Vision - Assessment and Instruments.

Patient-reported outcome measures have been met with increasing interest, particularly in clinical research. They are used to capture the patient-relevant impact of an intervention or a loss of function. In patients with loss of vision, vision-related quality of life is assessed in order to quantify the impact of visual impairment in everyday life. When using quality of life instruments, psychometric characteristics - such as reliability, validity and responsiveness - are of great importance to ensure that ...

Prism adaptation enhances decoupling between the default mode network and the attentional networks.

Prism adaptation (PA) is a procedure used for studying visuomotor plasticity in healthy individuals, as well as for alleviating spatial neglect in patients. The adaptation is achieved by performing goal-directed movements while wearing prismatic lenses that induce a lateral displacement of visual information. This results in an initial movement error that is compensated by a recalibration of sensory-motor coordinates; consequently, a lateral bias in both motor and perceptual measurements occurs after prism ...

The effects of reflected glare and visual field lighting on computer vision syndrome.

Computer vision syndrome is common and affects performance of visual tasks. Background illumination, light source, light compensation, position of the display, contrast and glare are environmental factors associated with computer vision syndrome. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of reflected glare and visual field lighting on computer vision syndrome.

The "Red Queen" Is Up and Running: Virus-Host Interactions Revealed Through the Prism of Multiomics.

Cost of Military Eye Injury and Vision Impairment Related to Traumatic Brain Injury: 2001-2017.

Annual incidence of eye injury among members of the US armed services is high and can cause vision impairment and blindness. Traumatic brain injury is also associated with visual function. An estimate of the cost of treatment, benefits for those who are disabled, productivity loss for those with reduced vision function, and the cost of replacing and retraining others to take the responsibility of those who are discharged from the military will provide a benchmark to which to compare the cost of new methods ...

An augmented reality sign-reading assistant for users with reduced vision.

People typically rely heavily on visual information when finding their way to unfamiliar locations. For individuals with reduced vision, there are a variety of navigational tools available to assist with this task if needed. However, for wayfinding in unfamiliar indoor environments the applicability of existing tools is limited. One potential approach to assist with this task is to enhance visual information about the location and content of existing signage in the environment. With this aim, we developed a...

Protocol for the development of versions of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) for people with hearing or vision impairment.

Hearing and vision impairments are highly prevalent among older adults and impact commonly used cognitive assessment tools for the identification of dementia. Adaptations of such tests for people with hearing or vision impairment have not been adequately validated among populations with such sensory impairment.

Effect of prism adaptation on neglect hemianesthesia.

Prism adaptation (PA) has proven to be effective in alleviating many signs of unilateral spatial neglect (USN). Generally, the principal improvement after PA treatment was found to be in the high-level cognitive function. Nevertheless, some evidence has also been found for it in somatosensory function. We have aimed to test the influence of PA on neglect hemianesthesia, a condition in which the high-level neglect-related deficit mimics hemianesthesia. Twenty-one USN patients were enrolled in the study. Each...

Clinical outcomes after laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) and transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (TPRK) in myopia.

To compare the clinical outcomes between laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) and transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (TPRK) for treatment of myopia. Case-control study. We reviewed a total of 90 right eyes that underwent either LASEK or TPRK, with 45 eyes in each group (aged between 18 and 40 years; 9 males and 16 females in the LASEK group, and 30 males and 15 females in the TPRK group) from 2015 to 2016 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Tangshan Eye Hospital. All the patients were ...

Feasibility of an Intervention to Support Hearing and Vision in Dementia: The SENSE-Cog Field Trial.

People with dementia (PwD) frequently experience hearing and vision impairment that is underrecognized and undertreated, resulting in reduced quality of life. Managing these impairments may be an important strategy to improve outcomes in PwD. Our objective was to field-trial a multifaceted sensory intervention (SI) to enhance hearing and vision in PwD.

Interaction Modalities Used on Serious Games for Upper Limb Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review.

This systematic review aims to analyze the state-of-the-art regarding interaction modalities used on serious games for upper limb rehabilitation. A systematic search was performed in IEEE Xplore and Web of Science databases. PRISMA and QualSyst protocols were used to filter and assess the articles. Articles must meet the following inclusion criteria: they must be written in English; be at least four pages in length; use or develop serious games; focus on upper limb rehabilitation; and be published between 2...

Tracking the Leader: Gaze Behavior in Group Interactions.

Can social gaze behavior reveal the leader during real-world group interactions? To answer this question, we developed a novel tripartite approach combining (1) computer vision methods for remote gaze estimation, (2) a detailed taxonomy to encode the implicit semantics of multi-party gaze features, and (3) machine learning methods to establish dependencies between leadership and visual behaviors. We found that social gaze behavior distinctively identified group leaders. Crucially, the relationship between l...

Reading with letter transpositions in central and peripheral vision.

We used a letter transposition (LT) technique to investigate letter position coding during reading in central and peripheral vision. Eighteen subjects read aloud sentences in a rapid serial visual presentation task. The tests contained a baseline and three LT conditions with initial, internal, and final transpositions (e.g., "reading" to "erading", "raeding", and "readign"). The four reading conditions were tested in separate blocks. We found that LT had a smaller cost on peripheral (10° lower field) than ...


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