PubMed Journals Articles About "Rehabilitation For Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension" RSS

20:14 EDT 26th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Rehabilitation Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 37,000+

Practical approach to establishing pulmonary rehabilitation for people with non-COPD diagnoses.

Pulmonary rehabilitation is a core aspect in the management of patients with chronic respiratory diseases. This paper describes a practical approach to establishing pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with non-COPD diagnoses using examples from the interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary hypertension (PH), bronchiectasis and lung cancer patient populations. Aspects of pulmonary rehabilitation, including the rationale, patient selection, setting of programmes, patient assessment and training components ...

Accommodating to a troubled life - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients' experiences and perceptions of self-image during the course of rehabilitation.

To tailor future rehabilitation programmes for patients with chronic pulmonary obstructive disease, there is a need for more in-depth knowledge about what is essential to these patients and how they perceive their self-image while participating in rehabilitation. Therefore, this study aims to explore patients' experiences and perception of self-image during pulmonary rehabilitation.

A Review of Exercise Interventions in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension and Recommendations for Rehabilitation Programing.

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by impaired pulmonary vascular structure and function and is commonly associated with symptoms of dyspnea, fatigue, and potentially syncope. With chronic exposure to elevated pulmonary pressures, dramatic right ventricular dysfunction is common, thereby compromising cardiorespiratory fitness and increasing the risk of mortality. Collective investigative efforts, both at the preclinical and clinical levels, have established the safety and efficacy of reg...

Triangulated perspectives on outcomes of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with COPD: a qualitative study to inform a core outcome set.

Pulmonary rehabilitation implies a comprehensive assessment. Although several outcomes are commonly measured, those are selected mainly by health professionals and researchers, with the voice of patients and informal caregivers being minimally captured. Qualitative studies are fundamental to enhance our knowledge on perspectives of different stakeholders involved in pulmonary rehabilitation.

Pulmonary hypertension in patients with a history of intravenous drug use.

Pulmonary hypertension may be a consequence of intrinsic elevation in pulmonary vasculature resistance or complicate numerous other conditions affecting the cardiac and respiratory systems. In this review we sought to explore the relationship between pulmonary hypertension and intravenous drug use.

Pulmonary rehabilitation in respiratory disorders other than COPD : an individualized approach.

Pulmonary rehabilitation is a multimodal intervention which includes an individualized physical training program, patient education, nutritional assessment and counseling, and recommendations for behavioral changes (smoking cessation, physical activity, nutrition...). This approach, validated and widely accepted by international expert societies in COPD, has been explored and evaluated in other chronic respiratory disorders. This overview analyses the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation in interstitial lung ...

Positive Airway Pressure Therapy Reduces Pulmonary Hypertension in Patients Admitted for Acute Heart Failure with Pulmonary Hypertension and Obstructive Sleep Apnea. The ASAP-HF Pilot Trial.

Pulmonary hypertension(PH) is extremely common in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients and predicts increased mortality. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly prevalent in CHF patients, may contribute to further elevated pulmonary pressures.

Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension: Endovascular Treatment.

Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a rare cause of pulmonary hypertension; less than 5% of pulmonary hypertension is caused by recurrent pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). By definition, CTEPH happens within the first two years after symptomatic PTE; however, cases are often diagnosed without a history of acute PTE. Because of the poor functional status and chronicity of this disease, the classic and curative strategy of open pulmonary endarterectomy cannot be applied in some patients wi...

In Which the Gain is more from Pulmonary Rehabilitation? Asthma or COPD?

Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is useful for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but not clear for patients with asthma. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of PR in patients with asthma by comparing patients with COPD. The study was designed as a retrospective case series. We recruited patients with COPD and asthma.

Mobile Health Management Platform-Based Pulmonary Rehabilitation for Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Prospective Clinical Trial.

Lung cancer patients experience various symptoms during treatment. Although pulmonary rehabilitation is an effective way to improve these symptoms, a medical environment of limited availability makes it difficult to provide seamless and adequate rehabilitation for lung cancer patients.

Idiopathic Pulmonary Hypertension After Liver Transplantation.

Pulmonary hypertension is one of the problems that can be encountered before liver transplantation. It is not expected in cases with no additional disease in postoperative period. Herein, we report on a 43-year-old woman who developed idiopathic pulmonary hypertension in the early postoperative period. Further investigation both pathologically and clinically is needed in patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation that may help to solve the problems such as pulmonary arterial hypertension before ...

Echocardiographic assessment of pulmonary arterial stiffness in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients.

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is one of the complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Despite the emergence of effective therapies, pulmonary arterial hypertension is commonly seen, especially at advanced stages. At the time of diagnosis, a majority of patients are at New York Heart Association-Functional Class III or IV. Many of the current screening modalities are dependent on detecting a rise in pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP). However, high capacitance of the pulmonary circulation i...

Perfusion Scintigraphy in Diagnosis and Management of Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension.

Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a life-threatening complication of acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Because the treatment of CTEPH is markedly different from that of other types of pulmonary hypertension, lung ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scintigraphy is recommended for the workup of patients with unexplained pulmonary hypertension. Lung V/Q scintigraphy is superior to CT pulmonary angiography for detecting CTEPH. Perfusion defect findings of CTEPH can be different from those of acute ...

Pulmonary Hypertension: Diagnostics, Classification and Therapy.

Pulmonary hypertension is a chronic, incurable disease with poor prognosis. The therapeutic aim is a stabilization of patients showing signs of right heart failure as well as disease progression. A pulmonary hypertension is diagnosed in patients displaying a mean pulmonary arterial pressure of > 25 mmHg in resting state. Invasively measured hemodynamics evaluated by right heart catheterization (mean pulmonary arterial pressure [mPAP], pulmonary arterial wedge pressure [PAWP], diastolic pressure gradient...

Doppler-defined pulmonary hypertension in sepsis and septic shock.

The association of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with sepsis is lesser understood.

Proteinase-activated Receptor 1 Antagonism Ameliorates Experimental Pulmonary Hypertension.

Pulmonary hypertension is characterized by progressive increases in pulmonary vascular resistance. Thrombotic lesions are common pathological findings. The pulmonary artery has a unique property regarding the vasoconstrictive response to thrombin, which is mediated by proteinase-activated receptor 1 (PAR1). We aim to elucidate the role of PAR1 in the development and progression of pulmonary hypertension.

Balloon Pulmonary Angioplasty (Percutaneous Transluminal Pulmonary Angioplasty) for Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension: A Japanese Perspective.

In recent years, therapeutic options for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) have expanded with the development of catheter-based interventional therapy, namely balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA), also called percutaneous transluminal pulmonary angioplasty. For CTEPH patients with technically inoperable disease or with an unfavorable risk-to-benefit ratio for surgical pulmonary endarterectomy, BPA is an important alternative therapeutic strategy. One important treatment goa...

Pulmonary edema following initiation of a parenteral prostacyclin therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension: a retrospective study.

Pulmonary edema may complicate the use of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) targeted therapies. We aimed to determine the proportion of patients who develop pulmonary edema after initiation of parenteral prostacyclin therapy, to identify its risk factors, and to assess its implications on hospital length of stay and mortality.

Pulmonary Vascular Distensibility and Early Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling in Pulmonary Hypertension.

Exercise stress testing of the pulmonary circulation may uncover decreased pulmonary vascular (PV) distensibility as a cause of impaired aerobic exercise capacity and right ventriculo (RV)-pulmonary arterial (PA) uncoupling. As such, it may help to the differential diagnosis of unexplained dyspnea, including pulmonary hypertension (PH) and/or heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).

Subterranean Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been recommended as an integral part of treatment for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Climate therapy in salt mine chambers has been found of benefit in chronic respiratory diseases. The study compares long-term effects of underground PR in the Wieliczka Salt Mine with that conducted on the surface. There were 42 COPD patients enrolled in the study, with FEV/FVC

The article deals with the modern tactics of pulmonary hypertension therapy, used in case of unsatisfactory clinical response to previous therapy. All classes of pathogenetic therapy of pulmonary hypertension are presented, as well as modern views on the risk stratification of annual mortality of patients. Switching to a more effective drug both within one group of pathogenetic PAH-therapy, and to drugs of other classes is discussed. The latest classification of pulmonary hypertension (Nice, 2018) is prese...

Decreased biventricular longitudinal strain in patients with systemic sclerosis is mainly caused by pulmonary hypertension and not by systemic sclerosis per se.

Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) due to systemic sclerosis (SSc) have high mortality. Left ventricular (LV) peak global longitudinal strain (GLS) is decreased in SSc. It is unknown if low GLS is due to SSc or PAH. Therefore, our primary aim was to evaluate both LV and RV free wall GLS (RVRF GLS) in SSc, with and without PAH, using cardiac magnetic resonance with feature tracking. Secondary aim was to relate GLS to invasive mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and pulmonary vascular res...

Meta-analysis of the effect of a pulmonary rehabilitation program on respiratory muscle strength in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programs are important in the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but vary widely in type, duration, and efficacy. This meta-analysis investigated the effect of PR programs on respiratory muscle strength in patients with COPD.

Sildenafil for Pulmonary Hypertension in the Early Postoperative Period After Mitral Valve Surgery.

The phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor sildenafil was developed for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension. The authors investigated the efficacy and safety of sildenafil in the early postoperative period after mitral valve surgery in patients with pulmonary hypertension.

Golden ratio and the proportionality between pulmonary pressure components in pulmonary arterial hypertension.

The golden ratio (Phi, Φ = 1.618) is a proportion that has been found in many phenomena in nature including the cardiovascular field. We tested the hypothesis that the systolic over mean pulmonary artery pressure ratio (sPAP/mPAP) and the mean over diastolic pressure ratio (mPAP/dPAP) may match Φ in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and in controls.

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