Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journals Articles About "Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato" RSS

15:00 EST 13th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Researchers Find Potential Fusarium Wilt Resistance Gene Tomato" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 41,000+

An integrated analysis of mRNA and sRNA transcriptional profiles in tomato root: Insights on tomato wilt disease.

Tomato wilt disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (FOL) is a worldwide destructive disease of tomato. As exploring gene expression and function approaches constitute an initial point for investigating pathogen-host interaction, we performed RNA-seq and sRNA-seq analysis to investigate the transcriptome of tomato root under FOL infection. Differentially expressed (DE) protein-coding gene and miRNA gene profiles upon inoculation with FOL were presented at twenty-four hours post-inoculation i...


Antagonistic function of the Ve R-genes in tomato.

Key message In Verticillium wilt, gene silencing indicates that tomato Ve2-gene expression can have a dramatic effect on many defense/stress protein levels while Ve1-gene induction modulates these effects in a negative fashion. In tomato, Verticillium resistance is dependent on the Ve R-gene locus, which encodes two leucine-rich repeat receptor-like proteins, Ve1 and Ve2. During fungal wilt, Ve1 protein is sharply induced while Ve2 appears expressed constitutively throughout disease development; the disease...

Role of cerium compounds in Fusarium wilt suppression and growth enhancement in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum).

The use of nanoparticles in plant protection may reduce pesticide usage and contamination and increase food security. In this study, three week-old Solanum lycopersicum seedlings were exposed, by root or foliar pathways, to CeO2 nanoparticles and cerium acetate at 50 and 250 mg/L prior to transplant into sterilized soil. One week later, the soil was inoculated with the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (1 g/kg) and plants were cultivated to maturity in a greenhouse. Disease severity, bio...


Characterization and Sequence Analysis of Potential Biofertilizer and Biocontrol Agent Bacillus subtilis Strain SEM-9 from Silkworm Excrement.

Fusarium wilt is a devastating soil-borne disease and caused mainly by highly host-specific formae speciales of Fusarium oxysporum. Antagonistic microorganisms play a very important role in Fusarium wilt control, and the isolation of potential biocontrol strains is becoming more and more important. We isolated a bacterial strain (SEM-9) from the high-temperature stage of silkworm excrement composting, which had a marked ability to solubilize phosphorus, promote the growth and increase the yield of the small...

Rapid identification of tomato Sw-5 resistance-breaking isolates of Tomato spotted wilt virus using high resolution melting and TaqMan SNP Genotyping assays as allelic discrimination techniques.

In tomato, resistance to Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) is conferred by the dominant gene, designated Sw-5. Virulent Sw-5 resistance breaking (SRB) mutants of TSWV have been reported on Sw-5 tomato cultivars. Two different PCR-based allelic discrimination techniques, namely Custom TaqMan™ SNP Genotyping and high-resolution melting (HRM) assays, were developed and compared for their ability to distinguish between avirulent (Sw-5 non-infecting, SNI) and SRB biotypes. TaqMan assays proved to be more sensit...

Managing Fusarium Wilt of Watermelon with Delayed Transplanting and Cultivar Resistance.

Fusarium wilt of watermelon caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum is a serious, widespread disease of watermelon throughout the southern United States. To investigate whether soil temperature affects disease development, three cultivars of triploid watermelon were transplanted March 17 to 21, April 7 to 11, and April 26 to May 2 in 2015 and 2016 at Charleston, SC, and Tifton, GA into fields naturally infested with F. oxysporum f. sp. niveum. Incidence of Fusarium wilt was lower with late-season than wi...

A SIX1 homolog in Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 contributes to virulence towards Cavendish banana.

The fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Focub) causes Fusarium wilt of banana. Focub strains are divided into races according to their host specificity, but which virulence factors underlie these interactions is currently unknown. In the F. oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici (Fol)-tomato system, small secreted fungal proteins, called Six proteins, were identified in the xylem sap of infected plants. The Fol Six1 protein contributes to virulence and has an avirulence function by activating the I-3 immune recep...

Grafting height does not affect Fusarium wilt control or horticultural performance of Passiflora gibertii N.E.Br. rootstock.

The influence of the grafting height (5, 10, 20 and 30 cm above the root collar) of P. edulis on P. gibertii was evaluated on the incidence of Fusarium wilt and horticultural performance. Plants of P. gibertii grafted on P. edulis and non-grafted plants of both species were also studied. In addition, histopathological studies were also performed on the roots of non-grafted P. edulis collected at three severity stages of Fusarium wilt. In greenhouse, the graft take was inversely related to the grafting heigh...

Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain MBI600 induces salicylic acid dependent resistance in tomato plants against Tomato spotted wilt virus and Potato virus Y.

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria have been proposed as effective biocontrol agents against several fungal and bacterial plant pathogens. However, there is limited knowledge regarding their effect against viruses. In this study, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain MBI600 (MBI600), active ingredient of the biological fungicide Serifel® (BASF SE), was tested for its antiviral action in tomato plants. Drench, foliar or soil amendment applications of MBI600 reduced up to 80% the incidence of Tomato spotted wi...

First Report of Fusarium Species Associated with Fusarium Wilt in Coffea canephora Plants in Brazil.

Author Correction: Rhizosphere microbiome structure alters to enable wilt resistance in tomato.

Detection, virulence and genetic diversity of Fusarium species infecting tomato in Northern Pakistan.

In addition to the well-known Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici, several other Fusarium species are known to cause extensive worldwide crop losses in tomatoes. Prevalence and identities of Fusarium species infecting tomatoes in Northwest Pakistan is currently not known. In this study, we surveyed and characterized Fusarium species associated with symptomatic tomatoes in Northwest Pakistan using morphological and molecular analyses. Pathogenicity tests revealed varying degrees of virulence with some Fusar...

Retention of Resistance to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum in Cucurbit Rootstocks Infected by Meloidogyne incognita.

Interspecific hybrid squash (Cucurbita maxima × C. moschata 'Strong Tosa') and bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria 'Macis') rootstocks are resistant to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. niveum but susceptible to Meloidogyne incognita (Southern root-knot nematode). Coinfection of Early Prolific Straightneck summer squash (C. pepo) with root-knot nematode and F. oxysporum f. sp. niveum has been reported to increase susceptibility to Fusarium wilt. The objectives of this study were to determine whether such an interact...

A wheat cytochrome P450 enhances both resistance to deoxynivalenol and grain yield.

The mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) serves as a plant disease virulence factor for the fungi Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum during the development of Fusarium head blight (FHB) disease on wheat. A wheat cytochrome P450 gene from the subfamily CYP72A, TaCYP72A, was cloned from wheat cultivar CM82036. TaCYP72A was located on chromosome 3A with homeologs present on 3B and 3D of the wheat genome. Using gene expression studies, we showed that TaCYP72A variants were activated in wheat spikelets as an early r...

Agrobacterium tumefaciens-Mediated Transformation of Tomato.

Tomato is both an important food crop and serves as a model plant species that is used for various research investigations including understanding gene function. Transformation is commonly utilized to facilitate these investigations in combination with all the extensive genetic and genomic resources available for tomato. The transformation protocol routinely used in our laboratory has been applied to many different tomato genotypes and relies on Agrobacterium tumefaciens infection of young cotyledon section...

LncRNA33732-RESPIRATORY BURST OXIDASE module associated with WRKY1 in tomato- Phytophthora infestans interactions.

Our previous studies indicated that the tomato WRKY1 transcription factor acts a positive regulator during tomato resistance to Phytophthora infestans. However, the molecular mechanism of WRKY1-mediated resistance regulation remains unclear. Here, we used a comparative transcriptome analysis between wild-type and WRKY1-overexpressing tomato plants to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and long non-coding RNA (DELs), and we examined long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-gene networks. The promoter sequenc...

Structural and functional dissection of differentially expressed tomato WRKY transcripts in host defense response against the vascular wilt pathogen (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici).

The WRKY transcription factors have indispensable role in plant growth, development and defense responses. The differential expression of WRKY genes following the stress conditions has been well demonstrated. We investigated the temporal and tissue-specific (root and leaf tissues) differential expression of plant defense-related WRKY genes, following the infection of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) in tomato. The genome-wide computational analysis revealed that during the Fol infection in tomato...

Cell wall features transferred from common into durum wheat to improve Fusarium Head Blight resistance.

Durum wheat is naturally more susceptible to Fusarium graminerum infection in comparison to common wheat. The improvement of durum wheat resistance against F. graminearum is a challenge due to the lack of resistance sources in its gene pool. FHB-resistance factors were introduced in durum wheat by generating recombinant inbred lines (RILs), obtained by crossing the hexaploid resistant accession 02-5B-318 with the susceptible durum wheat cv. Saragolla. In this work we explored the possible contribution of ce...

Influence of iron and copper on the activity of laccases in Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici.

Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici is a phytopathogenic fungus that causes vascular wilt in tomato plants. In this work we analyze the influence of metal salts such as iron and copper sulphate, as well as that of bathophenanthrolinedisulfonic acid (iron chelator) and bathocuproinedisulfonic acid (copper chelator) on the activity of laccases in the intra (IF) and extracellular fractions (EF) of the wild-type and the non-pathogenic mutant strain (rho1::hyg) of F. oxysporum. The results show that laccase ac...

Variation in abundance of predicted resistance genes in the Brassica oleracea pangenome.

Brassica oleracea is an important agricultural species encompassing many vegetable crops including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli and kale, however it can be susceptible to a variety of fungal diseases such as clubroot, blackleg, leaf spot, and downy mildew. Resistance to these diseases is meditated by specific disease resistance genes-analogs (RGAs) which are differently distributed across B. oleracea lines. The sequenced reference cultivar does not contain all B. oleracea genes due to gene presence/absenc...

Fast-forward Identification of Highly Effective Artificial Small RNAs Against Different Tomato spotted wilt virus Isolates.

Artificial small RNAs (sRNAs), including artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs) and synthetic trans-acting small interfering RNAs (syn-tasiRNAs), are used to silence viral RNAs and confer antiviral resistance in plants. Here, the combined use of recent high-throughput methods for generating artificial sRNA constructs and the Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV)-Nicotiana benthamiana pathosystem allowed for the simple and rapid identification of amiRNAs with high anti-TSWV activity. A comparative analysis between the mo...

Airborne transmission of invasive fusariosis in patients with hematologic malignancies.

From 2006 to 2013, an increasing incidence of fusariosis was observed in the hematologic patients of our University Hospital. We suspected of an environmental source, and the indoor hospital air was investigated as a potential source of the fungemia. Air samplings were performed in the hematology and bone marrow transplant (BMT) wards using an air sampler with pre-defined air volumes. To study the molecular relationship among environmental and clinical isolates, 18 Fusarium spp. recovered from blood culture...

Identification and Mapping of Late Blight Resistance Quantitative Trait Loci in Tomato Accession PI 163245.

Late blight (LB), caused by the oomycete (Mont.) de Bary, is one of the most devastating diseases of tomato ( L.) and potato ( tuberosum L. worldwide. The importance of LB on tomato has increased due to the occurrence of aggressive and fungicide-resistant clonal lineages of . Consequently, identification and characterization of new sources of genetic resistance to LB has become a priority in tomato breeding. Previously, we reported accession PI 163245 as a promising source of highly heritable LB resistance ...

Transcriptomic response of Ralstonia solanacearum to antimicrobial Pseudomonas fluorescens SN15-2 metabolites.

To develop efficient biocontrol agents, it is essential to investigate the response of soil-borne plant pathogens to such agents. For example, the response of Ralstonia solanacearum, the tomato wilt pathogen, to antimicrobial metabolites of Pseudomonas fluorescens is unknown. Thus, we assessed the effects of P. fluorescens SN15-2 fermentation broth on R. solanacearum by transmission electron microscopy and transcriptome technology. RNA sequencing identified 109 and 155 genes that are significantly up-regula...

Development of DNA markers for Slmlo1.1, a new mutant allele of the powdery mildew resistance gene SlMlo1 in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum).

Reductions in growth and quality due to powdery mildew (PM) disease cause significant economic losses in tomato production. Oidium neolycopersici was identified as the fungal species responsible for tomato PM disease in South Korea in the present study, based on morphological and internal transcribed spacer DNA sequence analyses of PM samples collected from two remote regions (Muju and Miryang). The genes involved in resistance to this pathogen in the tomato accession 'KNU-12' (Solanum lycopersicum var. cer...


Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement