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PubMed Journals Articles About "Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato" RSS

21:19 EDT 15th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 41,000+

Antagonistic function of the Ve R-genes in tomato.

Key message In Verticillium wilt, gene silencing indicates that tomato Ve2-gene expression can have a dramatic effect on many defense/stress protein levels while Ve1-gene induction modulates these effects in a negative fashion. In tomato, Verticillium resistance is dependent on the Ve R-gene locus, which encodes two leucine-rich repeat receptor-like proteins, Ve1 and Ve2. During fungal wilt, Ve1 protein is sharply induced while Ve2 appears expressed constitutively throughout disease development; the disease...


Role of cerium compounds in Fusarium wilt suppression and growth enhancement in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum).

The use of nanoparticles in plant protection may reduce pesticide usage and contamination and increase food security. In this study, three week-old Solanum lycopersicum seedlings were exposed, by root or foliar pathways, to CeO2 nanoparticles and cerium acetate at 50 and 250 mg/L prior to transplant into sterilized soil. One week later, the soil was inoculated with the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (1 g/kg) and plants were cultivated to maturity in a greenhouse. Disease severity, bio...

Characterization and Sequence Analysis of Potential Biofertilizer and Biocontrol Agent Bacillus subtilis Strain SEM-9 from Silkworm Excrement.

Fusarium wilt is a devastating soil-borne disease and caused mainly by highly host-specific formae speciales of Fusarium oxysporum. Antagonistic microorganisms play a very important role in Fusarium wilt control, and the isolation of potential biocontrol strains is becoming more and more important. We isolated a bacterial strain (SEM-9) from the high-temperature stage of silkworm excrement composting, which had a marked ability to solubilize phosphorus, promote the growth and increase the yield of the small...


Rapid identification of tomato Sw-5 resistance-breaking isolates of Tomato spotted wilt virus using high resolution melting and TaqMan SNP Genotyping assays as allelic discrimination techniques.

In tomato, resistance to Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) is conferred by the dominant gene, designated Sw-5. Virulent Sw-5 resistance breaking (SRB) mutants of TSWV have been reported on Sw-5 tomato cultivars. Two different PCR-based allelic discrimination techniques, namely Custom TaqMan™ SNP Genotyping and high-resolution melting (HRM) assays, were developed and compared for their ability to distinguish between avirulent (Sw-5 non-infecting, SNI) and SRB biotypes. TaqMan assays proved to be more sensit...

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain MBI600 induces salicylic acid dependent resistance in tomato plants against Tomato spotted wilt virus and Potato virus Y.

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria have been proposed as effective biocontrol agents against several fungal and bacterial plant pathogens. However, there is limited knowledge regarding their effect against viruses. In this study, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain MBI600 (MBI600), active ingredient of the biological fungicide Serifel® (BASF SE), was tested for its antiviral action in tomato plants. Drench, foliar or soil amendment applications of MBI600 reduced up to 80% the incidence of Tomato spotted wi...

First Report of Fusarium Species Associated with Fusarium Wilt in Coffea canephora Plants in Brazil.

Detection, virulence and genetic diversity of Fusarium species infecting tomato in Northern Pakistan.

In addition to the well-known Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici, several other Fusarium species are known to cause extensive worldwide crop losses in tomatoes. Prevalence and identities of Fusarium species infecting tomatoes in Northwest Pakistan is currently not known. In this study, we surveyed and characterized Fusarium species associated with symptomatic tomatoes in Northwest Pakistan using morphological and molecular analyses. Pathogenicity tests revealed varying degrees of virulence with some Fusar...

Retention of Resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum in Cucurbit Rootstocks Infected by Meloidogyne incognita.

Interspecific hybrid squash (Cucurbita maxima × C. moschata 'Strong Tosa') and bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria 'Macis') rootstocks are resistant to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum but susceptible to Meloidogyne incognita (Southern root-knot nematode). Coinfection of Early Prolific Straightneck summer squash (C. pepo) with root-knot nematode and F. oxysporum f. sp. niveum has been reported to increase susceptibility to Fusarium wilt. The objectives of this study were to determine whether such an interact...

A wheat cytochrome P450 enhances both resistance to deoxynivalenol and grain yield.

The mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) serves as a plant disease virulence factor for the fungi Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum during the development of Fusarium head blight (FHB) disease on wheat. A wheat cytochrome P450 gene from the subfamily CYP72A, TaCYP72A, was cloned from wheat cultivar CM82036. TaCYP72A was located on chromosome 3A with homeologs present on 3B and 3D of the wheat genome. Using gene expression studies, we showed that TaCYP72A variants were activated in wheat spikelets as an early r...

A Comparison of the Effects ofandon Plant-Aphid Interactions.

Themutation in tomato (), which disrupts function of FATTY ACID DESATURASE 7 (FAD7), confers resistance to the potato aphid () and modifies the plant’s C6 volatile profiles. To investigate whether C6 volatiles play a role in resistance,(), which encodes a critical enzyme in C6 volatile synthesis, was silenced in wild-type tomato plants andmutants. Silencingin wild-type tomato increased potato aphid host preference and reproduction on 5-week old plants but had no influence on 3-week old plants. Themuta...

Structural and functional dissection of differentially expressed tomato WRKY transcripts in host defense response against the vascular wilt pathogen (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici).

The WRKY transcription factors have indispensable role in plant growth, development and defense responses. The differential expression of WRKY genes following the stress conditions has been well demonstrated. We investigated the temporal and tissue-specific (root and leaf tissues) differential expression of plant defense-related WRKY genes, following the infection of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) in tomato. The genome-wide computational analysis revealed that during the Fol infection in tomato...

Influence of iron and copper on the activity of laccases in Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici.

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici is a phytopathogenic fungus that causes vascular wilt in tomato plants. In this work we analyze the influence of metal salts such as iron and copper sulphate, as well as that of bathophenanthrolinedisulfonic acid (iron chelator) and bathocuproinedisulfonic acid (copper chelator) on the activity of laccases in the intra (IF) and extracellular fractions (EF) of the wild-type and the non-pathogenic mutant strain (rho1::hyg) of F. oxysporum. The results show that laccase ac...

Cell wall features transferred from common into durum wheat to improve Fusarium Head Blight resistance.

Durum wheat is naturally more susceptible to Fusarium graminerum infection in comparison to common wheat. The improvement of durum wheat resistance against F. graminearum is a challenge due to the lack of resistance sources in its gene pool. FHB-resistance factors were introduced in durum wheat by generating recombinant inbred lines (RILs), obtained by crossing the hexaploid resistant accession 02-5B-318 with the susceptible durum wheat cv. Saragolla. In this work we explored the possible contribution of ce...

Overinduction of the CYP51A Gene After Exposure to Azole Antifungals Provides a First Clue to the Resistance Mechanism in the Fusarium solani Species Complex.

The genus Fusarium is largely represented in fungal infections, not only mostly in plants but also in humans. Fungi belonging to the Fusarium solani species complex (FSSC) are those that are most frequently isolated in invasive fusariosis and present elevated minimum inhibitory concentrations for the main antifungal drugs used in medicine. This study is the first to investigate the resistance mechanism in FSSC by monitoring CYP51A expression in the presence of azole antifungals. After exposure to voriconazo...

Variation in abundance of predicted resistance genes in the Brassica oleracea pangenome.

Brassica oleracea is an important agricultural species encompassing many vegetable crops including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and kale, however it can be susceptible to a variety of fungal diseases such as clubroot, blackleg, leaf spot, and downy mildew. Resistance to these diseases is meditated by specific disease resistance genes-analogs (RGAs) which are differently distributed across B. oleracea lines. The sequenced reference cultivar does not contain all B. oleracea genes due to gene presence/absenc...

Fast-forward Identification of Highly Effective Artificial Small RNAs Against Different Tomato spotted wilt virus Isolates.

Artificial small RNAs (sRNAs), including artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs) and synthetic trans-acting small interfering RNAs (syn-tasiRNAs), are used to silence viral RNAs and confer antiviral resistance in plants. Here, the combined use of recent high-throughput methods for generating artificial sRNA constructs and the Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV)-Nicotiana benthamiana pathosystem allowed for the simple and rapid identification of amiRNAs with high anti-TSWV activity. A comparative analysis between the mo...

Transcriptomic response of Ralstonia solanacearum to antimicrobial Pseudomonas fluorescens SN15-2 metabolites.

To develop efficient biocontrol agents, it is essential to investigate the response of soil-borne plant pathogens to such agents. For example, the response of Ralstonia solanacearum, the tomato wilt pathogen, to antimicrobial metabolites of Pseudomonas fluorescens is unknown. Thus, we assessed the effects of P. fluorescens SN15-2 fermentation broth on R. solanacearum by transmission electron microscopy and transcriptome technology. RNA sequencing identified 109 and 155 genes that are significantly up-regula...

Airborne transmission of invasive fusariosis in patients with hematologic malignancies.

From 2006 to 2013, an increasing incidence of fusariosis was observed in the hematologic patients of our University Hospital. We suspected of an environmental source, and the indoor hospital air was investigated as a potential source of the fungemia. Air samplings were performed in the hematology and bone marrow transplant (BMT) wards using an air sampler with pre-defined air volumes. To study the molecular relationship among environmental and clinical isolates, 18 Fusarium spp. recovered from blood culture...

Effects of three Bacillus strains on growth promoting and rhizosphere soil microflora of tomato.

The effects of Bacillus Bs10, Ba12 and Bl10 on tomato growth and soil rhizosphere microorganisms were determined by Petri dish germination test and pot experiments. The results showed that Bs10, Ba12 and Bl10 exhibited remarkable promoting effect on the length of hypocotyl and radical, as well as the growth of plants. The length, surface area and volume of tomato roots increased significantly after treatment with Bacillus stains, the numbers and proportions of soil bacteria also increased markedly, while th...

Development of DNA markers for Slmlo1.1, a new mutant allele of the powdery mildew resistance gene SlMlo1 in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum).

Reductions in growth and quality due to powdery mildew (PM) disease cause significant economic losses in tomato production. Oidium neolycopersici was identified as the fungal species responsible for tomato PM disease in South Korea in the present study, based on morphological and internal transcribed spacer DNA sequence analyses of PM samples collected from two remote regions (Muju and Miryang). The genes involved in resistance to this pathogen in the tomato accession 'KNU-12' (Solanum lycopersicum var. cer...

The cotton laccase gene GhLAC15 enhanced Verticillium wilt resistance via increasing defense-induced lignification and lignin components in the cell wall of plants.

Verticillium dahliae is a phytopathogenic fungal pathogen that causes vascular wilt diseases responsible for considerable decreases in cotton yields. The lignification of cell wall appositions is a conserved basal defense mechanism in the plant innate immune response. However, the function of laccase in defense-induced lignification has not been described. Screening a SSH library of a resistant cotton cultivar, Jimian20, inoculated with V. dahliae revealed a laccase gene that was strongly induced by the pat...

Genome-wide identification of FK506-binding domain protein gene family, its characterization, and expression analysis in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.).

FK506-protein also called FKBP protein belongs to PPIase (peptidylprolylcis-trans isomerase) super family of immune suppressive drugs that act as molecular protein chaperones. In plants, FKBPs are ubiquitous and involved in various biological and physiological processes like plant germination, development, stress response and hormonal signaling. Here, we identified 24 FKBP family genes in tomato by using different tools and bioinformatic approaches. The specific structure, domain organisation, cis-regulator...

Engineering resistance against Tomato yellow leaf curl virus via the CRISPR/Cas9 system in tomato.

CRISPR/Cas systems confer molecular immunity against phages and conjugative plasmids in prokaryotes. Recently, CRISPR/Cas9 systems have been used to confer interference against eukaryotic viruses. Here, we engineered Nicotiana benthamiana and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants with the CRISPR/Cas9 system to confer immunity against the Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV). Targeting the TYLCV genome with Cas9-single guide RNA at the sequences encoding the coat protein (CP) or replicase (Rep) resulted in e...

SlERF2 Is Associated with MeJA-mediated Defense Response against Botrytis cinerea in Tomato Fruit.

Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and ethylene play important roles in mediating defense responses against Botrytis cinerea. Ethylene response factors (ERFs) are the final components of ethylene signal transduction, whether SlERF2 participates in disease resistance against Botrytis cinerea is unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of SlERF2 in MeJA-mediated defense response by using both sense- and antisense-SlERF2 tomato fruit. Our results showed that both MeJA treatment and pathogen infect...

Correction: Interacting Virus Abundance and Transmission Intensity Underlie Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Incidence: An Example Weather-Based Model for Cultivated Tobacco.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073321.].


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