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Radiation Therapy, Mitomycin, And Either Fluorouracil Or Cisplatin In Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Anal Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Radiation Therapy, Mitomycin, And Either Fluorouracil Or Cisplatin In Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Anal Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.
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Toxicity, Tolerability, and Compliance of Concurrent Capecitabine or 5-Fluorouracil in Radical Management of Anal Cancer With Single-dose Mitomycin-C and Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy: Evaluation of a National Cohort.
Chemoradiation therapy (CRT) with mitomycin C (MMC) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is established as the standard of care for the radical treatment of patients with anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC). The use of the oral fluoropyrimidine-derivative capecitabine is emerging as an alternative to 5-FU despite limited evidence of its tolerability and toxicity.
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma of the undifferentiated histologic subtype is endemic and prevalent in southeast Asia. The dramatic improvement of treatment outcomes and overall prognosis during the past few decades has been attributed to advances in disease screening and diagnosis, diagnostic imaging, radiotherapy techniques, use of combination systemic therapy, and dedicated clinical and biomarker surveillance. The current practice of treating patients with advanced locoregional disease using cisplatin concurren...
Over the past 20 years, PET/CT has had many technological and developmental advancements for patient care. PET/CT has evolved from solely used as a diagnosis and staging tool to now having an impact on treating cancer through a collaboration with radiation oncology. There are multiple considerations when integrating PET/CT into radiation therapy planning such as PET/CT center needs, the types of scans to offer, workflow considerations between the two centers, PET/CT center growth and demand on schedules, an...
The histoculture drug response assay (HDRA) with tumors histocultured on Gelfoamwas tested for clinical correlation for advanced gastric and colorectal cancer patients. In one study, 29 patients were treated with drugs shown to be ineffective in the HDRA, and all 29 cases showed clinical chemoresistance. In nine patients treated with drugs shown to be effective in the HDRA, six showed clinical chemoresponse and three showed arrest of disease progression. In a study of 32 patients with stage III and IV gastr...
We conducted a multicenter retrospective analysis to evaluate the efficacy of systemic chemotherapy for unresectable combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma. Thirty-six patients with pathologically proven, unresectable combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma treated with systemic chemotherapy were enrolled. The log-rank test determined the significance of each prognostic factor. Elevated alpha-fetoprotein, carcinoembryonic antigen, and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 levels were observed in 58.3%, 1...
Acute kidney injury (AKI) limits cisplatin use. We tested whether urine cystatin C (uCyC) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) can preidentify patients at risk for AKI. Patients initiating cisplatin-based chemotherapy were prospectively enrolled. uNGAL/uCyC were measured pre/post-cisplatin administration and compared with serum creatinine (sCr). AKI was defined as sCr increase ≥50% or ≥0.3 mg/dL above baseline. In all, 102 patients were enrolled; 95 provided evaluable data. Twenty-fiv...
Cisplatin has been used as a chemotherapeutic agent to treat many different cancers. A well-known side effect of cisplatin is nephrotoxicity, which is the primary dose-limiting toxicity. Hydration in conjunction with appropriate diuresis can decrease the incidence of nephrotoxicity.
The ability to predict and detect clinical and subclinical nephrotoxicity early in the course of therapy has the potential to improve long-term outcomes in cancer patients receiving cisplatin chemotherapy. Pharmacokinetic parameters could serve as predictors of cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.
Radiation is the standard therapy used for treating Glioblastoma (GBM), a grade IV brain cancer. Glioma Stem-like Cells (GSCs), an integral part of GBM enforces resistance to radiation therapy of GBM. Studying the differential biomolecular composition of GSCs with varying levels of radiation sensitivity can aid in identifying the molecules and their associated pathways which impose resistance to cells thereby unraveling new targets which would serve as potential adjuvant therapy. Raman spectroscopy being a ...
The use of computer simulation is arguably more widespread in other industries than in medicine. However, it has filtered into mainstream use in radiation therapy via a commercial product born from collaborative research partnership based in a radiation therapy department .The benefits and potentials of simulation training is discussed in this editorial from the perspective of an experienced radiation therapy physicist.
Radiation therapy has been a cornerstone of cancer management for many decades and is an integral part of the multi-modality care of patients with brain tumors. The known serious side effects of radiation therapy on the head or central nervous system are uncommon and include radiation necrosis, microangiopathy, and progressive leukencephalopathy. In addition, there have been descriptions of radiation-induced tumors including sarcomas, gliomas, lymphomas, and carcinomas of the thyroid. Patients who have rece...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab combined with antimetabolite as an adjunctive therapy in primary trabeculectomy for glaucoma.
In the setting of spinal metastases with epidural cord compression, radiosurgery is often only considered when there is sufficient separation between the epidural disease and the spinal cord. However, in patients who are non-surgical candidates or those who prefer non-operative management, there may be a benefit from stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) even when the epidural target is closer than the traditionally referenced 3 mm distance from the spinal cord. The purpose of this retrospective study ...
An increasing number of patients with cardiac devices require radiation therapy for treatment of a variety of cancers. This study aimed to identify the incidence and predictors of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) malfunction in a real-world population that has received radiation therapy.
The signaling pathway driven by p38 and MAPKAPK2 alias MK2 is activated as part of stress responses, and these kinases represent attractive drug targets for cancer therapy. However, seemingly conflicting results were obtained when assessing the role of MK2 in chemotherapy. MK2 inhibitors were reported to either enhance or diminish the chemosensitivity of cancer cells. Here we show that this strongly depends on the particular chemotherapeutic drug. Two different MK2 inhibitors increased the proliferating fra...
Switch maintenance therapy, using alternative agents that were not administered during induction chemotherapy, is a treatment option for advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Bevacizumab is known to increase the efficacy of other chemotherapeutic agents; however, switch maintenance therapy with docetaxel and bevacizumab has not been adequately studied. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of switch maintenance therapy with docetaxel and bevacizumab following ind...
The Cancer and Leukemia Group B 9,343 demonstrated that postoperative radiation can be safely omitted in women ≥70 years who underwent breast-conserving therapy for clinical stage I (T1N0M0) estrogen receptor positive breast cancer treated with antihormonal therapy. Whether such results are observed in real-world population is unknown. In this hospital-based data, we report the survival outcomes of patients who received adjuvant radiation therapy versus those who did not.
In patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who undergo trimodality therapy (chemoradiation followed by surgical resection), it is unknown whether limiting preoperative radiation dose to the uninvolved lung reduces postsurgical morbidity. This study evaluated whether radiation fall-off dose parameters to the contralateral lung that is unaffected by NSCLC are associated with postoperative complications in NSCLC patients treated with trimodality therapy.
Ipsilateral regional nodal status is an important independent prognostic factor for patients with breast cancer. Several decisions regarding local therapy are necessary for patients found to have pathologically involved lymph node(s). This article reviews the role of completion dissection and/or radiation therapy in patients found to have positive sentinel lymph node(s), taking into consideration use of mastectomy vs lumpectomy, tumor characteristics, tumor biology, plans for systemic therapy, and patient p...
The use of immediate breast reconstruction and adjuvant radiation therapy is increasing in breast cancer patients. This study aimed to analyze the aesthetic outcome and changes in flap volume in patients with breast cancer undergoing radiation therapy of the surgical site after immediate autologous tissue reconstruction.
Children with metastatic hepatoblastoma have a poor prognosis, even with dose intensification of cisplatin and doxorubicin. Vincristine and irinotecan have demonstrated activity in high risk disease. This report describes a 3-year-old girl with metastatic hepatoblastoma with unresectable disease after 5 cycles of cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, vincristine, and doxorubicin who had a complete response of her metastatic disease to vincristine and irinotecan (intravenous and oral forms), allowing surgical resection...
Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are extremely rare mesenchymal malignancies. Given the lack of large prospective studies on radiation therapy (RT) with definitive and/or palliative intent in SFT patients, this retrospective study aimed to better define the benefit of RT in this disease.
LBA-008Docetaxel, oxaliplatin, and fluorouracil/leucovorin (FLOT) versus epirubicin, cisplatin, and fluorouracil or capecitabine (ECF/ECX) as perioperative treatment of resectable gastric or gastro-esophageal junction adenocarcinoma: The multicenter, randomized phase 3 FLOT4 trial (German Gastric Group at AIO).
Hyperammonemia is a rare adverse effect of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) therapy, but can be very serious, even fatal. Physicians must be aware that hyperammonemic encephalopathy sometimes develops as an adverse event after 5-FU therapy.
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive malignant tumor in which cisplatin therapy is commonly used, although its effectiveness is limited. It follows that research efforts dedicated to identify promising combinations that can synergistically kill cancer cells are needed. Because we recently demonstrated that ADP inhibits the proliferation of ZL55 cells, an MPM-derived cell line obtained from bioptic samples of asbestos-exposed patients. Our objective in this study was to investigate the hypot...