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Showing "Requires Hospitals Post Prices Medicare Patients Useful Step" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 45,000+

Market Power: Price Variation Among Commercial Insurers For Hospital Services.

Much research has focused on differences in hospital prices paid by private (commercial) versus public (Medicare and Medicaid) health insurers. Far less is known about price differences across commercial payers-health maintenance organizations (HMOs) or preferred provider organizations (PPOs) versus other payers, such as casualty (automobile), workers' compensation, and travel insurers. We found that other insurers had far less negotiating power with hospitals than commercial HMO/PPO insurers did. In the pe...

Prices for physician services in Medicare Advantage versus traditional Medicare.

To compare the prices paid to physicians by employer-sponsored Medicare Advantage (MA) plans with those paid by traditional Medicare (TM) and to determine whether the relationship between MA and TM prices is affected by the generosity of MA benchmarks.

Variation in Prostaglandin Analog Prices Paid for Through Medicare Part D.

Determine the prices and price variation of the prostaglandin analogs (PGAs) used in the United States and examine their trends from 2013-2016 using Medicare Part D data.

Changes to Racial Disparities in Readmission Rates After Medicare's Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program Within Safety-Net and Non-Safety-Net Hospitals.

Although readmission rates are declining under Medicare's Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP), concerns remain that the HRRP will harm quality at safety-net hospitals because they are penalized more often. Disparities between white and black patients might widen because more black patients receive care at safety-net hospitals. Disparities may be particularly worse for clinical conditions not targeted by the HRRP because hospitals might reallocate resources toward targeted conditions (acute myocar...

Comparing post-acute rehabilitation use, length of stay, and outcomes experienced by Medicare fee-for-service and Medicare Advantage beneficiaries with hip fracture in the United States: A secondary analysis of administrative data.

Medicare Advantage (MA) and Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) plans have different financial incentives. Medicare pays predetermined rates per beneficiary to MA plans for providing care throughout the year, while providers serving FFS patients are reimbursed per utilization event. It is unknown how these incentives affect post-acute care in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). The objective of this study was to examine differences in rehabilitation service use, length of stay, and outcomes for patients following...

Meeting Medicare requirements for transitional care: Do stroke care and policy align?

This study (1) describes transitional care for stroke patients discharged home from hospitals, (2) compares hospitals' standards of transitional care with core transitional care management (TCM) components recognized by Medicare, and (3) examines the association of policy and hospital specialty designations with TCM implementation.

Quality disclosure and the timing of insurers' adjustments: Evidence from medicare advantage.

Mandatory quality disclosure often includes a period over which the quality of new entrants is unreported. This provides the opportunity for forward-looking firms to adjust product characteristics in advance of disclosure. Using comprehensive data on Medicare Advantage (MA) from 2007 to 2015, I exploit the design of the MA Star Rating program to examine the presence of forward-looking behavior among insurers. I find that high-quality insurers reduce prices leading up to quality disclosure, while low-quality...

The Importance of Rural Hospitals: Transfers and 30-day Readmissions Among Rural Residents and Patients Presenting at Rural Hospitals.

The purpose was to examine factors associated with transfers and readmissions among Medicare patients initially presenting at rural facilities. Data from the 2013 Medicare Claims file were used to identify fee-for-service patients with a hospital admission (n = 298,783) or an emergency department visit immediately followed by a hospital admission (117,416), for a total of 416,199. Transfers were defined as hospitalization at a different facility within 1 day of a discharge from a prior inpatient or emer...

Does a Reduction in Readmissions Result in Net Savings for Most Hospitals? An Examination of Medicare's Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program.

This study aimed (1) to estimate the impact of an incremental reduction in excess readmissions on a hospital's Medicare reimbursement revenue, for hospitals subject to penalties under the Medicare's Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program and (2) to evaluate the economic case for an investment in a readmission reduction program. For 2,465 hospitals with excess readmissions in the Fiscal Year 2016 Hospital Compare data set, we (1) used the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program statute to estimate hospital-...

The Effect Of The Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program On Readmission And Observation Stay Rates For Heart Failure.

The Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program reduces Medicare prospective payments for hospitals with excess readmissions for selected diagnoses. By comparing data for patients who were readmitted or placed on observation status immediately before and immediately after the thirty-day cutoff for penalties, we sought to determine whether hospitals have responded to the program by shifting readmissions for heart failure to observation status. We used regression discontinuity, taking advantage of the cutoff to g...

National Performance on the Medicare SEP-1 Sepsis Quality Measure.

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services requires hospitals to report compliance with a sepsis treatment bundle as part of its Inpatient Quality Reporting Program. We used recently released data from this program to characterize national performance on the sepsis measure, known as SEP-1.

Mixed messages to consumers from Medicare: Hospital Compare grades versus value-based payment penalty.

To (1) compare the 2015 hospital grades reported on Medicare's Hospital Compare website for heart failure (HF) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) readmissions with the HF- and AMI-specific scores for excess readmissions used to assess Medicare readmission penalties and (2) assess how often hospitals were penalized for excess readmissions in only 1 or 2 conditions, given that hospitals received a penalty impacting all Medicare payments based on an overall readmission score calculated from 5 conditions (HF...

Strategic Patient Discharge: the Case of Long-Term Care Hospitals.

Medicare's prospective payment system for long-term acute-care hospitals (LTCHs) provides modest reimbursements at the beginning of a patient's stay before jumping discontinuously to a large lump-sum payment after a prespecified number of days. We show that LTCHs respond to the financial incentives of this system by disproportionately discharging patients after they cross the large-payment threshold. We find this occurs more often at for-profit facilities, facilities acquired by leading LTCH chains, and fac...

Generic Drug Price Hikes And Out-Of-Pocket Spending For Medicare Beneficiaries.

Recent increases in prices of longtime generic drugs have focused attention on competition in generic markets. We used Medicare Part D data for the period 2006-15 to examine sudden large price increases in generic drugs in the context of their base prices, duration, and accompanying changes in patients' out-of-pocket spending. The fraction of drugs that at least doubled in price increased from 1.00 percent of generic products in 2007 to 4.39 percent in 2013. Almost all were initially low- or medium-price ...

Trends in Medicare Utilization by Dermatologists, 2012-2015.

Medicare represents the second largest component of national health expenditures, and dermatologists receive a disproportionate percentage of Medicare payments. Analyzing trends in Medicare utilization by dermatologists informs optimal Medicare usage for both patients and physicians.

Prices For Cardiac Implant Devices May Be Up To Six Times Higher In The US Than In Some European Countries.

Medical devices are estimated to account for 6 percent of health expenditures in the US and 7 percent in European Union (EU) countries. Cardiac implants are a large segment of the market, but little is known about their prices. Using 2006-14 data from a large hospital panel survey, this article provides a systematic comparison of prices of cardiac implants between the US and four EU countries. The data reveal that prices were two to six times higher in the US than in Germany, where cardiac implants were g...

Strategy and risk sharing in hospital-postacute care integration.

Postacute care has been identified as a primary area for cost containment. The continued shift of payment structures from volume to value has often put hospitals at the forefront of addressing postacute care cost containment. However, hospitals continue to struggle with models to manage patients in postacute care institutions, such as skilled nursing facilities or in home health agencies. Recent research has identified postacute care network development as one mechanism to improve outcomes for patients sent...

Impact of Event Severity on Hospital Rankings Based on Heart Failure Readmission Rates.

The Medicare Readmissions Reduction Program penalizes hospitals with higher than expected readmission rates after discharge for congestive heart failure (CHF). This exploratory study analyzed whether categorizing readmissions by event severity might have implications for the program. The authors used the 5% MedPAR (Medicare Provider and Analysis Review) data for 2008 to 2014 and ranked 1820 hospitals based on all readmissions, readmissions for CHF, short-stay CHF readmissions, and readmissions for severe CH...

Factors associated with treatment outcome of acute post streptococcal glomerulonephritis among patients less than 18 years in Mekelle City, Public Hospitals, North Ethiopia.

To assess factors associated treatment outcomes of acute post streptococcal glomerular nephritis among patients less than 18 years old in Mekelle City Public Hospitals.

Treatment at safety-net hospitals is associated with delays in coil embolization in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Successful endovascular management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) requires timely access to significant resources. Prior studies suggest an association between time to treatment and patient outcome. Patients treated at safety-net hospitals are thought to be particularly vulnerable to disparities in access to interventions that require substantial technological resources. We hypothesize that patients treated at safety-net hospitals are at greater risk for delayed access to endovascular treatmen...

Association of Hospital Participation in a Medicare Bundled Payment Program With Volume and Case Mix of Lower Extremity Joint Replacement Episodes.

Medicare's Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative for lower extremity joint replacement (LEJR) surgery has been associated with a reduction in episode spending and stable-to-improved quality. However, BPCI may create unintended effects by prompting participating hospitals to increase the overall volume of episodes paid for by Medicare, which could potentially eliminate program-related savings or prompt them to shift case mix to lower-risk patients.

Greater Reductions in Readmission Rates Achieved by Urban Hospitals Participating in the Medicare Shared Savings Program.

Accountable Care Organizations in the Medicare Shared Savings Program (MSSP) have financial incentives to reduce the cost and improve the quality of care delivered to Medicare beneficiaries that they serve. However, previous research about the impact of the MSSP on readmissions is limited and mixed.

National Representativeness Of Hospitals And Markets In Medicare's Mandatory Bundled Payment Program.

In 2016 Medicare implemented its first mandatory alternative payment model, the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement (CJR) program, in which the agency pays clinicians and hospitals a fixed amount for services provided in hip and knee replacement surgery episodes. Medicare made CJR mandatory, rather than voluntary, to produce generalizable evidence on what results Medicare might expect if it scaled bundled payment up nationally. However, it is unknown how markets and hospitals in CJR compare to others n...

Regional Variations: The Use Of Hospitals, Home Health, And Skilled Nursing In Traditional Medicare And Medicare Advantage.

In the traditional Medicare program, the use of health care services-particularly postacute care-varies substantially across geographic regions. Less is known about such variations in Medicare Advantage (MA), which is growing rapidly. Insurers that are paid on a risk basis, as in MA, may have incentives and tools to restrain the use of services, which could attenuate geographic variations. In this study of fifty-four million Medicare beneficiaries in the period 2007-13, we found that geographic variations i...

Medicare for the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon.

Medicare, a federally funded insurance program in the United States, is a complex program about which many physicians may not receive formal training or education. Plastic surgeons, residents, and advanced practitioners may benefit from at least a basic understanding of Medicare, its components, reimbursement methods, and upcoming health care trends. Medicare consists of Parts A through D, each responsible for a different form of insurance coverage. Medicare pays hospitals, physicians, and graduate medical ...

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