PubMed Journals Articles About "Regorafenib Plus Nivolumab In Patients With Colorectal Cancer" RSS

11:05 EST 17th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Regorafenib Plus Nivolumab Patients With Colorectal Cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 45,000+

Safety and effectiveness of regorafenib in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer in routine clinical practice in the prospective, observational CORRELATE study.

Regorafenib prolonged overall survival (OS) versus placebo in patients with treatment-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in phase III trials. We conducted an observational study of regorafenib for patients with mCRC in real-world clinical practice.

Comparison of skeletal muscle mass loss in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with regorafenib or TAS-102.

To assess whether regorafenib and TAS-102 treatments are associated with a change in Skeletal Muscle Area (SMA) as well as to compare Skeletal Muscle Mass (SMM) loss levels between regorafenib and TAS-102 treatments and prognostic significance in the patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).

Long-term survival of an advanced colorectal cancer patient treated with Regorafenib: Case report and literature review.

Two phase 3 trials reported a prolonged survival in the third-line setting of colorectal cancer patients treated with regorafenib with the longest duration of treatment of 16 months. Herein, we reported a unique case of a patient refractory to conventional chemotherapy who showed a prolonged stable disease with regorafenib.

A phase Ib study of the combination regorafenib with PF-03446962 in patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (REGAL-1 trial).

This study aimed to evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase II dose (RPTD), as well as the safety and tolerability of PF-03446962, a monoclonal antibody targeting activin receptor like kinase 1 (ALK-1), in combination with regorafenib in patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer.

Regorafenib in Chinese patients with metastatic colorectal cancer: subgroup analysis of the phase 3 CONCUR trial.

In the phase 3 CONCUR trial (NCT01584830), regorafenib improved overall survival (OS) versus placebo in Asian patients with treatment-refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). We conducted a post-hoc subgroup analysis of Chinese patients in CONCUR.

Epidermal growth factor receptor mRNA expression: A potential molecular escape mechanism from regorafenib.

Regorafenib has improved the survival of patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), yet the mechanisms of inherited or acquired resistance are not well understood. A total of 50 patients with refractory mCRC were enrolled. CTC enumeration was performed at baseline, day 21 after initiation of regorafenib, and at the time of progression of disease (PD) using the CellSearch System. Poly (A) mRNA was extracted from CTCs, and gene expression of epithelial and EMT markers was analyzed by a mult...

Curcumin functions as a MEK inhibitor to induce a synthetic lethal effect on KRAS mutant colorectal cancer cells receiving targeted drug regorafenib.

Curcumin, a major yellow pigment and spice in turmeric and curry, has been demonstrated to have an anticancer effect in human clinical trials. Mutation of KRAS has been shown in 35%-45% of colorectal cancer, and regorafenib has been approved by the US FDA to treat patients with colorectal cancer. Synthetic lethality is a type of genetic interaction between two genes such that simultaneous perturbations of the two genes result in cell death or a dramatic decrease of cell viability, while a perturbation of ei...

Prognostic scores for evaluating the survival benefit of regorafenib or trifluridine/tipiracil in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer: an exploratory analysis of the REGOTAS study.

Although regorafenib or trifluridine/tipiracil (FTD/TPI) has been recognized as a later-line standard treatment in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), not all patients have beneficial outcomes. This study aimed to develop a prognostic scoring system for evaluating the overall survival (OS) benefit.

A comparison of regorafenib and fruquintinib for metastatic colorectal cancer: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

The optimal treatment in the third-line and later-line setting for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) has not been established. As reported, regorafenib and fruquintinib have shown to be superior to placebo in mCRC. However, no direct clinical comparison of regorafenib and fruquintinib has been conducted; we performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of regorafenib and fruquintinib.

Bilateral sensorineural hearing loss induced by regorafenib.

Regorafenib is a novel multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor approved for use in refractory metastatic colorectal cancer, advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumours and hepatocellular carcinoma. We report a case of bilateral sensorineural hearing loss caused by regorafenib.

Molecular insight of regorafenib treatment for colorectal cancer.

Regorafenib is a multi-targeting kinase inhibitor approved for the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer patients in refractory to standard chemotherapy. Similarly to sorafenib, this agent was originally developed as a RAF1 inhibitor. However, the kinase inhibitory profile is distinct from sorafenib. A broad-spectrum of kinase inhibition induces wide-range drug sensitivity, irrespective of mutation status of major oncogenes. This agent's main therapeutic effects are anti-angiogenesis and the remodeling ...

Nivolumab plus Ipilimumab in Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

In an early-phase study involving patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the response rate was better with nivolumab plus ipilimumab than with nivolumab monotherapy, particularly among patients with tumors that expressed programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1). Data are needed to assess the long-term benefit of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with NSCLC.

Sequencing beyond the second-line setting in metastatic colorectal cancer.

The standard treatment for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in the first- and second-line setting is generally chemotherapy, which can be augmented with vascular endothelial growth factor-targeted therapies and, for patients with KRAS wild-type status, epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted therapies. However, nearly all patients ultimately develop disease progression and require later lines of therapy. Traditionally, physicians recycled chemotherapy in the later lines, with many patient...

Baseline neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is associated with clinical outcome in recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer patients treated with nivolumab.

Nivolumab has been approved for recurrent or metastatic head and neck cancer (R/M HNC) on March 2017 in Japan. Recently, many researchers have been actively studying the prognostic and predictive markers. However, they have not been clarified. In this study, we evaluate the prognostic and predictive markers of the anticancer effect of nivolumab. This study assessed baseline neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a prognostic and predictive marker for nivolumab efficacy in patients with recurrent/metastatic...

CEA as a risk factor in predicting ocular metastasis from colorectal cancer.

Colorectal, closely following pulmonary and breast, is the third predilection site of cancer that lead to death all over the world. Ocular metastasis (OM) of colorectal cancer (CRC) is becoming increasingly common and presents a poor prognosis. In this study, we detected some recognized tumor biomarkers and tried to differentiate the discrepancy between CRC patients with and without OM in order to clarify the risk factor for OM in patients with colorectal cancer.

TIMP1 mRNA in tumor-educated platelets is diagnostic biomarker for colorectal cancer.

Platelets have been shown to promote the growth of tumors, including colorectal cancer. The RNA profile of tumor-educated platelets has the possibility for cancer diagnosis. We used RNA sequencing to identified the gene expression signature in platelets from colorectal cancer patients and healthy volunteers. We then verified the selected biomarkers from the RNA sequencing in a two-step case-control study using quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. We found that TIMP1 mRNA levels are ...

Clinicopathological features of colorectal polyps and risk of colorectal cancer in acromegaly.

Patients with acromegaly are at increased risk of colorectal polyps. However, their risk of colorectal cancer remains unclear. This study aimed to identify the histopathological features of colorectal polyps in patients with acromegaly and compare their risk of colorectal cancer with that in healthy controls.

Ceritinib plus nivolumab in patients with advanced ALK-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer: results of an open-label, multicenter, phase 1B study: Ceritinib plus nivolumab in ALK-rearranged NSCLC.

Induction of PD-L1 expression due to constitutive oncogenic signaling has been reported in NSCLC models harboring EML4-ALK rearrangements. We assessed safety and activity of ceritinib plus nivolumab in these patients.

Predictive factors for progression-free survival in non-small cell lung cancer patients receiving nivolumab based on performance status.

Nivolumab has promising efficacy for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Various predictive factors for nivolumab response in those with NSCLC have been reported, including performance status (PS). The objective of this retrospective study was to determine the predictive factors for nivolumab response in those with NSCLC with good PS and those with poor PS.

Clinical difference between discontinuation and retreatment with nivolumab after immune-related adverse events in patients with lung cancer.

After the cessation of immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy due to an immune-related adverse event (irAE), it remains unclear whether retreatment with ICI is more effective than its discontinuation. To explore the clinical significance of its retreatment, patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had treatment interruption of nivolumab due to irAEs were identified and the clinical differences between discontinuation and retreatment with nivolumab were retrospectively reviewed.

Metformin increases cancer specific survival in colorectal cancer patients-National cohort study.

We aimed to assess oncological outcomes in colorectal cancer patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using metformin.

Severe colitis after PD-1 blockade with nivolumab in advanced melanoma patients: potential role of Th1-dominant immune response in immune-related adverse events: two case reports.

Nivolumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor specific to the programmed death 1 (PD-1) receptor. Nivolumab has shown clinical responses in many malignancies. Although immune-related adverse events (irAEs) associated with nivolumab are largely tolerable, severe irAEs have occurred in some patients. However, the mechanisms underlying the development of irAEs are not fully clarified.

Safety and efficacy of nivolumab in patients with rare melanoma subtypes who progressed on or after ipilimumab treatment: a single-arm, open-label, phase II study (CheckMate 172).

Nivolumab has been widely studied in non-acral cutaneous melanoma; however, limited data are available in other melanoma subtypes. We report outcomes by melanoma subtype in patients who received nivolumab after progression on prior ipilimumab.

Comprehensive value assessment of drugs using a multi-criteria decision analysis: An example of targeted therapies for metastatic colorectal cancer treatment.

This study is aimed toward establishing a decision-making model with multiple criteria for appraisal and reimbursement to compare the attitudes of different stakeholders toward various dimensions and criteria and to evaluate the five targeted therapies (bevacizumab, cetuximab, panitumumab, aflibercept, and regorafenib) for metastatic colorectal cancer.

Outcomes of colorectal cancer surgery in the nonagenarians: 20-year result from a tertiary center.

There is a foreseeable trend that life expectancy is on the rise in many parts of the world. More and more patients will present with colorectal cancer at extreme old age and advanced age is a well-known risk factor for adverse outcomes after surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of colorectal cancer surgery in patients aged 90 or above.

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