PubMed Journals Articles About "Pulses Consumption And Its Role In Managing Systemic Inflammation, Insulin Sensitivity And Gut Microbiome In Human" RSS

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Pulses Consumption And Its Role In Managing Systemic Inflammation, Insulin Sensitivity And Gut Microbiome In Human PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Pulses Consumption And Its Role In Managing Systemic Inflammation, Insulin Sensitivity And Gut Microbiome In Human articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Pulses Consumption Role Managing Systemic Inflammation Insulin Sensitivity" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

The effect of coffee consumption on insulin sensitivity and other biological risk factors for type 2 diabetes: a randomized placebo-controlled trial.

In observational studies, coffee consumption has been consistently associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Trials examining the effect of coffee consumption on glucose metabolism have been limited by the use of surrogate insulin sensitivity indices, small sample sizes, lack of blinding, and short follow-up duration.

Role and mechanism of cardiac insulin resistance in occurrence of heart failure caused by myocardial hypertrophy.

Cardiac insulin resistance plays an important role in the development of heart failure, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we found that hypertrophic hearts exhibit normal cardiac glucose oxidation rates, but reduced fatty acid oxidation rates, compared to Sham controls under basal (no insulin) conditions. Furthermore, insulin stimulation attenuated insulin's effects on cardiac substrate utilization, suggesting the development of cardiac insulin resistance. Consistent with insulin resistanc...

Changes in systemic and subcutaneous adipose tissue inflammation and oxidative stress in response to exercise training in obese black African women.

Inflammation and oxidative stress are interrelated during obesity and contribute to the development of insulin resistance; and exercise training represents a key component in the management of these conditions. Black African women despite high gluteal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and less visceral fat are less insulin sensitive than their white counterparts. Exercise training improved systemic oxidative stress in obese black women, which was related to gynoid fat reduction and not insulin sensitivity. ...

Apolipoprotein-AI mimetic peptides D-4F and L-5F decrease hepatic inflammation and increase insulin sensitivity in C57BL/6 mice.

Apolipoprotein-AI (apo-AI) is the major apolipoprotein found in high density lipoprotein particles (HDLs). We previously demonstrated that apo-AI injected directly into high-fat diet fed mice improved insulin sensitivity associated with decreased hepatic inflammation. While our data provides compelling proof of concept, apoA-I mimetic peptides are more clinically feasible. The aim of this study was to test whether apo-AI mimetic peptide (D-4F and L-5F) treatment will emulate the effects of full-length apo-A...

Effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 analog liraglutide on the systemic inflammation in high-fat-diet-induced mice.

Metabolic syndrome is a chronic-metabolic disease caused by a variety of factors, including high peripheral blood insulin levels and insulin resistance. It has been reported that GLP-1 could regulate insulin resistance. It is not known whether and how GLP-1 protects from fat-induced inflammation and immune changes. We investigated if GLP-1 alters the populations of fat-induced inflammation and immune cells and the related mechanism.

Pancreatic β cell microRNA-26a alleviates type 2 diabetes by improving peripheral insulin sensitivity and preserving β cell function.

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by insulin resistance along with pancreatic β cell failure. β cell factors are traditionally thought to control glucose homeostasis by modulating insulin levels, not insulin sensitivity. Exosomes are emerging as new regulators of intercellular communication. However, the role of β-cell-derived exosomes in metabolic homeostasis is poorly understood. Here, we report that microRNA-26a (miR-26a) in β cells not only modulates insulin secretion and β cell replication in...

Hepatic nitric oxide synthase 1 adaptor protein regulates glucose homeostasis and hepatic insulin sensitivity in obese mice depending on its PDZ binding domain.

NOS1AP is an adaptor protein and its SNP rs12742393 was associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, it remains uncertain whether NOS1AP plays a role in regulation of insulin sensitivity. Hepatic insulin resistance contributed to the development of T2D. Here, our investigation was focused on whether NOS1AP is involved in the regulation of hepatic insulin sensitivity and its underlying mechanisms.

Loss of TAZ Boosts PPARγ to Cope with Insulin Resistance.

In this issue of Cell Metabolism, El Ouarrat et al. identify the Hippo signaling terminal effector TAZ as an endogenous negative regulator of PPARγ, a master transcriptional regulator of lipid metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Selective destruction of TAZ in adipocytes lowers inflammation and restores insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis.

The Role of Androgen Excess on Insulin Sensitivity in Women.

Sex steroids, except for their primary reproductive role, exert key effects on metabolic target tissues. Androgen receptors have been detected in various tissues, participating in both central and peripheral regulation of metabolism and insulin action. The physiological role of androgens in regulating multiple aspects of female insulin signaling and energy metabolism becomes evident early in utero, thus programming how insulin-targeted tissues will behave in later life. Across lifespan, distinct effects of ...

Effect of sucralose and aspartame on glucose metabolism and gut hormones.

Non-nutritive sweeteners are thought to be useful replacements for caloric sweeteners in sweet food and beverages, since the reduction in energy and carbohydrate intake may lead to health benefits stemming from weight management and glycemic control. However, the potential effects of non-nutritive sweeteners on glucose metabolism and gut hormones have not been determined definitively. Here, the available evidence of the effects of aspartame and sucralose consumption on glucose metabolism and gut hormones is...

Bacitracin Attenuates Hemolysis-Induced Insulin Degradation during Insulin Sensitivity Testing: Repurposing an Old Drug for Use in Metabolic Research.

Hemolysis of serially-collected insulin serum samples frequently causes falsely-low measured concentrations due to release of intracellular insulin degrading enzyme (IDE). We investigated if bacitracin, an in vitro IDE inhibitor, could prevent hemolysis-induced insulin degradation during insulin sensitivity testing.

--GRP94 Regulates M1 Macrophage Polarization and Insulin Resistance.

Macrophage polarization contributes to obesity-induced insulin resistance. Glucose-regulated protein 94 (GRP94) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperon specialized for folding and quality control of secreted and membrane proteins. To determine the role of GRP94 in macrophage polarization and insulin resistance, macrophage-specific GRP94 conditional knockout (KO) mice were generated, and were challenged with high fat diet (HFD). Glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and macrophage composition were compar...

Insulin resistance associates with hepatic lobular inflammation in subjects with obesity.

Obese subjects with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are more prone to develop additional metabolic disturbances such as systemic insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes. NAFLD is defined by hepatic steatosis, lobular inflammation, ballooning and stage of fibrosis, but it is unclear if and which components could contribute to IR.

IL-17A contributes to propagation of inflammation but does not impair adipogenesis and/or insulin response, in adipose tissue of obese individuals.

Adipose tissue is infiltrated with various immune cells, including Th17 lymphocytes and monocytes/macrophages, in obese individuals. We have previously demonstrated the role of obese adipose-derived stem cells (ob-ASC) and adipocytes (AD) in the mediation of inflammation through promotion of Th17 cells and activation of monocytes. Such an inflammation resulted in impaired ob-ASC adipogenesis and AD insulin response. In the present study, we investigated the role of IL-17A in the impairment of these function...

Modified Systemic Inflammation Score is Useful for Risk Stratification After Radical Resection of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus.

Inflammation plays a critical role in the development and progression of cancers. We evaluated the clinical significance of the preoperative modified systemic inflammation score (mSIS) to predict long-term outcomes of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).

Caulerpa okamurae extract attenuates inflammatory interaction, regulates glucose metabolism and increases insulin sensitivity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and RAW 264.7 macrophages.

To examine whether Caulerpa okamurae ethanolic extract (COE) could inhibit obesity-mediated inflammation, improve glucose metabolism and increase insulin sensitivity, using in vitro cell models of RAW 264.7 macrophages and 3T3-L1 adipocytes.

Mannose is an insulin-regulated metabolite reflecting whole-body insulin sensitivity in man.

Mannose is a glucose-associated serum metabolite mainly released by the liver. Recent studies have shown several unexpected pleiotropic effects of mannose including increased regulatory T cells (Tregs), prevention of auto-immune disease and ability to reduce growth of human cancer cells. We have previously shown in large cohorts that elevated serum mannose levels are associated with future development of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. However, potential direct effects of mannose on insuli...

Correlation between Oral Health and Systemic Inflammation (COHESION): A Randomized Pilot Follow Up Trial of a Plaque Identifying Toothpaste.

Inflammation is intimately involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and is accurately measured by high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), a sensitive marker for future risk of cardiovascular disease. The Correlation between Oral Health and Systemic Inflammation (COHESION) trial was designed to test the hypothesis that PlaqueHD, a plaque identifying toothpaste, reduces hs-CRP.

MicroRNA miR-222 mediates pioglitazone beneficial effects on skeletal muscle of diet-induced obese mice.

Pioglitazone belongs to the class of drugs thiazolidinediones (TZDs) and is an oral hypoglycemic drug, used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, which improves insulin sensitivity in target tissues. Adipose tissue is the main target of pioglitazone, a PPARg and PPARa agonist; however, studies also point to skeletal muscle as a target. Non-PPAR targets of TZDs have been described, thus we aimed to study the direct effects of pioglitazone on skeletal muscle and the possible role of microRNAs as targets of thi...

Mice lacking angiotensin type 2 receptor exhibit a sex-specific attenuation of insulin sensitivity.

The renin-angiotensin system modulates insulin action. Pharmacological stimulation of angiotensin type 2 receptor (AT2R) was shown to have beneficial metabolic effects in various animal models of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes and also to increase insulin sensitivity in wild type mice. In this study we further explored the role of the AT2R on insulin action and glucose homeostasis by investigating the glycemic profile and in vivo insulin signaling status in insulin-target tissues from both male and ...

Insulin Exacerbates Inflammation in Fibroblast-Like Synoviocytes.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is considered the most frequent degenerative disease and is characterized by cartilage degradation and synovial inflammation. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) are vital to synovial inflammation in OA. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia (HINS) and has been demonstrated to be an independent risk factor for OA. Autophagy is involved in the processes of various inflammatory diseases, and autophagy inhibition can stimulate OA develop...

Obesity-induced insulin resistance via changes in the DNA methylation profile of insulin pathway genes.

Obesity has been shown to play a key role in the development of insulin resistance (IR). Abundant data implicate obesity in DNA hypermethylation at global and site-specific levels, including genes regulating insulin sensitivity. Deregulation of epigenetic marks implicates gene expression and changes in cell metabolism.

Hyperinsulinemia: does it tip the balance toward intrahepatic fat accumulation?

In health, the liver is metabolically flexible over the course of the day, as it undertakes a multitude of physiological processes including the regulation of intrahepatic and systemic glucose and lipid levels. The liver is the first organ to receive insulin and through a cascade of complex series of steps, insulin not only plays a key role in the intrahepatic regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism but also in the regulation of systemic glucose and lipid concentrations. Thus, when intra-hepatic insulin ...

Effect of valine on myotube insulin sensitivity and metabolism with and without insulin resistance.

Population data have consistently demonstrated a correlation between circulating branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) and insulin resistance. Most recently valine catabolite, 3-hydroxyisobutyrate, has emerged as a potential cause of BCAA-mediated insulin resistance; however, it is unclear if valine independently promotes insulin resistance. It is also unclear if excess valine influences the ability of cells to degrade BCAA. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of valine on muscle insulin signaling and...

Keratinocyte-derived IκBζ drives psoriasis and associated systemic inflammation.

The transcriptional activator IκBζ is a key regulator of psoriasis, but which cells mediate its pathogenic effect remains unknown. Here we found that IκBζ expression in keratinocytes triggers not only skin lesions, but also systemic inflammation in mouse psoriasis models. Specific depletion of IκBζ in keratinocytes was sufficient to suppress the induction of imiquimod- or IL-36-mediated psoriasis. Moreover, IκBζ ablation in keratinocytes prevented the onset of psoriatic lesions and systemic inflamma...

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