PubMed Journals Articles About "Review Microbial Evolutionary Medicine From Theory Clinical Practice" RSS

18:52 EDT 16th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Review Microbial evolutionary medicine from theory clinical practice" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 62,000+

Usefulness of nursing theory-guided practice: an integrative review.

Nursing theory-guided practice helps improve the quality of nursing care because it allows nurses to articulate what they do for patients and why they do it. However, the usefulness of nursing theory-guided practice has been questioned and more emphasis has been placed on evidence-based nursing and traditional practice. Therefore, an examination of experimental studies was undertaken to analyse the extent of use and usefulness of nursing theories in guiding practice. We reviewed experimental studies because...

Clinical practice visits: a rapid review.

Practice visits are a peer review activity where one or more healthcare providers visit the practice of another in the same field. The purpose of this exercise is for visitors to observe and review a host's practice in a non-punitive manner and provide them with constructive feedback as required; ultimately to improve practice quality and patient care.

Book Review of Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice.

Recent technological advances have expanded and increased the resolution of studies in evolutionary biology, creating a need for a modern textbook that highlights the latest developments in the field. Evolutionary Genetics: Concepts, Analysis, and Practice, by Glenn-Peter Saetre and Mark Ravinet (2019), as well as the book's accompanying online tutorials, provide a clear, up-to-date, and enjoyable introduction to evolutionary biology and genetics that explains fundamental evolutionary concepts, illustrates ...

An Advanced Practice Provider Clinical Fellowship as a Pipeline to Staffing a Hospitalist Program.

Approximately 83% of hospitalist groups around the country utilize advanced practice providers; however, the demand for hospitalists continues to exceed the supply, and this has led to increased utilization of advanced practice providers in hospital medicine. Advanced practice providers receive very limited inpatient training, and there is wide variation in their clinical abilities after graduation.

Impact of pharmaceutical industry involvement in the external review of clinical practice guidelines-A case study.

External review is important when developing clinical practice guidelines. Involving pharmaceutical companies may influence guideline recommendations in their favour and is therefore controversial. Our study aimed to measure stakeholder participation in the external review of the 2016 European acne guideline and assess the extent to which comments submitted by pharmaceutical companies suggested changes favouring their own products.

Deciphering the evolutionary history of microbial cyclic triterpenoids.

Cyclic triterpenoids are a class of lipids that have fascinated chemists, biologist, and geologist alike for many years. These molecules have diverse physiological roles in a variety of bacterial and eukaryotic organisms and a shared evolutionary ancestry that is reflected in the elegant biochemistry required for their synthesis. Cyclic triterpenoids are also quite recalcitrant and are preserved in sedimentary rocks where they are utilized as "molecular fossils" or biomarkers that can physically link microb...

Pellegrino, MacIntyre, and the internal morality of clinical medicine.

There has been significant debate about whether the moral norms of medical practice arise from some feature or set of features internal to the discipline of medicine. In this article, I analyze Edmund Pellegrino's conception of the internal morality of medicine, and situate it in the context of Alasdair MacIntyre's influential account of "practice." Building upon MacIntyre, Pellegrino argued that medicine is a social practice with its own unique goals-namely, the medical, human, and spiritual good of the pa...

Critical appraisal of clinical practice guidelines for treatment of urinary incontinence: Protocol for a systematic review.

Urinary incontinence is a common complaint in all parts of the world, cause of distress, as well as significant costs for both individuals and society. The aim of this study will be to evaluate the rigor of the development of clinical practice guidelines and to identify the recommendations of interventions for urinary incontinence in adult women.

The role of exploitation in the establishment of mutualistic microbial symbioses.

Evolutionary theory suggests that the conditions required for the establishment of mutualistic symbioses through mutualism alone are highly restrictive, often requiring the evolution of complex stabilising mechanisms. Exploitation, whereby initially the host benefits at the expense of its symbiotic partner and mutual benefits evolve subsequently through trade-offs, offers an arguably simpler route to the establishment of mutualistic symbiosis. In this review, we discuss the theoretical and experimental evid...

Strengthening Insights in Microbial Ecological Networks from Theory to Applications.

Networks encode the interactions between the components in complex systems and play an essential role in understanding complex systems. Microbial ecological networks provide a system-level insight for comprehensively understanding complex microbial interactions, which play important roles in microbial community assembly. However, microbial ecological networks are in their infancy of both network inference and biological interpretation. In this perspective, we articulate the theory gaps and limitations in bu...

What does best practice care for musculoskeletal pain look like? Eleven consistent recommendations from high-quality clinical practice guidelines: systematic review.

To identify common recommendations for high-quality care for the most common musculoskeletal (MSK) pain sites encountered by clinicians in emergency and primary care (spinal (lumbar, thoracic and cervical), hip/knee (including osteoarthritis [OA] and shoulder) from contemporary, high-quality clinical practice guidelines (CPGs).

Precision Medicine in Internal Medicine.

Medicine has long sought to match diagnostic and treatment approaches to the particular needs and risks of individual patients. The decreasing cost and increasing ease of genetic sequencing have propelled the rise of precision medicine. Precision medicine aims to use genetic and other information to provide care tailored to the individual patient, with the goal of improving clinical outcomes and minimizing unnecessary diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. Although developments in genetic sequencing have...

Applied Pediatric Math: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice for a Diverse Group of Learners.

A gap exists between didactic theory and clinical practice when nursing students learn clinical calculations. Educators can provide innovative classroom teaching methods using practical mathematics to decrease this gap. In the simulation lab, students complete weight-based calculations and then administer medications as part of medication skills stations. Math assessments in the psychomotor domain promote application of didactic math content. Implementing math assessments that include a hands-on component f...

Points & Pearls: Blunt cardiac injury: emergency department diagnosis and management

Blunt cardiac injury describes a range of cardiac injury patterns resulting from blunt force trauma to the chest. Due to the multitude of potential anatomical injuries blunt force trauma can cause, the clinical manifestations may range from simple ectopic beats to fulminant cardiac failure and death. Because there is no definitive, gold-standard diagnostic test for cardiac injury, the emergency clinician must utilize an enhanced index of suspicion in the clinical setting combined with an evidence-based diag...

American Gastroenterological Association Clinical Practice Update: Management of Pancreatic Necrosis.

The purpose of this AGA Institute Clinical Practice Update is to review the available evidence and expert recommendations regarding the clinical care of patients with pancreatic necrosis and to offer concise best practice advice for the optimal management of patients with this highly morbid condition.

"Learning the Lingo": A Grounded Theory Study of Telephone Talk in Clinical Education.

Workplace-learning literature has focused on doing, but clinical practice also involves talking. Clinicians talk not only with patients but also about patients with other health professionals, frequently by telephone. The authors examined how the underexplored activity of work-related telephone talk influences physicians' clinical education.

Global Health Experiential Education: From Theory to Practice.

Are neonatal clinical practice guidelines truly evidence-based? A case for incorporating family values and preferences.

Neonatologists take pride in practicing state-of-the-art medicine to care for newborns, particularly sick or premature newborns. Neonatologist aim to combine state of the art medicine with the principles and practice of evidence-based medicine (EBM). Evidence-based medicine involves two fundamental principles: First, the use of the best available evidence to guide clinical decision-making, ideally based on the hierarchy of evidence and, when multiple studies are available, unbiased systematic reviews. This ...

Developing and integrating nursing competence through authentic technology-enhanced clinical simulation education: Pedagogies for reconceptualising the theory-practice gap.

The aim of this review and discussion paper is to advance the debate on competence in nursing, simulation education, and literacy in simulation education pedagogy. Building on our previous patient-safety critical translational research work on drug dosage calculation-competence modelling, and safeMedicate virtual learning and diagnostic assessment environment design, we introduce three new concepts. First, we re-conceptualise the cognitive and physical modalities of a theory-practice gap, created by the tra...

Nursing students' perceptions of a clinical learning assessment activity: 'Linking the puzzle pieces of theory to practice'.

The nursing profession struggles with providing a bridge to close the theory to practice gap for students. Students are expected to graduate with competencies that promote their safe and comprehensive nursing care provision in accordance with professional standards. This paper reports on students' a simulated clinical educational intervention embedded into a second-year nursing student clinical topic offering experiential learning opportunities for a large cohort. Feedback was analysed using Braun and Clark...

Prostate cancer screening: guidelines review and laboratory issues.

Background Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) remains as the most used biomarker in the detection of early prostate cancer (PCa). Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are produced to facilitate incorporation of evidence into clinical practice. This is particularly useful when PCa screening remains controversial and guidelines diverge among different medical institutions, although opportunistic screening is not recommended. Methods We performed a systematic review of guidelines about PCa screening using PSA. Gui...

Disrupting Physician Clinical Practice Peer Review.

The goal of physician peer review has been to assess and improve the quality of care by individual physicians. Unfortunately, this enshrined piece of medical practice suffers from deep flaws that hamper the achievement of assessment and improvement. This institution is in serious need of disruption, both for the safety of patients and for the wellness of practicing physicians. This commentary describes the inherent flaws of physician practice review and how physicians and health care organizations can addre...

Does the Theory of Planned Behaviour Explain Allied Health Professionals' Evidence-Based Practice Behaviours? A Focus Group Study.

Research suggests that allied health professionals agree with evidence-based practice (EBP); however, implementation of research findings into clinical practice is poor. Interventions aimed at improving EBP have been largely unsuccessful. Implementation science research suggests that a theory-driven approach is critical when attempting to modify behaviour of healthcare professionals.

Curing HIV by 'kick and kill': from theory to practice?

Advancing science and practice using immersive virtual reality: what behavioral medicine has to offer.

Interest in immersive virtual reality (VR) technologies is burgeoning as the hardware becomes less costly and more accessible to users, including researchers and practitioners. This commentary outlines the field of immersive VR and highlights applications of its use relevant to translational behavioral medicine. We describe the challenges facing VR applications for health and medicine, and how the core strengths of behavioral medicine can advance theory, research, and practice using VR. By highlighting pote...

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