PubMed Journals Articles About "Quiz Know Patient Human Trafficking Victim" RSS

04:44 EST 17th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Quiz Know Patient Human Trafficking Victim" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

Human Trafficking: Clinical Assessment Guideline.

Approximately 18,000 people are trafficked into the United States each year and forced into commercial sex work. Up to 80% of victims are seen by a health care provider. In the health care setting, they rarely identify themselves as victims of human trafficking (HT), making it difficult to recognize them. Only a few health care professionals know how to identify victims of trafficking among their patients. The purpose of this article was to review the process used in health care settings to identify victims...

Morphology quiz: Identification of metastatic cells in pleural effusion.

Quiz related to cytological examination of pleural effusion in a patient with history of latero-thoracic malignant melanoma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Human trafficking: How nurse practitioners can help end modern-day slavery.

Nurse practitioners can be a powerful frontline force by collectively raising awareness of human trafficking (HT) through education; advocating for policy change at the local/state/federal level, providing primary prevention for contributory risk factors; and building a strong HT prevention program with the Social-Ecological Model. Together, NPs can lead through practice, education, advocacy, and research to promote optimal health outcomes and to end human trafficking.

Does the Sex Risk Quiz Predict Mycoplasma genitalium Infection in Urban Adolescents and Young Adult Women?

Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) but there are limited strategies to identify individuals at risk of MG. Previously a sex risk quiz was used to predict STIs including Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC), and/or Trichomonas vaginalis (TV). The original quiz categorized individuals ≤25 years old as at risk of STIs, but the Centers for Disease Control identifies females

Tattoo Recognition in Screening for Victims of Human Trafficking.

There is little information on the secondary prevention of human trafficking and how medical professionals can screen for victims. There is a paucity of validated screening tools for use in clinical settings to identify adult trafficked patients, although one for use in pediatric populations exists. Many victims withhold information about their trafficked status. Because traffickers may mark victims, identification of tattoos provides a useful method for screening patients, which complements history taking,...

Is bad intent negligible? Linking victim justice sensitivity, hostile attribution bias, and aggression.

The hostile attribution bias (HAB) is a well-established risk factor for aggression. It is considered part of the suspicious mindset that may cause highly victim-justice sensitive individuals to behave uncooperatively. Thus, links of victim justice sensitivity (JS) with negative behavior, such as aggression, may be better explained by HAB. The present study tested this hypothesis in N = 279 German adolescents who rated their JS, HAB, and physical, relational, verbal, reactive, and proactive aggression. ...

The effects of ethnic group membership on bullying at school: when do observers dehumanize bullies?

The purpose of this experiment was to test how ethnic group membership of both the bullies and the victims influence the way that observers attribute human characteristics to bullies. Ethnic group membership was manipulated in terms of bullies' and victims' ethnicity (ingroup-majority group versus outgroup-minority group). Furthermore, we examined the mediating role of empathic concern towards the victim and perspective taking of the bully in the relation between ethnic group membership of bullies and victi...

LRRK2 Deficiency Impairs trans-Golgi to Lysosome Trafficking and Endocytic Cargo Degradation in Human Renal Proximal Tubule Epithelial Cells.

Defects in vesicular trafficking underlie a wide variety of human diseases. Genetic disruption of leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) in rodents results in epithelial vesicular trafficking errors that can also be induced by treatment of animals with LRRK2 kinase inhibitors. Here we demonstrate that defects in human renal cells lacking LRRK2 phenocopy those seen in the kidneys of Lrrk2 knockout mice, characterized by accumulation of intracellular waste vesicles and fragmentation of the Golgi apparatus. This...

DNA identification of human remains in Disaster Victim Identification (DVI): An efficient sampling method for muscle, bone, bone marrow and teeth.

In disaster victim identification (DVI), DNA profiling is considered to be one of the most reliable and efficient means to identify bodies or separated body parts. This requires a post mortem DNA sample, and an ante mortem DNA sample of the presumed victim or their biological relative(s). Usually the collection of an adequate ante mortem sample is technically simple, but the acquisition of a good quality post mortem sample under unfavourable DVI circumstances is complicated due to the variable degree of pre...

Turning off the empathy switch: Lower empathic concern for the victim leads to utilitarian choices of action.

Empathy enables people to vicariously experience the other's pain. At the same time, the focus of empathy can be narrow and reserved for a limited number of people. In sacrificial dilemmas, non-empathic people are more likely to sacrifice one person for greater good. However, no study has investigated the role of diminished empathic concern for the victim in utilitarian choices of action. In two studies, we investigated how empathy actually experienced in sacrificial dilemmas affects a decision to perform a...

Social Support, Dysfunctional Coping, and Community Reintegration as Predictors of PTSD Among Human Trafficking Survivors.

Human trafficking exerts psychological effects on survivors that persist after intervention, and even after community reintegration. Effects include anxiety, depression, alienation, disorientation, aggression, suicidal ideation, attention deficit, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Community supports and coping mechanisms may mitigate these effects. The report presented here is part of a long-term program of research to develop and test evidence-informed mental health and human capacity-building inte...

Violence among illicit drug users recruited in drug treatment facilities.

Illicit drug use is known to be associated with injuries resulting from violence. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of violence, for the last 12 months, in illicit drug users and study the victim-offender overlap, separately by sex. Persons using illicit drugs (502) were recruited in drug treatment facilities. Violence was assessed using four questions for victim and one for perpetrator in the last 12 months. Associations between violence and socio-demographic, substance use, crime and illegal drug...

Detection of offender DNA following skin-to-skin contact with a victim.

Forensic medical examiners are frequently asked to examine persons who claim to have been assaulted. If the suspect is unknown and there has been contact between his or her skin and the alleged victim, there is an expectation that DNA can be collected from the victim's skin. In this way, the retrieved suspect DNA from the skin of the victim can be used to support the proposition that places the suspect at the scene. This study investigated the transfer and persistence of offender DNA on a victim following a...

Bullying and health-related quality of life in children and adolescent Mexican students.

Previous studies have reported a relationship between being a victim of bullying, but no studies have been carried out with Mexican students; notwithstanding the high scores of bullying in Mexico in international rankings. The objective of this study was to analyze the association between being a victim of bullying and lower HRQoL among schoolchildren and adolescents in Mexico. This cross-sectional and correlational study involved 2225 students from 22 elementary, middle and high schools. HRQoL was assessed...

Advancing the Science on the Biopsychosocial Effects of Human Trafficking.

Human Trafficking Health Research: Progress and Future Directions.

The Influence of Sexual Orientation on Attributions of Blame Toward Victims of Sexual Assault.

Previous research has indicated that the sexual orientation of a sexual assault victim influences perceptions of blame. Although researchers have studied perceptions of blame toward straight and lesbian sexual assault victims, none have yet assessed perceptions of blame toward bisexual victims. The purpose of the current study is to examine perceptions of blame toward a female sexual assault victim and to determine whether the victim's sexual orientation impacts the level of attributed blame. Despite no pre...

Patient, cured, victim or survivor of urological cancer? A qualitative study.

to describe the meanings that patients attribute to the term cancer survivor and to analyze the identities assumed by them according to their experience with the disease.

On the structure-function of MHC class ii molecules and how single amino acid polymorphisms could alter intracellular trafficking.

Classical HLA class II molecules are highly polymorphic heterodimeric transmembrane proteins encoded by a polygenic cluster on chromosome 6. Polymorphic residues in the membrane-distal domains ensure that a large collection of microbial peptides can be bound in the human population. Still, the HLA-DR, -DP and -DQ isotypes show a high degree of conservation in their overall tertiary and quaternary structures, in line with their common function in T cell receptor activation. Interestingly, the primary structu...

The C-terminus of varicella-zoster virus glycoprotein M contains trafficking motifs that mediate skin virulence in the SCID-human model of VZV pathogenesis.

Knowledge about the function of varicella-zoster virus glycoprotein M is limited; the requirement of gM for skin and neural tropism are unknown. VZV gM contains two predicted YXXΦ trafficking motifs and a dileucine motif in the carboxyl-terminus. We constructed a recombinant VZV with gM truncated from the first YXXΦ and five additional viruses with YXXΦ tyrosine substitutions, alone and in combination with dileucine substitution. All recombinant viruses grew to high titer but mutation of the membrane-pro...


Heterotetrameric annexin A2/S100A10 (A2t) is essential for oncogenic human papillomavirus trafficking and capsid disassembly, and protects virions from lysosomal degradation.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) entry into epithelial cells is independent of canonical endocytic pathways. Upon interaction with host cells, HPV establishes infection by traversing through an endocytic pathway that is clathrin- and caveolin-independent, but dependent on the annexin A2/S100A10 heterotetramer (A2t). We examined the contribution of monomeric annexin A2 (AnxA2) vs. A2t in HPV infection and endocytosis, and further characterized the role of these molecules in protein trafficking. We specifically sho...

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