PubMed Journals Articles About "Radical Pleurectomy/Decortication (PD) And Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT)" RSS

00:40 EDT 24th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Radical Pleurectomy/Decortication (PD) And Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Radical Pleurectomy/Decortication (PD) And Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Radical Pleurectomy Decortication Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy IMRT" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 6,000+

Results of a multicentre randomised controlled trial of cochlear-sparing intensity-modulated radiotherapy versus conventional radiotherapy in patients with parotid cancer (COSTAR; CRUK/08/004).

About 40-60% of patients treated with post-operative radiotherapy for parotid cancer experience ipsilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) can reduce radiation dose to the cochlea. COSTAR, a phase III trial, investigated the role of cochlear-sparing IMRT (CS-IMRT) in reducing hearing loss.

Randomized controlled study comparing simultaneous modulated accelerated radiotherapy versus simultaneous integrated boost intensity modulated radiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced head and neck cancer.

Comparison of two fractionation schedules of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for locally advanced head and neck cancer - simultaneous integrated boost (SIB-IMRT) and simultaneous modulated accelerated radiotherapy (SMART) boost in terms of toxicity and survival end-point measures.

Utilization of Neoadjuvant Intensity-modulated Radiation Therapy for Rectal Cancer in the United States.

Advances in technology have expanded the use of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The goal of this study was to investigate trends in the utilization of IMRT for rectal cancer (RC) in USA.

The role of concurrent chemotherapy for stage II nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the intensity-modulated radiotherapy era: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

To compare clinical outcomes of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with those of radiotherapy alone for stage II nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) era.

Short-term outcomes of pleurectomy decortication and extrapleural pneumonectomy in mesothelioma.

We evaluated postoperative mortality and complications after extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) and pleurectomy decortication (P/D) to better understand their effectiveness in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM).

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy is a safe and effective treatment for localized malignant pleural mesothelioma.

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare disease and management of localized disease is controversial. Radiotherapy has been shown to be useful after extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP), as well as with less aggressive surgery. As no reports of the treatment of this disease have ever been published from Israel, we report our experience with MPM and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT).

Dosimetric superiority of IMRT with jaw tracking technique for whole esophagus and T-shaped field radiotherapy in advanced esophageal cancer.

For whole esophagus and T-shaped field radiotherapy using intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) technique in advanced esophageal cancer, lower absorbed doses to lung and heart remains a challenge. The aim of this study was to investigate the dosimetric superiority in IMRT plans with jaw tracking technique for whole esophagus radiotherapy.

Compared with intensity-modulated radiotherapy, image-guided radiotherapy reduces severity of acute radiation-induced skin toxicity during radiotherapy in patients with breast cancer.

Radiotherapy (RT) is an effective treatment for breast cancer. The side effects of breast irradiation, including skin toxicity in the irradiation field, cause considerable discomfort. This study compared the severity of skin toxicity caused by image-guided RT (IGRT) and intensity-modulated RT (IMRT) combined with an electronic portal imaging device (EPID) in breast cancer. This study retrospectively analyzed 458 patients with breast cancer who had received RT. The patients were divided into two groups: 302 ...

Combination of submandibular salivary gland transfer and intensity-modulated radiotherapy to reduce dryness of mouth (xerostomia) in patients with head and neck cancer.

Xerostomia is a debilitating side effect of radiotherapy for head and neck cancer. Combining surgical submandibular-gland transfer (SMGT) with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) may provide greater protection of salivary function.

Systematic review and meta-analyses of intensity-modulated radiation therapy versus conventional two-dimensional and/or or three-dimensional radiotherapy in curative-intent management of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Technological advancements in treatment planning and delivery have propelled the use of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). This review compares IMRT with conventional two-dimensional (2D) and/or three-dimensional (3D) radiotherapy (RT) in curative-intent management of HNSCC.

Automation in intensity-modulated radiotherapy treatment planning - a review of recent innovations.

Radiotherapy treatment planning of complex radiotherapy techniques, such as Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) and Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT), is a resource-intensive process requiring a high level of treatment planner intervention to ensure high plan quality. This can lead to variability in the quality of treatment plans and the efficiency in which plans are produced, depending on the skills and experience of the operator and available planning time. Within the last few years, there has b...

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy versus three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy in rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant concurrent chemoradiation: a meta-analysis and pooled-analysis of acute toxicity.

To compare the acute gastrointestinal (GI) and genitourinary (GU) toxicity profiles between intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) in rectal cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NCRT) using meta-analysis and pooled-analysis from published articles.

Comparison of intensity-modulated radiotherapy vs 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy for patients with non-metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma receiving definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy: A population-based propensity-score-matched analysis.

Whether the survival outcome of patients with non-metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (NM-ESCC) receiving definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is better with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) or with 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) has been debated in the literature. We designed this population-based propensity-score (PS)-matched analysis to address this question. We identified eligible patients diagnosed between 2008 and 2015 from the Taiwan Cancer Registry and constr...

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy improves survival and reduces treatment time in squamous cell carcinoma of the anus: a National Cancer Data Base study.

Chemoradiation with 5-fluorouracil and mitomycin remains the standard of care for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the anal canal. A prolonged treatment time is associated with inferior disease-specific outcomes. Radiation Therapy Oncology Group trial 0529 demonstrated decreased toxicity and fewer treatment breaks with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), but this has not been assessed in a randomized trial. Using data from the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB), this study evaluated the impact of IMRT on...

Comparative Toxicities and Cost of Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy, Proton Radiation, and Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Among Younger Men With Prostate Cancer.

Purpose To compare the toxicities and cost of proton radiation and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for prostate cancer among men younger than 65 years of age with private insurance. Methods Using the MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database, we identified men who received radiation for prostate cancer between 2008 and 2015. Patients undergoing proton therapy and SBRT were propensity score-matched to IMRT patients on the basis of clinical and soc...

Inverse-Planned Deliverable 4D-IMRT for Lung SBRT.

We present a particle swarm optimization (PSO)-based technique to create deliverable four-dimensional (4D=3D+time) intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans for lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). The 4D planning concept uses respiratory motion as an additional degree of freedom to achieve further sparing of organs at risk (OARs). The 4D-IMRT plan involves the delivery of an order of magnitude more IMRT apertures (~15,000 - 20,000), with potentially large inter-aperture variations in the de...

Effectiveness of tomotherapy vs linear sccelerator image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy for localized pharyngeal cancer treated with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy: a Taiwanese population-based propensity score-matched analysis.

This study used a population-based propensity score (PS)-matched analysis to compare the effectiveness of tomotherapy-based image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy (referred to as T-IMRT) with that of linear accelerator based (referred to as L-IMRT) for clinically localized pharyngeal cancer (LPC, divided into nasopharyngeal cancer and non-nasopharyngeal cancer) with definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT).

Evaluation of beam matching accuracy among six linacs from the same vendor.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dosimetric variation among six non-beam-matched Varian linacs using different techniques for the same plans. Six non-beam-matched Varian machines, comprising two Clinac iX, two 600 C/D (Unique), and two True Beam Tx photon 6 MV X-ray devices were acquired. Sixty patients with of head and neck (H&N; 30) and pelvic (30) treatment sites were chosen. For all 60 patients, three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT), intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), and ...

Reirradiation of head and neck cancer using modern highly conformal techniques.

Locoregional disease recurrence or development of a second primary cancer after definitive radiotherapy for head and neck cancers remains a treatment challenge. Reirradiation utilizing traditional techniques has been limited by concern for serious toxicity. With the advent of newer, more precise radiotherapy techniques, such as intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), proton radiotherapy, and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), there has been renewed interest in curative-intent head and neck reirradiatio...

Effect of intensity modulated radiation therapy on oral mucosa and immune function in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.

To study the potential effects of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) on clinical efficacy, oral mucosa reaction and immunological foundation; and to explore the effect of immunological changes on clinical efficacy and oral mucosa reaction in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
 Methods: A total of 200 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, who came from First Department of Nasopharyngeal Radiotherapy, the First People's Hospital of Foshan from October 2008 to November 2011, were selected. T...

F-FDG Metabolic Tumor Volume: Association with Short- and Long-Term Feeding Tube Use in Head and Neck IMRT.

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the metabolic tumor volume (MTV) of head and neck primary tumors may be a significant prognostic factor for feeding tube (FT) use and FT dependence. Seventy-nine patients with evaluable primary tumors, pre-therapy FDG-PET scans, treated with definitive intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) (± concurrent chemotherapy) for head and neck mucosal cancers were included. MTV was quantified and recorded for the primary lesion using a minimum standardized up...

Endoscopic Resection Followed by Proton Therapy With Pencil Beam Scanning for Skull Base Tumors.

For patients who require postoperative radiotherapy after endoscopic resection of skull base tumors, proton therapy with pencil beam scanning (PBS) may allow sparing of normal tissue compared to intensity-modulated photon radiation (IMRT). We compared PBS and IMRT radiation plans in the preoperative and postoperative settings for two patients with advanced skull base tumors following endoscopic resection. The benefits of PBS over IMRT appear greater in the postoperative setting following endoscopic resectio...

Irradiated ears in nasopharyngeal carcinoma survivors: A review.

This article reviews the literature on otological complications in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) survivals after irradiation during the past three decades. Symptoms of the irradiated ears were assessed from the external ear canal, through the middle ear cavity including the Eustachian tube, and to the inner ear compartments. The development of radioimaging diagnostic techniques, the introduction from adjuvant chemotherapy to concurrent chemoradiotherapy, and the invention of radiotherapeutic equipment to i...

Salivary flow rate after conventional and intensity-modulated radiation therapy.

Conventional 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) for head and neck cancer (HNC) can cause hyposalivation, leading to caries and tooth extraction-related osteoradionecrosis. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) delivers more focused radiation than does 3DCRT. To reduce hyposalivation, the Quantitative Analysis of Normal Tissue Effects in the Clinic (QUANTEC) guidelines limit salivary gland radiation dose. In this study, the authors compared the salivary flow rate in patients receiving 3...

Randomized Trial of Hypofractionated, Dose-Escalated, Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) Versus Conventionally Fractionated IMRT for Localized Prostate Cancer.

Purpose Hypofractionated radiotherapy delivers larger daily doses of radiation and may increase the biologically effective dose delivered to the prostate. We conducted a randomized trial testing the hypothesis that dose-escalated, moderately hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (HIMRT) improves prostate cancer control compared with conventionally fractionated IMRT (CIMRT) for men with localized prostate cancer. Patients and Methods Men were randomly assigned to 75.6 Gy in 1.8-Gy fractions ...

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