PubMed Journals Articles About "Psychosocial Treatment For Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Type I" RSS

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Showing "Psychosocial Treatment Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD Type" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 46,000+

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood-onset neuro-developmental disorder characterized by persistent inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that impairs functioning of the child/adolescent. Although ADHD is the most commonly seen psychiatric disorder in childhood and adolescence, diagnosis of ADHD in children and adolescents in the United States has grown over the past 20 years, with prevalence rates increasing from 6.1% to 10.2% from 1997 to 2016. The current article describes...

Sugar consumption and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A birth cohort study.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by persistent symptoms of lack of attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. The association between nutritional exposures and ADHD has been investigated and some studies have identified adverse effects from higher intake of sugar. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the association between change in sugar consumption between 6 and 11 years of age and incidence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Impact of Drug Adherence on Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder Among Patients With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be a predecessor of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD), and medication is an effective treatment option for ADHD. This study aims to examine whether adherence to medication treatment is associated with developing ODD and CD among youths with ADHD.

Amphetamines for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood-onset disorder characterised by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. ADHD can persist into adulthood and can affects individuals' social and occupational functioning, as well as their quality of life and health. ADHD is frequently associated with other mental disorders such as substance use disorders and anxiety and affective disorders. Amphetamines are used to treat adults with ADHD, but uncertainties about their efficacy and safety rem...

Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Preschool-Aged Children.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder defined as a persistent pattern of inactivity and/or hyperactivity that interferes with behavioral function or development. Diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in the preschool-aged population (children 3-5 years old) is more complicated compared with older children because of developmental and physiological differences. This article reviews the available literature regarding the challenges associated with ADHD diagnosis and treatm...

Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder in adult bipolar disorder patients.

It has long been recognized that bipolar disorder (BD) and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) co-occur in an uncertain proportion of patients, recognized commonly in juvenile years. There is growing suspicion that such co-occurrence is associated with several clinically unfavorable characteristics. Accordingly, we compared 703 type I or II BD subjects with vs. without a lifetime diagnosis of ADHD.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, School Performance, and Effect of Medication.

Individuals with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk of poor school performance and pharmacological treatment of ADHD may have beneficial effects on school performance. Conclusions from previous research have been limited by small sample sizes, outcome measures, and treatment follow-up. The current study analyzed school performance in students with ADHD compared to students without ADHD, and the association between pharmacological treatment of ADHD and school performance.

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and narrative discourse in older adults.

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) encompasses other symptoms besides inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, such as language problems. ADHD can have a non-remitting course and is also found in older individuals, although there are no studies on language problems in elderly individuals with the disorder.

Changes in Sleep Problems Across Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Treatment: Findings from the Multimodal Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Study.

Stimulant medication and behavior therapy are efficacious for youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, research suggests that stimulants may start and/or worsen sleep problems for youth. Further, the impact of behavior therapy for ADHD on sleep is unknown. This study examined the frequency of sleep problems and effects of stimulant medication, behavior therapy, and their combination on sleep problems in youth with ADHD. This study also explored the influence of dimensional baseli...

The effectiveness of methylphenidate in the management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review.

The effectiveness of psychostimulants, primarily methylphenidate (MPH), in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the general population of typically growing children and adolescents is well established through many Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs).

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Childhood and Adolescence and the Risk of Crime in Young Adulthood in a Danish Nationwide Study.

To determine the risk of long-term conviction and incarceration associated with childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and to identify risk and protective factors including associations with active treatment with ADHD medication.

Screening for adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in alcohol dependent patients: Underreporting of ADHD symptoms in self-report scales.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common comorbid disorder that is frequently overlooked in adults with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Moreover, identifying ADHD in AUD patients is time-consuming and difficult. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical utility of two self-report screening instruments for adult ADHD in AUD patients.

Treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in clinical practice. A retrospective study.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a complex and heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder, of a chronic nature, of multifactorial etiology, mainly due to genetic and environmental factors. We conducted a retrospective analytical study of the t herapeutic management of children diagnosed with ADHD. A sample of 82 children diagnosed with ADHD (74.4% children and 25.6% girls) was studied. 96.3% of the cases presented some associated disorder. Pharmacological treatment was the treatment of choi...

Practitioner Review: Assessment and treatment of preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often emerges during the preschool years and remains impairing throughout the life span. Early identification and intervention may yield lasting benefits that alter the often-adverse trajectory of the disorder.

Cognitive control impairment in adult with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

To study cognitive impairment in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and assess the efficacy of cerebrolysin in the treatment of such patients.

Does L-Methylfolate Supplement Methylphenidate Pharmacotherapy in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?: Evidence of Lack of Benefit From a Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Clinical Trial.

Interventions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be inadequate for some patients. There is evidence that supplementation with L-methylfolate augments antidepressant agent effects and thus might also augment ADHD treatment effects by a common catecholaminergic mechanism.

Sustained attention in sensory modulation disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

There are high comorbidity rates between sensory modulation disorder (SMD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Knowledge regarding the objective neuropsychological differentiation between them is scarce.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Emotion Regulation Over the Life Span.

Emotional symptoms are common and persistent in youth and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and cause clinically significant impairments. We review recent neuropsychological, neurophysiological, and peripheral psychophysiological evidence for emotion and emotion regulation deficits in ADHD across youth and adults.

Twenty-Year Trends in Diagnosed Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among US Children and Adolescents, 1997-2016.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is common in US children and adolescents. It is important to understand the most recent prevalence of ADHD and its long-term trends over the past decades.

Predicting attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using pregnancy and birth characteristics.

The aim of this study was to evaluate maternal, prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum parameters as risk factors for the later development of an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the child.

Diving and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric condition that affects attention, concentration, impulse control and awareness. Not only these symptoms, but also the medications used to treat ADHD (psychostimulants) pose a risk to both the diver and his or her buddy. This article presents guidelines for recreational diving in combination with ADHD and psychostimulants. These guidelines are based solely on 'expert' opinion and were adopted at a meeting of the Dutch Association for Diving Med...

Risks of bipolar disorder, depressive disorder, and traumatic brain injury among siblings of patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Previous studies have suggested that the unaffected siblings of patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience deficits in attention, impulsivity control, and behavior inhibition, which are associated with health-risk behaviors. However, risks to mental and physical health among the unaffected siblings of ADHD probands have rarely been investigated.

Treatment of Comorbid Adult Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder: 2 Case Reports.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often comorbid with anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder, but the best approach to treat this comorbidity in adults has yet to be determined, as current evidence on which disorder should be treated first is poor and conflicting. In this report, we present 1 case in which we treated adult ADHD first and 1 case in which we treated generalized anxiety disorder before prescribing any medication for ADHD. More studies are required on this topic...

Correlates of nicotine dependence in men with childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a 33-year follow-up.

Identify correlates of nicotine dependence [lifetime (l) and ongoing (o)] in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in childhood. We conducted a 33-year prospective follow-up of boys (mean age 8) with combined type ADHD (n = 135/207, 65% original sample). Correlates of nicotine dependence in adulthood were selected from characteristics obtained in childhood and adolescence. Among selected childhood features, only immature behavior was significantly related to nicotine dependence (OR...

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and task-related heart rate variability: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Research suggests that Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with autonomic nervous system dysregulation, but the findings were mixed.

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