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Radiation Therapy In Treating Patients With Stage II Cancer Of The Vocal Cord PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Radiation Therapy In Treating Patients With Stage II Cancer Of The Vocal Cord articles that have been published worldwide.
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Although the benefit of chemoradiation over radiation therapy alone has been shown in randomized trials for stage II to III squamous cell of the anus, this benefit is not clear for patients with stage I cancer. Nevertheless, most societal recommendations endorse chemoradiation for patients with stage I squamous cell carcinoma of the anus despite the lack of proven benefit and potential increase in toxicity.
The optimum adjuvant treatment for Stage II endometrial cancer patients is unknown. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is often considered the standard of care; however, retrospective series suggest that brachytherapy (BT) alone may be sufficient for selected patients. As randomized data are lacking, we used a large database to explore this question.
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has become a standard treatment for patients with medically inoperable early-stage lung cancer. However, its effectiveness in patients medically suitable for surgery is unclear.
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has been associated with increased toxicity when delivered to early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with a tumor within 2cm of the proximal bronchial tree (PBT). We investigated non-cancer death for these patients as it relates to GTV-proximity to the PBT compared to peripheral tumors.
Clinical concern remains regarding the relationship between consecutive (QD) versus nonconsecutive (QoD) lung stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) treatment schedules and outcomes for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We examined a multi-institutional series of patients receiving 5-fraction lung SBRT to compare the local failure rates and overall survival between patients receiving QD versus QoD treatment.
To date, no published randomized trials have shown stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) to offer superior outcomes to conventionally fractionated radiation therapy (CFRT) for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The largest study to date, this investigation of a contemporary national database sought to evaluate practice patterns and survival between CFRT and SBRT.
To evaluate the tumor's volume and intratumoral vascularization with 3D vocal power Doppler ultrasound in patients with stage 1B1 cervical cancer.
We report results from a prospective phase I/II trial for patients with centrally-located, early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT).
Over the past 20 years, PET/CT has had many technological and developmental advancements for patient care. PET/CT has evolved from solely used as a diagnosis and staging tool to now having an impact on treating cancer through a collaboration with radiation oncology. There are multiple considerations when integrating PET/CT into radiation therapy planning such as PET/CT center needs, the types of scans to offer, workflow considerations between the two centers, PET/CT center growth and demand on schedules, an...
Objective To determine if adjuvant radiation therapy for patients with pT2N0 oral cavity tongue cancer affects overall survival. Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting National Cancer Database. Subjects and Methods Cases diagnosed between 2004 and 2013 with pathologic stage pT2N0 oral cavity tongue cancer with negative surgical margins were extracted from the National Cancer Database. Data were stratified by treatment received, including surgery only and surgery + postoperative radiation therapy. ...
Purpose To compare survival rates of thermal ablation and stereotactic radiation therapy (SRT) for stage 1 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, patients with stage 1 NSCLC treated by thermal ablation (TA) or SRT were identified in the 2004-2013 National Cancer Database. Patients who underwent TA and SRT were one-to-one propensity matched to undergo thermal ablation. Outcomes were overall survival and unplanned hospital readmission within 30 days after treatm...
Palbociclib is an oral cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitor, which is efficacious in treating breast cancer. Currently, there are numerous active clinical trials testing palbociclib alone or in combination with other medications for treating various types of malignancies. Here, we evaluated the anti-cancer effect of palbociclib in combination with radiation therapy (RT) for treating human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and addressed the molecular mechanism behind the combinati...
This study aimed to examine late radiological changes after proton beam therapy (PBT) for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to clarify correlations between mass-like radiological changes and patient characteristics. CT scans of patients who underwent passive scattering PBT for T1-2N0M0 NSCLC were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were considered eligible if follow-up CT was performed for at least 2 years, with no definite evidence of local recurrence. The following five periods were define...
The use of immediate breast reconstruction and adjuvant radiation therapy is increasing in breast cancer patients. This study aimed to analyze the aesthetic outcome and changes in flap volume in patients with breast cancer undergoing radiation therapy of the surgical site after immediate autologous tissue reconstruction.
The past 2 decades have seen a rapid growth in use of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for the management of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Not only is SBRT the reference standard for treatment of early-stage node-negative NSCLC in medically inoperable patients, it is also currently challenging the role of surgery for early-stage operable disease. SBRT is also used to treat recurrent disease and has a role in the management of multiple synchronous lung cancers. Imaging changes after SBRT diff...
Radiation is the standard therapy used for treating Glioblastoma (GBM), a grade IV brain cancer. Glioma Stem-like Cells (GSCs), an integral part of GBM enforces resistance to radiation therapy of GBM. Studying the differential biomolecular composition of GSCs with varying levels of radiation sensitivity can aid in identifying the molecules and their associated pathways which impose resistance to cells thereby unraveling new targets which would serve as potential adjuvant therapy. Raman spectroscopy being a ...
In patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who undergo trimodality therapy (chemoradiation followed by surgical resection), it is unknown whether limiting preoperative radiation dose to the uninvolved lung reduces postsurgical morbidity. This study evaluated whether radiation fall-off dose parameters to the contralateral lung that is unaffected by NSCLC are associated with postoperative complications in NSCLC patients treated with trimodality therapy.
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has been successfully used to treat oligometastases of several primary tumors, but few experiences have been described in patients with gynecological oligometastatic cancer, particularly in ovarian neoplasm. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of this new radiotherapy modality in a series of oligometastatic ovarian cancer patients.
The combination of oxaliplatin, leucovorin and fluorouracil (FOLFOX) has been established as postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy for stage III colon cancer. However, the safety and efficacy of neoadjuvant FOLFOX in patients with rectal cancer are still controversial. This prospective pilot study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of neoadjuvant FOLFOX therapy without radiation for baseline resectable rectal cancer (RC).
Ipsilateral regional nodal status is an important independent prognostic factor for patients with breast cancer. Several decisions regarding local therapy are necessary for patients found to have pathologically involved lymph node(s). This article reviews the role of completion dissection and/or radiation therapy in patients found to have positive sentinel lymph node(s), taking into consideration use of mastectomy vs lumpectomy, tumor characteristics, tumor biology, plans for systemic therapy, and patient p...
The lack of a molecular target in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) makes it one of the most challenging breast cancers to treat. Radiation therapy (RT) is an important treatment modality for managing breast cancer, however we previously showed that RT can also reprogram a fraction of the surviving BC cells into BC initiating cells (BCICs), that are thought to contribute to disease recurrence. In this study we characterize mebendazole as a drug with potential for preventing radiation-induced reprogrammin...
The standard of care for clinical IA cervical cancer is surgery, but nonoperative cases may receive definitive radiation therapy (RT). Herein, we investigated national practice patterns associated with the administration of definitive RT as compared with hysterectomy-based surgery (HYS) as well as delivery of adjuvant RT after HYS.
Invasive nodal evaluation (INE) is used to improve staging for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including when stereotactic ablative radiation (SABR) is used. Consensus guidelines from the NCCN recommend performing INE for patients with T2N0 tumors and considering INE for those with T1N0 tumors. We reasoned that if INE results in significant stage migration in the form of substantially fewer patients with occult nodal involvement, then patients treated with SABR who do not undergo INE should ...
Family physicians and internal medicine specialists play an essential role in treating cancer patients. Modern technological advances in radiotherapy are not widely appreciated by primary care physicians. Bone metastases are a frequent complication of cancer. Palliative radiation therapy, as a component of modern advances in radiation treatments, should not subject normal bodily structures to excessive doses of irradiation. The sacrum is a common destination site for bone metastases, yet its concave shape a...
A hydrogel rectal spacer (HRS) is a medical device approved by the FDA to increase the separation between the prostate and rectum. We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis of HRS use for reduction in radiation therapy (RT) toxicities in prostate cancer (PC) patients undergoing external beam radiation therapy (EBRT).