PubMed Journals Articles About "Proton Beam Radiotherapy For Medulloblastoma And Pineoblastoma" RSS

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Showing "Proton Beam Radiotherapy Medulloblastoma Pineoblastoma" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,400+

Quality of life in patients with proton-treated pediatric medulloblastoma: Results of a prospective assessment with 5-year follow-up.

To the authors' knowledge, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes are not well described in patients with medulloblastoma. The use of proton radiotherapy (RT) may translate into an improved HRQOL. In the current study, the authors report long-term HRQOL in patients with proton-treated pediatric medulloblastoma.

Depression in Choroidal Melanoma Patients Treated with Proton Beam Radiotherapy.

To determine depression in patients with choroidal melanoma (CM) treated with proton beam radiotherapy.

Medulloblastoma in Older Adults: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Medulloblastoma is a malignant tumor of the posterior fossa and is predominantly seen in children less than 15 years of age. This tumor is uncommon in adults, especially those older than 40 years, and reports of cases in patients above 60 years of age are particularly rare. Although surgery and radiotherapy play important roles in treatment of medulloblastoma in adults, addition of chemotherapy is controversial, especially prior to radiotherapy.

Single-mode light guiding in diamond waveguides directly written by a focused proton beam.

Ion-implanted waveguides were directly written in bulk single-crystal diamond by scanning a focused 2 MeV proton beam. By controlling the fluence and the lateral size of the proton beam, a bright and near-circular single-mode profile was observed. Propagation loss and effective refractive index of the guided mode were measured by the Fabry-Pérot technique, confirming single-mode guiding. Micro-Raman maps of the waveguides were used to visualize damage profiles and defect distributions induced by the proto...

Technical note: Real-time image-guided adaptive radiotherapy of a rigid target for a prototype fixed beam radiotherapy system.

Fixed beam radiotherapy systems utilize couch movement and rotation instead of gantry rotation in order to simplify linear accelerator design. We investigate the ability to deliver fixed beam treatments with the same level of clinical accuracy as conventional (rotating beam) treatments using real-time image guidance to maintain this accuracy in the presence of rigid target motion.

Proton relative biological effectiveness (RBE): a multi-scale problem.

Proton radiotherapy is undergoing rapid expansion both within the UK and internationally, but significant challenges still need to be overcome if maximum benefit is to be realised from this technique. One major limitation is the persistent uncertainty in proton Relative Biological Effectiveness (RBE). While RBE values are needed to link proton radiotherapy to our existing experience with photon radiotherapy, RBE remains poorly understood and is typically incorporated as a constant dose scaling factor of 1.1...

Radiation Induced Cerebral Microbleeds in Pediatric Patients with Brain Tumors Treated with Proton Radiotherapy.

Proton beam radiotherapy (PBT) has been increasingly utilized to treat pediatric brain tumors, however, limited information exists regarding radiation induced cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) among these patients. The purpose was to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and imaging appearance of CMBs in pediatric patients with brain tumors treated with PBT.

Characterization of PTW-31015 PinPoint ionization chambers in photon and proton beams.

The increased use of complex forms of radiotherapy using small-field photon and proton beams has invoked a growing interest in the use of micro-ionization chambers. In this study, 48 PTW-TM31015 PinPoint-type micro-ionization chambers that are used in the commissioning and patient specific QA of a proton pencil beam scanning (PBS) delivery system have been characterized in proton and high-energy photon beams. In both beam modalities, the entire set of PinPoint chambers was characterized by imagin...

Impact of interfractional motion on hypofractionated pencil beam scanning proton therapy and VMAT delivery for prostate cancer.

Hypofractionated radiotherapy of prostate cancer is gaining clinical acceptance given its potential increase in therapeutic ratio and evidence for noninferiority and lack of added late toxicities compared to conventional fractionation. However, concerns have been raised that smaller number of fractions might lead to larger dosimetric influence by interfractional motion. We aim to compare the effect of these variations on hypofractionated pencil beam scanning (PBS) proton therapy and volumetric modulated arc...

Estimation of Risk of Normal-tissue Toxicity Following Gastric Cancer Radiotherapy with Photon- or Scanned Proton-beams.

Gastric cancer (GC) radiotherapy involves irradiation of large tumour volumes located in the proximities of critical structures. The advantageous dose distributions produced by scanned-proton beams could reduce the irradiated volumes of the organs at risk (OARs). However, treatment-induced side-effects may still appear. The aim of this study was to estimate the normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) following proton therapy of GC, compared to photon radiotherapy.

Maintenance of multidomain neurocognitive functions in pediatric patients after proton beam therapy: A prospective case-series study.

Proton Beam Therapy (PBT) was developed to minimize the harmful results of radiation therapy as treatment for brain tumors. This study examined the neurocognitive outcomes of PBT in pediatric patients. A total of 8 patients, who received either PBT or photon radiotherapy (XRT), were evaluated with multiple cognitive functions, which include intelligence, memory, executive functions, and attention. Most of patients performed average-to-superior levels of neurocognitive functions (NCF), except that a deterior...

Technical Note: Experimental verification of magnetic field induced beam deflection and Bragg peak displacement for MR-integrated proton therapy.

Given its sensitivity to anatomical variations, proton therapy is expected to benefit greatly from integration with magnetic resonance imaging for on-line anatomy monitoring during irradiation. Such an integration raises several challenges, as both systems mutually interact. The proton beam will experience quasi-continuous energy loss and energy-dependent electromagnetic deflection at the same time, giving rise to a deflected beam trajectory and an altered dose distribution with a displaced Bragg peak. So f...

Ionizing radiation-induced acoustics for radiotherapy and diagnostic radiology applications.

Acoustic waves are induced via the thermoacoustic effect in objects exposed to a pulsed beam of ionizing radiation. This phenomenon has interesting potential applications in both radiotherapy dosimetry and treatment guidance as well as low dose radiological imaging. After initial work in the field in the 1980s and early 1990s, little research was done until 2013 when interest was rejuvenated, spurred on by technological advances in ultrasound transducers and the increasing complexity of radiotherapy deliver...

Biological effects and inter-individual variability in peripheral blood lymphocytes of healthy donors exposed to 60 MeV proton radiotherapeutic beam.

The aim of our study was to investigate the amount of initial DNA damage and cellular repair capacity of human peripheral blood lymphocytes exposed to the therapeutic proton beam and compare it to X-rays.

A predictive algorithm for spot position corrections after fast energy switching in proton pencil beam scanning.

Fast energy switching is of fundamental importance to implement motion mitigation techniques in pencil beam scanning proton therapy, allowing efficient irradiation and high patient throughput. However, depending on magnet design, when switching between different energy layers eddy currents arise in the bending magnets' yoke, damping the speed of the magnetic field change and lengthening the settling time of the magnetic field. In a proton therapy gantry, this can cause a temporary displacement of the beam t...

Normal liver tissue change after proton beam therapy.

Normal liver tissue changes after proton beam therapy (PBT) were investigated in patients at 1 and 2 years after the therapy.

Endoscopic Resection Followed by Proton Therapy With Pencil Beam Scanning for Skull Base Tumors.

For patients who require postoperative radiotherapy after endoscopic resection of skull base tumors, proton therapy with pencil beam scanning (PBS) may allow sparing of normal tissue compared to intensity-modulated photon radiation (IMRT). We compared PBS and IMRT radiation plans in the preoperative and postoperative settings for two patients with advanced skull base tumors following endoscopic resection. The benefits of PBS over IMRT appear greater in the postoperative setting following endoscopic resectio...

Recurrent homozygous deletion of DROSHA and microduplication of PDE4DIP in pineoblastoma.

Pineoblastoma is a rare and highly aggressive brain cancer of childhood, histologically belonging to the spectrum of primitive neuroectodermal tumors. Patients with germline mutations in DICER1, a ribonuclease involved in microRNA processing, have increased risk of pineoblastoma, but genetic drivers of sporadic pineoblastoma remain unknown. Here, we analyzed pediatric and adult pineoblastoma samples (n = 23) using a combination of genome-wide DNA methylation profiling and whole-exome sequencing or whole...

Proton beam irradiation: a safe procedure in post-equatorial extraocular extension from uveal melanoma.

This study was performed to show long-term outcomes concerning metastasis rates and local recurrence rates after primary proton beam therapy in uveal melanoma with posterior extraocular extension (EOE) with the main focus on optic nerve invasion.

Brachytherapy versus external beam radiotherapy boost for prostate cancer: Systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized trials.

Brachytherapy boost after external beam radiotherapy for intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer is presented as an attractive technique in numerous retrospective and prospective studies. Currently, three randomized controlled trials comparing brachytherapy versus external beam radiotherapy boost used non-homogenous irradiation features. Therefore, we analyzed the oncological outcomes by a systematic review with meta-analysis of the randomized controlled trials.

Occurrence of phosphenes in patients undergoing proton beam therapy for ocular tumor.

Phosphenes are frequently reported by patients irradiated in the head and neck area. The aim of the present study was to characterize and investigate potential mechanisms of proton beam therapy (PBT)-induced phosphenes in a large population of patients undergoing PBT for ocular tumors.

Preliminary results of proton radiotherapy for pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma: a multi-institutional study in Japan.

To evaluate preliminary results of proton radiotherapy (PRT) for pediatric patients with rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). From 1987 to 2014, PRT was conducted as initial radiotherapy in 55 patients (35 males, 20 females, median age 5 years, range 0-19) with RMS at four institutes in Japan. Thirty-one, 18, and six patients had embryonal, alveolar, and other RMS, respectively. One, 11, 37, and six patients were in IRSG groups I, II, III, and IV, respectively, and the COG risk group was low, intermediate, and high for...

Towards a novel dosimetry system using acrylic disk radiation sensor for proton pencil beam scanning.

Fabricate an acrylic disk radiation sensor (ADRS) and characterize the photoluminescence signal generated from the optical device as basis for the development and evaluation of a new dosimetry system for pencil beam proton therapy.

Risk-adapted therapy for young children with medulloblastoma (SJYC07): therapeutic and molecular outcomes from a multicentre, phase 2 trial.

Young children with medulloblastoma have a poor overall survival compared with older children, due to use of radiation-sparing therapy in young children. Radiotherapy is omitted or reduced in these young patients to spare them from debilitating long-term side-effects. We aimed to estimate event-free survival and define the molecular characteristics associated with progression-free survival in young patients with medulloblastoma using a risk-stratified treatment strategy designed to defer, reduce, or delay r...

Beam shaping assembly design of Li(p,n)Be neutron source for boron neutron capture therapy of deep-seated tumor.

The development of a medical facility for boron neutron capture therapy at Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics is under way. The neutron source is based on a tandem accelerator with vacuum insulation and lithium target. The proposed accelerator is conceived to deliver a proton beam around 10 mA at 2.3 MeV proton beam. To deliver a therapeutic beam for treatment of deep-seated tumors a typical Beam Shaping Assembly (BSA) based on the source specifications has been explored. In this article, an optimized ...

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