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Radiation Therapy And Combination Chemotherapy In Treating Patients With Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Radiation Therapy And Combination Chemotherapy In Treating Patients With Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.
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Radiation therapy might modify the cancer immune environment to enhance the antitumor effect of immune checkpoint inhibitors. We performed a feasibility study of nivolumab following stereotactic radiation therapy for chemotherapy pretreated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer.
Immediate prosthetic breast reconstruction produces a satisfactory aesthetic result with high levels of patient satisfaction. However, with the broader indication for post-mastectomy adjuvant radiation, many patients are advised against immediate breast reconstruction because of concerns of implant loss and infection particularly as most patients also require chemotherapy. This retrospective cohort study examines outcomes for patients who underwent immediate two-stage prosthetic breast reconstruction after ...
Recent clinical trials utilizing Interferon-alpha (IFN) in combination with chemoradiation have demonstrated significant improvements in the survival of patients with pancreatic cancer. However, efficacy was limited by the systemic toxicity of IFN and low intratumoral levels of the cytokine. We sought to address these drawbacks by using an Oncolytic Adenovirus expressing IFN (OAd-hamIFN) in combination with chemotherapy and/or radiation in regimens mimicking the IFN-based therapies used in clinical trials. ...
Nowadays, even though several biologic therapies are available to treat psoriasis, multidrug-resistant disease continues to be a therapeutic challenge. Combination therapy has therefore become increasingly important. In this context, apremilast, according to its safety profile, could easily be combined with biologics in patients with comorbidities and/or recalcitrant multidrug-resistant psoriasis.
The Children's Oncology Group AHOD0431 study evaluated a response-directed treatment paradigm in which minimal initial chemotherapy and low-dose radiation was received only by patients who did not achieve a complete remission, and a chemotherapy/low-dose radiation salvage regimen was received by those who had a protocol-defined, low-risk recurrence.
Although the benefit of chemoradiation over radiation therapy alone has been shown in randomized trials for stage II to III squamous cell of the anus, this benefit is not clear for patients with stage I cancer. Nevertheless, most societal recommendations endorse chemoradiation for patients with stage I squamous cell carcinoma of the anus despite the lack of proven benefit and potential increase in toxicity.
While the major Western guidelines recommend adjuvant chemotherapy for patients having Stage II colorectal cancer (CRC) with 'high-risk' features, e.g., pT4 and lymphovascular involvement, the survival benefit has not been confirmed. To understand the actual clinical practice for this patient subgroup in Japan, we performed a questionnaire survey of specialist institutions regarding two topics: institutional policy of adjuvant chemotherapy, and the percentage of patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy amon...
The immune checkpoint inhibitors ipilimumab, nivolumab, and pembrolizumab have dramatically improved outcomes for patients with metastatic melanoma; however, not all patients benefit from monotherapy with these agents. To address this issue, complementary combinations of immunotherapy are increasingly being explored as a strategy to improve outcomes. However, combinatorial approaches come with heightened risk of toxicity. In this review, we highlight combinations for which there are prospective data from cl...
The optimum adjuvant treatment for Stage II endometrial cancer patients is unknown. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is often considered the standard of care; however, retrospective series suggest that brachytherapy (BT) alone may be sufficient for selected patients. As randomized data are lacking, we used a large database to explore this question.
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has become a standard treatment for patients with medically inoperable early-stage lung cancer. However, its effectiveness in patients medically suitable for surgery is unclear.
Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) using yttrium-90 resin microspheres has been used together with systemic chemotherapy to treat patients with unresectable liver metastases. This study undertook the first systematic pooled assessment of the case profile, treatment and outcome in patients with initially inoperable colorectal hepatic metastases undergoing resection after systemic chemotherapy and SIRT.
The management of N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) found at operation is controversial. Current guidelines recommend adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) or adjuvant chemo-radiation therapy (CRT). We evaluated if adjuvant CRT was associated with improved survival as compared with AC in patients with N2 NSCLC after complete resection.
Over the past 20 years, PET/CT has had many technological and developmental advancements for patient care. PET/CT has evolved from solely used as a diagnosis and staging tool to now having an impact on treating cancer through a collaboration with radiation oncology. There are multiple considerations when integrating PET/CT into radiation therapy planning such as PET/CT center needs, the types of scans to offer, workflow considerations between the two centers, PET/CT center growth and demand on schedules, an...
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has been associated with increased toxicity when delivered to early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with a tumor within 2cm of the proximal bronchial tree (PBT). We investigated non-cancer death for these patients as it relates to GTV-proximity to the PBT compared to peripheral tumors.
Ipsilateral regional nodal status is an important independent prognostic factor for patients with breast cancer. Several decisions regarding local therapy are necessary for patients found to have pathologically involved lymph node(s). This article reviews the role of completion dissection and/or radiation therapy in patients found to have positive sentinel lymph node(s), taking into consideration use of mastectomy vs lumpectomy, tumor characteristics, tumor biology, plans for systemic therapy, and patient p...
Clinical guidelines recommend adjuvant chemotherapy for high-risk patients with stage II-III colorectal cancer. However, chemotherapeutic administration rates differ significantly between hospitals. We assessed the prognostic benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with stage IIb/c colorectal cancer, and the prognostic impact of inter-hospital variations in the administration of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage II-III colorectal cancer.
The International Duration Evaluation of Adjuvant therapy (IDEA) pooled analysis compared 3 to 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage III colon cancer. The overarching goal was to reduce chemotherapy-related toxicity, mainly oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy. Patients were classified into low-risk and high-risk groups, suggesting that low-risk patients may be offered only 3 months of treatment. We aimed to evaluate the benefit of monotherapy versus doublet chemotherapy in low and high IDEA risk groups.
Clinical concern remains regarding the relationship between consecutive (QD) versus nonconsecutive (QoD) lung stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) treatment schedules and outcomes for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We examined a multi-institutional series of patients receiving 5-fraction lung SBRT to compare the local failure rates and overall survival between patients receiving QD versus QoD treatment.
To date, no published randomized trials have shown stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) to offer superior outcomes to conventionally fractionated radiation therapy (CFRT) for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The largest study to date, this investigation of a contemporary national database sought to evaluate practice patterns and survival between CFRT and SBRT.
The standard of care for patients with resected stage I to stage III pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is adjuvant gemcitabine-based chemotherapy. The role of adjuvant treatment in patients with subcentimeter, stage IA PDAC is unknown. The current study evaluated the effect of adjuvant treatment on survival outcomes among patients with American Joint Committee on Cancer/International Union Against Cancer stage IA (T1N0) resected PDAC using the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB).
Optimizing treatment of early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) requires balancing cure with potential acute and late toxicities from treatment. We reviewed our institutional experience with chemotherapy alone (ChT) versus combined modality therapy (CMT).
Platinum-based combination chemotherapy is the standard postoperative adjuvant treatment for pathological stage II/III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Oral S-1 therapy has good efficacy and relatively low toxicity for the treatment of advanced NSCLC. We investigated whether long-term S-1 monotherapy is also useful as an adjuvant therapy after surgery in patients with NSCLC.