PubMed Journals Articles About "Race Poverty Tied Knee Replacement Outcomes" RSS

22:40 EST 10th December 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Race Poverty Tied Knee Replacement Outcomes" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,200+

Increased knee loading in stair ambulation in patients dissatisfied with their total knee replacement.

Total knee replacement patients have shown reductions in knee flexion range of motion, knee extensor moments, and gait speed during stair ascent and stair descent. However, it is unknown how patients dissatisfied with their total knee replacement differ from those who are satisfied during more difficult activities such as stair negotiation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare knee biomechanics of patients who are dissatisfied with their joint replacement to those who are satisfied and health...

Lower extremity gait kinematics outcomes after knee replacement demonstrate arthroplasty-specific differences between unicondylar and total knee arthroplasty: A pilot study.

The aim of the present study is to compare sagittal gait kinematics of ankle, knee and hip joints between subjects with unicondylar and total knee arthroplasty and age matched healthy controls. Since unicondylar knee replacement is a less invasive procedure, which more closely preserves knee joint anatomy, we hypothesized that one year post unicondylar knee arthroplasty patients would demonstrate more normal gait patterns than patients with total knee arthroplasty.

Association of Preoperative Opioid Use With Mortality and Short-term Safety Outcomes After Total Knee Replacement.

Prescription opioid use is common among patients with moderate to severe knee osteoarthritis before undergoing total knee replacement (TKR). Preoperative opioid use may be associated with worse clinical and safety outcomes after TKR.

The projected burden of knee osteoarthritis in New Zealand: healthcare expenditure and total joint replacement provision.

To estimate the healthcare costs and demand for total knee replacement (TKR) associated with knee osteoarthritis in New Zealand over the period 2013-2038 and the contribution of increasing obesity rates to these costs.

Revision Rates and Functional Outcomes Among Severely, Morbidly, and Super-Obese Patients Following Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Obesity has been associated with a greater burden of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. There is some evidence that patients with a very high body mass index (BMI) may have a higher risk of complications and poor outcomes following total knee replacement compared with non-obese patients or obese patients with a lower BMI. We hypothesized that increasing degrees of obesity would be associated with deteriorating outcomes for patients following total knee replacement.

Use of National Joint Registries to Evaluate a New Knee Arthroplasty Design.

The introduction of new technology in joint replacement surgery requires close monitoring to identify early successes and failures. This monitoring can be effectively performed through the analysis of registry data and radiostereometric analysis studies. This study examined the revision rates of a contemporary knee system for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using National Joint Replacement Registries.

Technology-assisted rehabilitation following total knee or hip replacement for people with osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of technology-assisted rehabilitation following total hip/knee replacement (THR/TKR).

Geographical and ethnic differences of osteoarthritis-associated hip and knee replacement surgeries in New Zealand: a population-based cross-sectional study.

To (1) explore the regional and ethnic differences in rates of publicly funded osteoarthritis-associated hip and knee replacement surgeries and (2) investigate the mortality after surgery.

Thiazide Diuretics and Risk of Knee Replacement Surgery among Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: A General Population-based Cohort Study.

Thiazide diuretic use is associated with higher bone mineral density (BMD) and possibly lower serum magnesium levels than loop diuretic use, and both high BMD and low serum magnesium have been linked to high prevalent knee osteoarthritis. This study aimed to compare the risk of a clinically relevant endpoint, knee replacement surgery, among initiators of thiazide and loop diuretics.

Trust compliance with best practice tariff criteria for total hip and knee replacement.

Satisfaction of the best practice tariff criteria for primary hip and knee replacement enables on average an additional £560 of reimbursement per case. The Getting it Right First Time report highlighted poor awareness of these criteria among orthopaedic departments.

The bulge sign - a simple physical examination for identifying progressive knee osteoarthritis: data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

To examine whether the presence of bulge sign or patellar tap was associated with frequent knee pain, progression of radiographic OA (ROA) and total knee replacement (TKR).

Patellar Osteonecrosis Following Knee Arthroscopy.

Patellar osteonecrosis is a rare condition, although knee osteonecrosis has been described in the arthroplasty literature. This is the first case describing knee arthroscopy as the cause of osteonecrosis. A 50-year-old woman who was experiencing knee pain during her marathon training and singles tennis underwent knee arthroscopy for a torn medial meniscus. The result of her partial medial meniscectomy led to patellar osteonecrosis 3 months following the index procedure. Osteonecrosis of the knee has been re...

Lifetime risk of knee and hip replacement following a GP diagnosis of osteoarthritis: a real-world cohort study.

The aim of this study was to estimate lifetime risk of knee and hip replacement following a GP diagnosis of osteoarthritis and assess how this risk varies with patient characteristics.

Effectiveness of behavioural interventions on physical activity levels after hip or knee joint replacement: a systematic review.

To evaluate the effect of behavioural interventions on levels of physical activity after hip or knee joint replacement.

Stability of measures of pain catastrophizing and widespread pain following total knee replacement (TKR).

Pain catastrophizing and widespread pain (WP) are predictors of pain chronicity/severity. Gaps remain in our understanding of the extent to which each is a stable (trait) or dynamic (state) variable. We assess a) the stability of each variable from before to after total knee replacement (TKR), and b) whether changes are explained by pain improvements.

Unicompartmental Knee Replacement Combined to Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Midterm Results.

A study was conducted to retrospectively evaluate the outcomes of combined medial unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The hypothesis was that this procedure would lead to satisfying results in patients affected by medial osteoarthritis and ACL insufficiency. Fourteen patients with ACL deficiency and concomitant medial compartment symptomatic osteoarthritis were treated from 2006 to 2010. Twelve of them were followed-up for an average time of 7.8 yea...

Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in association with medial unicompartmental knee replacement: a retrospective study comparing clinical and radiological outcomes of two different implant design.

Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) combined with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has recently been suggested as a feasible treatment option for young and active patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) and ACL deficiency. The aim of this study is to evaluate retrospectively the outcomes of two different implant designs in patients with medial OA secondary to traumatic ACL rupture, who underwent combined ACL reconstruction and unicompartmental knee replacement.

Short-Term Outcomes of Synovectomy and Total Knee Replacement in Patients with Diffuse-Type Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis.

Diffuse-type pigmented villonodular synovitis is a rare benign disease that causes disorders of the knee, including erosion of subchondral bone and cyst formation, with eventual osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term outcomes of synovectomy and total knee replacement in patients with the diffuse type of pigmented villonodular synovitis. From November 2011 to May 2015, we performed synovectomy and total knee replacement in 28 patients with diffuse pigmented villonodular syno...

Effectiveness of a Nursing Intervention to Diminish Preoperative Anxiety in Patients Programmed for Knee Replacement Surgery: Preventive Controlled and Randomized Clinical Trial.

This work was conducted to determine the effectiveness of a nursing intervention, based on the motivational interview, to diminish preoperative anxiety in patients programmed for knee replacement surgery.

Primary Results of Medial Epicondylar Osteotomy in Patients with Severe Bilateral Varus Knee Candidate for Total Knee Replacement.

 Total knee arthroplasty is a challenging task in patients with severe varus deformity. In most of these patients, an extensive medial release is needed that may lead to instability. Medial epicondylar osteotomy may be a better substitute for complete medial collateral release.

Impact of a National Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Programme on Patient Outcomes of Primary total Knee Replacement: an Interrupted Time Series Analysis from "The National Joint Registry of England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man".

We aimed to test whether a national Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Programme in total knee replacement (TKR) had an impact on patient outcomes.

A family-centered prevention ameliorates the associations of low self-control during childhood with employment income and poverty status in young African American adults.

Children with low self-control who grow up in poverty are at elevated risk for living in poverty when they are adults. The purpose of this study was to further understanding of the intergenerational continuity of poverty by (a) examining the likelihood that children with low levels of self-control at age 11 earn less employment income and are more likely to live in poverty 14 years later, at age 25; and (b) determining, via a preventive intervention, whether enhancing supportive parenting during childhood ...

Eight-year trajectories of changes in health-related quality of life in knee osteoarthritis: Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI).

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) worsens health-related quality of life (HRQoL) but the symptom pathway varies from person to person. We aimed to identify groups of people with knee OA or at its increased risk whose HRQoL changed similarly. Our secondary aim was to evaluate if patient-related characteristics, incidence of knee replacement (KR) and prevalence of pain medication use differed between the identified HRQoL trajectory groups.

Fuel poverty in Summer: An empirical analysis using microdata for Japan.

The term fuel poverty is used to describe households that cannot afford the fuel costs of heating during winters. Fuel poverty is estimated on the basis of European criteria given that winters tend to be severe in Europe. However, it would be inappropriate to apply the same criteria to Asian regions with severe heat levels. Considering fuel poverty in the context of cooling expenses incurred during summers is also necessary. Thus, this study aims to examine potential fuel poverty households in Japan during ...

Long-Term Results of Total Knee Arthroplasty with Contemporary Distal Femoral Replacement.

Distal femoral replacement (DFR) is a salvage option for complex primary and revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Although excellent immediate fixation and weight-bearing are achieved, there is a paucity of data on long-term outcomes of TKA with DFR. The purpose of the present study was to determine implant survivorship, clinical outcomes, and radiographic results of TKAs with contemporary DFR components in a large series.

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