PubMed Journals Articles About "Probiotic Reduces Crying Time Colicky Infants" RSS

14:21 EST 25th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Probiotic Reduces Crying Time Colicky Infants" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 23,000+

Parents' Perceptions of Infant Crying: A Possible Path to Preventing Abusive Head Trauma.

Infant crying can lead to parental frustration and is the most common trigger for abusive head trauma (AHT). We used qualitative methodology with an activating stimulus (an audiotape of an infant crying) to prime the participants to engage in open dialogue for the purpose of understanding their perceptions of infant crying and its association with AHT, with the aim that information from these interviews and the impact of hearing the activating stimulus could be used to inform interventions to prevent AHT th...

Probiotics and Human Milk Oligosaccharides in Premature Infants.

Intestinal dysbiosis precedes and is a likely causative factor in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and many cases of late-onset sepsis. Randomized controlled trials and observational cohort studies demonstrate decreased risk of NEC, sepsis, and death with the administration of probiotic microbes and decreased risk of NEC and sepsis with feeding of human milk. Animal studies suggest promising mechanisms by which probiotic microbes and human milk oligosaccharides alter the composition of the intestinal microbi...

Characterization of Upper Gastrointestinal Motility in Infants with Persistent Distress and Non-IgE-Mediated Cow's Milk Protein Allergy.

Persistent crying in infancy is common and may be associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and/or non-IgE mediated cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA). We aimed to document upper gastrointestinal motility events in infants with CMPA and compare these to findings in infants with functional GERD.

A prophylactic multi-strain probiotic treatment to reduce the absorption of toxic elements: In-vitro study and biomonitoring of breast milk and infant stools.

Potential exposure to toxic elements initially occurs during gestation and after birth via breast milk, which is the principal source of nutrients for infants during the first months of life. In this study, we evaluated whether maternal oral supplementation with a multi-strain probiotic product can protect infants from exposure to arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb) via breast milk. In-vitro studies of the bacterial strains present in this probiotic product showed a high bacterial tolera...

Insights Image for "Effect of prebiotic and probiotic supplementation on neurodevelopment in preterm very low birth weight infants: findings from a meta-analysis".

Comparison of 6-week PMTCT outcomes for HIV-exposed and HIV-unexposed infants in the era of lifelong ART: Results from an observational prospective cohort study.

Lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) and improves maternal health. Data on the outcomes of HIV-exposed infants (HEI) compared to their unexposed counterparts in the era of universal ART is limited. We compared birth and 6-week outcomes among infants born to HIV-positive and HIV-negative women in Lesotho.

Prophylactic Paracetamol After Meningococcal B Vaccination Reduces Postvaccination Fever and Septic Screens in Hospitalized Preterm Infants.

Following the introduction of the 4CMenB (Bexsero, GlaxoSmithKline, Rixensart, Belgium) vaccine against Meningococcal B into the UK vaccination schedule, Public Health England advised paracetamol to be given prophylactically with the vaccine. This was based on observations of increased postvaccination febrile reactions in term infants. Evidence in preterm infants was lacking. We aimed to evaluate whether (i) 4CmenB is associated with an increase in adverse events (AEs) in the 48 hours after vaccination in p...

Reliability of real-time continuous glucose monitoring in infants.

Neonatal hypoglycemia is a common and treatable risk factor for neurological impairment. Real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM) can show glucose concentrations in real time. Using an alarm of RT-CGM, physicians can notice and intervene in hypoglycemia. However, no reports have evaluated the reliability of RT-CGM at low glucose levels in infants. This study aimed to investigate the difference between blood glucose (BG) and RT-CGM sensor data at low glucose levels, and to consider the optimum method...

Laryngeal Constriction Phenomena in Infant Vocalizations.

Purpose Instances of laryngeal constriction have been noted as a feature of infant vocal development. The purpose of this study was to directly evaluate the developmental occurrence of laryngeal constriction phenomena in infant crying, cooing, and babbling vocalizations. Method The cry and noncry vocalizations of 20 healthy term-born infants between the ages of 1 and 7 months were examined for instances of laryngeal constriction. Approximately 20,000 vocalization samples were acoustically evaluated, applyin...

Analysis of infant physical activity in the childcare environment: An observational study.

This study utilized behavior-mapping to describe behavior and levels of activity in infants attending Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC). Descriptive statistics were used to determine proportion of time spent in certain locations, body positions, activities and engagement with others. To establish whether location, the presence of equipment or engagement with others influenced levels of activity, a paired t-test was used. Results indicated that of all locations, infants spent the greatest amount of t...

Why won't she sleep? Screen exposure and sleep patterns in young infants.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends infants' exposure to electronic screen-based media be minimized; however, more research is needed to understand effects of viewing screen-based media. Here, we examine relations between media use and sleep. Data were collected from mothers when their infants (N = 429) were four months of age. Mothers answered questions about the time their infants spent watching electronic screen-based media. Exposure to electronic screen-based media was negatively associate...

Confounding biases in studies on early- versus late-caffeine in preterm infants: a systematic review.

Caffeine is indicated for the management of apnoea of prematurity and extubation in preterm infants. Early initiation of caffeine administration has increased in the past decades with the purpose of reducing respiratory morbidity. However, there might be harms associated with this approach. This systematic review aims to assess whether early administration of caffeine reduces morbidity and mortality in preterm infants.

Preventive Effects of Probiotic Supplementation on Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia Caused by Isoimmunization.

 Probiotic supplementation can help to improve recovery from jaundice by reducing enterohepatic circulation through the regulation of intestinal microbial flora. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of probiotic supplementation on neonatal hyperbilirubinemia caused by isoimmunization alone.

Importance of pressure plasticity during compression of probiotic tablet formulations.

The usefulness, the high production rate and the cost effectiveness make tablets the dosage form of choice for oral probiotics. Nevertheless, probiotic bacteria undergo a lot of mechanical stress during tableting which causes damage to their cell wall and membrane and other bio-active components. This can lead to an inactivation of the probiotic bacteria and therefore in a failure of the probiotic therapy. To obtain a tablet with a sufficient amount of viable cells, research on the influence of formulation ...

strains as human probiotics: characterization, safety, microbiome, and probiotic carrier.

Both spore and vegetative forms of species have been used as probiotics, and they have high stability to the surrounding atmospheric conditions such as heat, gastric conditions, and moisture. The commercial probiotic strains in use are , , , , , , and . These strains have antimicrobial, anticancer, antioxidant, and vitamin production properties. However, probiotics can also produce toxins and biogenic amines and transfer antibiotic resistance genes; therefore, their safety is a concern. Studies on the mi...

The effect of lactobacillus cell size on its probiotic characteristics.

Screening for probiotic characteristics is usually associated with a series of assays and a large number of isolates to be tested, which can be sometimes costly and frustrating. For this reason, finding some indicators to predict the probiotic potential would be of great significance. In this study, 10 Lactobacillus strains including L. sakei, L. reuteri, L. delbrueckii subsp. lactis, L. delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii, L. plantarum, L. acidophilus, L. rhamnosus, L. paracasei, L. salivarius, and L. gasseri w...

Earlier ingestion of peanut following changes to infant feeding guidelines: The EarlyNuts Study.

Randomized controlled trials demonstrate that timely introduction of peanut to infants reduces the risk of peanut allergy. However, much debate remains regarding how to best achieve earlier peanut introduction at the population level. Our previous study in 2007-2011 (HealthNuts, n=5,300) indicated that few infants were consuming peanut in the first year. Australian infant feeding guidelines were updated in 2016 to recommend introducing peanut before 12 months for all infants. There was no data available on ...

Technological characterization of vaginal probiotic lactobacilli: resistance to osmotic stress and strains compatibility.

The aim was to evaluate the osmotic stress resistance of vaginal beneficial-probiotic strains, their growth kinetics and parameters when growing in salt-added culture media, and their compatibility to go further in the design of a probiotic formula for reconstitution of vaginal microbioma in women.

Kangaroo Mother Care Reduces Noninvasive Ventilation and Total Oxygen Support Duration in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants.

 Evidence on the safety and influence of kangaroo mother care (KMC) in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWIs) on ventilation is lacking.

The positive influence of manual object exploration on predictive grasping for a moving object in 9-month-old infants.

The present study examined whether infants' manual prediction ability is related to different types of their manual object exploration behavior. Thirty-two 9-month-old infants were tested in a manual prediction task, in which they were encouraged to reach for a temporarily occluded moving object. All infants also participated in a manual exploration task, in which they could freely explore five toy blocks. Infants with a high number of haptic scans in the manual exploration task showed a higher prediction r...

Two-Year Neurodevelopmental Outcomes After Mild Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy in the Era of Therapeutic Hypothermia.

Therapeutic hypothermia reduces risk of death and disability in infants with moderate to severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Randomized clinical trials of therapeutic hypothermia to date have not included infants with mild HIE because of a perceived good prognosis.

Congenital hypothyroidism in preterm infants: a 3- to 8-year longitudinal study in southern Thailand.

Background Preterm infants are at high risk of developing congenital hypothyroidism (CH) due to the immaturity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis, loss of iodine supply from the mother and preterm health problems. Objectives To study the incidence and etiologies of CH in preterm infants who were born or admitted in our institute during 2010-2015. Methods The medical records of preterm infants diagnosed with CH as defined by the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level at the time of the first o...

Impact of fructooligosaccharides and probiotic strains on the quality parameters of low-fat Spanish Salchichón.

The substitution of dietary fiber and probiotic strains to reduce fat content of fermented sausages has been used for the development of innovative and healthier meat products. For this study, pork back fat was partially replaced by fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and the probiotic strains Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactobacillus rhamanosus. The fat replacement resulted in a significant decrease (P ≤ .05) in fat content (29%) compared with the control formulation (no fat substitution). The addition of F...

Development of sleep-wake rhythms during the first year of age.

Circadian rhythms refer to biological rhythms that have an endogenous period length of approximately 24 hr. However, not much is known about the variance in the development of the sleep-wake rhythm. The study objectives were (a) to describe the normative variation in the development of a sleep-wake rhythm in infancy, (b) to assess whether slower development is related to sleep quality and (c) to evaluate factors that are related to the slower development of a sleep-wake rhythm. The study is based on a repr...

How reliable is parental/carer assessment of infant health status?

Problems often arise in cases of lethal inflicted injury in infants and children in determining the chronology of events. However, on occasion it may be assumed that a parent's statement that the child appeared normal at a particular time is correct. It is then inferred that the lethal injury occurred after this time. In a study of infants from Queensland, Australia a significant number of cases occurred where a parent/carer did not actually recognise that an infant was deceased or in extremis despite handl...

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