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Showing "Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Global Clinical Trials Review" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 53,000+

Evaluation of the CLL-IPI in relapsed and refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia in idelalisib phase-3 trials.

The CLL-IPI is a risk-weighted prognostic model for previously untreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), but has not been evaluated in patients with relapsed CLL or on novel therapies. We evaluated the CLL-IPI in 897 patients with relapsed/refractory CLL in 3 randomized trials testing idelalisib (PI3Kδ inhibitor). The CLL-IPI identified patients as low (2.2%), intermediate (12.8%), high (48.7%), and very high (36.2%) risk and was prognostic for survival (log-rank p 65, β2-microglobulin...

Histiocytic Sarcoma: Review, Discussion of Transformation From B-Cell Lymphoma, and Differential Diagnosis.

Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare neoplasm of mature histiocytes with an aggressive clinical course that can arise de novo or from a low-grade B-cell lymphoma. In particular, chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma is a very common malignancy in the Western hemisphere, and most cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma have an indolent course and behavior. However, 2% to 8% of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma cases transform. Histiocytic sarcomatous ...

Entospletinib monotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia previously treated with B-cell receptor inhibitors: results of a phase 2 study.

Entospletinib (GS-9973), an oral, selective inhibitor of spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK), was evaluated as monotherapy in this multicenter, phase 2 study (NCT01799889) of 49 patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), including those with Richter's transformation (RT), who had received prior therapy with a B-cell receptor (BCR) inhibitor. Patients were treated with entospletinib 400 mg BID as the starting dose. Sixteen patients achieved partial response and 21 had stable disease....

Updated results from the phase 3 HELIOS study of ibrutinib, bendamustine, and rituximab in relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma.

We report follow-up results from the randomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 HELIOS trial of ibrutinib+bendamustine and rituximab (BR) for previously treated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) without deletion 17p. Overall, 578 patients were randomized 1:1 to either ibrutinib (420 mg daily) or placebo, in combination with 6 cycles of BR, followed by ibrutinib or placebo alone. Median follow-up was 34.8 months (range: 0.1-45.8). Investigator-assessed median progression-free...

Venetoclax for the treatment of multiple myeloma.

Treatment of multiple myeloma in the relapsed setting remains challenging, despite recent impressive advances in the management of these patients. Venetoclax (ABT-199) is a BCL-2 inhibitor recently approved by the US food and drug administration (FDA) for treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia but the drug has shown activity in a number of hematological malignancies. Venetoclax has broadened the treatment options for patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Approximately 20% of myeloma pati...

Antiviral immunity in chronic lymphocytic leukemia measured by anti-rubella antibody.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the most common form of adult leukemia in Caucasian populations, is characterized by a decrease in anti-infective immunity. Clinical evidence of antiviral immunity decrease is the reactivation of herpes virus in the form of skin lesions. In Europe, rubella infection is common and creates lifelong persistence of IgG antibodies.

Illness Perceptions in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Testing Leventhal's Self-regulatory Model.

Leventhal's Self-regulatory Model proposes that somatic characteristics of a health threat (e.g., symptom severity), and prior experience with the threat (e.g., unsuccessful treatment), are determinants of illness perceptions. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is appropriate for test of these postulates, having three phases differing in symptom severity and prior treatment experiences: indolent disease requiring no treatment (active surveillance; AS), symptomatic disease requiring a first treatment (FT), a...

Tisagenlecleucel-T for the treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia.

Cellular immunotherapy with autologous or allogeneic T cells, genetically engineered to express chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) or T-cell receptors, in order to redirect their cytotoxic specificity towards malignant cells, is emerging as a promising new treatment modality. The most advanced approach in clinical development is the use of anti-CD19 CAR T-cells for the treatment of CD19 B-cell malignancies, including acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Areas covered: Recently, the Food and Drug Administration ...

Improving risk-stratification of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia using multivariate patient similarity networks.

Better risk-stratification of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and identification of subsets of ultra-high-risk (HR)-CLL patients are crucial in the contemporary era of an expanded therapeutic armamentarium for CLL.

The Role of miR-15a and miR-16-1 in the Pathogenesis of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, and the Importance of microRNAs in Targeted Therapies.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common type of hematological cancer diagnosed in human adults; however, it has been linked with a series of chromosomal abnormalities, the most common being deletion of 13q14. This chromosomal alteration leads to the deletion of the miR-15/16 cluster, as well as downregulation of DLEU7. Deletion of miR-15a and miR-16-1 causes overexpression of BCL2, an apoptosis suppressing protein, while the deletion of DLEU7 activates the NF-kB pathway. Both lead to the devel...

Leukemic Involvement in the Thorax.

Leukemias are malignancies in which abnormal white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, resulting in compromise of normal bone marrow hematopoiesis and subsequent cytopenias. Leukemias are classified as myeloid or lymphoid depending on the type of abnormal cells produced and as acute or chronic according to cellular maturity. The four major types of leukemia are acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Clinical manifestations a...

Analysis of four types of leukemia using Gene Ontology term and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment scores.

Leukemia is the second common blood cancer after lymphoma, and its incidence rate has an increasing trend in recent years. Leukemia can be classified into four types: acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). More than forty drugs are applicable for different types of leukemia based on the discrepant pathogenesis. Therefore, the identification of specific drug-targeted biological processes and pathways is hel...

Investigating epigenetic effects of activation-induced deaminase in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Activation induced deaminase (AID) has two distinct and well defined roles, both relying on its deoxycytidine (dC) deaminating function: one as a DNA mutator and another in DNA demethylation. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), AID was previously shown to be an independent negative prognostic factor. While there is substantial impact on DNA mutations, effects of AID on gene expression by promoter demethylation of disease related target genes in leukemia has not been addressed. To shed light on this quest...

Comparison of Tumor Staging Systems for Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.

Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are at increased risk for poor outcomes as a result of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC).

Dysregulated Expression of Tim-3 and NKp30 Receptors on NK Cells of Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.

In this study, the expression pattern of NKp30 and T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing molecule-3 (Tim-3), as candidates for activating and inhibitory receptors of NK cells, were evaluated in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).

Research Advances of Monocyte/Macrophage in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia--Review.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL)is a malignant hematologic disease with heterogeneous clinical course, about two thirds of patients exhibit a long survival, but the remaining third of patients show aggressiveness of disease or poor response to conventional treatment even drug resistance. Studies suggested that tumor microenvironment possesses a critical effect in CLL disease progression in recent years. Monocyte/macrophage, as an important componens of tumor microenvironment, play a promotive role i...

Promotion of Japan's participation in global clinical trials.

The number of global clinical trials including Japan is increasing but still much lower than those including the USA and Europe. The regulatory requirements for clinical trials have been harmonized among Japan, USA, and Europe, and the quality of clinical trials is kept high in these regions. Xofluza (baloxavir marboxil) for influenza approved in Japan under the SAKIGAKE Designation System is a good example of clinical trials including Japan. To include Japan in more global clinical trials, stakeholders sho...

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) treatment: So many choices, such great options.

Within a period of just over a decade, managing chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has become more effective and yet more challenging than ever before. The important improvement in the treatment of CLL can be ascribed to the availability of many new options, mainly with the development of novel targeted therapies, such as ibrutinib, idelalisib, duvelisib and venetoclax. There are now newer tests that reliably define high-risk patients, and treatment plans can be tailored accordingly. Overall, this indeed is...

Real-world testing and treatment patterns in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: A SEER patterns of care analysis.

Laboratory testing and treatments for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) have changed dramatically within the last decade. The authors evaluated changes in patterns of real-world testing and treatment over time by comparing 2 population-based cohorts.

IgA hypogammaglobulinemia predicts outcome in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

DYNAMO: A Phase II Study of Duvelisib (IPI-145) in Patients With Refractory Indolent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma.

Indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (iNHL) remains largely incurable and often requires multiple lines of treatment after becoming refractory to standard therapies. Duvelisib was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for relapsed or refractory (RR) chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) and RR follicular lymphoma (FL) after two or more prior systemic therapies. On the basis of the activity of duvelisib, a first-in-class oral dual inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase-δ,-γ, in R...

Overexpression of CD49d in trisomy 12 chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients is mediated by IRF4 through induction of IKAROS.

Progress in the problem of relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia.

The majority of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) die from disease recurrence and historically, treatment options in both the relapsed and refractory settings of this disease have been limited. However, new insights into the molecular characterization and biology of relapsed and refractory AML have led to novel therapeutics and improvement in outcomes in these settings. The current understanding of mechanisms of disease resistance and status of treatment options both currently available and under e...

Rejection of adoptively transferred Eµ-TCL1 chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells in C57BL/6 substrains or knockout mouse lines.

Highlights in chronic lymphocytic leukemia from the 2018 American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting.

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