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PubMed Journals Articles About "Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy" RSS

22:16 EDT 18th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Redirected High Affinity Gag‐Specific Autologous T Cells For HIV Gene Therapy articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Redirected High Affinity Specific Autologous Cells Gene Therapy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 72,000+

Next generation natural killer cells for cancer immunotherapy: the promise of genetic engineering.

Recent advances in the field of cellular therapy have focused on autologous T cells engineered to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) against tumor antigens. Remarkable responses have been observed in patients receiving autologous CD19-redirected T cells for the treatment of B-lymphoid malignancies. However, the generation of autologous products for each patient is logistically challenging and expensive. Extensive research efforts are ongoing to generate an off-the-shelf cellular product for the treat...


Cbl Ubiquitin Ligases Control B Cell Exit from the Germinal-Center Reaction.

Selective expansion of high-affinity antigen-specific B cells in germinal centers (GCs) is a key event in antibody affinity maturation. GC B cells with improved affinity can either continue affinity-driven selection or exit the GC to differentiate into plasma cells (PCs) or memory B cells. Here we found that deleting E3 ubiquitin ligases Cbl and Cbl-b (Cbls) in GC B cells resulted in the early exit of high-affinity antigen-specific B cells from the GC reaction and thus impaired clonal expansion. Cbls were h...

Potential advantages of CD1-restricted T cell immunotherapy in cancer.

Adoptive cell therapy (ACT) using tumor-specific "conventional" MHC-restricted T cells obtained from tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, or derived ex vivo by either antigen-specific expansion or genetic engineering of polyclonal T cell populations, shows great promise for cancer treatment. However, the wide applicability of this therapy finds limits in the high polymorphism of MHC molecules that restricts the use in the autologous context. CD1 antigen presenting molecules are nonpolymorphic and specialized for...


Mannose and Mannose-6-Phosphate Receptor-Targeted Drug Delivery Systems and Their Application in Cancer Therapy.

In order to overcome the main disadvantages of conventional cancer therapies, which prove to be inadequate because of their lack of selectivity, the development of targeted delivery systems is one of the main focuses in anticancer research. It is repeatedly shown that decorating the surface of nanocarriers with high-affinity targeting ligands, such as peptides or small molecules, is an effective way to selectively deliver therapeutics by enhancing their specific cellular uptake via the binding between a spe...

Affinity Maturation Is Impaired by Natural Killer Cell Suppression of Germinal Centers.

Somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin sequences in germinal center (GC) reactions must be optimized to elicit high-affinity, protective antibodies after vaccination. We expose natural killer (NK) cells as robust negative regulators of somatic hypermutation in antigen-reactive B cells. NK cells restrict follicular helper T cell (T) and GC B cell frequencies and titers of antigen-specific immunoglobulin after administration of alum-adjuvanted hapten-protein conjugate vaccines. This inhibition is perforin d...

Non-Clinical Efficacy and Safety Studies on G1XCGD, a Lentiviral Vector for Ex Vivo Gene Therapy of X-Linked Chronic Granulomatous Disease.

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a debilitating primary immunodeficiency affecting phagocyte function due to the absence of nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activity. The vast majority of CGD patients in the Western world have mutations within the X-linked CYBB gene encoding for gp91 (NOX2), the redox center of the NADPH oxidase complex (XCGD). Current treatments of XCGD are not entirely satisfactory, and prior attempts at autologous gene therapy using gammaretrovirus vectors did no...

Autologous and Heterologous Cell Therapy for Hemophilia B toward Functional Restoration of Factor IX.

Hemophilia B is an ideal target for gene- and cell-based therapies because of its monogenic nature and broad therapeutic index. Here, we demonstrate the use of cell therapy as a potential long-term cure for hemophilia B in our FIX-deficient mouse model. We show that transplanted, cryopreserved, cadaveric human hepatocytes remain functional for more than a year and secrete FIX at therapeutic levels. Hepatocytes from different sources (companies and donors) perform comparably in curing the bleeding defect. We...

High-affinity PD-1 molecules deliver improved interaction with PD-L1 and PD-L2.

The inhibitory checkpoint molecule programmed death (PD)-1 plays a vital role in maintaining immune homeostasis upon binding to its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2. Several recent studies have demonstrated that soluble PD-1 (sPD-1) can block the interaction between membrane PD-1 and PD-L1 to enhance the anti-tumor capability of T cells. However, the affinity of natural sPD-1 binding to PD-L1 is too low to permit therapeutic applications. Here a PD-1 variant with ~3,000-fold and ~70-fold affinity increase to bind P...

ImmTAC/Anti-PD-1 Combination to Enhance Killing of Cancer cells by Reversing Treg-mediated Immunosuppression.

Recently, bi-functional molecules that can redirect immune effectors to tumor cells have emerged as potentially robust mediators of tumor regression in clinical trials. Two modalities, in particular, bi-specific antibodies for T cell redirection and activation (BiTe) and immune-mobilizing monoclonal T-cell receptors against cancer (ImmTAC) are being evaluated in efficacy studies as 'off-the-shelf' reagents. Optimal therapy will require an understanding and means to address regulatory mechanisms of limiting ...

Differential impact of transplantation on peripheral and tissue-associated viral reservoirs: Implications for HIV gene therapy.

Autologous transplantation and engraftment of HIV-resistant cells in sufficient numbers should recapitulate the functional cure of the Berlin Patient, with applicability to a greater number of infected individuals and with a superior safety profile. A robust preclinical model of suppressed HIV infection is critical in order to test such gene therapy-based cure strategies, both alone and in combination with other cure strategies. Here, we present a nonhuman primate (NHP) model of latent infection using simia...

Genetic Inactivation of CD33 in Hematopoietic Stem Cells to Enable CAR T Cell Immunotherapy for Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

The absence of cancer-restricted surface markers is a major impediment to antigen-specific immunotherapy using chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells. For example, targeting the canonical myeloid marker CD33 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) results in toxicity from destruction of normal myeloid cells. We hypothesized that a leukemia-specific antigen could be created by deleting CD33 from normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs), thereby generating a hematopoietic system resistant to CD33-targ...

CD28-ζ CAR T Cells Resist TGF-β Repression through IL-2 Signaling, Which Can Be Mimicked by an Engineered IL-7 Autocrine Loop.

Adoptive cell therapy with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-redirected T cells induced spectacular regressions of leukemia and lymphoma, however, failed so far in the treatment of solid tumors. A cause is thought to be T cell repression through TGF-β, which is massively accumulating in the tumor tissue. Here, we show that T cells with a CD28-ζ CAR, but not with a 4-1BB-ζ CAR, resist TGF-β-mediated repression. Mechanistically, LCK activation and consequently IL-2 release and autocrine IL-2 receptor sig...

Selection of Metastatic Breast Cancer Cell-Specific Aptamers for the Capture of CTCs with a Metastatic Phenotype by Cell-SELEX.

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have the potential to predict metastasis, and the capture of CTCs based on their surface markers is mostly applied for CTC detection. Considering that the CTCs with a metastatic phenotype preferably form a metastatic focus and that aptamers have the ability to bind targets with high specificity and affinity, we selected aptamers directed toward metastatic cells by subtractive Cell-SELEX technology using highly metastatic MDA-MB-231 cells as the target cell and low-metastatic M...

Gene Therapy in Patients with Transfusion-Dependent β-Thalassemia.

Background Donor availability and transplantation-related risks limit the broad use of allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplantation in patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia. After previously establishing that lentiviral transfer of a marked β-globin (β) gene could substitute for long-term red-cell transfusions in a patient with β-thalassemia, we wanted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of such gene therapy in patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia. Methods In two phase 1-2 stu...

Heart transplantation and follow-up treatment with AL-amyloidosis in 5 patients.

The prognosis for patients with cardiac impairment due to AL-amyloid deposition and severe cardiac insufficiency is poor, with a survival median in the order of months. The classical treatment of AL-amyloidosis in combination with cardiac insufficiency is very poorly tolerated and the treatment of such patients is associated with considerably higher mortality than among other patients with AL-amyloidosis. If, however, patients with an isolated or another dominating cardiac impairment, without severe damage ...

Site-Specific Gene Editing of Human Hematopoietic Stem Cells for X-Linked Hyper-IgM Syndrome.

X-linked hyper-immunoglobulin M (hyper-IgM) syndrome (XHIM) is a primary immunodeficiency due to mutations in CD40 ligand that affect immunoglobulin class-switch recombination and somatic hypermutation. The disease is amenable to gene therapy using retroviral vectors, but dysregulated gene expression results in abnormal lymphoproliferation in mouse models, highlighting the need for alternative strategies. Here, we demonstrate the ability of both the transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN) an...

Quality-Quantity Control Culture Enhances Vasculogenesis and Wound Healing Efficacy of Human Diabetic Peripheral Blood CD34+ Cells.

Autologous endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) therapy is commonly used to stimulate angiogenesis in ischemic repair and wound healing. However, low total numbers and functional deficits of EPCs make autologous EPC therapy ineffective in diabetes. Currently, no known ex vivo culture techniques can expand and/or ameliorate the functional deficits of EPCs for clinical usage. Recently, we showed that a quality-quantity culture (QQc) system restores the vasculogenic and wound-healing efficacy of murine diabetic E...

Lessons learned from lung and liver in-vivo gene therapy: implications for the future.

Ex-vivo gene therapy has had significant clinical impact over the last couple of years and in-vivo gene therapy products are being approved for clinical use. Gene therapy and gene editing approaches have huge potential to treat genetic disease and chronic illness. Areas covered: This article provides a review of in-vivo approaches for gene therapy in the lung and liver, exploiting non-viral and viral vectors with varying serotypes and pseudotypes to target specific cells. Antibody responses inhibiting viral...

Degenerate Pax2 and Senseless binding motifs improve detection of low-affinity sites required for enhancer specificity.

Cells use thousands of regulatory sequences to recruit transcription factors (TFs) and produce specific transcriptional outcomes. Since TFs bind degenerate DNA sequences, discriminating functional TF binding sites (TFBSs) from background sequences represents a significant challenge. Here, we show that a Drosophila regulatory element that activates Epidermal Growth Factor signaling requires overlapping, low-affinity TFBSs for competing TFs (Pax2 and Senseless) to ensure cell- and segment-specific activity. T...

Nivolumab maintenance after salvage autologous stem cell transplantation results in long term remission in multiple relapsed primary cns lymphoma.

Recurrence of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) after high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) usually has a poor overall prognosis with limited treatment options. Data on repeated ASCT are sparse. Checkpoint inhibitor maintenance therapy has also not been reported in PCNSL. Here, we report the first documented case of a successful third ASCT in second relapse of PCNSL. Whole-exome sequencing identified a hypermutated tumor genotype. Additionally, immunohistochem...

Airway Basal Cells Are the Key for Cystic Fibrosis Gene Therapy.

Radiation Gene-expression Signatures in Primary Breast Cancer Cells.

In breast cancer (BC) care, radiation therapy (RT) is an efficient treatment to control localized tumor. Radiobiological research is needed to understand molecular differences that affect radiosensitivity of different tumor subtypes and the response variability. The aim of this study was to analyze gene expression profiling (GEP) in primary BC cells following irradiation with doses of 9 Gy and 23 Gy delivered by intraoperative electron radiation therapy (IOERT) in order to define gene signatures of response...

Gene therapy for visual loss: Opportunities and concerns.

Many clinical trials using gene therapy have shown significant therapeutic benefits and exceptional safety records. Increasing evidence is verifying the long sought-after promise that gene therapy will genetically 'cure' some severely disabling diseases. In particular, the first gene therapy bioproduct for RPE65-associated Leber's congenital amaurosis, which was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2017, has provided tremendous encouragement to the field of gene therapy. Recent developments in...

Direct RIG-I activation in human NK cells induces TRAIL-dependent cytotoxicity towards autologous melanoma cells.

Activation of the innate immune receptor retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) by its specific ligand 5'-triphosphate RNA (3pRNA) triggers anti-tumor immunity, which is dependent on natural killer (NK) cell activation and cytokine induction. However, to date, RIG-I expression and the functional consequences of RIG-I activation in NK cells have not been examined. Here, we show for the first time the expression of RIG-I in human NK cells and their activation upon RIG-I ligand (3pRNA) transfection. 3pRNA-acti...

Comparison of the editing patterns and editing efficiencies of TALEN and CRISPR-Cas9 when targeting the human CCR5 gene.

The human C-C chemokine receptor type-5 (CCR5) is the major transmembrane co-receptor that mediates HIV-1 entry into target CD4+ cells. Gene therapy to knock-out the CCR5 gene has shown encouraging results in providing a functional cure for HIV-1 infection. In gene therapy strategies, the initial region of the CCR5 gene is a hotspot for producing functional gene knock-out. Such target gene editing can be done using programmable endonucleases such as transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALEN) or...


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