PubMed Journals Articles About "Respiratory Microbiome Influence Inflammation" RSS

20:27 EDT 17th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Respiratory Microbiome Influence Inflammation PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Respiratory Microbiome Influence Inflammation articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Respiratory microbiome influence inflammation" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 15,000+

The Lung Microbiota of Healthy Mice are Highly Variable, Cluster by Environment, and Reflect Variation in Baseline Lung Innate Immunity.

The "gut-lung axis" is commonly invoked to explain the microbiome's influence on lung inflammation. Yet the lungs harbor their own microbiome which is altered in respiratory disease. The relative influence of gut and lung bacteria on lung inflammation is unknown.

Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea is Associated with Alterations in the Nasal Microbiome and Increase in Inflammation.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is associated with recurrent obstruction, sub-epithelial edema, and airway inflammation. The resultant inflammation may influence or be influenced by the nasal microbiome.

The contribution of respiratory microbiome analysis to a treatable traits model of care.

The composition of the airway microbiome in patients with chronic airway diseases, such as severe asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchiectasis and cystic fibrosis (CF), has the potential to inform a precision model of clinical care. Patients with these conditions share overlapping disease characteristics, including airway inflammation and airflow limitation. The clinical management of chronic respiratory conditions is increasingly moving away from a one-size-fits-all model based on p...

The vaginal microbiome amplifies sex hormone-associated cyclic changes in cervicovaginal inflammation and epithelial barrier disruption.

Susceptibility to HIV is associated with the menstrual cycle and vaginal microbiome, but their collective impact on vaginal inflammation remains unclear. Here, we characterized the cervicovaginal proteome, inflammation, and microbiome community structure and function during the menstrual cycle.

The Human Respiratory Microbiome: Implications and Impact.

Once considered a sterile site below the larynx, the tracheobronchial tree and parenchyma of the lungs are now known to harbor a rich diversity of microbial species including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and archaea. Many of these organisms, particularly the viruses which comprise the human respiratory virome, have not been identified, so their true role is unknown. It seems logical to conclude that a "healthy" respiratory microbiome exists which may be modified in disease states and perhaps by therapies such ...

Maternal influence on the fetal microbiome in a population-based study of the first-pass meconium.

Meconium is formed before birth and may reflect the microbiome of the fetus. To test our hypothesis, we investigated whether maternal factors during pregnancy, such as biodiversity of the living environment, influence the microbiome of the first stool more than immediate perinatal factors.

The microbiome and inborn errors of metabolism: Why we should look carefully at their interplay?

Research into the influence of the microbiome on the human body has been shedding new light on diseases long known to be multifactorial, such as obesity, mood disorders, autism, and inflammatory bowel disease. Although inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) are monogenic diseases, genotype alone is not enough to explain the wide phenotypic variability observed in patients with these conditions. Genetics and diet exert a strong influence on the microbiome, and diet is used (alone or as an adjuvant) in the treatm...

Of Mice and Men . . . and Microbes: Conclusions and Cautions from a Murine Study of the Lung Microbiome and Microbiome-immune Interactions.

Insights into microbiome research 1: How to choose appropriate controls for a microbiome study in MS?

Microbiome studies are on the rise, but appropriate measures must be taken into account to reduce potential confounders that could obscure results. Among these are diet, age, sex, geography, and even the presence of house pets. In the particular case of multiple sclerosis (MS), the influence of disease-modifying therapy must also be considered. Thus, selecting an appropriate group of controls can substantially increase the statistical power of a microbiome study. Furthermore, given the enormous complexity a...

Engystol reduces onset of experimental respiratory syncytial virus-induced respiratory inflammation in mice by modulating macrophage phagocytic capacity.

Respiratory viruses such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) or rhinovirus are one of the major causes for respiratory tract infections causing common cold disease. Respiratory viral infections range from mild symptoms in adults to serious illness especially in the very young or elderly as well as patients suffering from lung diseases or being immunocompromised due to other reasons. Engystol (EGY-2) is a multicomponent, multitarget preparation consisting of Vincetoxicum hirundinaria and Sulfur in various d...

Influence of Early Life, Diet, and the Environment on the Microbiome.

Advances in sequencing technology and bioinformatics have greatly enhanced our ability to understand the human microbiome. Over the last decade, a growing body of literature has linked nutrition and the environment to the microbiome and is now thought to be an important contributor to overall health. This paper reviews the literature from the past 10 years to highlight the influence of environmental factors such as diet, early life adversity and stress in shaping and modifying our microbiome towards health ...

Factors Influencing the Intestinal Microbiome During the First Year of Life.

The intestinal microbiome plays a crucial role in the development of the immune system and regulation of immune responses. Many factors influence the composition of the infant intestinal microbiome and therefore the development and function of the immune system. This in turn may alter the risk of subsequent allergies, autoimmune diseases and other adverse health outcomes. Here, we review factors that influence the composition of the intestinal microbiome during the first year of life, including birth locati...

The role of inflammation in temporal shifts in the inflammatory bowel disease mucosal microbiome.

Studies of the human intestinal microbiome in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) consistently show that there are differences (an abnormal or unbalanced microbiome, "dysbiosis") when compared to healthy subjects. We sought to describe changes in the microbiome in individual patients over time, and determine the clinical factors that are associated with significant alteration. Forty-two mucosal biopsies were collected from 20 patients that were spaced an average of 2.4 years apart. These were an...

The Drosophila microbiome has a limited influence on sleep, activity, and courtship behaviors.

In animals, commensal microbes modulate various physiological functions, including behavior. While microbiota exposure is required for normal behavior in mammals, it is not known how widely this dependency is present in other animal species. We proposed the hypothesis that the microbiome has a major influence on the behavior of the vinegar fly (Drosophila melanogaster), a major invertebrate model organism. Several assays were used to test the contribution of the microbiome on some well-characterized behavio...

Different Upper Airway Microbiome and Their Functional Genes Associated with Asthma in Young Adults and Elderly Individuals.

Microbes in the airway has been shown to be associated with the pathogenesis of asthma. The upper airway microbiome influences the dysbiosis of the lower airway microbiome. However, to date, the influence of upper airway microbiome for adult and elderly asthma has not been fully elucidated. Here, the metagenome of upper airway microbiome of young adults and elderly was analyzed to identify their association with adult asthma.

The microbiome in preterm birth.

The microbiome is thought to play a role in the maintenance of a healthy pregnancy and thus may either contribute to or protect from preterm birth. Study of the human microbiome has been aided by metagenomic sequencing approaches, providing greater insight into the commensal bacteria that coexist in and on our bodies. The vaginal microbiome has been the most widely studied, though there have been recent efforts to explore the gut, cervical-vaginal, placental and oral microbiomes in the further search of et...

The influence of the intestinal microbiome on vaccine responses.

There is substantial variation between individuals in the immune response to vaccinations. The intestinal microbiome plays a crucial rule in the development and regulation of the immune system and therefore its composition might affect how individuals respond to vaccinations. In this review, we summarise studies that investigated the influence of the intestinal microbiome on humoral and cellular vaccine responses. To date, only four studies (three in infants and one in adults) have investigated the influenc...

Relation Between Respiratory Mechanics, Inflammation, and Survival in Experimental Mechanical Ventilation.

Low tidal volume ventilation might protect healthy lungs from volutrauma but lead to inflammation from other mechanisms, namely alveolar derecruitment and the ensuing alveolar collapse and reexpansion.

Structural and Functional Analysis of the Gut Microbiome for Toxicologists.

Characterizing the reciprocal interactions between toxicants, the gut microbiota, and the host, holds great promise for improving our mechanistic understanding of toxic endpoints. Advances in culture-independent sequencing analysis (e.g., 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing) combined with quantitative metabolite profiling (i.e., metabolomics) have provided new ways of studying the gut microbiome and have begun to illuminate how toxicants influence the structure and function of the gut microbiome. Developing a...

Embracing Community Ecology in Plant Microbiome Research.

Community assembly is mediated by selection, dispersal, drift, and speciation. Environmental selection is mostly used to date to explain patterns in plant microbiome assembly, whereas the influence of the other processes remains largely elusive. Recent studies highlight that adopting community ecology concepts provides a mechanistic framework for plant microbiome research.

Simulation and modeling of dietary changes in the infant gut microbiome.

The early gut microbiome is essential for health, and diet has a profound influence in its composition. Oligosaccharides in breast milk or formula act as prebiotics, influencing gut microbiome structure. Here we simulated the impact of a dietary switch from fructooligosaccharides (FOS) to 2-fucosyllactose (2FL) in a continuous culture containing a consortium of species of the infant gut microbiome. During growth on FOS the consortium was dominated by Lactobacillus acidophilus, characterized by high amounts ...

Effect of Lactobacillus Rhamnosus GG Supplementation on Intestinal Inflammation Assessed by Pet/Mri Scans and Gut Microbiota Composition in Hiv-Infected Individuals.

Alterations in gut microbiome have been associated with inflammation and increased cardiovascular risk in HIV-infected individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) on intestinal inflammation, gut microbiota composition and systemic markers of microbial translocation and inflammation in HIV-infected individuals.

Age, menopausal status and the bladder microbiome.

The bladder is not sterile but contains a healthy community of microbes termed the microbiome. Alterations in the bladder microbiome have been demonstrated in disease states such as the overactive bladder. The microbiome in other anatomical niches is known to alter with age eg the vagina. The objective of this study was to identify if the bladder microbiome in healthy women varies with age and menopausal status.

Does Regional Lung Strain Correlate With Regional Inflammation in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome During Nonprotective Ventilation? An Experimental Porcine Study.

It is known that ventilator-induced lung injury causes increased pulmonary inflammation. It has been suggested that one of the underlying mechanisms may be strain. The aim of this study was to investigate whether lung regional strain correlates with regional inflammation in a porcine model of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Assessment of complex treatment influence on systemic inflammation in overweight type 2 diabetes patients.

Introduction: Long-term systemic inflammation may cause type 2 diabetes. Medications used to treat type 2 diabetes don't target inflammation therefore it's necessary to study how hypoglycemics can improve patient prognosis through modification of systemic inflammation. The aim: Our goal was to assess influence of liraglutide in complex therapy on proinflammatory cytokine levels in overweight patients with type 2 diabetes and compare it with metformin.

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