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PubMed Journals Articles About "Puma Genomes Reflect Inbreeding Highlight Rescue Options Http" RSS

12:50 EST 9th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Puma Genomes Reflect Inbreeding Highlight Rescue Options http" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,200+

Sibling competition does not magnify inbreeding depression in North American Arabidopsis lyrata.

About half of all angiosperms have some form of molecular self-incompatibility to promote outcrossing. If self-incompatibility breaks down, inbreeding depression (δ) is the main barrier to the evolution of self-fertilisation (selfing). If inbreeding depression is lower than 50% (δ 


Little to no inbreeding depression in a tapeworm with mixed mating.

Meta-studies on hermaphrodites have found a negative relationship between primary selfing rates and levels of inbreeding depression and thus, generally support purging in inbred systems. However, in plants, high among-taxa variance in inbreeding depression results in no difference in the mean inbreeding depression between outcrossing and mixed-mating taxa. Selective interference likely explains high inbreeding depression among mixed-mating taxa, whereas low levels of inbreeding depression among mixed-mating...

Conservation: The Costs of Inbreeding and of Being Inbred.

Endangered species face a huge array of challenges, including the negative consequences of individuals having to breed with close genetic relatives. But just how costly is inbreeding in small populations? New research from an endangered bird species suggests that considering inbreeding could be crucial for conservation programmes.


Transcriptomic Profiling Provides Insights into Inbreeding Depression in Yesso Scallop Patinopecten yessoensis.

Inbreeding often causes a decline in biological fitness, known as inbreeding depression. In genetics study, inbreeding coefficient f gives the proportion by which the heterozygosity of an individual is reduced by inbreeding. With the development of high-throughput sequencing, researchers were able to perform deep approaches to investigate which genes are affected by inbreeding and reveal some molecular underpinnings of inbreeding depression. As one commercially important species, Yesso scallop Patinopecten ...

No evidence of inbreeding depression in fast declining herds of migratory caribou.

Identifying inbreeding depression early in small and declining populations is essential for management and conservation decisions. Correlations between heterozygosity and fitness (HFCs) provide a way to identify inbreeding depression without prior knowledge of kinship among individuals. In Northern Quebec and Labrador, the size of two herds of migratory caribou (Rivière-George; RG, and Rivière-aux-Feuilles; RAF) has declined by one to two orders of magnitude in the last three decades. This raises the ques...

sHeterozygosity-fitness correlations reveal inbreeding depression in neonatal body size in a critically endangered rock iguana.

Inbreeding depression, though challenging to identify in nature, may play an important role in regulating the dynamics of small and isolated populations. Conversely, greater expression of genetic load can enhance opportunities for natural selection. Conditional expression concentrates these opportunities for selection and may lead to failure of detection. This study investigates the possibility for age-dependent expression of inbreeding depression in a critically endangered population of rock iguanas, C. nu...

Close kin mating, but not inbred parents, reduces hatching rates and offspring quality in a threatened tortoise.

Inbreeding depression, the reduction of fitness due to mating of related individuals, is of particular conservation concern in species with small, isolated populations. Although inbreeding depression is widespread in natural populations, long-lived species may be buffered from its effects during population declines due to long generation times, and thus are less likely to have evolved mechanisms of inbreeding avoidance than species with shorter generation times. However, empirical evidence of the consequenc...

The Ecology and Evolution of Pangenomes.

Since the first genome-scale comparisons, it has been evident that the genomes of many species are unbound by strict vertical descent: Large differences in gene content can occur among genomes belonging to the same prokaryotic species, with only a fraction of genes being universal to all genomes. These insights gave rise to the pangenome concept. The pangenome is defined as the set of all the genes present in a given species and can be subdivided into the accessory genome, present in only some of the genome...

Inbreeding does not alter the response to an experimental heat wave in a freshwater snail.

Global climate change affects natural populations of many species by increasing the average temperature and the frequency of extreme weather events (e.g. summer heat waves). The ability of organisms to cope with these environmental changes can, however, depend on their genetic properties. For instance, genetic load owing to inbreeding could alter organisms' responses to climate change-mediated environmental changes but such effects are often overlooked. We investigated the effects of an experimental heat wa...

Low genome-wide homozygosity in 11 Spanish ovine breeds.

The population of Spanish sheep has decreased from 24 to 15 million heads in the last 75 years due to multiple social and economic factors. Such a demographic reduction might have caused an increase in homozygosity and inbreeding, thus limiting the viability of local breeds with excellent adaptations to harsh ecosystems. The main goal of our study was to investigate the homozygosity patterns of 11 Spanish ovine breeds and to elucidate the relationship of these Spanish breeds with reference populations from...

Aneuploid rescue precedes X-chromosome inactivation and increases the incidence of its skewness by reducing the size of the embryonic progenitor cell pool.

Do monosomy rescue (MR) and trisomy rescue (TR) in preimplantation human embryos affect other developmental processes, such as X-chromosome inactivation (XCI)?

Scaling up the effects of inbreeding depression from individuals to metapopulations.

Inbreeding is common in nature, and many laboratory studies have documented that inbreeding depression can reduce the fitness of individuals. Demonstrating the consequences of inbreeding depression on the growth and persistence of populations is more challenging because populations are often regulated by density- or frequency-dependent selection and influenced by demographic and environmental stochasticity. A few empirical studies have shown that inbreeding depression can increase extinction risk of local p...

New Insights on the Evolution of Genome Content: Population Dynamics of Transposable Elements in Flies and Humans.

Understanding the abundance, diversity, and distribution of TEs in genomes is crucial to understand genome structure, function, and evolution. Advances in whole-genome sequencing techniques, as well as in bioinformatics tools, have increased our ability to detect and analyze the transposable element content in genomes. In addition to reference genomes, we now have access to population datasets in which multiple individuals within a species are sequenced. In this chapter, we highlight the recent advances in ...

Long non-coding RNA CRNDE enhances cervical cancer progression by suppressing PUMA expression.

Cervical cancer is the second most common gynecological malignancy, and it remains a leading cause of tumor-related death among female in the world. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been indicated to play essential roles in tumorigenesis, and the lncRNA colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed (CRNDE) is increased in several tumors. Nevertheless, little is known about the effects of lncRNA CRNDE on human cervical cancer. The aim of the study was to explore the clinical significance of lncRNA CRNDE e...

The joint evolution of lifespan and self-fertilisation.

In Angiosperms, there exists a strong association between mating system and lifespan. Most self-fertilising species are short-lived and most predominant or obligate outcrossers are long-lived. This association is generally explained by the influence of lifespan on the evolution of the mating system, considering lifespan as fixed. Yet, lifespan can itself evolve, and the mating system may as well influence the evolution of lifespan, as is suggested by joint evolutionary shifts of lifespan and mating system b...

Hybrids between Brassica napus and B. nigra show frequent pairing between the B and A/C genomes and resistance to blackleg.

High frequencies of homoeologous and even non-homologous chromosome recombination in Brassica hybrids can transfer useful traits between genomes, but also destabilise synthetic allopolyploids. We produced triploid hybrids (2n = 3x = ABC) from the cross B. napus (rapeseed, 2n = 4x = AACC) × B. nigra (black mustard, 2n = 2x = BB) by embryo rescue and allohexaploid hybrids (2n = 6x = AABBCC = 54) by chromosome doubling of the triploids. These hybrids demonstrated resist...

Ten-year Trends in Surgical Mortality, Complications, and Failure to Rescue in Medicare Beneficiaries.

MINI: This study examines how reductions in postoperative complications and improvements in failure to rescue have contributed to improvements in surgical mortality over the past decade. Improvements in rescue explained the majority of observed improvements in surgical mortality, whereas decreased complication rates explained a small proportion of this improvement.

MycopathologiaGENOMES: The New 'Home' for the Publication of Fungal Genomes.

The wider availability of information on genomes has become essential for future advances in fungal biology, pathogenesis and epidemiology, and for the discovery of new drugs and diagnostics. MycopathologiaGENOMES is designed for the rapid publication of new genomes of human and animal pathogenic fungi using a checklist-based, standardized format.

Towards development of plasmacytoma cells-based expression systems utilizing alphavirus vectors: an NS0-VEE model.

Plasmacytoma (myeloma) cells have a large protein expression capacity, although their industrial use is confined to stable expression systems. Vectors derived from genomes of viruses from the genus Alphavirus allow obtaining of high yields of target proteins but their use is limited to transient expression. Little information has been published to date on attempts to combine the myeloma cells as hosts with alphaviruses as expression vectors. A plasmid construct which allows rescue of a model alphavirus Vene...

Understanding Failure-to-Rescue after Esophagectomy in the United States.

Data on failure to rescue (FTR) after esophagectomy are sparse. We sought to better understand the patient factors associated with FTR, and assessed whether FTR is associated with hospital volume.

as a Source of Natural Products.

bacteria are multifaceted organisms that are ecologically and metabolically diverse. The genus has gained prominence because it includes human pathogens; however, many strains are nonpathogenic and have desirable characteristics such as beneficial plant associations and degradation of pollutants. The diversity of the genus is reflected within the large genomes that feature multiple replicons. genomes encode a plethora of natural products with potential therapeutic relevance and biotechnological applicati...

Bystander-initiated conventional vs compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation and outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to drowning.

Great emphasis has been placed on rescue breathing in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to drowning. However, there is no evidence about the effect of rescue breathing on neurologically favorable survival after OHCA due to drowning. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of bystander-initiated conventional (with rescue breathing) versus compression-only (without rescue breathing) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in OHCA due to drowning.

Rescue Maneuver For A Dislocated Web Device In The Middle Cerebral Artery.

Intrasaccular flow disruption has emerged as a useful modality for treatment of wide-necked saccular aneurysm at vessel bifurcations. The Woven EndoBridge (WEB) device is one such device that has been evaluated in several series with excellent safety and good mid-term efficacy. Bailout techniques to retrieve or reposition a dislocated WEB device are sparse and associated with significant risks. We describe a case of a dislocated WEB device that was repositioned with a microcatheter alone. An unruptured midd...

Investigation of (micro-)meteoritic materials at the new hard X-ray imaging PUMA beamline for heritage sciences.

At the French synchrotron facility SOLEIL, a new X-ray imaging facility PUMA (Photons Utilisés pour les Matériaux Anciens) has been made available to scientific communities studying materials from cultural heritage. This new instrument aims to achieve 2D and 3D imaging with microscopic resolution, applying different analytical techniques including X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X-ray diffraction and phase-contrast imaging. In order to discover its capabilities ...

The Landscape of Persistent Viral Genomes in ART-Treated SIV, SHIV, and HIV-2 Infections.

Evaluation of HIV cure strategies is complicated by defective proviruses that persist in ART-treated patients but are irrelevant to cure. Non-human primates (NHP) are essential for testing cure strategies. However, the persisting proviral landscape in ART-treated NHPs is uncharacterized. Here, we describe viral genomes persisting in ART-treated, simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected NHPs, simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV)-infected NHPs, and humans infected with HIV-2, an SIV-related virus. ...


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