Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy" RSS

12:50 EDT 17th August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Redirected High Affinity Specific Autologous Cells Gene Therapy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 72,000+

Next generation natural killer cells for cancer immunotherapy: the promise of genetic engineering.

Recent advances in the field of cellular therapy have focused on autologous T cells engineered to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) against tumor antigens. Remarkable responses have been observed in patients receiving autologous CD19-redirected T cells for the treatment of B-lymphoid malignancies. However, the generation of autologous products for each patient is logistically challenging and expensive. Extensive research efforts are ongoing to generate an off-the-shelf cellular product for the treat...


Cbl Ubiquitin Ligases Control B Cell Exit from the Germinal-Center Reaction.

Selective expansion of high-affinity antigen-specific B cells in germinal centers (GCs) is a key event in antibody affinity maturation. GC B cells with improved affinity can either continue affinity-driven selection or exit the GC to differentiate into plasma cells (PCs) or memory B cells. Here we found that deleting E3 ubiquitin ligases Cbl and Cbl-b (Cbls) in GC B cells resulted in the early exit of high-affinity antigen-specific B cells from the GC reaction and thus impaired clonal expansion. Cbls were h...

Mannose and Mannose-6-Phosphate Receptor-Targeted Drug Delivery Systems and Their Application in Cancer Therapy.

In order to overcome the main disadvantages of conventional cancer therapies, which prove to be inadequate because of their lack of selectivity, the development of targeted delivery systems is one of the main focuses in anticancer research. It is repeatedly shown that decorating the surface of nanocarriers with high-affinity targeting ligands, such as peptides or small molecules, is an effective way to selectively deliver therapeutics by enhancing their specific cellular uptake via the binding between a spe...


Non-Clinical Efficacy and Safety Studies on G1XCGD, a Lentiviral Vector for Ex Vivo Gene Therapy of X-Linked Chronic Granulomatous Disease.

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a debilitating primary immunodeficiency affecting phagocyte function due to the absence of nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activity. The vast majority of CGD patients in the Western world have mutations within the X-linked CYBB gene encoding for gp91 (NOX2), the redox center of the NADPH oxidase complex (XCGD). Current treatments of XCGD are not entirely satisfactory, and prior attempts at autologous gene therapy using gammaretrovirus vectors did no...

Chimerism and Gene Therapy - Lessons Learned from Non-Conditioned Murine Bone Marrow Transplantation Models.

Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) can be used as a vector for gene therapies. In order to predict the number of HSPCs cells necessary to achieve the target level of chimerism in an autologous setting, syngeneic male bone marrow (BM) cells were transplanted into 35 non-conditioned female BALB/c mice.

Autologous and Heterologous Cell Therapy for Hemophilia B toward Functional Restoration of Factor IX.

Hemophilia B is an ideal target for gene- and cell-based therapies because of its monogenic nature and broad therapeutic index. Here, we demonstrate the use of cell therapy as a potential long-term cure for hemophilia B in our FIX-deficient mouse model. We show that transplanted, cryopreserved, cadaveric human hepatocytes remain functional for more than a year and secrete FIX at therapeutic levels. Hepatocytes from different sources (companies and donors) perform comparably in curing the bleeding defect. We...

High-affinity PD-1 molecules deliver improved interaction with PD-L1 and PD-L2.

The inhibitory checkpoint molecule programmed death (PD)-1 plays a vital role in maintaining immune homeostasis upon binding to its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2. Several recent studies have demonstrated that soluble PD-1 (sPD-1) can block the interaction between membrane PD-1 and PD-L1 to enhance the anti-tumor capability of T cells. However, the affinity of natural sPD-1 binding to PD-L1 is too low to permit therapeutic applications. Here a PD-1 variant with ~3,000-fold and ~70-fold affinity increase to bind P...

ImmTAC/Anti-PD-1 Combination to Enhance Killing of Cancer cells by Reversing Treg-mediated Immunosuppression.

Recently, bi-functional molecules that can redirect immune effectors to tumor cells have emerged as potentially robust mediators of tumor regression in clinical trials. Two modalities, in particular, bi-specific antibodies for T cell redirection and activation (BiTe) and immune-mobilizing monoclonal T-cell receptors against cancer (ImmTAC) are being evaluated in efficacy studies as 'off-the-shelf' reagents. Optimal therapy will require an understanding and means to address regulatory mechanisms of limiting ...

Differential impact of transplantation on peripheral and tissue-associated viral reservoirs: Implications for HIV gene therapy.

Autologous transplantation and engraftment of HIV-resistant cells in sufficient numbers should recapitulate the functional cure of the Berlin Patient, with applicability to a greater number of infected individuals and with a superior safety profile. A robust preclinical model of suppressed HIV infection is critical in order to test such gene therapy-based cure strategies, both alone and in combination with other cure strategies. Here, we present a nonhuman primate (NHP) model of latent infection using simia...

Transfection by Electroporation.

Electroporation-the use of high-voltage electric shocks to introduce DNA into cells-can be used with most cell types, yields a high frequency of both stable transformation and transient gene expression, and, because it requires fewer steps, can be easier than alternate techniques. This unit describes electroporation of mammalian cells, including ES cells for the preparation of knock-out, knock-in, and transgenic mice. Protocols are described for the use of electroporation in vivo to perform gene therapy for...

Genetic Inactivation of CD33 in Hematopoietic Stem Cells to Enable CAR T Cell Immunotherapy for Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

The absence of cancer-restricted surface markers is a major impediment to antigen-specific immunotherapy using chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells. For example, targeting the canonical myeloid marker CD33 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) results in toxicity from destruction of normal myeloid cells. We hypothesized that a leukemia-specific antigen could be created by deleting CD33 from normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs), thereby generating a hematopoietic system resistant to CD33-targ...

CD28-ζ CAR T Cells Resist TGF-β Repression through IL-2 Signaling, Which Can Be Mimicked by an Engineered IL-7 Autocrine Loop.

Adoptive cell therapy with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-redirected T cells induced spectacular regressions of leukemia and lymphoma, however, failed so far in the treatment of solid tumors. A cause is thought to be T cell repression through TGF-β, which is massively accumulating in the tumor tissue. Here, we show that T cells with a CD28-ζ CAR, but not with a 4-1BB-ζ CAR, resist TGF-β-mediated repression. Mechanistically, LCK activation and consequently IL-2 release and autocrine IL-2 receptor sig...

Probing and characterizing the high specific sequences of ssDNA aptamer against SGIV-infected cells.

As the major viral pathogen of grouper aquaculture, Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) has caused great economic losses in China and Southeast Asia. In the previous study, we have generated highly specific ssDNA aptamers against SGIV-infected grouper spleen cells (GS) by Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential Enrichment technology (SELEX), in which Q2 had the highest binding affinity of 16.43 nM. In this study, we would try to identify the specific sequences in the aptamer Q2 that exhibited the h...

Selection of Metastatic Breast Cancer Cell-Specific Aptamers for the Capture of CTCs with a Metastatic Phenotype by Cell-SELEX.

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have the potential to predict metastasis, and the capture of CTCs based on their surface markers is mostly applied for CTC detection. Considering that the CTCs with a metastatic phenotype preferably form a metastatic focus and that aptamers have the ability to bind targets with high specificity and affinity, we selected aptamers directed toward metastatic cells by subtractive Cell-SELEX technology using highly metastatic MDA-MB-231 cells as the target cell and low-metastatic M...

Gene Therapy in Patients with Transfusion-Dependent β-Thalassemia.

Background Donor availability and transplantation-related risks limit the broad use of allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplantation in patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia. After previously establishing that lentiviral transfer of a marked β-globin (β) gene could substitute for long-term red-cell transfusions in a patient with β-thalassemia, we wanted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of such gene therapy in patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia. Methods In two phase 1-2 stu...

Molecular and thyroid hormone binding properties of lamprey transthyretins: The role of an N-terminal histidine-rich segment in hormone binding with high affinity.

Transthyretin (TTR) is a plasma thyroid hormone (TH) binder that emerged from an ancient hydroxyisourate hydrolase by gene duplication. To know how an ancient TTR had high affinity for THs, molecular and TH binding properties of lamprey TTRs were investigated. In adult serum, the lipoprotein LAL was a major T3 binder with low affinity. Lamprey TTRs had an N-terminal histidine-rich segment, and had two classes of binding sites for 3,3',5-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3): a high-affinity and a low-affinity site. Muta...

Is CAR-T Really Putting Us On Road to Gene Therapy?

CAR-T therapy involves some genetic engineering that is amazing; the culmination of work that began decades ago. But CAR T-cell therapy is not the classic form of gene therapy. Some refer to it as gene transfer that infuses copies of a normal gene or a modified gene into a genome in a more or less random fashion.

Heart transplantation and follow-up treatment with AL-amyloidosis in 5 patients.

The prognosis for patients with cardiac impairment due to AL-amyloid deposition and severe cardiac insufficiency is poor, with a survival median in the order of months. The classical treatment of AL-amyloidosis in combination with cardiac insufficiency is very poorly tolerated and the treatment of such patients is associated with considerably higher mortality than among other patients with AL-amyloidosis. If, however, patients with an isolated or another dominating cardiac impairment, without severe damage ...

Gene therapy - from idea to reality Gene therapy was originally proposed 45 years ago, but it is only during the last 5-10 years that significant clinical benefit has been demonstrated. Gene therapy is in most cases in the form of engineered viruses carrying a therapeutic gene. Examples of successfully treated disorders are primary immunodeficiencies and hemophilias. In some cases, gene therapy consists of genetically modified cells, such as when chimeric antigen receptors are stably introduced into T lymph...

Chemical modifications of nucleic acid drugs and their delivery systems for gene-based therapy.

Gene-based therapy is one of essential therapeutic strategies for precision medicine through targeting specific genes in specific cells of target tissues. However, there still exist many problems that need to be solved, such as safety, stability, selectivity, delivery, as well as immunity. Currently, the key challenges of gene-based therapy for clinical potential applications are the safe and effective nucleic acid drugs as well as their safe and efficient gene delivery systems. In this review, we first foc...

Site-Specific Gene Editing of Human Hematopoietic Stem Cells for X-Linked Hyper-IgM Syndrome.

X-linked hyper-immunoglobulin M (hyper-IgM) syndrome (XHIM) is a primary immunodeficiency due to mutations in CD40 ligand that affect immunoglobulin class-switch recombination and somatic hypermutation. The disease is amenable to gene therapy using retroviral vectors, but dysregulated gene expression results in abnormal lymphoproliferation in mouse models, highlighting the need for alternative strategies. Here, we demonstrate the ability of both the transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN) an...

A novel Epstein-Barr virus-latent membrane protein-1-specific T-cell receptor for TCR gene therapy.

Adoptive transfer of genetically engineered T-cells to express antigen-specific T-cell receptor (TCR) is a feasible and effective therapeutic approach for numerous types of cancers, including Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated malignancies. Here, we describe a TCR gene transfer regimen to rapidly and reliably generate T-cells specific to EBV-encoded latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1), which is a potential target for T-cell-based immunotherapy.

Circulating Plasma Cells at the Time of Collection of Autologous PBSC for Transplant in Multiple Myeloma Patients is a Negative Prognostic Factor Even in the Age of Post-Transplant Maintenance Therapy.

Circulating plasma cells (CPCs) have been detected in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) at various stages of disease and associated with worse outcomes. Little data exist regarding the impact of CPCs at the time of autologous peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection on outcomes, and the impact of maintenance therapy post autologous transplant (ASCT) on prognosis in patients with CPC containing collections.

Quality-Quantity Control Culture Enhances Vasculogenesis and Wound Healing Efficacy of Human Diabetic Peripheral Blood CD34+ Cells.

Autologous endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) therapy is commonly used to stimulate angiogenesis in ischemic repair and wound healing. However, low total numbers and functional deficits of EPCs make autologous EPC therapy ineffective in diabetes. Currently, no known ex vivo culture techniques can expand and/or ameliorate the functional deficits of EPCs for clinical usage. Recently, we showed that a quality-quantity culture (QQc) system restores the vasculogenic and wound-healing efficacy of murine diabetic E...

Lessons learned from lung and liver in-vivo gene therapy: implications for the future.

Ex-vivo gene therapy has had significant clinical impact over the last couple of years and in-vivo gene therapy products are being approved for clinical use. Gene therapy and gene editing approaches have huge potential to treat genetic disease and chronic illness. Areas covered: This article provides a review of in-vivo approaches for gene therapy in the lung and liver, exploiting non-viral and viral vectors with varying serotypes and pseudotypes to target specific cells. Antibody responses inhibiting viral...


Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement