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13:27 EDT 3rd April 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Prominent Animal Cloning Researcher Sentenced Years Prison" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 17,000+

Chinese researcher who made CRISPR babies is sentenced to three years in prison.

Producing food in English and Welsh prisons.

Most prison food research focuses on aspects of consumption rather than production yet farming, horticulture and gardening have been integral to the prison system in England and Wales for more than 170 years. This paper explores the interplay between penological, therapeutic and food priorities over the last fifty years through an examination of historical prison policies and contemporary case studies associated with the Greener on the Outside for Prisons (GOOP) programme. Findings are discussed in relation...

Analysis of sleep quality of a prison police.

To investigate the sleep quality of prison policemen and explore its influencing factors, so as to provide reference for improving the sleep quality of prison policemen. In August 2013, 177 policemen in a prison were selected by cluster sampling. The sleep quality of 177 prison policemen was investigated by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale and General Situation Questionnaire, and the influencing factors were analyzed. The PSQI scores of 177 prison policemen were (7.47+3.80). There were significant dif...

Bowel cancer screening in an English prison: a qualitative service evaluation.

Bowel cancer screening home-testing kits are offered every two years to individuals aged 60-74 years in the United Kingdom (UK), with prisoners eligible for screening in the same way as the general population. There are currently major changes planned to the bowel cancer screening programme in England, with the transition to the single-sample faecal immunochemical test (FIT) and the planned lowering of the age limit from 60 to 50 years. In this project, we aimed to explore processes and beliefs around bowel...

Introduction: Prison Foodways. International and multidisciplinary perspectives.

The role of prison food for those in custody has long been either underestimated, or a narrow subject approached from the vantage point of nutritionists. This special issue on prison food, tackles extant knowledge gaps by highlighting the scope of interdisciplinary scholarship, and studies of prison foodways that operate at the intersection of several disciplines. As an introduction to this special issue, we highlight the symbolic role of food as an underestimated feature of the prison environment. For many...

Somatic symptoms among prison inmates: contributions of emotion regulation, dispositional mindfulness, and duration of stay in prison.

The modern prison system is not only a necessity to keep the public safe but also a mode of punishment for crimes. The correctional role of prisons is hampered in situations of mental illness, given that mental illness in the prison or correctional setting is a serious security risk. Few studies have given attention to the modifiable factors that may influence the mental health status of prison inmates, especially in developing countries. The purpose of this paper is to investigate emotion regulation (ER), ...

Factors related to psychopathological symptoms of female inmates of a prison in Lima.

The objective is to know the relationship between age, time of incarceration, juridical situation, activity in prison, penitentiary classification and having or not children under eighteen years old, with the incidence of psychopathological symptoms of female inmates from a penitentiary in Lima.

DNA assembly using common laboratory bacteria: a re-emerging tool to simplify molecular cloning.

Molecular cloning is a cornerstone of biomedical, biotechnological and synthetic biology research. As such, improved cloning methodologies can significantly advance the speed and cost of research projects. While current popular cloning approaches use assembly of DNA fragments, cloning offers potential for greater simplification. It is generally assumed that bacterial cloning requires strains with enhanced recombination ability, however this is incorrect. A widely present, bacterial RecA-independent reco...

Thirty-day readmission after medical-surgical hospitalization for people who experience imprisonment in Ontario, Canada: A retrospective cohort study.

We aimed to compare 30-day readmission after medical-surgical hospitalization for people who experience imprisonment and matched people in the general population in Ontario, Canada. We used linked population-based correctional and health administrative data. Of people released from Ontario prisons in 2010, we identified those with at least one medical or surgical hospitalization between 2005 and 2015 while they were in prison or within 6 months after release. For those with multiple eligible hospitalization...

The discourses of risk of drug users in prison.

In the last twenty years, sociological changes and actions aimed at improving the health of inmates have contributed to decrease the prevalence of infectious diseases and overdoses among prison population. Currently, however, drug addictions treatment penitentiary programs are questioned for lacking of innovation and deficiencies in coverage. In order to investigate this issue we analyzed the discourses of imprisonned people regarding drug use and drug addiction programs.

Refining animal research: The Animal Study Registry.

The Animal Study Registry (ASR; was launched in January 2019 for preregistration of animal studies in order to increase transparency and reproducibility of bioscience research and to promote animal welfare. The registry is free of charge and is designed for exploratory and confirmatory studies within applied science as well as basic and preclinical research. The registration form helps scientists plan their study thoroughly by asking detailed questions concerning study design, m...

A study of the reasons for prescribing and misuse of gabapentinoids in prison including their co-prescription with opioids and antidepressants.

Electronic medical case files of male prisoners in a category B prison in London were studied to establish a prevalence during an eight-month period of the use of and the reasons for prescribing gabapentinoids in prison and also to establish prescribing standards in prison and compliance with these. In addition, the prevalence of co-prescription of gabapentinoids with opioids and antidepressants, particularly tricyclic antidepressants such as amitriptyline, was also assessed in light of the increased risk o...

PTSD in prison settings: A systematic review and meta-analysis of comorbid mental disorders and problematic behaviours.

Prevalence rates of PTSD are higher in the prison population than in the community. We sought to systematically review the extent to which this disorder is associated with other mental health disorders and problematic suicidal or aggressive behaviours in the prison population.

Empirical research in clinical ethics: The 'committed researcher' approach.

After the 'empirical turn' in bioethics, few specific approaches have been developed for doing clinical ethics research in close connection with clinical decision-making on a daily basis. In this paper we describe the 'committed researcher' approach to research in clinical ethics that we have developed over the years. After comparing it to two similar research methodological approaches, the 'embedded researcher' and 'deliberative engagement', we highlight its main features: it is patient-oriented, it is imp...

Bacteriologically-confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis in an Ethiopian prison: Prevalence from screening of entrant and resident prisoners.

Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) is a major health problem in prisons. Multiple studies of TB in regional Ethiopian prisons have assessed prevalence and risk factors but have not examined recently implemented screening programs for TB in prisons. This study compares bacteriologically-confirmed PTB (BC-PTB) prevalence in prison entrants versus residents and identifies risk factors for PTB in Kality prison, a large federal Ethiopian prison located in Addis Ababa, through a study of an enhanced TB screening progra...

Perceptions and concerns of hepatitis C reinfection following prison-wide treatment scale-up: Counterpublic health amid hepatitis C treatment as prevention efforts in the prison setting.

Hepatitis C (HCV) infection is highly prevalent within the prison setting. Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapies have changed the HCV treatment landscape, offering simple treatment (with minimal side-effects) and high efficacy. These advances have enabled the first real-world study of HCV treatment as prevention (TasP), the Surveillance and Treatment of Prisoners with hepatitis C (SToP-C) study. This paper draws on data from qualitative interviews completed with SToP-C participants following prison-wide D...

Developing gender-specific evidence-based standards to improve the health and wellbeing of women in prison in England: a literature review and modified eDelphi survey.

There are significant health inequalities experienced by women in prison. They face distinct challenges and have particular and complex needs, specifically with regard to their physical and mental health. The purpose of this paper is to describe the approach taken to develop a set of health and wellbeing standards for the women's prison estate in England, which can be applied elsewhere.

Incarceration Rates and Incidence of Sexually Transmitted Infections in US Counties, 2011-2016.

To examine rates of sexually transmitted infections as a function of jail and prison incarceration rates across US counties for the years 2011 to 2016. We used data from several national databases. The outcomes were county-level chlamydia and gonorrhea incidence as reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012-2016). The exposures were lagged specifications of county-level jail and prison incarceration rates as reported by the Vera Institute of Justice (2011-2015). We estimated mixed mode...

The compelling case for low-violence-risk preclusion in American prison policy.

This article recommends the development of broad policies of preclusion regarding the use of incarceration for offenders who are highly unlikely to commit a violent crime in the future. The proposal builds on the new Model Penal Code: Sentencing's provision on the limited utilitarian purposes of incarceration. Such low-violence-risk-preclusion strategies (LVRPs) would stand on the most powerful predictive capabilities of today's risk assessment technology. If implemented properly, there is reason to believe...

Improving sexual healthcare delivery for men in prison: A nurse led initiative.

The study aim was to develop and evaluate a nurse-led sexual health service and health promotion intervention for men in prison.

Global Prison Health Care Governance and Health Equity: A Critical Lack of Evidence.

The large and growing population of people who experience incarceration makes prison health an essential component of public health and a critical setting for reducing health inequities. People who experience incarceration have a high burden of physical and mental health care needs and have poor health outcomes. Addressing these health disparities requires effective governance and accountability for prison health care services, including delivery of quality care in custody and effective integration with com...

Analysis of the diet in a Spanish prison and the level of perception in a sample of prisoners.

An analysis is carried out of the diet provided at the Quatre Camins prison (Barcelona), where meals were modified in the first quarter of 2017 to provide a healthier diet.

Critical analysis of the value of the rabbit median nerve model for biomedical research on peripheral nerve grafts.

The rabbit has been proposed to represent an animal model that allows studying peripheral nerve regeneration across extended gap lengths. We describe here our experiences with the rabbit median nerve model and the obstacles it comes along with. This short communication is meant to inform the community and to prevent other researcher from investing time and animal lives in a model with low translational power.

Differentially Marked IncP-1β R751 Plasmids for Cloning via Recombineering and Conjugation.

We demonstrate here for the first time the use of an IncP-1β plasmid, R751, as a gene capture vehicle for recombineering/conjugation strategies to clone large segments of bacterial genomes (20 - 100 + Kb). We designed R751 derivatives containing alternative markers for greater flexibility when using the R751 vehicle across different bacteria. These markers are removable if desired as part of the cloning procedure (with no extra steps needed). We demonstrated utility via cloning of 38 and 22 kb genomic segm...

Making time for food when 'doing time'; how enhanced status prisoners counter the indignity of prison foodways.

In contemporary neo-liberal societies, forms of responsible individualism and approaches to everyday foodways that reify healthy home-cooked food prepared from scratch, eaten together around a table are imbued with high cultural capital. What are the implications of this for criminalised individuals incarcerated in a prison system in England and Wales, that works with extremely low budgets, makes heavy use of pre-packaged convenience food and serves food to prisoners in their cells? Indeed, findings from He...

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