PubMed Journals Articles About "Real-Time Internet Evaluation Of Swallowing" RSS

20:27 EDT 20th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Real Time Internet Evaluation Swallowing" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

Effects of Motor Imagery and Visual Neurofeedback on Activation in the Swallowing Network: A Real-Time fMRI Study.

Motor imagery of movements is used as mental strategy in neurofeedback applications to gain voluntary control over activity in motor areas of the brain. In the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we first addressed the question whether motor imagery and execution of swallowing activate comparable brain areas, which has been already proven for hand and foot movements. Prior near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) studies provide evidence that this is the case in the outer layer of the corte...

Feasibility and outcomes of Fibreoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing following prophylactic swallowing rehabilitation in head and neck cancer.

Investigate the feasibility and outcomes of fibreoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) following a programme of prophylactic swallowing exercises in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients treated with radiotherapy.

Evaluating Digital Maturity and Patient Acceptability of Real-Time Patient Experience Feedback Systems: Systematic Review.

One of the essential elements of a strategic approach to improving patients' experience is to measure and report on patients' experiences in real time. Real-time feedback (RTF) is increasingly being collected using digital technology; however, there are several factors that may influence the success of the digital system.

Electromyographic analysis of the oral phase of swallowing in subjects with and without atypical swallowing: a case control study.

Swallowing is a complex physiologic function developing mostly in the first years of life. After 6 years old, if mature deglutition is not achieved, swallowing persists as "atypical swallowing" (AS).

Fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing and videofluoroscopy swallowing assessment of adults in residential care facilities: a scoping review protocol.

This scoping review will identify and explore existing evidence on the use of instrumental swallowing assessment in the diagnosis and management of dysphagia in adults living in residential care facilities.

NAFLD evaluation: Which is more appropriate, multislice computed tomography or ultrasound real-time shear wave elastography?

This study aims to assess the value of ultrasound real-time shear wave elastography (US-SWE) for evaluation of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a rabbit model compared with multislice computed tomography (MSCT).

Development and evaluation of real-time RT-PCR using ear hair for specific detection of sheep persistently infected with border disease virus (BDV).

The aim of this study was to develop an improved border disease virus (BDV) specific real time RT-PCR and to evaluate its performance on manually plucked hairs from sheep persistently infected with BDV that may act as a non-invasive alternate sample. The BDV real time RT-PCR assay reported here showed a high analytical sensitivity (10 TCID50/ml), specificity (no reactivity with BVDV-1, BVDV-2, HoBi-like pestivirus and CSFV) and reproducibility. When the assay was validated on 210 samples from BDV-infected a...

Internet of Things based real-time electric vehicle load forecasting and charging station recommendation.

Electric vehicles (EVs) are emerging as a favorable strategy to meet the increasing environmental concerns and energy insufficiency, and this trend is expected to grow in the near future. However, the inadequate charging infrastructure is becoming a major barrier to the wide acceptance of EVs. Deployment of this infrastructure is expected to maximize the adoption of EVs to facilitate users' range anxiety. Therefore, connectivity between the charging stations (CS) is mandatory. Understanding the real-time st...

Aspiration in the Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing Associated with an Increased Risk of Mortality in a Cohort of Patients Suspected of Oropharyngeal Dysphagia.

There is a general lack of published studies on the risk of mortality due to alterations in the safety of swallowing detected during the fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES). We aimed at assessing the risk of mortality of the detection of aspiration, penetration, and pharyngeal residues by FEES. A cohort of consecutively evaluated patients suspected of experiencing oropharyngeal dysphagia undergoing FEES at a tertiary care university hospital were prospectively followed up on to assess mort...

Transferability of real-time safety performance functions for signalized intersections.

Optimizing traffic signals in real-time for safety performance can be executable in the era of Connected Vehicles (CVs) when real-time information on vehicle positions and trajectories is available. To achieve this, real-time safety models are needed to understand how changes in signal controllers affect safety in real-time. Recently, several real-time safety models were developed for signalized intersections that relate various dynamic traffic parameters to the number of rear-end traffic conflicts at the s...

Pharyngeal Area Changes in Parkinson's Disease and Its Effect on Swallowing Safety, Efficiency, and Kinematics.

Pharyngeal area can increase as a function of normal healthy aging and muscle atrophy. These increases in pharyngeal area can negatively affect swallowing function in healthy older adults (HOA). However, the presence of pharyngeal area changes and their effects on swallowing function in Parkinson's disease (PD) remain unknown. Therefore, we compared the pharyngeal area of people with PD to HOA to determine if pharyngeal area changes were present in PD above and beyond what is seen in HOA. Within PD, we also...

Clinical Decision Making in Patients with Stroke-Related Dysphagia.

This article aims to highlight stroke considerations in the evaluation and management of dysphagia. Although dysphagia was previously thought to occur only following brainstem or bilateral cortical strokes, the development of brain imaging and dynamic swallowing studies has revealed small, unilateral supratentorial strokes can produce dysphagia. In this article, screening, evaluation, and management of dysphagia are outlined, as well as the clinical decision making that occurs when taking into account cogni...

Real-time video kinematic evaluation of the in situ beating right ventricle after pulmonary valve replacement in patients with tetralogy of Fallot: a pilot study.

The timing for pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after tetralogy of Fallot repair is controversial, due to limitations in estimating right ventricular dysfunction and recovery. Intraoperative imaging could add prognostic information, but transoesophageal echocardiography is unsuitable for exploring right heart function. Right ventricular function after PVR was investigated in real time using a novel video-based contactless kinematic evaluation technology (Vi.Ki.E.), which calculates cardiac fatigue and ener...

Real-time Ultrasound-Guided Lumbar Epidural with Transverse Interlaminar View: Evaluation of an In-Plane Technique.

The anatomical landmarks method is currently the most widely used technique for epidural needle insertion and is faced with multiple difficulties in certain patient populations. Real-time ultrasound guidance has been recently used to aid in epidural needle insertion, with promising results. Our aim was to test the feasibility, success rate, and satisfaction associated with a novel real-time ultrasound-guided lumbar epidural needle insertion in the transverse interlaminar view.

Swallowing and Voice Outcomes following Treatment of Hypopharyngeal Cancer: The Need for Supervised Rehabilitation.

Advances in and intensification of treatment in hypopharyngeal cancer have led to an increase in organ preservation and in overall survival. Treatment intensification comes at the cost of more pronounced acute and long-term side effects causing functional impairments in voice and swallowing. Swallowing and voice problems have a significant impact on communication, eating and nutrition, social well-being and quality of life. Swallowing problems may be so severe that patients suffer profuse aspiration or are ...

Alteration of Swallowing and Ventilation Coordination in Respiratory Diseases in Small Mammals.

In human and animal, swallowing and ventilation are coordinated to avoid laryngeal penetration or tracheal aspiration, and respiration is interrupted during swallowing and resumes in the expiratory phase. Some respiratory diseases may alter this coordination due to impaired lung function. The aim of this study was to evaluate swallowing-ventilation coordination in unrestrained rats with pulmonary emphysema or with pulmonary fibrosis. Two protocols were performed in 38 male Sprague-Dawley rats (2-3 months, ...

Rapid and sensitive detection of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae by recombinase polymerase amplification assay.

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is the etiological agent of swine enzootic pneumonia, which is associated with high economic losses in swine production worldwide. In this study, recombinase polymerase amplification assays using real-time fluorescence detection (real-time RPA) and lateral flow strip detection (LFS RPA) were developed to detect M. hyopneumoniae based on the conserved region of the mhp165 gene. Real-time RPA was performed in Genie III at 39 °C for 20 min, while the LFS RPA was performed in an in...

Effects of pharmacological lesion of the nucleus retroambiguus region on the pharyngeal phase of swallowing.

Pharyngeal swallowing is controlled by synaptic interactions within a swallowing central pattern generator (sw-CPG) that is composed of a dorsal and a ventral swallowing group (VSG). Here, we used electrical stimulation (10 s) of the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN; 20 Hz; pulse width: 100 μs) to explore the role of the VSG in an arterially-perfused brainstem preparation of rats. To investigate the effects of pharmacological lesion (local microinjection of an GABA(A)-R agonist) of the nucleus retroambiguus (...

Clinical evaluation and cost analysis of a Trioplex real-time PCR assay for the detection and differentiation of herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 in cutaneous and mucocutaneous lesions.

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a common lifelong sexually transmitted infection. HSV-1 typically manifests as oral cold sores, while HSV-2 is more traditionally associated with sexual transmission and infection. We have developed a real-time PCR (Trioplex) for the simultaneous detection of HSV-1 and -2 and the bacterial phage internal control (IC) MS2.

Measuring facets of reward sensitivity, inhibition, and impulse control in individuals with problematic Internet use.

Problematic Internet Use (PIU) is the inability to control the amount of time spent on the Internet. Research indicates that abnormalities in reward sensitivity, sensitivity to punishment, and impulse control drive addictive behaviors such as substance abuse and gambling disorders, but it is unclear whether this is also the case in PIU.

Clinical swallowing prognostic indicators in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

A swallowing disorder is present in more than 50% of patients with acute stroke. To identify clinical prognostic indicators of the swallowing function in a population with acute ischemic stroke and to determine prioritization indicators for swallowing rehabilitation.

Molecular detection and genotyping of bacterial and viral meningitis common causative agents by multiplex real-time PCR in Iran.

The present study aimed to design a sensitive, specific and rapid multiplex real-time PCR for detection of the common causative agents of meningitis. Also, we aimed to report valuable genotyping data from Iran for establishing future vaccination and prevention strategies for the meningitis. From July 2015 to January 2018, 325 suspected cases of meningitis were enrolled in the current study. Uniplex and multiplex real-time PCR were used for detection of pathogenic bacteria including N. meningitidis, H. influ...

Online course on basics of management of behavioral addictions involving use of internet: Observations from the first batch of participants.

Problematic internet use has been reported to be high among school students. An online course was developed with an aim to strengthen the capacity of school teachers and counsellors on early identification, detection and intervention for behavioral addictions involving use of internet. The current report presents the observation from the first batch of participants of this course. Of the 28 teachers and counselors who expressed interest by enrollment in the course, a total of 15 participants provided both t...

Perception Versus Performance of Swallow Function in Residents of Long-Term Care.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine if older adults residing in long-term care were able to accurately self-report their swallowing status by comparing subjective complaints of dysphagia and objective methods of swallowing screening. Method Data were collected from 397 residents of long-term care ( M = 86.8 years ± 7.8; 263 female). Cognitive impairment scores were collected, and each resident was asked (a) if they thought they had a swallowing problem, (b) if they coughed/choked when they ...

Behaviors Associated with Internet Use in Military Medical Students and Residents.

Problematic use of video games, social media, and Internet-related activities may be associated with sleep deprivation and poor work performance. The Internet Addiction Test was given to military medical and nursing students and housestaff to assess problematic Internet use.

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